Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3174 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1491 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Biologica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Scientiae Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Biologica et Oecologica     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Membranes     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Quantum Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aggregate     Open Access  
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
All Life     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Microbiome     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annual Research & Review in Biology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Phycology     Open Access  
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access  
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Intelligence in the Life Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avian Biology Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bacterial Empire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access  
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIO-SITE : Biologi dan Sains Terapan     Open Access  
Bioactive Compounds in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioeduscience     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biogeographia : The Journal of Integrative Biogeography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 216)
Bioinformatics Advances : Journal of the International Society for Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biologia Futura     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.834
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1572-9699 - ISSN (Online) 0003-6072
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Correction to: Microcella flavibacter sp. nov., isolated from marine
           sediment, and reclassification of Chryseoglobus frigidaquae, Chryseoglobus
           indicus, and Yonghaparkia alkaliphila as Microcella frigidaquae
           comb. nov., Microcella indica nom. nov., and Microcella alkalica nom. nov
           

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: In the original publication of the article, the protologue for Microcella indica was incorrectly published as “nom. nov.”. The correct name is Microcella indica comb. nov.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
       
  • Correction to: Arthrobacter wenxiniae sp. nov., a novel plant
           growth-promoting rhizobacteria species harbouring a carotenoids
           biosynthetic gene cluster

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • Communities of culturable yeasts and yeast-like fungi in oligotrophic
           hypersaline coastal waters of the Arabian Gulf surrounding Qatar

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      Abstract: Abstract This report is the first investigation of yeast biodiversity from the oligotrophic hypersaline coastal waters of the Arabian Gulf surrounding Qatar. Yeasts and yeast-like fungi, were cultured from seawater sampled at 13 coastal areas surrounding Qatar over a period of 2 years (December 2013–September 2015). Eight hundred and forty-two isolates belonging to 82 species representing two phyla viz., Ascomycota (23 genera) and Basidiomycota (16 genera) were identified by molecular sequencing. The results indicated that the coastal waters of the Qatari oligotrophic marine environment harbor a diverse pool of yeast species, most of which have been reported from terrestrial, clinical and aquatic sources in various parts of the world. Five species, i.e., Candida albicans, C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, Pichia kudriavzevii and Meyerozyma guilliermondii (n = 252/842; 30% isolates) are known as major opportunistic human pathogens. Fifteen species belonging to nine genera (n = 498/842; 59%) and 12 species belonging to seven genera (n = 459/842; 55%) are hydrocarbon degrading yeast and pollution indicator yeast species, respectively. Ascomycetous yeasts were predominant (66.38%; 559/842) as compared to their basidiomycetous counterparts (33.6%; 283/842). The most isolated yeast genera were Candida (28%; 236/842) (e.g., C. aaseri, C. boidinii, C. glabrata, C. intermedia, C. oleophila, C. orthopsilosis, C. palmioleophila, C. parapsilosis, C. pseudointermedia, C. rugopelliculosa, C. sake, C. tropicalis and C. zeylanoides), Rhodotorula (12.7%; 107/842), Naganishia (8.4%; 71/842), Aureobasidium (7.4%; 62/842), Pichia (7.3%; 62/842), and Debaryomyces (6.4%; 54/842). A total of eleven yeast species ( n = 38) isolated in this study are reported for the first time from the marine environment. Chemical testing demonstrated that seven out of the 13 sites had levels of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) ranging from 200 to 900 µg/L, whereas 6 sites showed higher TPH levels (> 1000–21000 µg/L). The results suggest that the yeast community structure and density are impacted by various physico-chemical factors, namely total organic carbon, dissolved organic carbon and sulphur.
      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • Expression and function of clpS and clpA in Xanthomonas campestris pv.
           campestris

