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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 983 journals)
Showing 601 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
New School Psychology Bulletin     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
O Que Nos Faz Pensar : Cadernos do Departamento de Filosofia da PUC-Rio     Open Access  
OA Autism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Occupational Health Science     Hybrid Journal  
Online Readings in Psychology and Culture     Open Access  
Open Journal of Medical Psychology     Open Access  
Open Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Neuroimaging Journal     Open Access  
Open Psychology Journal     Open Access  
Organisational and Social Dynamics: An International Journal of Psychoanalytic, Systemic and Group Relations Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Organizational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Orientación y Sociedad : Revista Internacional e Interdisciplinaria de Orientación Vocacional Ocupacional     Open Access  
Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto)     Open Access  
Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Papeles del Psicólogo     Open Access  
Pastoral Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Peace and Conflict : Journal of Peace Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Pensamiento Psicologico     Open Access  
Pensando Familias     Open Access  
Pensando Psicología     Open Access  
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Perception     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Perceptual and Motor Skills     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Persona     Open Access  
Persona : Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia     Open Access  
Persona Studies     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 163)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Personnel Assessment and Decisions     Open Access  
Personnel Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la santé     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Perspectives on Behavior Science     Hybrid Journal  
Perspectives On Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Perspectives Psy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Phenomenology & Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Phenomenology and Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Philosophical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Physiology & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
physiopraxis     Hybrid Journal  
PiD - Psychotherapie im Dialog     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Poiésis     Open Access  
Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Political Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
PPmP - Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Practice Innovations     Full-text available via subscription  
Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pratiques Psychologiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie     Hybrid Journal  
Problems of Psychology in the 21st Century     Open Access  
Professional Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Progress in Brain Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Psic : Revista de Psicologia da Vetor Editora     Open Access  
Psico     Open Access  
Psicoanalisi     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicobiettivo     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoespacios     Open Access  
Psicogente     Open Access  
Psicol?gica Journal     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Psicologia : Teoria e Pesquisa     Open Access  
Psicologia : Teoria e Prática     Open Access  
Psicologia da Educação     Open Access  
Psicologia della salute     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicología desde el Caribe     Open Access  
Psicologia di Comunità. Gruppi, ricerca-azione, modelli formativi     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia e Saber Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia e Saúde em Debate     Open Access  
Psicologia em Pesquisa     Open Access  
Psicologia em Revista     Open Access  
Psicologia Ensino & Formação     Open Access  
Psicologia Hospitalar     Open Access  
Psicologia Iberoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia para América Latina     Open Access  
Psicologia USP     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psicología, Conocimiento y Sociedad     Open Access  
Psicologia, Saúde e Doenças     Open Access  
Psicooncología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psicoperspectivas     Open Access  
Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane     Full-text available via subscription  
Psikis : Jurnal Psikologi Islami     Open Access  
Psikohumaniora : Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi     Open Access  
Psisula : Prosiding Berkala Psikologi     Open Access  
Psocial : Revista de Investigación en Psicología Social     Open Access  
Psych     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PsyCh Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
PSYCH up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Psych. Pflege Heute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychê     Open Access  
Psyche: A Journal of Entomology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Psychiatrie et violence     Open Access  
Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Psychiatrische Praxis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 358)
Psychoanalysis and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Psychoanalysis, Self and Context     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Psychoanalytic Dialogues: The International Journal of Relational Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Psychoanalytic Inquiry: A Topical Journal for Mental Health Professionals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Psychoanalytic Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Psychoanalytic Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Psychoanalytic Review The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Psychoanalytic Study of the Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychodynamic Practice: Individuals, Groups and Organisations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Psychodynamic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Psychogeriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychologia : Advances de la Disciplina     Open Access  
Psychologica     Open Access  
Psychologica Belgica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Psychological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 223)
Psychological Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Psychological Perspectives: A Semiannual Journal of Jungian Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Psychological Research on Urban Society     Open Access  
Psychological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 198)
Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264)
Psychological Science and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science In the Public Interest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Psychological Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Psychological Thought     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Psychologie Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations     Hybrid Journal  
Psychologie Française     Full-text available via subscription  
Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Psychologische Rundschau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Psychology     Open Access  
Psychology & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Psychology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychology and Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Psychology and Developing Societies     Hybrid Journal  
Psychology and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Psychology in Russia: State of the Art     Free   (Followers: 2)
Psychology in Society     Open Access  
Psychology Learning & Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Psychology of Consciousness : Theory, Research, and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Psychology of Language and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Psychology of Leaders and Leadership     Full-text available via subscription  
Psychology of Learning and Motivation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Psychology of Men and Masculinity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Psychology of Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Psychology of Popular Media Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Psychology of Religion and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Psychology of Violence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Psychology of Well-Being : Theory, Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Psychology of Women Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Psychology Research and Behavior Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Psychology, Community & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Psychology, Crime & Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Psychology, Health & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Psychology, Public Policy, and Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Psychometrika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Psychomusicology : Music, Mind, and Brain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Psychoneuroendocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Psychopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Psychopharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychophysiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
psychopraxis. neuropraxis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Psychosomatic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychosomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Psychotherapeut     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Psychotherapy and Politics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Psychotherapy in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Psychotherapy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
PsychTech & Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Psyecology - Bilingual Journal of Environmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Psyke & Logos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Psykhe (Santiago)     Open Access  
Quaderni di Gestalt     Full-text available via subscription  
Quaderns de Psicologia     Open Access  
Qualitative Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Qualitative Research in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Qualitative Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Quality and User Experience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Quantitative Methods for Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Reading Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Rehabilitation Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Religion, Brain & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)

