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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 1045 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academic Psychiatry and Psychology Journal : APPJ     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 102)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
Advances in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 502)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Aging Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Ajayu Órgano de Difusión Científica del Departamento de Psicología UCBSP     Open Access  
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 61)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 313)
An-Nafs : Jurnal Fakultas Psikologi     Open Access  
Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analogías del Comportamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 100)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 373)
Anuario de investigaciones (Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anuario de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Psicología     Open Access  
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario Pilquen : Sección Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 274)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aprender     Open Access  
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Archives of Depression and Anxiety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy Online     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Augmented Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavior and Social Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 245)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioural Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Beyond Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brain Science Advances     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 244)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Psikologi     Open Access  
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers d’Études sur la Représentation     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Art Therapy : Research, Practice, and Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
CES Psicología     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Coaching Psykologi : The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Community Psychology in Global Perspective     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Psychoneuroendocrinology     Open Access  
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Consumer Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Contemporary Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling et spiritualité / Counselling and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Crime Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos de Psicología     Open Access  
cultura & psyché : Journal of Cultural Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

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South African Journal of Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.292
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0081-2463 - ISSN (Online) 2078-208X
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1164 journals]
  • Depressive symptoms and socio-demographic correlates among adolescents in
           Kampala: a cross-sectional study

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: James Roger Nsereko, Emily Claire Garman, Rizwana Roomaney
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in secondary school students in Kampala, Uganda, and assess associations with demographic characteristics and living arrangements. In this cross-sectional study, 14- to 17-year-olds were recruited from six randomly selected schools in Kampala. Participants completed a questionnaire, covering demographic questions and the affective problems subscale of the Youth Self-Report (YSR) – a depression screening tool for minors. Scores range from 0 to 26; a minimum score of 9 and 8 for female and male participants, respectively, suggests depressive symptoms in the clinical range, according to standard (non-local) norms. Unadjusted logistic regressions were used to assess demographic (e.g., age, gender, religion, parental education) and family-related characteristics (e.g., living arrangements, household size) associated with symptoms of depression in the clinical range. In total, 503 participants were recruited, of which 26.6% had depressive symptoms in the clinical range (female: 32.5%, male: 18.1%; risk ratio [RR] = 1.79, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.28, 2.51]). Those who reported living with only one parent (RR = 1.62, 95% CI [1.14, 2.30]) or another family member/friend (RR = 1.98, 95% CI [1.14, 2.30]) were at increased risk of depressive symptoms above clinical threshold compared with participants living with both parents. A quarter of urban low-risk school-going adolescents had depressive symptoms in the clinical range in Kampala; girls and adolescents not living with their parents were particularly vulnerable. It recommended that school staff be equipped with skills to identify students who may be at risk for depression and make appropriate referrals.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-10-06T12:36:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211049886
       
  • Poverty, protests and pandemics: what can we learn from community
           resilience'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Rashid Ahmed, Yusuf Mohamed Sayed, Jonathan Nell, Nceba Z Somhlaba, Abdulrazak Karriem
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-10-06T12:34:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211047669
       
  • Preparedness for caregiving moderates the association between burden and
           health-related quality of life among family caregivers of stroke patients
           in Nigeria

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      Authors: Desmond U Onu, Charles Tochukwu Orjiakor, Nneoma G Onyedire, Lawrence O Amazue, Trust-Jah Allison
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Studies on improving the health-related quality of life of stroke patients are abundant, but less attention has been given to the factors influencing the wellbeing of their family caregivers, especially in low- to middle-income countries such as Nigeria where the burden of stroke is expected to increase. In this study, we examined the moderating role of preparedness for caregiving in the connection between the burden of caregiving and health-related quality of life of family caregivers of stroke patients in Nigeria. Family caregivers of stroke patients (140 females and 60 males; aged between 18 and 57 years) were purposively sampled from a Federal Medical Center in Southeastern Nigeria. Participants completed measures of caregiver’s strain (burden), health-related quality of life, and preparedness to give care. Results showed that burden negatively predicted physical health (β = –.61, CI: [–.89, –.34]) and mental health (β = –.76, CI: [−1.07, –.45]) dimensions of the health-related quality of life, respectively. Results also showed that preparedness moderated the relationship between burden and physical health (β = .21, CI: [.11, .32]), as well as mental health (β = .24, CI: [.12, .35]) dimensions. Ensuring that caregivers of stroke patients are adequately prepared to give care could ameliorate the negative impacts of caregiving on health of family caregivers of stroke patients.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-10-05T12:29:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211048755
       