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      Abstract: Abstract ATP-dependent proteases (FtsH, Lon, and Clp family proteins) are ubiquitous in bacteria and play essential roles in numerous regulatory cell processes. Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris is a Gram-negative pathogen that can cause black rot diseases in crucifers. The genome of X. campestris pv. campestris has several clp genes, namely, clpS, clpA, clpX, clpP, clpQ, and clpY. Among these genes, only clpX and clpP is known to be required for pathogenicity. Here, we focused on two uncharacterized clp genes (clpS and clpA) that encode the adaptor (ClpS) and ATPase subunit (ClpA) of the ClpAP protease complex. Transcriptional analysis revealed that the expression of clpS and clpA was growth phase-dependent and affected by the growth temperature. The inactivation of clpA, but not of clpS, resulted in susceptibility to high temperature and attenuated virulence in the host plant. The altered phenotypes of the clpA mutant could be complemented in trans. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that K223 and K504 were the amino acid residues critical for ClpA function in heat tolerance. The protein expression profile shown by the clpA mutant in response to heat stress was different from that exhibited by the wild type. In summary, we characterized two clp genes (clpS and clpA) by examining their expression profiles and functions in different processes, including stress tolerance and pathogenicity. We demonstrated that clpS and clpA were expressed in a temperature-dependent manner and that clpA was required for the survival at high temperature and full virulence of X. campestris pv. campestris. This work represents the first time that clpS and clpA were characterized in Xanthomonas.
      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • Genome mining revealed polyhydroxybutyrate biosynthesis by Ramlibacter
           agri sp. nov., isolated from agriculture soil in Korea

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      Abstract: Abstract A white-colony-forming, facultative anaerobic, motile and Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated G-1-2-2 T was isolated from soil of agriculture field near Kyonggi University, Republic of Korea. Strain G-1-2-2 T synthesized the polyhydroxybutyrate and could grow at 10–35 °C. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that, strain G-1-2-2 T formed a lineage within the family Comamonadaceae and clustered as a member of the genus Ramlibacter. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain G-1-2-2 T showed high sequence similarities with Ramlibacter ginsenosidimutans BXN5-27 T (97.9%), Ramlibacter monticola G-3-2 T (97.9%) and Ramlibacter alkalitolerans CJ661T (97.5%). The sole respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8 (Q-8). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and an unidentified phospholipid. The principal cellular fatty acids were C16:0, cyclo-C17:0, summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c). The genome of strain G-1-2-2 T was 7,200,642 bp long with 13 contigs, 6,647 protein-coding genes, and DNA G + C content of 68.9%. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain G-1-2-2 T and close members were ≤ 81.2 and 24.1%, respectively. The genome of strain G-1-2-2 T showed eight putative biosynthetic gene clusters responsible for various secondary metabolites. Genome mining revealed the presence of atoB, atoB2, phaS, phbB, phbC, and bhbD genes in the genome which are responsible for polyhydroxybutyrate biosynthesis. Based on these data, strain G-1-2-2 T represents a novel species in the genus Ramlibacter, for which the name Ramlibacter agri sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G-1-2-2 T (= KACC 21616 T = NBRC 114389 T).
      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • Shinella oryzae sp. nov., a novel zearalenone-resistant bacterium isolated
           from rice paddy soil

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      Abstract: Abstract A novel bacterium, designated Z-25 T, was isolated from a rice paddy rhizosphere soil sample from Wuchang County, China. The Z-25 T strain is gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, aerobic, motile by unipolar flagella and straw white in color. A phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain Z-25 belongs to the genus Shinella, and the closest members are Shinella zoogloeoides ATCC 19623 T with 98.58% similarity, S. kummerowiae CCBAU 25,048 T (98.03%) and S. granuli Ch06 T (97.37%). The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain Z-25 T and the closest members were less than 85.29% and 28.70%, respectively. The predominant fatty acids were the sums of features comprising C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c (34.62%), C18:1 ω7c -11-methyl (20.48%), and C19:0 cyclo ω8c (18.19%). The only respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10, and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. Additionally, a genome analysis showed that Z-25 T presented potential functional genes related to the degradation of zearalenone (ZEN). An HPLC analysis indicated that Z-25 T could remove 74.13% of 10 mg/L ZEN after 144 h at 30 °C. Therefore, based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and genotypic analyses, strain Z-25 T represents a novel species in the genus Shinella, for which the name Shinella oryzae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Z-25 T (= GDMCC 1.2424 T = KCTC 82660 T).
      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • A dominant clonal lineage of Streptococcus uberis in cattle in Germany

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      Abstract: Abstract Bovine mastitis causes enormous economic losses in the dairy industry with Streptococcus uberis as one of the most common bacterial pathogens causing clinical and subclinical variations. In most cases mastitis can be cured by intramammary administration of antimicrobial agents. However, the severity of the clinical manifestations can vary greatly from mild to severe symtoms. In this study, a comparative genomic analysis of 24 S. uberis isolates from three dairy farms in Germany, affected by different courses of infection was conducted. While there were sporadic mild infections in farm A and B, a large number of infections were observed within a very short period of time in farm C. The comparison of virulence genes, antimicrobial resistance genes and prophage regions revealed no features that might be responsible for this severe course. However, almost all isolates from farm C showed the same, novel MLST profile (ST1373), thus a clonal outbreak cannot be excluded, whereby the actual reason for the particular virulence remains unknown. This study demonstrates the importance of extensive metagenomic studies, including the host genomes and the environment, to gain further evidence on the pathogenicity of S. uberis.
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
       
