Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 771 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (527 journals)
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HYDROLOGY (29 journals)

Showing 1 - 30 of 30 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Hydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Hydrology and Meteorology     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Contaminant Hydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Hydrological Sciences Journal - Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Water Environment and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Hydrology : Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Hydrogeology and Hydrologic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Limnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Water Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hydrology (New Zealand)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hydrology X     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anais Hidrográficos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Russian Meteorology and Hydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geology, Ecology, and Landscapes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Regional Studies in Marine Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Águas Subterrâneas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
HydroResearch     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discover Water     Open Access  
Hydrosphere. Hazard processes and phenomena     Open Access  
International Hydrographic Review     Open Access  
Water Conservation Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Hidrobiológica     Open Access  
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Hydrosphere. Hazard processes and phenomena
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2686-7877 - ISSN (Online) 2686-8385
Published by Scientific and Industrial Research Association Gidrotehproekt Homepage  [1 journal]
  • MARINE EXTREME SURFACE DISTURBANCESMI

    • Authors: Grigory I. Dolgikh, Stanislav G. Dolgikh
      Pages: 322 - 332
      Abstract: Along with the tsunami, killer waves are among the catastrophic phenomena of the World Ocean, which bring enormous losses to both people and marine objects created by human hands. We call them more moderate-marine extreme surface disturbances. This name is due to the fact that the name of the killer wave, in our opinion, corresponds more to a tsunami. In the classical representation of wave excitation, they poorly fit the name of a wave. Nevertheless, their generally accepted name is killer waves. The article discusses the results of processing sections of recordings of a laser hydrosphere pressure variations meter installed on the shelf of the Sea of Japan at a depth of 27 m, in which marine disturbances are distinguished, similar in appearance to killer waves: "one sister", "two sisters", "three sisters". When processing the experimental data obtained for June 2007, the main modes of wind waves and infragravity sea waves responsible for the formation of the observed killer waves were identified. Extreme surface disturbances against the background of wind waves are strongly distinguished in amplitude and shape. The intermode energy transfer in the observed wave packet resembles in its behavior a modified Fermi-Paste-Ulam return, characteristic of oscillators-geoblocks of the Earth's crust. Energy transfer occurs between modes of different wave packets having different nature of formation. Thus, in the experimental data under consideration, the first wave packet corresponds to the wind range, and the second to the infragravity range.
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.34753/HS.2021.3.4.322
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • TRANSFORMATION OF WATER CHEMICAL COMPOSITION IN ARCTIC TUNDRA CREEKS UNDER
           WATER-ROCK INTERACTION

    • Authors: Ludmila S. Lebedeva, Vladimir V. Shamov, Anna M. Tarbeeva, Nadezhda A. Pavlova
      Pages: 333– - 333–
      Abstract: The degree of knowledge about migration of water and dissolved substances in arctic and subarctic permafrost landscapes is extremely low. In our study the water sources and the mechanisms of streamflow formation of the small Arctic tundra rivers in the lower Lena River are described on the basis of hydrochemical data. Studied natural waters are contrasting in chemical composition. The maximum concentrations of chemicals, up to the brackish type of water, are characteristic of groundwater seeps, the composition of which is formed during long-term interaction with parent rocks. The freshest waters are confined to the organic layers of the soil profile. The sources of streams are ultra-fresh, cold and sometimes show a slightly acidic reaction, which indicates their formation in the organic part of the active layer at the contact with the permafrost top. Downstream where the channel is actively cut into the bedrock, the streams' waters are enriched with mineral compounds. Downstream, water warms up in the channel and ultra-fresh water flows from the slopes and dilute the stream water. The sources and low-mineralized tributaries of the small streams are formed due to the thawing of the ground ice in the active layer. The interaction of water and rocks determines the chemical composition of the water of the studied streams. Information about the chemical composition of natural waters allows drawing conclusions about the sources and water pathways in the watersheds, which is necessary for developing models and predicting natural processes.
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.34753/HS.2021.3.4.333
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • INFRASOUND OSCILLATIONS CAUSED BY EXTRATROPICAL CYCLONES IN THE SEA OF
           JAPANE

    • Authors: Vladimir A. Chupin, Egor S. Gusev
      Pages: 346– - 346–
      Abstract: A brief review of the works of the authors, who performed the analysis of an extensive database microdeformations of the Earth's crust. As a result of the analysis of experimental data, it was revealed that in the general background of oscillations there are microseisms signals in the high-frequency infrasound range (5–12 Hz) during the periods of the passage of powerful tropical cyclones in the Sea of Japan. As a result of the study of the coastal laser strainmeter data, microseisms of oscillations in the upper part of the infrasound range with a distinct dual-frequency component were detected and manifested during the extratropical cyclone development in the northwestern and central part of the Sea of Japan. The methods for measuring microdeformations of the Earth's crust by a stationary two-coordinate coastal laser strainmeter and their processing are described. It is determined that the development of infrasound oscillations does not depend on local meteorological conditions. A brief synoptic analysis of the development of a cyclonic vortex in the Sea of Japan is performed in the article. The detected infrasound signals develop when a certain wind strength is reached along an extended atmospheric front in the Sea of Japan and fade quickly enough during the beginning of rapid displacement of the atmospheric front to the central part of the Sea of Japan with accelerating inflow of cold air masses from the north. The character of the manifestation of infrasound signals during the passage of an extratropical cyclone differs from similar manifestations during a more concentrated impact of tropical cyclones.
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.34753/HS.2021.3.4.346
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • REGIONAL FEATURES OF INFRAGRAVITY SEA WAVES IN THE RANGE FROM 20 TO 300
           SECONDS