  • Emotional experiences and challenges faced by patients with systemic lupus
           erythematosus who attend a support group in Ghana

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      Authors: Norah Nkornu, Zulfawu Ibrahim
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Systemic lupus erythematosus is a disorder in which a person’s immune system attacks the tissues and organs of the body, causing inflammation, damage, and dysfunction. Challenges associated with systemic lupus erythematosus include cognitive and behavioural changes as well as problems with perceived quality of life. It affects mainly women between the ages of 15 and 45 years. This study explored the lived experiences of adults living with systemic lupus erythematosus in Accra, Ghana. The study employed a qualitative research approach where 11 systemic lupus erythematosus patients were purposively recruited from Accra. Data were collected through one on one in-depth interviews using a semi-structured interview guide. Data collected were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. The findings of the study revealed two main themes: Challenges living with systemic lupus erythematosus and Emotional experiences of systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Participants reported physical, financial, fertility challenges, struggles with medications, difficulty explaining the condition, and memory lapses as challenges. Emotional experiences reported include depressive feelings, sadness, fear, suicidal ideation, worry, dislike of the condition (systemic lupus erythematosus), and hope. These findings imply that participants are prone to psychological or psychiatric disorders if their emotions are not managed appropriately. The outcome of this study offers suggestions to policymakers and other organisations involved in the care and management of people with chronic conditions to adopt and effectively implement a multidisciplinary approach in health care by taking into consideration the mental health of persons living with systemic lupus erythematosus and other chronic conditions.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-10-05T12:28:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211048646
       
  • Adherence to antiretroviral therapy mediates the link between
           

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      Authors: Desmond Uchechukwu Onu
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Human immunodeficiency virus is one of the trauma-inducing chronic illnesses with attendant-negative impact on health-related quality of life. Substantial literature exists on the association of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and health-related quality of life among people living with human immunodeficiency virus, but little is known about the pathways explaining this link. This study therefore examined the mediating role of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in the association between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and health-related quality of life among people living with human immunodeficiency virus. Nine hundred and sixty-nine people living with human immunodeficiency virus in Nigeria who were on antiretroviral therapy completed measures of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, adherence to antiretroviral therapy, and health-related quality of life. Hayes PROCESS macro for SPSS was used to analyse the data. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy mediated the association between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and health-related quality of life in the relationship and treatment impact domains, implying that poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy is a pathway through which posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms exert negative influence on health-related quality of life of people living with human immunodeficiency virus. Interventions aimed at reducing the impact of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms on quality of life of people living with human immunodeficiency virus should focus on improving clients’ level of adherence to antiretroviral therapy treatment.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-10-05T12:25:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211048122
       
  • Call for nominations – Editor: South African Journal of Psychology

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-09-30T10:18:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211049487
       
  • The house that apartheid built: what room for cohabitation'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Peace Kiguwa
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-09-13T08:09:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211045633
       
  • Investigating the influence of expressive writing exercises on the working
           memory of middle adolescents and young adults in South Africa