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Revista Mexicana de Análisis de la Conducta
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.405
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0185-4534 - ISSN (Online) 2007-0802
Published by SciELO Homepage  [672 journals]
  • Editorial

  • Correlation of Parents and Classmates Reports with Self-Controlled
           Behavior in Children

    • Abstract: Se investigó la relación entre el auto-reporte, el reporte de los padres y el de los compañeros de clase de la conducta autocontrolada e impulsiva de 20 niños. Los niños también trabajaron en una tarea de autocontrol por computadora, en la cual cada uno fue expuesto a un ciclo de tiempo repetitivo (ciclo T) y se presentó un video durante los últimos ocho segundos (E R1) del ciclo. El video se pudo presentar por otros ocho segundos, una vez que concluía el ciclo (E R2) de acuerdo a la siguiente contingencia: tratar de reproducir el E R1 lo interrumpió y canceló la presentación del E R2. En caso contrario, se pudo reproducir el E R2. Se encontraron correlaciones positivas y confiables entre la opinión de los padres y la de los compañeros, tanto respecto de la conducta autocontrolada como la impulsiva de los niños. Sin embargo, la ejecución de los niños en la tarea por computadora fue independiente de los auto-reportes, de los reportes de los padres o de los compañeros de clase. La discusión está enfocada en la relevancia de estos hallazgos para el estudio de la conducta autocontrolada definida como abstenerse de consumir una recompensa presente hasta que se cumpla un criterio de espera preestablecido.Self-report, the report by parents and the report by classmates of self-controlled behavior were examined for 20 children. These children also participated in a computer-based self-control task in which each subject was exposed to a 32-s time cycle (T cycle) in which a video was presented during the last 8 s (S R1) of the cycle. The video could be presented for another 8 s once the T cycle elapsed (S R2), but only if the child did not try and reproduce S R1. If the child attempted to do so, S R1 was interrupted and the S R2 presentation was cancelled. Reliable correlations were found between parents and classmates reports for both, self-controlled and impulsive behavior of children. However, the performance of the children in the computer-based self-controlled task was independent of self-reports or the reports by parents or classmates. The findings are related to the study of self-controlled behavior defined as refraining from consuming a reward until a predetermined criterion is reached.
  • Social Interactions Under Contingencies of Cooperation and Competition:
           Supplementary or Substitute Behavior?

