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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 983 journals)
Showing 601 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Revista Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista Costarricense de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista de Cultura Teológica     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios e Investigación en Psicología y Educación     Open Access  
Revista de Investigacion Psicologica     Open Access  
Revista de Psicodidáctica     Open Access  
Revista de Psicodidáctica (English ed.)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología : Segunda Epoca     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Revista Electrónica de Metodología Aplicada     Open Access  
Revista Laborativa     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista Psicológica Herediana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Wímb Lu     Open Access  
Revue de psychoéducation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée / European Review of Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revue québécoise de psychologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access  
Roeper Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rorschachiana     Hybrid Journal  
RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics     Open Access  
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Satir International Journal     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review     Hybrid Journal  
School Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
School Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Scientonomy : Journal for the Science of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Seeing and Perceiving     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Sexual Abuse A Journal of Research and Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sexual Offending : Theory, Research, and Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Simmel Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Sleep Medicine : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 3)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Issues and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Social Psychological and Personality Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Social Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Society and Security Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socio-analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Somnologie - Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Spanish Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
SSM - Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studia z Kognitywistyki i Filozofii Umysłu     Open Access  
Studies in Asian Social Science     Open Access  
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Suma Psicologica     Open Access  
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Teaching of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Terapia Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tesis Psicologica     Open Access  
TESTFÓRUM     Open Access  
The Arts in Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Clinical Neuropsychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
The International Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Journals of Gerontology : Series B : Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
The Psychoanalytic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Sport Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Themenzentrierte Interaktion     Hybrid Journal  
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Communities : The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Thérapie familiale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Thinking & Reasoning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tobacco Use Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Torture Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transactional Analysis Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access  
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Vinculo - Revista do NESME     Open Access  
VIVESIANA     Open Access  
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Wege zum Menschen : Zeitschrift für Seelsorge und Beratung, heilendes und soziales Handeln     Hybrid Journal  
Wellbeing, Space & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal     Open Access  
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Yaşam Becerileri Psikoloji Dergisi / Life Skills Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Arbeits - und Organisationspsychologie A&O     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für Individualpsychologie     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und Soziometrie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

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Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.75
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 23  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1069-9384 - ISSN (Online) 1531-5320
Published by Psychonomic Society Publications Homepage  [4 journals]
  • The time course of Temporal Binding in social and nonsocial interactions

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      Abstract: Abstract Temporal Binding (TB) is the subjective compression of action-effect intervals. While the effects of nonsocial actions are highly predictable, it is not the case when interacting with conspecifics, who often act under their own volition, at a time of their choosing. Given the relative differences in action-effect predictability in non-social and social interactions, it is plausible that TB and its properties differ across these situations. To examine this, in two experiments, we compared the time course of TB in social and nonsocial interactions, systematically varying action-effect intervals (200–2,100 ms). Participants were told they were (a) interacting with another person via a live webcam, who was in fact a confederate (social condition), (b) interacting with pre-recorded videos (nonsocial condition), or (c) observing two pre-recorded videos (control condition; Experiment 2). Results across experiments showed greater TB for social compared to nonsocial conditions, and the difference was proportional to the action-effect intervals. Further, in Experiment 1, TB was consistently observed throughout the experiment for social interactions, whereas nonsocial TB decreased from the first to the second half of the experiment. In Experiment 2, the nonsocial condition did not differ from control, whereas the social condition did, exhibiting enhanced binding. We argue these results suggest that the sociality of an interaction modulates the ‘internal clock’ of time perception.
      PubDate: 2024-07-17
       
  • Reasoning about possibilities: Modal logics, possible worlds, and mental
           models