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Jonita Swart, Chris Janeke
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      This study investigated the influence of expressive writing on the working memory capacity of middle adolescents (learners 15–17 years old) and young adults (students 18–24 years old) in the South African context. The assumption underlying the research was that expressive writing about a stressful event would reduce unwanted thoughts and the resultant demand on cognitive resources, thereby increasing working memory capacity. Two experiments were conducted involving a sample of 28 school learners and a sample of 38 university students. In each experiment, the participants were assigned to three writing conditions: a factual event for the control group and either just a stressful event, or a solution to a stressful event, for the two experimental groups. It was postulated that the solution-focused group would gain the most from the expressive writing tasks. Working memory capacity assessments were conducted before and after the expressive writing intervention and again about 14 weeks later to test for a long-term effect on working memory capacity. A positive effect was found regarding the working memory capacity of the students, but there was no statistically significant improvement in the working memory capacity of the learners. Furthermore, although the results of the student groups did indicate that an expressive writing intervention may enhance working memory capacity, this effect was not mostly restricted to the solution-focused experimental groups as was hypothesised. Instead, the results suggested that expressive writing exercises may have had a positive effect on the memory performance of all three groups.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-09-04T07:25:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211043450
       
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder among rural widows in Nsukka: risk factors
           and wellbeing domains

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      Authors: Valentine C Ezeh
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Losing a spouse to death is recognized as the most adverse life event that may increase the risk of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other psychopathology with studies demonstrating that widows experienced more post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms than their non-widowed counterparts. Although the adverse effect of post-traumatic stress disorder may be stronger for widows in rural areas, the existing literature has shown the need for greater research on post-traumatic stress disorder experiences among vulnerable Igbo rural widows in Nsukka, South Eastern Nigeria. Against this backdrop, this study examined factors that predict post-traumatic stress disorder and the effect of post-traumatic stress disorder on the wellbeing domains of Igbo rural widows. Among the 177 participants, partner intimacy (β = .300, p 
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-08-26T07:27:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211040378
       
  • The prevalence of hope, subjective well-being, and psychopathology among
           trauma survivors at community-based clinics in Gauteng

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Jolize Joubert, Tharina Guse, David Maree
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      This study examined the prevalence of hope and subjective well-being as well as symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder among trauma survivors at community-based clinics in Gauteng. We further explored traumatic events and help-seeking behaviour in this context. Using a cross-sectional survey design, we collected demographic information and administered questionnaires measuring hope, well-being, depression, and post-traumatic stress. The sample comprised 120 adults, of whom the majority were Black females. Results showed that participants experienced low levels of hope, positive affect, and life satisfaction as well as high levels of negative affect, depression, and post-traumatic stress. In addition, the majority of participants experienced multiple traumatic events in the past 5 years, which had a negative impact on their well-being. However, receiving professional help and being able to cope in the aftermath of trauma may contribute towards higher levels of well-being and fewer psychopathological symptoms. Our findings thus highlighted the need for effective therapeutic interventions among trauma survivors.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-08-21T11:14:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211040380
       
  • The role of fortitude, loneliness, and depression in the association
           between risk perception of contracting COVID-19 and life satisfaction:
           serial mediation analysis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Anita Padmanabhanunni, Tyrone Pretorius
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Recently, the COVID-19 pandemic has been found to have a negative impact on both physical wellbeing and mental health. Increased risk perception of contracting the virus has been associated with adverse psychological outcomes and reduced life satisfaction. However, susceptibility to psychological distress is influenced by personality-related characteristics. This study focuses on fortitude as a potential protective factor. The aim of this study is to investigate the parallel and serial mediating roles of fortitude, loneliness, and depression in the relationship between risk perception and life satisfaction. The participants were young adults (N = 337) who have completed five self-report questionnaires: University of California Los Angeles Loneliness Scale, Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, Fortitude Questionnaire, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and COVID-19 Risk Perception Scale. Descriptive statistics were generated, and structural equation modelling was used to examine the parallel and serial mediating roles of loneliness, depression, and fortitude. Positive associations were found between risk perception and loneliness and depression, and fortitude was found to mediate the relationship between risk perception and life satisfaction, between loneliness and life satisfaction, and between depression and life satisfaction. The overall serial mediation was also found to be significant, thereby supporting the hypothesis that those who perceive themselves to be at a risk of contracting COVID-19 have higher loneliness scores, which in turn is associated with higher depression scores. These findings confirm that fortitude is a salient protective factor and suggest that improving the perception of the ability to manage the risk of infection can enhance psychological wellbeing.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-08-09T06:18:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211037811
       