    • Abstract: El objetivo del trabajo fue analizar las interacciones sociales en díadas de niños, bajo contingencias de cooperación y competencia. Los efectos de historia de las contingencias de cooperación y competencia también se evaluaron. Participaron doce díadas, a quienes se les pidió que armaran un rompecabezas. Se analizaron las frecuencias de ocurrencia de comportamientos de donación y arrebatos de piezas de rompecabezas así como comportamientos de violencia física hacia el compañero, en interacción bajo contingencias de ejecución libre, cooperación y competencia. Se expuso a las díadas a condiciones de tratamiento único (cooperación/cooperación y competencia/competencia) o tratamiento mixto contrabalanceado (competencia-cooperación y cooperación-competencia). Se encontró que la donación fue más frecuente bajo las contingencias de cooperación y el arrebato y la violencia fueron más frecuentes bajo las contingencias de competencia. En las díadas de tratamiento mixto se mostraron efectos de historia de una fase a otra. Los datos no fueron consistentes con el supuesto de racionalidad egoísta (Santoyo, 1997). Se ofrece una explicación alternativa en términos del comportamiento sustitutivo referencial (Ribes & López, 1985) y conducta recíproca (Hake & Schmid, 1981; Hake, Schmid, & Olvera, 1978).Social interactions in pairs of children under contingencies of cooperation or competition were analyzed. History effects of cooperation and competition contingencies also were assessed. Twelve dyads of children were asked to solve a puzzle. The frequencies of occurrence of donating puzzle pieces, snatching the pieces, and violent behavior towards their peers were recorded under cooperation, competition, and free-play conditions. The dyads were exposed to unique treatment conditions (cooperation/cooperation and competition/competition) or mixed treatment conditions (cooperation/competition and competition/cooperation). Donating was most frequent during the cooperation condition, and snatching the puzzle pieces and violent behavior were most frequent during the competition condition. History effects were found during the mixed treatment conditions. The data are not consistent with the ''selfish rationality'' assumption (Santoyo, 1997). An alternative explanation in terms of referential substitution (Ribes & López, 1985) and reciprocity (Hake, Schmid, & Olvera, 1978; Hake & Schmid, 1981) is offered.
  • Strategic Behavior in Public-Goods Games: Effect of Contextual

    • Abstract: Un bien público es un recurso del que todos puedan beneficiarse, independientemente de si han contribuido a proporcionarlo. El individuo tiene un incentivo para evitar el costo, pero si todos lo hacen las consecuencias para cada individuo son peores que si comparten el costo. En el presente experimento se compararon tres hipótesis que explican el comportamiento individual: a) los jugadores se comportarán de forma impulsiva; b) los individuos serán recíprocos; y c) los participantes usan interacciones estratégicas con una propensión a cooperar, manteniendo o incrementando la cooperación. Se programó una simulación por computadora de un juego de bienes públicos. Estudiantes de licenciatura se enfrentaron en un juego de cuatro participantes, contra tres jugadores virtuales, programados para jugar de acuerdo a diferentes niveles de cooperación en cuatro condiciones experimentales (80, 60, 40 y 20 % de la contribución grupal). Se encontró que la aportación individual fue mayor ante las menores contribuciones virtuales, como una función de la secuencia particular de las condiciones experimentales. Los resultados apoyan la hipótesis de que en los bienes públicos, hay sensibilidad a muchas variables que afectan la tasa de aportación individual. Se discuten las razones de las diferencias observadas y las implicaciones de la investigación en este campo.A public good is a resource from which all individuals may benefit, regardless of whether they helped to provide the good. The individual has an incentive to avoid the cost, but doing so results in worse consequences for each individual, relative to sharing the cost with their group. The present experiment examined this conflict by comparing three general strategies that might describe individual behavior, namely that individuals will: a) behave ''selfishly''; b) be reciprocal; and c) use strategic interactions with a propensity to cooperate, responding to their partners by maintaining or increasing their cooperation. A computer program simulated a public-goods game. Undergraduate students participated in a four-player game, against three dummy players programmed to play according to different levels of cooperation, in four experimental conditions (80, 60, 40 and 20% of the group's contribution). Individual contribution was highest for the lowest group contribution. The particular sequence of experimental conditions had an effect on individual contributions. The variables that affect individual contributions in public-goods games are discussed.
  • Effects of the Probability of Partners' Cooperation on Consumption in
           Resource Dilemmas