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      Abstract: Abstract Everyone reasons about possibilities. This article explains how they could do so using mental models. The theory makes four major claims: 1. Correct inferences are necessary, referring only to facts or possibilities to which the premises refer and not ruling any of them out, for example: She left or hid; Therefore, it’s possible that she left and possible that she hid. 2. A possibility such as that she hid, which is represented in an intuitive model, presupposes the possibility that it did not occur, she did not hide, which, if reasoners deliberate, is represented in the resulting model. 3. Reasoners condense consistent possibilities, such as the earlier pair, into one possibility: it is possible that she left and she hid. 4. Inconsistencies, such as she left or hid, and she neither left nor hid, refer to no possibilities whatsoever – they have an empty model – and so their only effects are local. Hence, any inference can be withdrawn with impunity if there is knowledge to the contrary. Experiments have corroborated each of these principles. They are incompatible with four essentials of standard modal logics, which concern deductions based on “possible” or “necessary”. Their formal deductions correspond to valid inferences, which have no counterexamples in which the premises are true but the conclusion is false. And so the article examines the differences between the two approaches, and explores the adaptation of a modal logic to account for correct human reasoning. Its feasibility is an open question.
      PubDate: 2024-07-16
       
  • Dynamics of sensory and decisional biases in perceptual decision making:
           Insights from the face distortion illusion

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      Abstract: Abstract Bias in perceptual decision making can have both sensory and decisional origins. These distinct sources of bias are typically seen as static and stable over time. However, human behavior is dynamic and constantly adapting. Yet it remains unclear how sensory and decisional biases progress in distinct ways over time. We addressed this question by tracking the dynamics of sensory and decisional biases during a task that involves a visual illusion. Observers saw multiple pairs of peripherally presented faces that induce a strong illusion making the faces appear distorted and grotesque. The task was to judge whether one of the last two faces had true physical distortion (experimentally introduced in half of the trials). Initially, participants classified most faces as distorted as exemplified by a liberal response bias. However, over the course of the experiment, this response bias gradually disappeared even though the distortion illusion remained equally strong, as demonstrated by a separate subjective rating task without artificially distorted faces. The results suggest that the sensory bias was progressively countered by an opposite decisional bias. This transition was accompanied by an increase in reaction times and a decrease in confidence relative to a condition that does not induce the visual illusion. All results were replicated in a second experiment with inverted faces. These findings demonstrate that participants dynamically adjust their decisional bias to compensate for sensory biases, and that these two biases together determine how humans make perceptual decisions.
      PubDate: 2024-07-09
       
  • Sensorimotor learning during synchronous speech is modulated by the
           acoustics of the other voice

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      Abstract: Abstract This study tested the hypothesis that speaking with other voices can influence sensorimotor predictions of one’s own voice. Real-time manipulations of auditory feedback were used to drive sensorimotor adaptation in speech, while participants spoke sentences in synchrony with another voice, a task known to induce implicit imitation (phonetic convergence). The acoustic-phonetic properties of the other voice were manipulated between groups, such that convergence with it would either oppose (incongruent group, n = 15) or align with (congruent group, n = 16) speech motor adaptation. As predicted, significantly greater adaptation was seen in the congruent compared to the incongruent group. This suggests the use of shared sensory targets in speech for predicting the sensory outcomes of both the actions of others (speech perception) and the actions of the self (speech production). This finding has important implications for wider theories of shared predictive mechanisms across perception and action, such as active inference.
      PubDate: 2024-07-02
       
  • Sometimes memory misleads: Variants of the error-speed effect strengthen
           the evidence for systematically misleading memory signals in recognition
           memory