  • Post-traumatic growth mediates the relationship between valences of trauma
           centralisation and health-related quality of life

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      Authors: Desmond Uchechukwu Onu, Lawrence Ejike Ugwu, Nneoma Gift Onyedire, Evelyn Ebele Nnadozie, Juliet Ifeoma Nwufo
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Emotions arising from health-related trauma can be complex (as positive and negative feelings are possible) and can influence the way patients perceive themselves and the world. Health outcomes can also be affected by the valence of emotions. We hypothesised that post-traumatic growth is the mediating link between the valences of event centrality and health-related quality of life among people living with HIV. Three hundred (male = 194 and female = 106; mean age = 35.30 years) people living with HIV in Nigeria completed measures of relevant variables. Mediation analysis was performed using path analysis and structural equation modelling. Results showed that post-traumatic growth mediated the association between positive event centrality and health-related quality of life in the physical health symptoms and treatment impact domains. Post-traumatic growth also mediated the association between negative event centrality and health-related quality of life in the physical health symptom and relationship domains. In light of these findings, it might be concluded that fostering post-traumatic growth among people living with HIV by clinicians could be helpful in enhancing the health-related quality of life of people living with HIV.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-08-09T06:16:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211037628
       
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder and psychological distress in Rwandan
           refugees living in Zambia

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      Authors: Victor Mwanamwambwa, Basil Joseph Pillay
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      The present study investigated posttraumatic stress disorder and psychological distress among Rwandan refugees living in the townships of Lusaka, Zambia. Refugees are often exposed to trauma and violence which leads to a wide range of psychological distress and mental disorders. Two hundred and sixty-seven refugees participated in the study. The sample consisted of older and younger adult refugees, 128 (47.9%) males and 139 (52.1%) females, from Lusaka. The Impact of Event Scale–Revised and the General Health Questionnaire-28 were administered to all participants. The study found that a significant number of participants reported posttraumatic stress disorder and psychological distress. About 76.8% endorsed posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. In addition, 31.8% reported somatic symptoms, 36.7% anxiety or insomnia, 27.3% social dysfunction, and 22.8% severe depression. Lower education (p 
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-07-13T05:10:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211031812
       
  • Quantifying the psychosocial outcomes of outdoor adventure education for
           adolescent learners in a South African setting

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      Authors: Judith Blaine, Jacqui Akhurst
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      This aim of this study is to contribute to the existing literature on the psychosocial outcomes of outdoor adventure education. In doing so, it explores the relationship between Journey, a school-based programme and life effectiveness skills, emotional literacy, and resilience for adolescents in a South African setting. Employing a pre–post quasi-experimental design, a purposive convenience sample of 144 Grade 10 learners was recruited for this study. Results of the three measures demonstrated that, after participating in Journey, there were statistically significant increases in self-reports of life effectiveness and resilience, but not of emotional literacy. The importance of the unique contribution of this study to international and South African outdoor adventure education research is discussed, with recommendations for future research and considerations of the practical implications of the findings for programme design.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-07-01T07:14:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211029024
       
  • Assessing the employability and employment destinations of professional
           psychology alumni

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      Authors: Janine S Senekal, Mario R Smith
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Professional training in psychology typically focuses on competencies and learning outcomes. However, this does not necessarily translate into long-term employability. Graduate tracer studies are recommended for exploring employment destinations and employability. Graduate tracer studies are noted to be of particular use for investigating health professionals’ career paths and examining field-specific issues. The reported study examined the employability and employment destinations of 29 alumni from two psychology Master’s programmes at a South African higher education institution, by incorporating best practices for tracer studies and survey research. Results indicated that 86.2% had secured employment in various fields and sectors, suggesting their skills and training were relevant and transferable. Differential patterns of registration with the Health Professions Council of South Africa were reported. Most respondents identified their studies as closely related to their work, and pragmatic reasons were provided by those pursuing work in unrelated fields. Entrepreneurial skills were identified as a gap in their training, that, if included, has the potential to boost employability. Graduate employability was identified to be a complex, non-linear issue. Professional competencies are, therefore, not sufficient for conceptualising employability within the South African context. A broader and more nuanced understanding of employability is needed. Practically, this means that educational processes need to prepare students for securing long-term employment. The tracer study methodology applied in this study may be utilised by other institutions and disciplines to explore key issues of employment and employability in the South African health professions and higher education context.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-06-28T10:59:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211025466
       
