Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3174 journals)
    - BIOCHEMISTRY (239 journals)
    - BIOENGINEERING (143 journals)
    - BIOLOGY (1491 journals)
    - BIOPHYSICS (53 journals)
    - BIOTECHNOLOGY (243 journals)
    - BOTANY (233 journals)
    - CYTOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY (32 journals)
    - ENTOMOLOGY (67 journals)
    - GENETICS (165 journals)
    - MICROBIOLOGY (279 journals)
    - MICROSCOPY (13 journals)
    - ORNITHOLOGY (26 journals)
    - PHYSIOLOGY (73 journals)
    - ZOOLOGY (117 journals)

BIOLOGY (1491 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Biologica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Scientiae Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Biologica et Oecologica     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Membranes     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Quantum Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aggregate     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
All Life     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Microbiome     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annual Research & Review in Biology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Phycology     Open Access  
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access  
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Intelligence in the Life Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avian Biology Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bacterial Empire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access  
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIO-SITE : Biologi dan Sains Terapan     Open Access  
Bioactive Compounds in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioeduscience     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biogeographia : The Journal of Integrative Biogeography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 216)
Bioinformatics Advances : Journal of the International Society for Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biologia Futura     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.042
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 18  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-9686 - ISSN (Online) 0090-6964
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Effect of Assistance Using a Bilateral Robotic Knee Exoskeleton on
           Tibiofemoral Force Using a Neuromuscular Model

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      Abstract: Abstract Tibiofemoral compression forces present during locomotion can result in high stress and risk damage to the knee. Powered assistance using a knee exoskeleton may reduce the knee load by reducing the work required by the muscles. However, the exact effect of assistance on the tibiofemoral force is unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of knee extension assistance during the early stance phase on the tibiofemoral force. Nine able-bodied adults walked on an inclined treadmill with a bilateral knee exoskeleton with assistance and with no assistance. Using an EMG-informed neuromusculoskeletal model, muscle forces were estimated, then utilized to estimate the tibiofemoral contact force. Results showed a 28% reduction in the knee moment, which resulted in approximately a 15% decrease in knee extensor muscle activation and a 20% reduction in subsequent muscle force, leading to a significant 10% reduction in peak and 9% reduction in average tibiofemoral contact force during the early stance phase (p < 0.05). The results indicate the tibiofemoral force is highly dependent on the knee kinetics and quadricep muscle activation due to their influence on knee extensor muscle forces, the primary contributor to the knee load.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Rapid X-Ray-Based 3-D Finite Element Modeling of Medial Knee Joint
           Cartilage Biomechanics During Walking

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      Abstract: Abstract Finite element (FE) modeling is becoming an increasingly popular method for analyzing knee joint mechanics and biomechanical mechanisms leading to osteoarthritis (OA). The most common and widely available imaging method for knee OA diagnostics is planar X-ray imaging, while more sophisticated imaging methods, e.g., magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT), are seldom used. Hence, the capability to produce accurate biomechanical knee joint models directly from X-ray imaging would bring FE modeling closer to clinical use. Here, we extend our atlas-based framework by generating FE knee models from X-ray images (N = 28). Based on measured anatomical landmarks from X-ray and MRI, knee joint templates were selected from the atlas library. The cartilage stresses and strains of the X-ray-based model were then compared with the MRI-based model during the stance phase of the gait. The biomechanical responses were statistically not different between MRI- vs. X-ray-based models when the template obtained from X-ray imaging was the same as the MRI template. However, if this was not the case, the peak values of biomechanical responses were statistically different between X-ray and MRI models. The developed X-ray-based framework may pave the way for a clinically feasible approach for knee joint FE modeling.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Non-Linear Device Head Coupling and Temporal Delays in Large Animal
           Acceleration Models of Traumatic Brain Injury