  • Prospecting potential of endophytes for modulation of biosynthesis of
           therapeutic bioactive secondary metabolites and plant growth promotion of
           medicinal and aromatic plants

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      Abstract: Abstract Medicinal and aromatic plants possess pharmacological properties (antidiabetes, anticancer, antihypertension, anticardiovascular, antileprosy, etc.) because of their potential to synthesize a wide range of therapeutic bioactive secondary metabolites. The concentration of bioactive secondry metabolites depends on plant species, local environment, soil type and internal microbiome. The internal microbiome of medicinal plants plays the crucial role in the production of bioactive secondary metabolites, namely alkaloids, steroids, terpenoids, peptides, polyketones, flavonoids, quinols and phenols. In this review, the host specific secondry metabolites produced by endophytes, their therapeutic properties and host-endophytes interaction in relation to production of bioactive secondry metaboloites and the role of endophytes in enhancing the production of bioactive secondry metabolites is discussed. How biological nitrogen fixation, phosphorus solubilization, micronutrient uptake, phytohormone production, disease suppression, etc. can play a vital role in enhacing the plant growth and development.The role of endophytes in enhancing the plant growth and content of bioactive secondary metabolites in medicinal and aromatic plants in a sustainable mode is highlighted.
      PubDate: 2022-04-23
       
  • Isolation of Hermetia illucens larvae core gut microbiota by two different
           cultivation strategies

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      Abstract: Abstract Hermetia illucens larvae (black soldier fly larvae, BSFL) convert efficiently organic waste to high quality biomass. To gain knowledge on the specific functions of gut microbes in this process it is a prerequisite to culture members of the core gut microbiota. Two different cultivation strategies were applied here for this purpose, a dilution-to-extinction cultivation and direct plating using six different media to culture aerobic heterotrophic bacteria. A total of 341 isolates were obtained by the dilution-to-extinction cultivation and 138 isolates by direct plating from guts of BSFL reared on chicken feed. Bacterial isolates were phylogenetically identified at the genus level by 16S rRNA gene sequencing (phylotyping) and differentiated at the strain level by genomic fingerprinting (genotyping). The main proportion of isolates was assigned to Proteobacteria, Firmicutes (Bacilli), and Actinobacteria. Predominant genera discussed in literature as member of a potential BSFL core gut microbiota, Providencia, Proteus, Morganella, Enterococcus, Bacillus, and members of the family Enterobacteriaceae, were isolated. A high intra-phylotype diversity was obtained by genomic fingerprinting which was especially enhanced by the dilution-to-extinction cultivation. This study showed that the application of different cultivation strategies including a dilution-to-extinction cultivation helps to culture a higher diversity of the BSFL gut microbiota and that genomic fingerprinting gives a better picture on the genetic diversity of cultured bacteria which cannot be covered by a 16S rRNA gene sequence based identification alone.
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
       
  • Phylogenetic diversity in sulphate-reducing bacterial communities from
           oxidised and reduced bottom sediments of the Barents Sea

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      Abstract: Abstract In the bottom sediments from a number of the Barents Sea sites, including coastal areas of the Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land, and Svalbard archipelagos, sulphate reduction rates were measured and the phylogenetic composition of sulphate-reducing bacterial (SRB) communities was analysed for the first time. Molecular genetic analysis of the sequences of the 16S rRNA and dsrB genes (the latter encodes the β-subunit of dissimilatory (bi)sulphite reductase) revealed significant differences in the composition of bacterial communities in different sampling stations and sediment horizons of the Barents Sea depending on the physicochemical conditions. The major bacteria involved in reduction of sulphur compounds in Arctic marine bottom sediments belonged to Desulfobulbaceae, Desulfobacteraceae, Desulfovibrionaceae, Desulfuromonadaceae, and Desulfarculaceae families, as well as to uncultured clades SAR324 and Sva0485. Desulfobulbaceae and Desulfuromonadaceae predominated in the oxidised (Eh = 154–226 mV) upper layers of the sediments (up to 9% and 5.9% from all reads of the 16S rRNA gene sequences in the sample, correspondingly), while in deeper, more reduced layers (Eh = −210 to −105 mV) the share of Desulfobacteraceae in the SRB community was also significant (up to 5%). The highest relative abundance of members of Desulfarculaceae family (3.1%) was revealed in reduced layers of sandy-clayey sediments from the Barents Sea area affected by currents of transformed (mixed, with changed physicochemical characteristics) Atlantic waters.
      PubDate: 2022-04-18
       
