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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 983 journals)
Showing 601 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted by number of followers
Nature Human Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Social and Political Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Gender-Based Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Glossa Psycholinguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Psychology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Psychology of Consciousness : Theory, Research, and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Music Therapy Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Evolutionary Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Qualitative Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Psychomusicology : Music, Mind, and Brain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Review of Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Internet Interventions : The application of information technology in mental and behavioural health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Revista Científica Arbitrada de la Fundación MenteClara     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Behavioral Addictions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
OA Autism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Individual Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cognitive Historiography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Psyke & Logos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Voices : A World Forum for Music Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Psychology and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Psychology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Spirituality in Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Phenomenology and Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Inquiry : Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Language and Text     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Behavior Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sexual Offending : Theory, Research, and Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lebenswelt : Aesthetics and philosophy of experience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Dynamic Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Multisensory Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Phenomenology & Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Psychology in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Russian Psychological Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Konseling : Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Review of Social Psychology / Revue Internationale de Psychologie Sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Art Therapy : Research, Practice, and Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Neuropsychoanalysis : An Interdisciplinary Journal for Psychoanalysis and the Neurosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tempo Psicanalitico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Educational, Cultural and Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quantitative Methods for Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FLEKS : Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Numerical Cognition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wawasan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia e Saber Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Addiction & Prevention     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios e Investigación en Psicología y Educación     Open Access  
Persona Studies     Open Access  
Indigenous : Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi     Open Access  
Intuisi : Jurnal Psikologi Ilmiah     Open Access  
Setting     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
European Yearbook of the History of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription  
Interacciones. Revista de Avances en Psicología     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Journal für Psychoanalyse     Open Access  
Siglo Cero. Revista Española sobre Discapacidad Intelectual     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
New School Psychology Bulletin     Open Access  
TESTFÓRUM     Open Access  
S : Journal of the Circle for Lacanian Ideology Critique     Open Access  
International Journal of Psychoanalysis and Education     Open Access  
Quaderns de Psicologia     Open Access  
Satir International Journal     Open Access  
Mudanças - Psicologia da Saúde     Open Access  
Journal of Creating Value     Full-text available via subscription  
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Estudos Interdisciplinares em Psicologia     Open Access  
Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations     Hybrid Journal  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
Revista Costarricense de Psicología     Open Access  
Informes Psicológicos     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikologi     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Klart språk i Norden     Open Access  
Revista Pequén     Open Access  
Pensando Psicología     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Revista de Cultura Teológica     Open Access  
Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology     Open Access  
Experimental Psychology (Russia)     Open Access  
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
International Journal of Comparative Psychology     Open Access  
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología     Open Access  
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Ajayu Órgano de Difusión Científica del Departamento de Psicología UCBSP     Open Access  
Psicologia     Open Access  
Análise Psicológica     Open Access  
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access  
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Psicologia     Open Access  
Terapia familiare     Full-text available via subscription  
Studi Junghiani     Full-text available via subscription  
Ruolo Terapeutico (IL)     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista di Psicoterapia Relazionale     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerche di psicologia     Full-text available via subscription  
Ricerca Psicoanalitica : Journal of the Relationship in Psychoanalysis     Open Access  
Quaderni di Gestalt     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia di Comunità. Gruppi, ricerca-azione, modelli formativi     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia della salute     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicobiettivo     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicoanalisi     Full-text available via subscription  
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Interazioni     Full-text available via subscription  
Gruppi     Full-text available via subscription  
Forum : Journal of the International Association of Group Psychoterapy     Full-text available via subscription  
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Wímb Lu     Open Access  
International Perspectives in Psychology : Research, Practice, Consultation     Full-text available via subscription  
Lernen und Lernstörungen     Hybrid Journal  
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Online Readings in Psychology and Culture     Open Access  
Winnicott e-prints     Open Access  
Trivium : Estudos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Temas em Psicologia     Open Access  
Stylus (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Salud & Sociedad: investigaciones en psicologia de la salud y psicologia social     Open Access  
Revista Psicopedagogia     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia Política     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia e Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Orientación Educativa     Open Access  
Revista do NUFEN     Open Access  
Revista de Etologia     Open Access  
Revista da SPAGESP     Open Access  
Revista da SBPH     Open Access  
Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Developmental Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.066
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 48  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0012-1649 - ISSN (Online) 1939-0599
Published by APA Homepage  [89 journals]
  • Does stress predict the development of internalizing symptoms in middle
           childhood' An examination of additive, mediated, and moderated effects
           of early family stress, daily interpersonal stress, and physiological
           stress.