  • Can social dominance orientation predict intergroup hostility and
           aggression in South Africa' Testing the applicability of the SDO7(s)
           Scale

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      Authors: Steven Lawrence Gordon
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      What role does social dominance orientation theory play in explaining anti-immigrant violence in the South African context' Despite its popularity, studies of intergroup conflict in South Africa have tended to ignore the role of social dominance orientation theory in predicting aggression against minority groups. The article explores this role by examining whether a social dominance orientation can act as a determinant of mass opinion on, and personal engagement in, violence against foreign nationals in a large heterogeneous population. The impact of social dominance orientation will be assessed using the SDO7(s) Scale. Data from the 2018 round of the South African Social Attitudes Survey (N = 2885) was utilised for this study. Rejection of group-based dominance and a preference for outgroup inclusion was found to be quite normative among the general public. Social dominance orientation proves to be a valid correlate of hostility against foreign nationals. The present study demonstrated that a social dominance orientation was positively associated with individual participation in anti-immigrant violence. In addition, the study showed that the SDO7(s) was negatively correlated with both positive contact with foreign nationals and a welcoming predisposition towards this group. The research demonstrates the applicability of the SDO7(s) Scale in a South African context.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-06-12T09:16:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211022492
       
  • Emotional consequences of hate incidents: experiences of a South African
           cohort

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      Authors: Amori Marais, Juan A Nel, Rajen Govender
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      The consequences of hate incidents are far greater than transgressions without an underlying bias motive. The powerful emotional and psychological effect observed in victims of hate rests in the perpetrator attacking the identity or an unchangeable characteristic of a victim. Within South Africa, these effects are compounded by the country’s legacy of discrimination and oppression; thus, the potential consequences of hate victimisation within this context extend beyond the emotional. This justifies differential retributive and restorative measures following such incidents; however, legislative and policy frameworks to respond to hate victimisation are only in the beginning stages. The scarcity of empirical research on hate incidents and their consequences in South Africa renders this investigation the first of its kind. The researchers aimed to determine the demographic and situational variables that put individuals at a higher risk for experiencing emotional consequences as a result of hate victimisation. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression modelling were used to analyse data (n = 409, Mean Age = 31.5). Results indicate a higher vulnerability of emotional consequences if a victim is exposed to economic consequences, if the offender is known to the victim, and if the victim identifies as Black African. Sex and type of incident (hate crimes, hate speech, and intentional unfair discrimination) showed no significant relationship with emotional consequences. The results enable greater insight into victim experiences of emotional consequences and motivate prioritising psychosocial health care, targeted interventions, and relevant legislative and policy frameworks for victims and communities affected by hate incidents.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-06-09T08:06:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0081246320985343
       
  • Fatigue-management strategies among women with endometriosis in South
           Africa: a qualitative study

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      Authors: Zamafiso Nombulelo Sibande, Rizwana Roomaney
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Fatigue is a common, secondary symptom of endometriosis that has not been qualitatively explored. We conducted individual, face-to-face interviews with 25 women in South Africa about their experiences of endometriosis-related fatigue. Participants were recruited at a public hospital in Cape Town and through several South African endometriosis organizations. Interviews were conducted in English and Afrikaans and ranged from 30 min to 1 hr 16 min in duration. All interviews were audio recorded and transcribed. Interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. We found that both the experience of fatigue and fatigue-management strategies were highly personalized. Participants reported using a variety of cognitive strategies, such as planning, pacing, and pushing through their fatigue to reduce the levels of fatigue. Participants also employed physical strategies such as rest, dietary changes, using supplements, and exercise. We found that while participants often tried fatigue-management strategies suggested to them by others, they struggled to maintain these strategies even when they were successful. There are currently no interventions aimed at reducing endometriosis-related fatigue. The findings of this study provide insight into the management of fatigue in women with endometriosis and may be used to develop a psychosocial intervention for fatigue among women with the disease.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-06-08T01:15:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211020173
       