  • Genome-based classification of Streptomyces pinistramenti sp. nov., a
           novel actinomycete isolated from a pine forest soil in Poland with a focus
           on its biotechnological and ecological properties

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      Abstract: Abstract A genomic-based polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic status and biotechnological and ecological potential of a Streptomyces strain, isolate SF28T, that was recovered from the litter layer in a Polish Pinus sylvestris forest. The isolate had morphological characteristics and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with its classification in the genus Streptomyces. It formed long straight chains of spores with smooth surfaces, contained LL-diaminopimelic acid, glucose and ribose in whole-organism hydrolysates, produced major proportions of straight, iso- and anteiso- fatty acids, hexa- and octa-hydrogenated menaquinones with nine isoprene units and had a polar lipid pattern composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, glycophospholipids and three uncharacterized components. Phylogenetic trees prepared using 16S rRNA gene and multilocus gene sequences of conserved housekeeping genes showed that the isolate formed a branch that was loosely associated with the type strains of several validly published Streptomyces species. A draft genome generated for the isolate was rich in natural product-biosynthetic gene clusters with the potential to produce new specialised metabolites, notably antibiotics, and stress related genes which provide an insight into how it may have become adapted to the harsh conditions that prevail in acidic forest soils. A phylogenomic tree based on the genomes of the isolate and its phylogenetic neighbours confirmed that it formed a distinct lineage well separated from its closest evolutionary relatives. The isolate shared low average nucleotide identity and digital DNA:DNA hybridization values with its phylogenomic neighbours and was also distinguished from them using a combination of cultural and micromorphological properties. Given this wealth of taxonomic data it is proposed that isolate SF28T (= DSM 113360 T = PCM 3163 T) be classified in the genus Streptomyces as Streptomyces pinistramenti sp. nov. The isolate showed pronounced antimicrobial activity, especially against fungal plant pathogens.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
       
  • Correction to: Amycolatopsis camponoti sp. nov., new
           tetracenomycin-producing actinomycete isolated from carpenter ant
           Camponotus vagus

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      PubDate: 2022-04-10
       
  • Jeotgalibacillus aurantiacus sp. nov., a novel orange-pigmented species
           with a carotenoid biosynthetic gene cluster, isolated from wetland soil

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      Abstract: Abstract A Gram-stain-positive, orange-pigmented, rod-shaped and flagellated bacterial strain T12T was isolated from wetland soil in Kunyu Mountain Wetland in Yantai, China. The strain was able to grow at 15–40 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 0.0–9.0% NaCl (optimum 2%, w/v) and at pH 5.5–9.0 (optimum 8.5). A phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain T12T is a member of the family Planococcaceae, sharing 97.6% and 97.1% sequence similarity with the type strains of Jeotgalibacillus salarius and Jeotgalibacillus marinus, respectively. Genome-based analyses revealed a genome size of 3,506,682 bp and a DNA G + C content of 43.7%. Besides, the genome sequence led to 55.0–74.6% average amino acid identity values and 67.8–74.7% average nucleotide identity values between strain T12T and the current closest relatives. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization of strain T12T with the type strains of Jeotgalibacillus proteolyticus and J. marinus demonstrated 19.0% and 20.3% relatedness, respectively. The chemotaxonomic analysis showed that the sole quinone was MK-7. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, C16:1ω7c alcohol and iso-C14:0. The polar lipids consisted of an unidentified aminolipid, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified phospholipids. Based on the polyphasic characterization, strain T12T is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Jeotgalibacillus aurantiacus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is T12T (= KCTC 43296 T = MCCC 1K07171T).
      PubDate: 2022-04-08
       
  • Correction to: Description of desferrioxamine-producing bacterium
           Chitinophaga agrisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil