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      Abstract: Abstract The error-speed effect describes the observation that the speed of recognition errors in a first binary recognition task predicts the response accuracy in a subsequent two-alternative forced-choice (2AFC) task that comprises the erroneously judged items of the first task. So far, the effect has been primarily explained by the assumption that some error responses result from misleading memory evidence. However, it is also possible that the effect arises because participants remember and use their response times from the binary task to solve the 2AFC task. Furthermore, the phenomenon is quite new and its robustness or generalizability across other recognition tasks (e.g., a confidence-rating task) remains to be demonstrated. The aim of the present study is to address these limitations by introducing a new variant of the error-speed effect, replacing the 2AFC task with a confidence-rating task (Experiment 1), and by reversing task order (Experiment 2) to test whether participants employ a response-time strategy. In both experiments, we collected data using a sequential probability ratio t-test procedure and found evidence in favor of the hypothesis that the speed of binary recognition errors predicts confidence ratings for the same stimulus. These results attest to the robustness and generalizability of the error-speed effect and reveal that at least some errors must be due to systematically misleading memory evidence.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • The neural network of sensory attenuation: A neuroimaging meta-analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract Sensory attenuation refers to the reduction in sensory intensity resulting from self-initiated actions compared to stimuli initiated externally. A classic example is scratching oneself without feeling itchy. This phenomenon extends across various sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, somatosensory, and nociceptive stimuli. The internal forward model proposes that during voluntary actions, an efferent copy of the action command is sent out to predict sensory feedback. This predicted sensory feedback is then compared with the actual sensory feedback, leading to the suppression or reduction of sensory stimuli originating from self-initiated actions. To further elucidate the neural mechanisms underlying sensory attenuation effect, we conducted an extensive meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) studies. Utilizing activation likelihood estimation (ALE) analysis, our results revealed significant activations in a prominent cluster encompassing the right superior temporal gyrus (rSTG), right middle temporal gyrus (rMTG), and right insula when comparing external-generated with self-generated conditions. Additionally, significant activation was observed in the right anterior cerebellum when comparing self-generated to external-generated conditions. Further analysis using meta-analytic connectivity modeling (MACM) unveiled distinct brain networks co-activated with the rMTG and right cerebellum, respectively. Based on these findings, we propose that sensory attenuation arises from the suppression of reflexive inputs elicited by self-initiated actions through the internal forward modeling of a cerebellum-centered action prediction network, enabling the "sensory conflict detection" regions to effectively discriminate between inputs resulting from self-induced actions and those originating externally.
      PubDate: 2024-07-01
       
  • Higher order affordances

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      Abstract: Abstract Affordances are opportunities for action for a given animal (or animals) in a given environment or situation. The concept of affordance has been widely adopted in the behavioral sciences, but important questions remain. We propose a new way of understanding the nature of affordances; in particular, how affordances are related to one another. We claim that many – perhaps most – affordances emerge from non-additive relations among other affordances, such that some affordances are of higher order relative to other affordances. That is, we propose that affordances form a continuous category of perceiveables that differ only in whether and how they relate to other affordances. We argue that: (1) opportunities for behaviors of all kinds can be described as affordances, (2) some affordances emerge from relations between animal and environment, whereas most affordances emerge from relations between other affordances, and (3) all affordances lawfully structure ambient energy arrays and, therefore, can be perceived directly. Our concept of higher order affordances provides a general account of behavioral phenomena that traditionally have been interpreted in terms of cognitive processes (e.g., remembering or imagining) as well as behavioral phenomena that have traditionally been interpreted in terms of cultural rules, such as conventions, or customs.
      PubDate: 2024-06-28
       
  • Using theoretical constraints and the TASI taxonomy to delineate
           predictably replicable findings

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      Abstract: Abstract The focus of the present article is not on failures to replicate but on the more optimistically framed and more fruitful question: What stable findings can be reproduced reliably and can be trusted by decision makers, managers, health agents, or politicians' We propagate the working hypothesis that a twofold key to stable and replicable findings lies in the existence of theoretical constraints and, no less important, in researchers’ sensitivity to metatheoretical, auxiliary assumptions. We introduce a hierarchy of four levels of theoretical constraints—a priori principles, psychophysical, empirical, and modelling constraints—combined with the TASI taxonomy of theoretical, auxiliary, statistical, and inferential assumptions Trafimow, Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 52, 37–48, (2022). Although theoretical constraints clearly facilitate stable and replicable research findings, TASI reminds us of various reasons why even perfectly valid hypotheses need not always be borne out. The presented framework should help researchers to operationalize conditions under which theoretical constraints render empirical findings most predictable.
      PubDate: 2024-06-27
       
  • Adopting the visual perspective of a group member is influenced by
           implicit group averaging