  • The prevalence of common mental disorders and its relationship with mental
           toughness in professional South African rugby players

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      Authors: Herman Grobler, Kobus du Plooy, Pieter Kruger, Suria Ellis
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      This study explores the relationship between common mental disorders and mental toughness in professional South African rugby players. A cross-sectional survey design was used by administering a questionnaire and preliminary and bivariate analyses were conducted. The inclusion criteria were professional rugby players who are able to communicate in English. The results indicated that, in general, these players (N = 215) portray significant mental toughness (M = 5.69) on a 7-point scale. Anxiety/depression and distress measured the lowest (M = 1.65) of all the common mental disorders measured in this study. Furthermore, the results indicated a positive relationship between mental toughness and sound sleep (r = .262). Negative relationships were found between mental toughness and all other common mental disorders with the highest relationship being with anxiety/depression positive2 (r = –.423). Other significant relationships were found with anxiety/depression (r = –.401), distress (r = –.259), and common mental disorders problems in general (r = –.220). The results indicated that the management of teams and clinicians need to look at specific aspects, such as alcohol consumption among players, the implications of alcohol use on performance, but also mental wellbeing in general.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-04-27T10:23:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211009422
       
  • Motorists’ perceptions of factors that influence payment of speeding
           fines in Cape Town, South Africa: application of the Theory of Planned
           Behaviour

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      Authors: Jason Bantjes, Sophia du Plessis, Ada Jansen, Krige Siebrits, Philip Slabbert
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Despite the aggressive enforcement of speed limits, speeding remains the second leading cause of fatalities in vehicle accidents in South Africa. Speeding fines are one mechanism for enforcing speed limits; however, these are only effective deterrents against speeding if fines are enforced. The potential effectiveness of speeding fines to increase safety on South African roads is rendered almost obsolete because so many offenders default on payment. Our aim was to utilise the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a framework to explore motorists’ perceptions of factors that may influence the payment of speeding fines in Cape Town, South Africa. Self-report data were collected from participants who had received fines (n = 268), about their speed fine-paying behaviour, their perceptions of the consequences of non-payment, subjective and social norms, and control beliefs about the ease with which fines can be paid and motorists’ ability to afford fines. Regression analysis showed that motorists who report paying their fines are more likely than those who do not pay to hold beliefs that non-payment will result in serious consequences, affirm injunctive norms supporting the payment of fines, believe that it is easy to pay fines, and are able to afford to pay. This study provides novel insights into the potential of theories of behaviour change to design evidence-based behavioural interventions to encourage motorists to comply with speeding fines and hence to improve road safety in South Africa.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-04-27T05:58:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211011746
       
  • Frequently asked questions about African psychology: another view

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      Authors: Augustine Nwoye
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      The South African Journal of Psychology, in pages 273–279, of 2017, published a very important and commendable editorial by Kopano Ratele aimed at re-igniting the debate on issues surrounding ‘decades-old confusion about the definition, scope, impetus for, and ultimate aims of an African psychology within South Africa (SA)’. His incisive contribution in response to these issues was submitted under the title: Frequently asked questions about African psychology. In attempting to join this debate, the aim is not to challenge but to complement the fine responses made by Ratele (2017b) to the questions he had raised. Specifically, the aim of this article is to keep this important debate about the state of African psychology alive by showing that there are still some unexplored questions about African psychology that need to be raised and responded to. It is the conviction of the present author that it is through such debates that a better understanding of the meaning and scope, and vision and mission of the nascent academic discipline of African psychology could be achieved.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-04-07T04:51:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211006407
       
  • Current strategies in the reduction of stigma among caregivers of patients
           with mental illness: a scoping review