    • Abstract: Un dilema social es una situación en la cual dos o más individuos dirigen sus acciones a la obtención de consecuencias positivas inmediatas, que a largo plazo son negativas para la comunidad y para el individuo. En estas situaciones se ha observado que el valor de la recompensa es afectado por la probabilidad de que el compañero con el que se comparte un recurso sea recíproco. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de la probabilidad de cooperación de los otros sobre el consumo en un dilema de recursos. Participaron 37 estudiantes de licenciatura, en un laboratorio con cubículos individuales mediante un juego experimental con la estructura de un dilema de recursos en el que se simularon consumos mediante una computadora. Se conformaron dos grupos de probabilidad: uno con probabilidades uniformes y otro con probabilidades variables de consumos simulados. Los participantes intervinieron en tres juegos experimentales con diferente nivel de probabilidad de cooperación del consumo simulado. Se discutieron los resultados en términos de cooperación condicional: Los individuos moderan su consumo en presencia de consumos simulados moderados e incrementan su consumo ante consumos simulados altos.A social dilemma is a situation in which two or more individuals choose positive immediate outcomes, which result in negative long-term outcomes for the community, and therefore for the individual. In this kind of situation, the subjective value of the reward for being cooperative is affected by the probability of reciprocity from partners. The aim of this work was to determine the effect of the partners' probability of cooperation on resource consumption in a resource dilemma. The participants were 37 undergraduate students, who played computer games with the structure of a resource dilemma. Participants were divided into two groups, in which a fixed or a variable probability of simulated consumption was programmed. All the participants played three computer games in which the level of simulated cooperation was also varied. With variable probability of cooperation and in the presence of high levels of consumption, individual consumption increased. Individuals moderated their consumption in presence of moderated simulated consumptions and increased their consumptions with high simulated consumptions These results are discussed in terms of conditional cooperation.
  • Assessment of Consistency of Prosocial Behavior in Two Experimental

    • Abstract: Se evaluó la relación entre el comportamiento en un Juego del Dictador Repetido (JDR) y un Juego de Bienes Públicos (JBP). Participaron 53 jóvenes universitarios en una simulación computarizada de un JDR, quienes se asignaron al azar a dos grupos: el grupo de bajo costo recibió una dotación que podía donar a un receptor anónimo. El grupo de alto costo trabajó para ganar esa dotación antes de donarla. Se encontró que las donaciones de los participantes del grupo de alto costo fueron mayores que las donaciones de los participantes del grupo de bajo costo. Posteriormente se condujo un JBP por tríadas. Mediante un análisis de conglomerados, se identificaron dos estrategias en cada juego: en el JDR, un grupo (n = 30) donó 14% de su dotación, y otro (n = 23) donó el 47%. En el JBP, la mayoría de los participantes comenzó invirtiendo 50% de sus recursos y posteriormente redujeron su inversión en ensayos sucesivos. Las estrategias que cada uno de los participantes siguió no fueron consistentes entre los juegos, pero fueron consistentes con las estrategias reportadas en estudios previos sobre el JDR o el JBP. La conducta en los juegos como el JBP puede explicarse en términos de eficiencia, maximización y la cooperación condicional.The relation between behavior in a Repeated Dictators Game (RDG) and behavior in a Public Goods Game (PGG) was assessed. A computer simulation of a RDG was conducted with 53 college students, who were randomly assigned to low-cost or high-cost groups. Participants in the low cost group had a free endowment which they could split with an anonymous partner, and participants in the high cost group had to earn their endowment before they could split it. Donations were significantly higher for the participants in the high-cost group. Participants then played a PGG. A cluster analysis identified two strategies followed by the participants in each of the two games: In the RDG, 30 participants donated 14% of their endowment, while 23 participants donated 47% of their endowment. In the PGG, most participants invested 50% of their endowment at the beginning of the game, and their investment decreased in successive trials. The strategies that each participant followed were not consistent between the two games, but were consistent with those reported in previous studies. Behavior in games like PGG may be better described in terms of efficiency, maximization and conditional cooperation.
  • Social Foraging in Rats: Group and Individual Choice In Dynamic