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Early life stress, daily life experiences, and the stress responsive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis have each been examined as predictors of the development of psychopathology. Rarely have researchers attempted to understand the covariation or interaction among these stress domains using a longitudinal design in the prediction of symptoms of internalizing psychopathology, particularly during childhood. This study examined early family stress, daily interpersonal stress, indicators of diurnal cortisol, and internalizing symptoms in a racially/ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of twins (N = 970 children; Mage at outcome = 9.73; 52% female; 23.7% Hispanic/Latino, 58.8% White; 30% below middle class; Lemery-Chalfant et al., 2019). An additive model of stress, a stress mediation model, and a stress sensitization framework model each delineated potential pathways linking stress and internalizing symptoms. Supporting additive pathways, multilevel models showed that all 3 stress indicators uniquely predicted internalizing symptoms. There was a significant indirect path from early family stress to 9 year internalizing symptoms through interpersonal stress, supporting stress mediation. Family stress moderated the association between interpersonal stress and internalizing symptoms, though not in the direction that would support stress sensitization. Child stress, including daily interpersonal stress and HPA axis activity, and internalizing symptoms are prevalent and family stress is a significant precursor to child internalizing symptoms across child development. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • An in-laboratory stressor reveals unique genetic variation in child
           cortisol output.

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      Abstract: Dysregulation of biological stress response, as measured by cortisol output, has been a primary candidate mechanism for how social experiences become biologically embedded. Cortisol is the primary output of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Cortisol levels vary systematically across the day and change in response to both sudden, acute stress experiences as well as prolonged exposure to environmental stress. Using data from 8- to 15-year-old twins in the Texas Twin Project, we investigate the extent to which genetic influences are shared across different measures of cortisol output: chronic cortisol accumulations in hair (n = 1,104), diurnal variation in salivary output (n = 488), and salivary response to a standardized, acute in-laboratory stressor (n = 537). Multivariate twin models indicate that genetic factors regulating cortisol response to the in-laboratory stressor are separable from those regulating baseline cortisol levels, naturally occurring diurnal variation in cortisol, and hair cortisol levels. These findings illustrate that novel environments can reveal unique genetic variation, reordering people in terms of their observed phenotype rather than only magnifying or mitigating preexisting differences. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Goodness of fit in the Chinese context of socialization in the first three
           years.

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      Abstract: Based on the goodness-of-fit theory, the current research examined how parental socialization expectations and socialization practices in infancy predicted child social adjustment in the preschool year dependent on child characteristics in toddlerhood with a longitudinal sample of Chinese families. Participants were 272 Chinese mother–child dyads. Maternal socialization goals of child autonomy and obedience were assessed when the child was 6 months old. Maternal respect for autonomy and negative control were observed in free-plays at 15 months. Mothers reported child compliance and inhibitory control at 25 months and rated child externalizing behaviors at 37 months. Results showed that for children with low levels of compliance or high levels of inhibitory control, obedience socialization goals predicted more externalizing behaviors, whereas for children with high levels of compliance or low levels of inhibitory control, obedience socialization goals predicted fewer externalizing behaviors. Moreover, for children with high levels of inhibitory control, higher levels of respect for autonomy or lower levels of negative control foretold fewer externalizing behaviors. Conversely, for children with low levels of inhibitory control, lower levels of respect for autonomy or higher levels of negative control forecasted fewer externalizing behaviors. Together, our findings demonstrate that socialization expectations, socialization practices, and child characteristics are jointly predictive of social adjustment across early childhood and all the significant interactions are characterized by the pattern of a contrastive effect, therefore congruently supporting the goodness-of-fit hypotheses. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Working memory development from early childhood to adolescence using two
           nationally representative samples.