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      Authors: Portia Monnapula-Mazabane, Gbotemi B Babatunde, Inge Petersen
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Mental healthcare and wellness are a global concern and have increasingly become an essential service and priority from a human rights perspective. However, negative attitudes towards mental health, such as stigmatisation and discrimination from communities and family members, continue to pose challenges for deinstitutionalisation and home care of mentally ill persons. This study aimed to review the literature on the content and implementation methods of stigma reduction interventions for family/community caregivers of patients with mental illness to inform the development of an anti-stigma intervention for such caregivers in low- and middle-income countries like South Africa. A scoping literature review was conducted of English language studies published from 2008 to 2019 in peer-reviewed journals, using established guidelines for the study objectives. Primary interventions targeting caregivers of mental health patients were searched from PsycINFO, ScienceDirect, CINAHL, and Medline. In total, nine full-text articles were extracted for inclusion in the review, indicating a scarcity of literature on anti-stigma interventions aimed at primary caregivers of mental health patients. Interventions varied in terms of educational content, duration, delivery methods, and sample sizes. Intervention delivery was primarily through face-to-face, telephone, and online methods. Anti-stigma interventions for caregivers of patients with mental illness are varied and show positive short-term impacts on mental health stigma reduction among family caregivers. The evolution of health systems is a feasible approach towards integrating learning and trials that are needed to assess long-term impacts.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-03-25T08:21:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00812463211001530
       
  • Delayed help-seeking for symptomatic breast cancer: reasons for delay
           among participants receiving treatment at a public healthcare facility in
           South Africa

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      Authors: Claudia Arlene Swinny, Ashraf Kagee, Rizwana Roomaney
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      We explored delayed help-seeking behaviour for symptomatic breast cancer among a sample of female patients attending an outpatient breast cancer clinic at a tertiary public hospital in the Western Cape. The objective of the research was to explore the perceived personal and structural barriers to help-seeking among women with breast cancer from this low-resource setting, as this information has not been documented. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 25 breast cancer patients. Patients participated in individual interviews that were audio-recorded and transcribed. We conducted a thematic analysis using both inductive and deductive coding. Participants’ limited knowledge of breast cancer, negative views of the healthcare system, and challenging life experiences, such as marital discord, perceived lack of support, and caring for sick loved ones, contributed to their help-seeking delays. We used a combination of the Common-Sense Model of Self-Regulation and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems theory to conceptualize and organize these findings. A general lack of breast cancer knowledge was a major contributing factor to help-seeking delays among participants in the study. This finding was surprising considering that several breast cancer awareness campaigns have been run both nationally in South Africa and internationally. We call attention to the need for accessible breast cancer information at primary healthcare and community levels.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-02-11T08:29:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0081246321992477
       
  • Student factors affecting academic success among undergraduate students at
           two South African higher education institutions

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      Authors: Tsholofelo Angela Thomas, David Maree
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      This study explored student factors affecting academic success among undergraduate students at a historically Black and a historically White South African public higher education institution. Qualitative methodology was used. Data were collected through five focus group discussions from 31 undergraduate students. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. The following student factors affected participants’ academic success: academic self-efficacy, peer relationships, parental engagement and support, motivation, time management, adjustment, emotional wellbeing, lack of information, socio-economic status, and language proficiency. This study showed that structural, racialised inequalities in South Africa underpin many apparent student factors that influence academic success in higher education.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-02-01T04:54:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0081246320986287
       
  • Social support, depression, anxiety, and quality of life among persons
           living with type 2 diabetes: a path analysis