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      PubDate: 2022-04-07
       
  • Microvirga splendida sp. nov., bacteria isolated from soil

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      Abstract: Abstract Two bacterial strains, BT325T and BT690, were isolated from soil samples collected in Korea. Both strains were Gram stain-negative, short rod-shaped, and formed light-pink colored colonies. The 16S rRNA sequence similarity of strains BT325T and BT690 shared a sequence similarity of 99.7%. Both strains shared the highest 16S rRNA gene similarity of 98.6% with Microvirga arabica SV2184PT, followed by Microvirga ossetica V5/3 M T (98.5% and 98.2%, respectively), Microvirga soli R491T (98.3% and 98.2%, respectively), Microvirga aerilata (98.2% and 98.08%, respectively), Microvirga makkahensis (98.08% and 97.8%, respectively). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain BT325T and BT690 were positioned in a distinct lineage within the family Methylobacteriaceae (order Rhizobiales, class Alphaproteobacteria). The genome size of strain BT325T was 5,200,315 bp and the genomic DNA G + C content was 64.3 mol%. The sole respiratory quinone of strain BT325T was Q-10 and the predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylcholine. Polyphasic taxonomic analysis of biochemical, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic analyses suggested that strains BT325T represents a novel bacterial species within the genus Microvirga, for which the name Microvirga splendida is proposed. The type strain of Microvirga splendida is BT325T (= KCTC 72406 T = NBRC 114847 T).
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
       
  • Persistence of ecologically similar fungi in a restricted floral niche

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      Abstract: Abstract Fungi in the genera Knoxdaviesia and Sporothrix dominate fungal communities within Protea flowerheads and seed cones (infructescences). Despite apparently similar ecologies, they show strong host recurrence and often occupy the same individual infructescence. Differences in host chemistry explain their host consistency, but the factors that allow co-occupancy of multiple species within individual infructescences are unknown. Sporothrix splendens and K. proteae often grow on different senescent tissue types within infructescences of their P. repens host, indicating that substrate-related differences aid their co-occupancy. Sporothrix phasma and K. capensis grow on the same tissues of P. neriifolia suggesting neutral competitive abilities. Here we test the hypothesis that differences in host-tissues dictate competitive abilities of these fungi and explain their co-occupancy of this spatially restricted niche. Media were prepared from infructescence bases, bracts, seeds, or pollen presenters of P. neriifolia and P. repens. As expected, K. capensis was unable to grow on seeds whilst S. phasma could. As hypothesised, K. capensis and S. phasma had equal competitive abilities on pollen presenters, appearing to explain their co-occupancy of this resource. Growth of K. proteae was significantly enhanced on pollen presenters while that of S. splendens was the same as the control. Knoxdavesia proteae grew significantly faster than S. splendens on all tissue types. Despite this, S. splendens was a superior competitor on all tissue types. For K. proteae to co-occupy infructescences with S. splendens for extended periods, it likely needs to colonize pollen presenters before the arrival of S. splendens.
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
       
  • Description and genome analysis of Luteimonas viscosa sp. nov., a novel
           bacterium isolated from soil of a sunflower field

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      Abstract: Abstract Strain XBU10T was isolated from a soil sample of a sunflower plot in Inner Mongolia, China. The isolate was a Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, and its colonies were bright yellow in colour. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain XBU10T belonged to the genus Luteimonas of the family Lysobacteraceae and was most closely related to Luteimonas panaciterrae Gsoil 068T (97.8%), Luteimonas marina FR1330T (97.6%), Luteimonas aquatica RIB1-20T (97.4%) and Luteimonas huabeiensis HB2T (97.2%). Growth occurred at 4–40 °C (optimum, 28–30 °C), with 0–5.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0.5%) and at pH 6.0–10.0 (optimum, pH 7.0 − 8.0). The chemotaxonomic characteristics of strain XBU10T, which had Q-8 as its predominant quinone and iso-C17:1 ω9c, iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 and iso-C16:0 as its major fatty acids, were consistent with classification in the genus Luteimonas. The polar lipid profile of strain XBU10T comprised phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified aminophospholipids and three unidentified polar lipids. The genome of strain XBU10T was 4.17 Mbp with a G + C content of 69.9%. Its genome sequence showed genes encoding alkaline phosphatase and catalase. Protein-coding genes related to carbohydrate-active enzymes were also observed. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between XBU10T and other species of the genus Luteimonas were found to be low (ANIm < 88.0%, ANIb < 85.0% and OrthoANIu < 85.0%). Furthermore, digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average amino acid identity (AAI) values between strain XBU10T and the closely related species ranged from 20.3 to 28.9% and from 64.2 to 82.3%, respectively. Based on the results of our phylogenetic, phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses, it is concluded that strain XBU10T represents a novel species within the genus Luteimonas, for which the name Luteimonas viscosa sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XBU10T (= CGMCC 1.12158T = KCTC 23878T).
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
       