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      Abstract: We leveraged nationally representative data from the Panel study of Income Dynamics-Child Development Supplement (N = 3,562) and the Early Childhood Longitudinal study (N = 18,174), to chart the development of working memory, indexed via verbal forward and backward digit span task performance, from 3 to 19 years of age. Results revealed nonlinear growth patterns for forward and backward digit span tasks, with the most rapid growth occurring during childhood followed by a brief accelerated period of growth during early adolescence. We also found similar developmental trajectories on digit span task performance for males and females across the U.S. population. Together, this study highlights the relative importance of the childhood period for working memory development and provides researchers with a reference against which to compare the developmental changes of working memory in individual studies. From a practical perspective, clinicians and educators can also use this information to understand important periods of working memory growth using national developmental trends. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Fathers’ and mothers’ praise and spatial language during play with
           

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      Abstract: Parents provide motivational and cognitive support within the same interaction, yet researchers have investigated these separately. We examined two key aspects of parental support, praise (motivational support) and spatial language (cognitive support), from fathers and mothers during three tasks with their first-grade children (6–7-year-olds; N = 107; 56 girls; 72.0% White, 23.4% Black). Parents’ praise and spatial language varied by task but not child sex: Both parents produced more praise in the Etch-a-Sketch and block tasks than the card game and produced more spatial language in the Etch-a-Sketch task than other tasks. We further examined whether praise and spatial language in the two spatial tasks (Etch-a-Sketch and block construction) were related to children’s later math and spatial skills. We found neither additive nor multiplicative effects of parents’ praise or spatial language. We also did not see additive or multiplicative effects of fathers’ and mothers’ support. However, fathers’ greater spatial language at first grade was negatively associated with boys’ (but not girls’) math achievement in third grade, with greater father spatial tokens related to their sons’ lower math achievement. This suggests that boys may perceive fathers’ support more negatively than girls do or that fathers may offer additional support for boys with lower abilities. Taken together, this study emphasizes the importance of considering contexts in examining parental support. The correlational nature of the study warrants future research to establish causal relations and to enhance our understanding of multifaceted parent–child interactions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Different families, diverse strengths: Long-term implications of early
           childhood family processes on adolescent positive functioning.

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      Abstract: With studies primarily focusing on family risk factors on adolescent maladjustment, less is known about positive family processes that facilitate adolescent positive development. This study aimed to identify different configurations of parental involvement and interparental affection during early childhood from a person-centered approach and examine their long-term implications on adolescent positive functioning at age 15. In a sample of 495 2-parent families (53.3% boys; mothers: 42.0% White, 24.7% Black, 27.4% Hispanic, 5.9% other; family income: Median = $42,500), both parents reported interparental affection and their involvement with the child at the child’s age 1 and 5, respectively. Adolescents reported their engagement, perseverance, optimism, connectedness, and happiness at age 15. Six profiles of early family processes were identified via the latent profile analysis, including Child-Centered (13.3%; average to high parental involvement and low interparental affection), Distressed Mother (14.5%; low mother involvement and mothers perceiving less affection from fathers), Collaborative (9.9%; relatively more mother involvement with the child and relatively more fathers’ affection toward mothers), Cohesive (36.0%; high parental involvement and high interparental affection), Couple-Centered (19.6%; low parental involvement and high interparental affection), and Disengaged (6.7%; low parental involvement and low interparental affection) families. At age 15 (after controlling for family demographics), adolescents in Child-Centered families reported more engagement, adolescents in Cohesive families reported more happiness, adolescents in Cohesive and Collaborative families reported more perseverance and connectedness, and adolescents in Disengaged families reported the lowest optimism. Results highlight that different family configurations during early childhood have differentiated implications on adolescent positive functioning. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Prenatal programming of developmental trajectories for obesity risk and
           early pubertal timing.