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      Abstract: Abstract As social entities, individuals’ perception and behaviors are susceptible to the influence of their social groups. Previous research has consistently shown that the group context in which individuals are situated significantly influences their perceptual processing. We aim to investigate whether the group context in which another individual is situated alters our understanding of their visual perception, which holds profound implications for interpersonal interactions. To address this inquiry, we conducted three experiments. In Experiment 1, participants were presented with a visual scene depicting multiple avatars seated around a table, all facing an arrow positioned at the center of the table. They were instructed to adopt the visual perspective of a specific avatar within the group to perceive the arrow’s orientation, and then reproduce its orientation from their own perspectives. We found that participants exhibited a bias towards the group’s average perspective when reproducing the arrow’s orientation. Experiment 2 further demonstrated that reinforced group processing could elicit an earlier appearance of this bias. In Experiment 3, we investigated an alternative explanation positing that the aforementioned bias originated from visual ensemble perception rather than group influence by instructing participants to reproduce the target avatar’s position relative to the arrow’s orientation. If the bias indeed originated from ensemble perception, it should also manifest in this task. However, the absence of any reproduction bias refuted this possibility. Through these experiments, we demonstrate that our understanding of an individual’s perceptual experiences is influenced by the social context in which they are situated, which manifests as a convergence phenomenon.
      PubDate: 2024-06-18
       
  • Event-related brain potentials in lexical processing with Chinese
           characters show effects of contextual diversity but not word frequency

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      Abstract: Abstract The diversity of contexts in which a word occurs, operationalized as CD, is strongly correlated with response times in visual word recognition, with higher CD words being recognized faster. CD and token word frequency (WF) are highly correlated but in behavioral studies when other variables that affect word visual recognition are controlled for, the WF effect is eliminated when contextual diversity (CD) is controlled. In contrast, the only event-related potential (ERP) study to examine CD and WF Vergara-Martínez et al., Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 17, 461–474, (2017) found effects of both WF and CD with different distributions in the 225- to 325-ms time window. We conducted an ERP study with Chinese characters to explore the neurocognitive dynamics of WF and CD. We compared three groups of characters: (1) characters high in frequency and low in CD; (2) characters low in frequency and low in CD; and (3) characters high in frequency and high in CD. Behavioral data showed significant effects of CD but not WF. Character CD, but not character frequency, modulated the late positive component (LPC): high-CD characters elicited a larger LPC, widely distributed, with largest amplitude at the posterior sites compared to low-CD characters in the 400-to 600-ms time window, consistent with earlier ERP studies of WF in Chinese, and with the hypothesis that CD affects semantic and context-based processes. No WF effect on any ERP components was observed when CD was controlled. The results are consistent with behavioral results showing CD but not WF effects, and in particular with a “context constructionist” framework.
      PubDate: 2024-06-18
       
  • Cling together, swing together' Assessing indirect retrieval of
           stimulus-response bindings for associated stimuli

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      Abstract: Abstract When a stimulus is paired with a response, a stimulus-response (SR) binding (or event file) is formed. Subsequent stimulus repetition retrieves the SR binding from memory, which facilitates (impedes) performance when the same (a different) response is required. We aimed to explore whether indirect retrieval of SR bindings by a newly learnt associated stimulus is possible. Participants first went through a learning task to acquire novel stimulus-stimulus associations. The same stimulus pairs were then presented in a prime-probe task to assess direct and indirect retrieval effects. Participants responded by classifying word color in prime and probe trials. Probe words were either identical to prime words (test for direct retrieval) or corresponded to the associated stimulus (test for indirect retrieval) or were unrelated words (baseline). Independently of word relation, response relation (repetition vs. change) across prime and probe trials was manipulated. In two highly powered preregistered studies (total N = 260) using different types of stimulus associations, we obtained evidence for direct retrieval due to identical word repetition in the probe. Crucially, evidence for indirect retrieval upon presentation of an associated probe word was absent. Controlling for memory of each stimulus-stimulus association did not alter the findings. Our results show that indirect retrieval through newly acquired associations does not occur at the level of SR bindings, at least not for recently acquired stimulus-stimulus associations. Our study illustrates the scope of binding principles and highlights boundary conditions for the stimulus properties that can elicit automatic response retrieval.
      PubDate: 2024-06-14
       