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      Abstract: Abstract Accurate characterization of head kinematics following an external blow represents a fundamental aspect of traumatic brain injury (TBI) research. The majority of previous large animal studies have assumed an equivalent relationship between the device delivering the impulsive load and subsequent head kinematics rather than performing direct measurement (sensors or videography). The current study therefore examined factors affecting device/head coupling kinematics in an acceleration TBI model. Experiment 1 indicated ~ 50% reduction in peak angular velocity for swine head relative to the device, with an approximate doubling in temporal duration. The peak angular velocity for the head was not significantly altered by variations in restraint device (straps vs. cables), animal positioning or body mass. In Experiment 2, reducing the impulsive load by 32% resulted in only a 14% reduction in angular velocity of the head (approximately 69% head/device coupling ratio), with more pronounced differences qualitatively observed for angular momentum. A temporal delay was identified in initial device/head coupling, potentially a result of soft tissue deformation. Finally, similar head kinematics were obtained regardless of mounting the sensor directly to the skull or through the scalp (Experiment 3). Current findings highlight the importance of direct measurement of head kinematics for future studies.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Effects of MitraClip Therapy on Mitral Flow Patterns and Vortex Formation:
           An In Vitro Study

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      Abstract: Abstract MitraClip transcatheter edge-to-edge repair is used to treat mitral regurgitation (MR). While MR is reduced, diastolic left ventricular flows are altered. An in vitro left heart simulator was used to assess a porcine mitral valve in the native, MR, and MR plus MitraClip cases. Velocity, vorticity, and Reynolds shear stress (RSS) were quantified by particle image velocimetry. Peak velocity increased from 1.20 m/s for native to 1.30 m/s with MR. With MitraClip, two divergent jets of 1.18 and 0.61 m/s emerged. Higher vorticity was observed with MR than native and lessened with MitraClip. MitraClip resulted in shear layer formation and downstream vortex formation. Native RSS decreased from 33 Pa in acceleration to 29 Pa at peak flow, then increased to 31 Pa with deceleration. MR RSS increased from 27 Pa in acceleration to 40 Pa at peak flow to 59 Pa during deceleration. MitraClip RSS increased from 79 Pa in acceleration to 162 Pa during peak flow, then decreased to 45 Pa during deceleration. After MitraClip, two divergent jets of reduced velocity emerged, accompanied by shear layers and recirculation. Chaotic flow developed, resulting in elevated RSS magnitude and coverage. Findings help understand consequences of MitraClip on left ventricular flow dynamics.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Experimental and Computational Models of Transport of Galectin-3 Through
           Glycosylated Matrix

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      Abstract: Abstract Altered extracellular matrix (ECM) production is a hallmark of many fibroproliferative diseases, including certain cancers. The high incidence of glycan-rich components within altered ECM makes the use of glycan-binding proteins such as Galectin-3 (G3) a promising therapeutic strategy. The complexity of ECM as a rich 3D network of proteins with varied glycosylation states makes it challenging to determine the retention of glycan-binding proteins in altered ECM environments. Computational models capable of predicting the transport of glycan-binding proteins in altered ECM can benefit the design and testing of such proteins and associated novel therapeutic strategies. However, such computational models require many kinetic parameters that cannot be estimated from traditional 2D pharmacokinetic assays. To validate transport properties of G3 in 3D ECM constructs, we developed a species transport model that includes diffusion and matrix-binding components to predict retention of G3 fusion proteins in glycan-rich ECM. By iteratively comparing our computational model to experimental results, we are able to determine a reasonable range of parameters for a robust computational model of G3 transport. We anticipate this overall approach to building a data-driven model is translatable to other ECM-targeting therapeutic strategies.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Determining Clinically-Viable Biomarkers for Ischaemic Stroke Through a
           Mechanistic and Machine Learning Approach

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      Abstract: Abstract Assessment of distal cerebral perfusion after ischaemic stroke is currently only possible through expensive and time-consuming imaging procedures which require the injection of a contrast medium. Alternative approaches that could indicate earlier the impact of blood flow occlusion on distal cerebral perfusion are currently lacking. The aim of this study was to identify novel biomarkers suitable for clinical implementation using less invasive diagnostic techniques such as Transcranial Doppler (TCD). We used 1D modelling to simulate pre- and post-stroke velocity and flow wave propagation in a typical arterial network, and Sobol’s sensitivity analysis, supported by the use of Gaussian process emulators, to identify biomarkers linked to cerebral perfusion. We showed that values of pulsatility index of the right anterior cerebral artery > 1.6 are associated with poor perfusion and may require immediate intervention. Three additional biomarkers with similar behaviour, all related to pulsatility indices, were identified. These results suggest that flow pulsatility measured at specific locations could be used to effectively estimate distal cerebral perfusion rates, and ultimately improve clinical diagnosis and management of ischaemic stroke.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Neck Loads During Head-First Entries into Trampoline Dismount Foam Pits:
           Considerations for Trampoline Park Safety