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      Abstract: The thrifty phenotype and fetal overnutrition hypotheses are two developmental hypotheses that originated from the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) perspective. The DOHaD posits that exposures experienced prenatally and early in life may influence health outcomes through altering form and function of internal organs related to metabolic processes. Obesity risk and early pubertal timing might be influenced by similar mechanisms. The thrifty phenotype hypothesis is primarily characterized by experiencing a deprivation of nutrients during gestation paired with an energy rich postnatal environment. The fetal overnutrition hypothesis says that obesity experienced prenatally will be associated with increased lifetime risk of obesity in the offspring. Both hypotheses were tested by examining developmental pathways from genetic and prenatal risk through early growth trajectories (birth to 7 years) to pubertal timing at age 11 years. Participants included 361 children adopted at birth (57% male; 57% non-Hispanic White, 11% Black, 9% Hispanic; adoptive family income Mdn = $70,000–$100,000, birth family income Mdn = < $15,000). Associations between boys’ childhood body mass index (BMI) and pubertal timing were confounded by genetics, prenatal risk, and early growth. The thrifty phenotype hypothesis was partially supported for boys’ childhood BMI (at ages 4 to 7 years). Both hypotheses were partially supported for girls’ childhood BMI but not pubertal timing. A novel Gene × Prenatal Risk interaction showed that genetic risk predicted girls’ childhood BMI most strongly at adequate compared with at excessive levels of gestational weight gain. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • From integers to fractions: The role of analogy in developing a coherent
           understanding of proportional magnitude.

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      Abstract: Children display an early sensitivity to implicit proportions (e.g., 1 of 5 apples vs. 3 of 4 apples), but have considerable difficulty in learning the explicit, symbolic proportions denoted by fractions (e.g., “1/5” vs. “3/4”). Theoretically, reducing the gap between representations of implicit versus explicit proportions would improve understanding of fractions, but little is known about how the representations develop and interact with one another. To address this, we asked 177 third, fourth, and fifth graders (M = 9.85 years, 87 girls, 69% White, 19% low income) to estimate the position of proportionally equivalent integers and fractions on number lines (e.g., 3 on a 0–8 number line vs. 3/8 on a 0–1 number line, Study 1). With increasing age, children’s estimates of implicit and explicit proportions became more coherent, such that a child’s estimates of fractions on a 0–1 number-line was a linear function of the same child’s estimates of equivalent integers. To further investigate whether preexisting integer knowledge can facilitate fraction learning through analogy, we assigned 100 third to fifth graders (M = 10.04 years, 55 girls, 76% White) to an Alignment condition, where children estimated fractions and integers on aligned number lines, or to a No Alignment condition (Study 2). Results showed that aligning integers and fractions on number lines facilitated a better understanding of fractional magnitudes, and increased children’s fraction estimation accuracy to the level of college students’. Together, findings suggest that analogies can play an important role in building a coherent understanding of proportions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Revisiting age- and schooling-related growth in school readiness skills: A
           multimethod validation study.

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      Abstract: In the present study, we investigated the relative impact of age- versus schooling-related growth in school readiness skills using four modeling approaches that leverage natural variation in longitudinal data collected within the preschool year. Our goal was to demonstrate the applicability of different analytic techniques that do not rely on assumptions inherent in commonly applied methods (e.g., the school entrance cutoff method, regression discontinuity design) that selection into subsequent grades is based on birthdate alone and that the quality of experiences between grades are not responsible for differences in outcomes. Notably, these alternative methods also do not require data collected across multiple grades. Participants included 316 children (Mage = 54.77 months; 47.15% male) who mostly identified as White (64%) or Latinx (20%). A little over half of the sample attended Head Start preschools (54.75%). Four modeling techniques that leverage data collected at two timepoints in preschool were used to examine schooling effects on children’s preliteracy, emergent math, and executive function (EF) skills. Results replicate evidence from previous research using traditional methods. Specifically, findings across all models demonstrate a schooling effect on preliteracy skills during the preschool year, above and beyond maturation, but not on emergent math or EF. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each analytical tool for researchers who are interested in answering questions about the effects of schooling with diverse data collection strategies, as well as broader implications for the integrity of educational and developmental science. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Within-person reciprocal associations between peer victimization and need
           for approval.