  • Individual differences in word skipping during reading in English as L2

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      Abstract: Abstract The Multilingual Eye-movement Corpus (MECO; Siegelman et al., 2022) contains data from unbalanced bilinguals reading in their first language (L1) for a variety of languages and in English as their second language (L2). We analyzed word skipping in L2 on the basis of five predictors consisting of the frequency and length of the word in L2 and three measures of individual differences. Besides the L2 proficiency of the participant, two novel measures were also constructed: the average amount of skipping in L1 across participants per language and whether an individual reader skips words often in their L1 compared with other L1 readers in the same language. Word skipping in L2 increased for short and high-frequency words, for participants with higher L2 proficiency, for readers whose L1 featured relatively high average skipping rates compared with the other languages, and especially for participants who skip more often in L1 than their peers. All three individual differences interacted with word length such that their influence was more pronounced for longer words. Our results show that readers prefer to maintain a certain level of word skipping resembling how they read in L1. Due to lower L2 than L1 proficiency in unbalanced bilinguals, word skipping in L2 would often be based on a comparatively less advanced stage in parafoveal word recognition.
      PubDate: 2024-06-12
       
  • Correction to: Episodic–semantic linkage for $1,000: New semantic
           knowledge is more strongly coupled with episodic memory in trivia
           experts

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      PubDate: 2024-06-10
       
  • The dynamics of competition and decision-making

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      Abstract: Abstract We examine the underlying cognitive mechanisms that govern how competitions play out over time. We used cognitive modeling to examine the dynamic effects of time remaining and relative performance (whether the person is winning or losing) on effort and strategy. In this experiment, participants completed a competitive decision-making task with varying time limits and starting scores, in a repeated-measures design. Participants were tasked with scoring more points than their computerized opponent during a certain time frame, gaining and losing points for correct and incorrect decisions, respectively. The results showed that as the competition deadline approached and as participants drew ahead of their opponent within a competition, they increased effort and became more cautious. Furthermore, the effect of relative score on effort and caution changed over the course of a competition as the deadline approached. These results highlight the importance of considering dynamics when working to understand how competitions unfold as well as the underlying cognitive mechanisms that give rise to the dynamic behavior.
      PubDate: 2024-06-10
       
  • Too hard, too easy, or just right' The effects of context on effort
           and boredom aversion

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      Abstract: Abstract Despite people’s general desire to avoid cognitive effort, there is a limit to our parsimony: boredom, a state defined by a lack of successful mental engagement, is found to be similarly aversive. The work presented here investigates how context – the alternative tasks present and the environmental context – impacts people’s aversion to exerting cognitive effort and avoiding boredom via a demand-selection task. In a population of undergraduate students, we assessed how people’s willingness to exert mental effort (in a working memory task) is affected by the presence of an easier alternative (less cognitively demanding) or a boring alternative (doing nothing at all). To manipulate environmental context, we conducted the experiment online, where participants completed the task remotely, and in a controlled laboratory setting. We find people willingly seek out effortful tasks to avoid boredom, despite avoiding high demands when both tasks on offer required some effort. We also find large effects of the participants’ environmental context, with preferences for the most demanding task increasing by over 150% in the lab compared to online. These results bear relevance to theories that argue the costs of effort are determined relative to the alternatives available (e.g., opportunity cost theories). Moreover, the results demonstrate that researchers who deliberately (or inadvertently) manipulate effort and boredom must consider the effects context (both choice and environmental) may have on people’s behaviour.
      PubDate: 2024-06-05
       