  • Insights into the ecology of Schizosaccharomyces species in natural and
           artificial habitats

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      Abstract: Abstract The fission yeast genus Schizosaccharomyces contains important model organisms for biological research. In particular, S. pombe is a widely used model eukaryote. So far little is known about the natural and artificial habitats of species in this genus. Finding out where S. pombe and other fission yeast species occur and how they live in their habitats can promote better understanding of their biology. Here we investigate in which substrates S. pombe, S. octosporus, S. osmophilus and S. japonicus are present. To this end about 2100 samples consisting of soil, tree sap fluxes, fresh fruit, dried fruit, honey, cacao beans, molasses and other substrates were analyzed. Effective isolation methods that allow efficient isolation of the above mentioned species were developed. Based on the frequency of isolating different fission yeast species in various substrates and on extensive literature survey, conclusions are drawn on their ecology. The results suggest that the primary habitat of S. pombe and S. octosporus is honeybee honey. Both species were also frequently detected on certain dried fruit like raisins, mango or pineapple to which they could be brought by the honey bees during ripening or during drying. While S. pombe was regularly isolated from grape mash and from fermented raw cacao beans S. octosporus was never isolated from fresh fruit. The main habitat of S. osmophilus seems to be solitary bee beebread. It was rarely isolated from raisins. S. japonicus was mainly found in forest substrates although it occurs on fruit and in fruit fermentations, too.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
       
  • Genome-based reclassification of the genus Meiothermus along with the
           proposal of a new genus Allomeiothermus gen. nov

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      Abstract: Abstract Phylogenomic analyses were performed on the nine species of the genus Meiothermus and four species of the genus Calidithermus. Phylogenetic analysis, low values of genomic relatedness indices and functional diversity analysis indicated that Meiothermus silvanus should not be classified within the clades for Meiothermus and Calidithermus but instead be reclassified as a new genus, for which we propose the name Allomeiothermus gen. nov., with Allomeiothermus silvanus comb. nov. as type species. In addition, the species Meiothermus cateniformans Zhang et al. (Int J Syst Evol Microbial 60:840–844, 2010) should also be reclassified as a later heterotypic synonym of Meiothermus taiwanensis Chen et al. (Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52:1647–1654, 2002) emend. Raposo et al. (2019). This reclassification is based on the high genomic relatedness indices (98.8% ANI; 90.2% dDDH; 99% AAI) that are above the threshold values necessary for defining a new species, as well as on the observation of overlapping functions on Principal Coordinate Analysis plot generated from Clusters of Orthologous Genes.
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
       
  • Arthrobacter terrae sp. nov., a psychrophilic actinobacterium with multi
           copies of capA gene isolated from Antarctic soil

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      Abstract: Abstract A Gram-staining-positive, non-spore-forming, non-flagellated, ellipsoidal, strain Z1-20 T belonging to the genus Arthrobacter was isolated from a soil sample collected from the Zhongshan station, Antarctic. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences and phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain Z1-20 T formed a unique single cluster in the genus Arthrobacter and shared high 16S rRNA sequence similarities of 97.1% and 96.9% with A. glacialis HLT2-12-2 T and A. psychrochitiniphilus GP3T, respectively. Values of Digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) between strain Z1-20 T against A. glacialis HLT2-12-2 T and A. psychrochitiniphilus GP3T were 20.3% and 13.8%, respectively. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) score between strain Z1-20 T against A. glacialis HLT2-12-2 T and A. psychrochitiniphilus GP3T were 72.5% and 72.1%, respectively. Genes for the synthesis of the osmoprotectant glycine betaine and higher copies of capA gene encoding cold shock protein were found in genome of Z1-20 T that may help Z1-20 T in cold-adaptation. Strain Z1-20 T comprised lysine as the diagnostic diamino acid. Based on the results of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features, strain Z1-20 T represents a novel species of a novel taxon of genus Arthrobacter, for which the name Arthrobacter terrae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed.
      PubDate: 2022-03-25
       
 
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