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      Abstract: Prior research links need for approval (NFA; the extent to which self-worth is contingent on peer approval or disapproval) to critical developmental outcomes, but little is known about how NFA develops over time or within social contexts. To address this gap, the present study used a sophisticated analytic approach (autoregressive latent trajectory modeling with standardized residuals) to examine dynamic associations between one salient social experience—peer victimization—and two dimensions of NFA, conceptualized in terms of approach motivation (NFAapproach; enhanced self-worth based on peer approval) and avoidance motivation (NFAavoid; depleted self-worth based on peer disapproval). Following 636 youth (338 girls; Mage = 7.96 years at Wave 1; 66.7% White; 35.0% subsidized school lunch) from second to seventh grade, analyses revealed that peer victimization predicts subsequent increases in NFAavoid, which in turn predicts subsequent increases in victimization. Findings also revealed that although mean levels of NFAavoid decrease during childhood, increases or decreases in NFA become more entrenched. Thus, childhood peer victimization may disrupt normative decreases in NFAavoid and contribute to a cycle in which negative peer judgments increasingly foster low self-worth and further peer difficulties. Preventing this cycle may require encouraging peer-victimized youth to base their self-worth on internal standards rather than peer feedback while helping them develop positive relationships that promote self-worth. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Developmental psychology and the scientific status of parental alienation.

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      Abstract: Theory and research have described developmental processes leading to damaged parent–child relationships, such as those that occur during a divorce. However, scholars dispute the scientific status of the literature on children who form unhealthy alliances with one parent against the other—termed parental alienation (PA). This comprehensive literature review tests competing descriptions of the PA literature. Accessing four electronic databases, we identified 213 documents with empirical data on PA published in 10 languages through December 2020. The results confirmed that the current state of PA scholarship meets three criteria of a maturing field of scientific inquiry: an expanding literature, a shift toward quantitative studies, and a growing body of research that tests theory-generated hypotheses. Nearly 40% of the PA literature has been published since 2016, establishing that PA research has moved beyond an early stage of scientific development and has produced a scientifically trustworthy knowledge base. This literature review documents the value of multiple research methodologies to this knowledge base. In addition, the growing body of research described in this review enhances our understanding of the association between interparental conflict and the breakdown of parent–child relationships in families where conflict differentially affects children’s relationship with and behavior toward each parent. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Adolescents sample more information prior to decisions than adults when
           effort costs increase.

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      Abstract: Making better decisions typically requires obtaining information relevant to that decision. Adolescence is marked by increasing agency in decision-making and an accompanying increase in impulsive decisions, suggesting that one characteristic of adolescent decision-making is a tendency to make less-informed decisions. Adolescents could also be especially averse to the effort associated with acquiring relevant information to make decisions. To investigate this possibility, we recruited adolescents (Mage = 15.02 years) in upper-secondary schools and young adults (Mage = 20.53 years) attending university in the Netherlands to complete an effort-based information sampling task, in which participants could sample information until obtaining sufficient evidence to make a decision. Effort costs for sampling were systematically varied. Surprisingly, adolescents sampled more evidence than adults before making decisions when sampling effort costs were low. Further, adolescents obtained stronger evidence prior to their decisions than adults as effort costs increased, exhibiting less aversion to effort costs associated with information sampling. Exploratory computational models supported these findings. Both adolescents and adults used simple heuristics in deciding whether to sample additional information or make a final decision, and adolescents sought a higher evidence threshold before deciding compared with adults. These results suggest that adolescents may require more certainty to make decisions compared with adults and be less averse to effort costs when gathering information to aid decisions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • “A pirate goes nee-nor-nee-nor!” humor with siblings in middle
           childhood: A window to social understanding'

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      Abstract: Humor is a central feature of close and intimate relationships in childhood. However, fundamental questions regarding the relationship between humor production, pretend play, and social understanding have been overlooked. In a selected subsample from a prospective longitudinal study of first-born children (N = 110, M age = 6.91 years, 46.4% female, 98.1% parents identified as English, Welsh, Scottish, or Irish), we conducted detailed observational coding of children’s humor production during dress-up play with younger siblings. Focal children also completed a battery of social understanding tasks that measured emotion understanding and second-order belief understanding. Focal children were also observed during solo free play with Playmobil, and their spontaneous references to others’ cognitions and play with objects were coded. Correlation analyses indicated that children’s word play with their sibling was associated with their tendency to engage in pretense during solo play. Regression analyses showed that humorous sound play with siblings was associated with their emotion understanding and playful teasing with siblings was associated with their spontaneous references to others’ cognitive states during solo free play. Our findings contribute to knowledge and theory regarding domains of development associated with humor production in childhood. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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