  • Auditory context-dependent distraction by unexpected visual stimuli

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      Abstract: Abstract Research findings indicate that when a task-irrelevant stimulus feature deviates from an otherwise predictable pattern, participants performing a categorization task exhibit slower responses (deviance distraction). This deviance distraction effect reflects the violation of the sensory predictions generated by the cognitive system. In this study, we sought to examine for the first time whether these predictions can be incidentally modulated by the auditory environment. Participants categorized the duration (short vs long) of a colored shape (red square or blue circle) while instructed to disregard the stimulus’ visual features and the sound played in the background (two distinct chords played by different instruments). While the two visual stimuli shapes were equiprobable across the task, one was highly likely (p=.882) and the other rare (p=.118) in one auditory context and vice versa in the other context. Our results showed that participants were significantly slower in the duration judgement task whenever the stimulus was unexpected within a given auditory context (context-dependent distraction), and that the reset of their sensory predictions was completed upon the trial following a change of context. We conclude that object features and environmental context are processed in relation to each other and that sensory predictions are produced in relation to the environmental context, evidencing the first demonstration of auditory context-dependent modulation of attention.
      PubDate: 2024-06-03
       
  • Rare and extreme outcomes in risky choice

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      Abstract: Abstract Many real-world decisions involving rare events also involve extreme outcomes. Despite this confluence, decisions-from-experience research has only examined the impact of rarity and extremity in isolation. With rare events, people typically choose as if they underestimate the probability of a rare outcome happening. Separately, people typically overestimate the probability of an extreme outcome happening. Here, for the first time, we examine the confluence of these two biases in decisions-from-experience. In a between-groups behavioural experiment, we examine people’s risk preferences for rare extreme outcomes and for rare non-extreme outcomes. When outcomes are both rare and extreme, people’s risk preferences shift away from traditional risk patterns for rare events: they show reduced underweighting for events that are both rare and extreme. We simulate these results using a small-sample model of decision-making that accounts for both the underweighting of rare events and the overweighting of extreme events. These separable influences on risk preferences suggest that to understand real-world risk for rare events we must also consider the extremity of the outcomes.
      PubDate: 2024-06-01
       
  • Evidence that proactive distractor suppression does not require
           attentional resources

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      Abstract: Abstract Does the suppression of irrelevant visual features require attentional resources' McDonald et al. (2023, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 30, 224–234) proposed that suppression processes are unavailable while a person is busy performing another task. They reported the absence of the PD (believed to index suppression) when two tasks were presented close together in time. We looked for converging evidence using established behavior measures of suppression. Following McDonald et al., our participants performed a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) task followed by a search task. For the RSVP task, participants determined whether the target digit 4 or 6 appeared within a string of other digits. The search display appeared at a lag of 2 or 8 digits after the RSVP target. Participants searched for a yellow target circle amongst nine background circles, which included a uniquely colored distractor for some trials. The main question was whether distractor suppression would occur at Lag 2, while attentional resources were still processing the RSVP target. Suppression was assessed using the capture-probe paradigm. On 30% of trials, probe letters appeared inside the colored circles and participants reported those letters. Probe recall accuracy was lower at locations with distractor colors than those with neutral colors (the baseline), suggesting proactive suppression. Critically, this difference in probe recall accuracy was similar at Lag 2 and Lag 8, suggesting that the ability to proactively suppress distractors remains intact while dual-tasking. We argue that although reactive suppression likely requires attentional resources, proactive suppression—an implicit process—does not.
      PubDate: 2024-06-01
       
  • New insights into bilingual visual word recognition: State of the art on
           the role of orthographic markedness, its theoretical implications, and
           future research directions

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      Abstract: Abstract In the past decade, research on bilingual visual word recognition has given rise to a new line of study focusing on a sublexical orthographic variable referred to as orthographic markedness, derived from the comparison of the two orthotactic distributions known by a bilingual reader. Orthographic markers have been shown to speed up language decisions but also, to some extent, to modulate language nonselectivity during lexical access (i.e., the degree of co-activation of lexical representations of the two languages). In this review, we (1) describe the results available in the literature about orthographic markedness on language membership detection and lexical access and discuss the locus of these effects, which leads us to (2) present theoretical extensions to the bilingual interactive activation models and discuss their respective adequacy to the data, finally leading us to (3) propose future research directions in the study of orthographic markedness, such as extension to different reading tasks and contexts as well as considering developmental and learning dynamics.
      PubDate: 2024-06-01
       