    • Abstract: Group and individual choice behavior in dynamic social environments was examined in a laboratory foraging analogue. Five rats were studied across multiple sessions in a free-ranging paradigm, where food reinforcement was delivered from two patches according to variable time intervals. Five reinforcement ratios (1:1, 1:4, 1:8, 8:1, 4:1) were presented either in irregular sequence within a session (Variable condition) or across sessions (Stable). Competitiveness, defined in terms of obtained resources, was assessed by delivering food at one feeder only. The generalized matching law and ideal free distribution accounted for individual and group data well. Sensitivity of the group and individual behavior to reinforcement contingencies increased with less variability in resource availability, but also increased with greater experience. The experimental paradigm shows great promise for examining adaptive behavior in a social context.Se examinó la conducta de elección individual y grupal en ambientes sociales dinámicos mediante una preparación de laboratorio análoga al forrajeo. Se estudiaron a cinco ratas durante múltiples sesiones bajo un paradigma de búsqueda libre (free-ranging), en las cuales se entregó alimento como reforzador en dos parches conforme a intervalos variables de tiempo. Se presentaron cinco razones de reforzamiento (1:1, 1:4, 1:8, 8:1, 4:1), ya fuese en secuencias irregulares dentro de una misma sesión (condición variable) o entre sesiones (condición estable). Se evaluó la competitividad, definida en términos de recursos obtenidos, mediante la entrega de comida en sólo un comedero. La ley generalizada de igualación y la teoría de la distribución libre ideal explicaron los datos individuales y grupales satisfactoriamente. La sensibilidad de la conducta individual y grupal a las contingencias de reforzamiento aumentó en la condición de menor variabilidad en la disponibilidad del recurso, pero también aumentó con la experiencia. El paradigma experimental muestra ser promisorio para el análisis de la conducta adaptativa en un contexto social.
  • Experimental Analysis of Social Interactions Among Prison Inmates:
           Exchange, Sanction and Power

    • Abstract: Se presentan los resultados de un estudio experimental que analizó interacciones intrapenitenciarias. El estudio se fundamentó en la propuesta interconductual de Análisis Teórico de las Dimensiones Funcionales del Comportamiento Social (DFCS) que establece para el comportamiento social tres dimensiones: 1) intercambio, 2) sanción y 3) poder. Se identificaron los estilos de interacción social de grupos penitenciarios a partir de las frecuencias de ocurrencia de las conductas de las DFCS. Para la obtención de datos se usó la observación directa del comportamiento y el registro sistematizado de la conducta dentro de fases experimentales correspondientes a cada dimensión funcional. Participaron ocho internos penitenciarios, clasificados por el reclusorio en tres categorías de funcionalidad intra-institucional: 1) alta, 2) mediana y 3) baja. Se formaron para cada fase experimental dos subgrupos, conformados por dos internos de mediana funcionalidad, una de alta y una de baja. Los resultados mostraron tres estilos de interacción social: intercambiante en los participantes de mediana funcionalidad, intercambiante-empoderado en los de alta e intercambiante-sancionador en los de baja funcionalidad. El análisis secuencial del comportamiento detectó patrones de sucesión, entre niveles funcionales, expresados en indicadores de probabilidad de ocurrencia.This study analyzed intraprison social interactions from an interbehavioral psychology perspective. It was grounded specifically in the Theoretical Analysis of the Functional Dimensions of Social Behavior (FDSB), in which three dimensions of social behavior are established: 1) exchange, 2) sanction and 3) power. The purpose was to identify group styles of intraprison social interaction by systematically recording the frequency of occurrence of each of the behaviors considered in FDSB, across experimental phases pertaining to each functional dimension. The participants were eight prison inmates, classified by the institution in three functionality categories: 1) high, 2) medium and 3) low. Three styles of social interactions were found: exchange in the medium functionality participants, exchange-power in the high functionally participants and exchange-sanction in the low functionality participants. The sequential analysis of the behavior detected succession patterns between functional levels, which were ex-pressed as indicators of the probability of occurrence of each behavior.
  • Social Interactions Between Adolescent Consumers and Non Consumers of
           Addictive Substances