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      Authors: Henry Obo, Nuworza Kugbey, Ethel Atefoe
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Co-morbid mental health problems among persons living with type 2 diabetes have a significant influence on diabetic persons’ self-care and, ultimately, quality of life. However, the mechanisms linking the co-morbid mental health problems of type 2 diabetes patients to the decreased quality of life are not fully understood. This study examined the direct and indirect influences of co-morbid depression and anxiety on the quality of life of 115 persons living with type 2 diabetes, using a cross-sectional survey design. Frequencies and percentages were used to summarize the data, and the Pearson correlation was used to determine the bivariate association between the study variables. PROCESS Macro in SPSS was used for mediation analyses. The findings show that depression and anxiety had significant negative correlations with the quality of life of persons living with type 2 diabetes. However, only depression had a significant negative correlation with social support. On the contrary, social support significantly and positively correlated with quality of life. The mediation analysis shows that social support partially mediated the relationship between depression and quality of life after adjusting for the sex of the participants. However, social support did not have a significant mediation effect on the link between anxiety and quality of life after adjusting for the sex of the participants. The availability of social support, especially peer support, could buffer the negative emotional experiences associated with living with type 2 diabetes and improve the quality of life for persons living with this health condition.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-01-15T03:19:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0081246320984285
       
  • The double burden of treating traumatic stress in low-resource
           communities: experiences and perspectives of non-specialist health workers
           in South Africa

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      Authors: Duane D. Booysen, Ashraf Kagee
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Considering the global trend towards the dissemination and implementation of trauma-focused treatments in the majority of the world, it is imperative to ascertain the contextual factors which affect the treatment of traumatic stress, especially in low- and middle-income countries characterised by ongoing adversity such as poverty and increased levels of trauma exposure. We explored the experiences of non-specialist health workers whose work involved providing trauma-focused services in low-resource communities in South Africa. Participants (n = 18) worked at four non-governmental organisations in the Eastern Cape and Western Cape of South Africa. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted and analysed using a phenomenologically informed thematic analysis. Two superordinate themes were identified, namely, adjusting to trauma-focused work and trauma in the social context. Five themes that made up the superordinate themes were Encountering Trauma Narratives, Support and Resilience, Going the Extra Mile, Helplessness, and Social Factors. The findings are not only in keeping with the psychological risks of trauma-focused work (e.g., vicarious traumatisation) but also highlighting the impact of the social context on the provision of trauma-focused work. Participants reported experiencing an added burden of helplessness due to social factors, such as poverty and high levels of trauma exposure, which affect the process of treating traumatic stress in low-resource settings. We discuss how these findings can contribute to efforts to implement trauma-focused services in low- and middle-income countries.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-01-05T02:08:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0081246320984051
       
  • Towards an AIDS-free generation by 2030: how are South African children,
           adolescents, caregivers and health care workers coping with HIV'

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      Authors: Yogan Pillay
      First page: 349
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      We are committed to an AIDS free generation by 2030 – nine short years away. This article reflects on the global and South African data on new infections, total number of children and adolescents living with HIV as well as data on vertical transmission. The article includes the voices of key stakeholders in the quest to end HIV in children so that lessons from their experiences can be used by policy makers in strengthening services.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-02-10T07:14:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0081246321992175
       
  • Botho as an essential ingredient of African psychology: an insider
           perspective

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      Authors: Tholene Sodi, Diphete Bopape, Mpsanyana Makgahlela
      First page: 441
      Abstract: South African Journal of Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      The African notion of botho appears to have attracted a lot of attention and research efforts in various fields of study. It is presented as a positive concept that is associated with the good side of human beings. In this article, we have adopted an Afrocentric position to analyse the philosophical construct of ‘botho’ as lived and practised in communities that we grew up in. We acknowledge our historical and cultural locatedness in these communities and recognise that this positionality has influenced the way we have engaged with our subject matter. We have interrogated the concept of botho and have identified what we consider as its four key elements. These are African spirituality, botho as personhood, botho and interconnectedness, and botho and communalism. Through a critical discussion of these key elements, we have tried to demonstrate that botho is essentially a valid human experience that forms the bedrock of African psychology. We conclude by suggesting that botho and other themes that constitute the field of African psychology need to be acknowledged, embraced, and mobilised as foundational building blocks in the production of knowledge that is centred on and in Africa.
      Citation: South African Journal of Psychology
      PubDate: 2021-01-15T03:19:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0081246320985259
       
 
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