  • Automatic imitation of speech is enhanced for non-native sounds

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      Abstract: Abstract Simulation accounts of speech perception posit that speech is covertly imitated to support perception in a top-down manner. Behaviourally, covert imitation is measured through the stimulus-response compatibility (SRC) task. In each trial of a speech SRC task, participants produce a target speech sound whilst perceiving a speech distractor that either matches the target (compatible condition) or does not (incompatible condition). The degree to which the distractor is covertly imitated is captured by the automatic imitation effect, computed as the difference in response times (RTs) between compatible and incompatible trials. Simulation accounts disagree on whether covert imitation is enhanced when speech perception is challenging or instead when the speech signal is most familiar to the speaker. To test these accounts, we conducted three experiments in which participants completed SRC tasks with native and non-native sounds. Experiment 1 uncovered larger automatic imitation effects in an SRC task with non-native sounds than with native sounds. Experiment 2 replicated the finding online, demonstrating its robustness and the applicability of speech SRC tasks online. Experiment 3 intermixed native and non-native sounds within a single SRC task to disentangle effects of perceiving non-native sounds from confounding effects of producing non-native speech actions. This last experiment confirmed that automatic imitation is enhanced for non-native speech distractors, supporting a compensatory function of covert imitation in speech perception. The experiment also uncovered a separate effect of producing non-native speech actions on enhancing automatic imitation effects.
      PubDate: 2024-06-01
       
 
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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 983 journals)
Showing 601 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Revista Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista Costarricense de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista de Cultura Teológica     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios e Investigación en Psicología y Educación     Open Access  
Revista de Investigacion Psicologica     Open Access  
Revista de Psicodidáctica     Open Access  
Revista de Psicodidáctica (English ed.)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología : Segunda Epoca     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Revista Electrónica de Metodología Aplicada     Open Access  
Revista Laborativa     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista Psicológica Herediana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Wímb Lu     Open Access  
Revue de psychoéducation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée / European Review of Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revue québécoise de psychologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access  
Roeper Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rorschachiana     Hybrid Journal  
RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics     Open Access  
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Satir International Journal     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review     Hybrid Journal  
School Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
School Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Scientonomy : Journal for the Science of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Seeing and Perceiving     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Sexual Abuse A Journal of Research and Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sexual Offending : Theory, Research, and Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Simmel Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Sleep Medicine : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 3)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Issues and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Social Psychological and Personality Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Social Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Society and Security Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socio-analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Somnologie - Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Spanish Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
SSM - Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studia z Kognitywistyki i Filozofii Umysłu     Open Access  
Studies in Asian Social Science     Open Access  
SUCHT - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis / Journal of Addiction Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Suma Psicologica     Open Access  
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Teaching of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Terapia Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tesis Psicologica     Open Access  
TESTFÓRUM     Open Access  
The Arts in Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
The Brown University Psychopharmacology Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Clinical Neuropsychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
The International Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Journals of Gerontology : Series B : Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
The Psychoanalytic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Sport Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Themenzentrierte Interaktion     Hybrid Journal  
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Therapeutic Communities : The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Thérapie familiale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Thinking & Reasoning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tobacco Use Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Torture Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transactional Analysis Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Undecidable Unconscious : A Journal of Deconstruction and Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Psychology     Open Access  
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Vinculo - Revista do NESME     Open Access  
VIVESIANA     Open Access  
Voices : The Art and Science of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Wege zum Menschen : Zeitschrift für Seelsorge und Beratung, heilendes und soziales Handeln     Hybrid Journal  
Wellbeing, Space & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal     Open Access  
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Yaşam Becerileri Psikoloji Dergisi / Life Skills Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Arbeits - und Organisationspsychologie A&O     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für Individualpsychologie     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und Soziometrie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

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JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


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