    • Abstract: En la adolescencia, las interacciones coercitivas entre los adolescentes y sus padres son un factor de riesgo de comportamientos problema. Por ejemplo, las interacciones sociales conflictivas, la falta de habilidades de negociación y la falta de un control de la conducta por parte de los padres se han asociado con el consumo de sustancias por parte de los adolescentes. Los pares problemáticos pueden propiciar la ocurrencia de conductas de riesgo del consumo de sustancias adictivas. En el trabajo se analizaron las interacciones sociales de 26 adolescentes, con diferentes niveles de consumo de sustancias, tanto con sus padres como con sus pares, observadas en dos contextos, denominados como de alta probabilidad de coerción y baja probabilidad de coerción. Se encontró que las relaciones sociales de los adolescentes consumidores de drogas, en ambos contextos de observación, tanto con sus padres como con sus pares, eran conflictivas. La tasa de conductas coercitivas fue más alta que en las relaciones de padres y adolescentes no consumidores, lo que provocó disminuciones en el proceso de negociación. Se observó un deterioro progresivo de las relaciones de los adolescentes, relacionado con un aumento en el consumo de sustancias.During adolescence, coercive interactions between teenagers and their parents constitute a risk factor for the occurrence of problem behavior. Conflictive social interactions, the absence of negotiation responses and the lack of control over adolescents' behavior by parents have been associated with substance consumption. Problematic peers may encourage the occurrence of risky behavior associated with drug use. The social interactions of 26 teenagers with their parents and their peers were analyzed in this study. The level of drug consumption differed among the teenagers. These social interactions were observed in two contexts: high probability of coercion and low probability of coercion. Social interactions characterized by conflict were found among teenagers and their parents and peers in both observation contexts. The rate of coercive interactions was highest for the teenagers who used drugs. For these participants, a decrease of negotiation responses to conflict situations and increases of social interactions characterized by conflict and drug consumption were observed.
  • The Function on Non Specific Reinforcement of Behavior On Physical
           Abuse of Children

    • Abstract: El objetivo del presente estudio fue poner a prueba una estrategia basada en el reforzamiento no específico de conductas en díadas madre-niño con historia de abuso físico. La muestra se conformó por diez díadas madre-niño con dicha problemática. Se empleó un diseño experimental de caso único y la utilización de procedimientos de enseñanza conductual, tales como instrucciones, modelamiento, moldeamiento y retroalimentación visual. Los resultados obtenidos se analizan en términos del valor del reforzamiento no específico de conductas dentro del contexto interaccional madre-hijo con antecedentes de maltrato físico infantil.The aim of this study was to evaluate an intervention strategy based on non-specific reinforcement of behavior in mother-child dyads with a history of physical abuse. Ten such dyads participated. Using a single-case experimental design, behavioral teaching procedures such as instructions, modeling, and visual feedback were applied. The results were analyzed in terms of the effectiveness of non-specific reinforcement of behavior within the context of moment-to-moment social exchanges between mothers and their children.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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