    • Authors: Sergey V. Yakovenko, Vyacheslav A. Shvets, Sergey S. Budrin
      Pages: 355– - 355–
      Abstract: The work confirms the strong relationship between the spatial properties of infragravitational waves and the characteristics of swell waves. It is shown that the energy level of infragravitational waves depends on geographical conditions and local features. It was found that surface wind waves and swell in the vicinity of Cape Schulz in the Sea of Japan enhance the amplitudes of infragravitational waves with periods from 20 to 300 s. That is, the correspondence between the increase in the amplitude of wind waves and swell and the increase in the amplitude of infragravitational waves has been established. In this case, the increase in the amplitude of infragravitational waves is accompanied by an increase in the period of wind waves. These infragravitational waves propagate in the form of wave trains, the boundaries of which practically do not change with time, while the period of individual waves inside the trains can change, however, the nature and parameters of these changes do not depend on the characteristics of the waves that generated them. At the same time, it was found that infragravitational waves are subject to a change in their spectral structure if they are affected by local oscillatory processes. Thus, in the Vityaz Bay, infragravitational waves have side maxima in the spectrum, due to the modulation effect of the seiche oscillatory process of the bay. The periods of infragravitational and wind waves recorded in Vityaz Bay can also be modulated by tidal oscillations, the characteristics of which obviously depend on local conditions.
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.34753/HS.2021.3.4.355
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • CURRENT HYDROCLIMATIC CHANGES IN THE BAIKAL REGION

    • Authors: Natalia V. Kichigina, Nadezhda N. Voropay
      Pages: 373– - 373–
      Abstract: Changes in daily and monthly values of atmospheric precipitation and river runoff characteristics (mean monthly, annual, maximum and minimum discharges) on rivers in the basins of the Lena, Angara and Lake Baikal for the period 1966–2019 are considered in the paper. The dependence of fluctuations in atmospheric precipitation on the characteristics of atmospheric circulation is obtained. The calculation of precipitation trends in the territory under consideration was performed. Trends are determined in the series of monthly and annual precipitation and river runoff series. The assessment of long-term runoff fluctuations was carried out using difference integral runoff curves. It is showed that in most cases precipitation trends are not statistically significant. Correlation coefficients between hydroclimatic characteristics reach 64%, while their highest values were obtained in the analysis of daily water levels and pentad sums of atmospheric precipitation. The change in circulation epochs within the study period is one of the main factors of changes in the atmospheric precipitation regime and river runoff characteristics. Changes in river runoff characteristics, for the period under review (1966–2019) were not intended to increase the risk of floods. Positive trends in river runoff characteristics are noted mainly for average monthly values during the cold season and for minima summer and winter runoff. The vast majority of statistically significant trends in annual and average monthly runoff for the warm period, as well as all trends in maximum runoff, are negative. This is due to the period of low water content observed here.
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.34753/HS.2021.3.4.373
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • LIGTHNING ACTIVITY IN THE TYPHOON LEKIMA (2019) ACCORDING TO THE WORLDWIDE
           LIGHTNING LOCATION NETWORK DATA

    • Authors: Mikhail S. Permyakov, Tatyana I. Kleshcheva, Ekaterina Yu. Potalova
      Pages: 391– - 391–
      Abstract: Based on the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) data, this paper presents analysis of the lightning activity in the typhoon Lekima, which crossed the Northwestern Pacific Ocean 2–14 August 2019 and had destructive impact on the countries of East Asia. It is shown that lightning activity varies significantly at different stages of cyclone evolution and has two maxima within a radius of 1 000 km around the center. The first (14 161 discharges) was recorded on 2 August 2019 at Tropical Depression stage; the second
      (13 066 discharges) – on the day of greatest intensity on 8 August 2019, that is almost two times more than on the two previous days of cyclone deepening. The diurnal compositions of lightings relative to the cyclone center in an area with a radius of 1 000 km shows that the formation of ring and spiral structures of lightning from shapeless formations began on the days of the rapid deepening into the typhoon stage, and on the day of greatest intensity, an accumulation of lightning appeared in the central area with a radius of 100 km, which identifies the “eyewall”. The presence of ring structures made it possible to demonstrate the previously published method for estimating of the eyewall characteristics according to WWLLN data. The results of the comparison of the obtained estimates with the structures of the typhoon eye cloud wall from satellite images, as well as with ones obtained from the scatterometer data and from the JMA and JTWC best tracks, are presented.
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.34753/HS.2021.3.4.391
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2022)
       
 
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