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      Abstract: Abstract Serious cervical spine injuries have been documented from falls into foam pits at trampoline parks. To address the lack of evidence on how foam pits should be designed for mitigating neck injury risk, this study aimed to quantify neck loads during head-first entry into varying foam pit designs. An instrumented Hybrid III anthropomorphic test device was dropped head-first from a height of up to 1.5 m into three differently constructed foam pits, each using a different mechanism to prevent direct contact between the falling person and the floor (foam slab, trampoline or net bed). Measured neck loads were compared to published injury reference values. In the simplest, foam-only pit design, increasing foam depth tended to reduce peak compressive force. At least one injury assessment reference metric was exceeded in all pit conditions tested for 1.5 m falls, most commonly the time-dependent neck compression criterion. The results highlight the importance of adequate foam depth in combination with appropriate pit design in minimizing injury risk. The risk of cervical spine injury may not be reduced sufficiently with current foam pit designs.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Biomechanical Changes on the Typical Sites of Pressure Ulcers in the
           Process of Turning Over from Supine Position: Theoretical Analysis,
           Simulation, and Experiment

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      Abstract: Abstract Pressure ulcers are mainly caused by prolonged pressure on local tissues. The current method of preventing pressure ulcers is mainly to change the patient's position by turning, so it is significant to study the biomechanics of the typical site of pressure ulcers. Based on anatomical theory, a three-dimensional model of the shoulder and hip was established, and the theoretical contact pressure between the body and the bed was calculated by force analysis. Then, finite element models of typical parts of pressure ulcers were established, and the maximum stresses under different boundary conditions were obtained by finite element analysis. Finally, a human body turning experiment was conducted using a pressure distribution sensor, and the pressure distribution clouds and maximum contact pressure curves under different turning angles were obtained. The results show that the extreme point of maximum stress occurs at \(90^{ \circ }\) , producing a stress concentration phenomenon; the peak stresses at the shoulder and hip are more balanced in the angular threshold range of \(30^{ \circ }\) to \(45^{ \circ }\) , the stresses are more dispersed, and there exists an angular threshold for optimal integrated pressure, which can improve the efficiency of the use of assisted turning equipment. The relevant results help to explain the causes of pressure ulcer disease and can provide clinical references to improve the effectiveness of care.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Vaccine Hesitancy and Betrayal Aversion

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      Abstract: Abstract The determinants of vaccine hesitancy remain complex and context specific. Betrayal aversion occurs when an individual is hesitant to risk being betrayed in an environment involving trust. In this pre-registered vignette experiment, we show that betrayal aversion is not captured by current vaccine hesitancy measures despite representing a significant source of unwillingness to be vaccinated. Our survey instrument was administered to 888 United States residents via Amazon Mechanical Turk in March 2021. We find that over a third of participants have betrayal averse preferences, resulting in an 8–26% decline in vaccine acceptance, depending on the betrayal source. Interestingly, attributing betrayal risk to scientists or government results in the greatest declines in vaccine acceptance. We explore an exogenous message intervention and show that an otherwise effective message acts narrowly and fails to reduce betrayal aversion. Our results demonstrate the importance of betrayal aversion as a preference construct in the decision to vaccinate.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17
       
  • Psychophysical Evaluation of Proprioceptive Feedback Through a Probe
           Sliding on the Forearm Skin of Healthy Humans

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      Abstract: Abstract We have tested the forearm skin of humans as a target organ to deliver proprioceptive feedback via a tactile sensory substitution method. In the proposed method, a contactor probe was actuated by a linear servo motor and moved on the skin in proximo-distal axis depending on the angle of a virtual joint moving on a 180° arc. Twenty healthy subjects were tested to stop the joint at a given target under no-feedback, visual feedback, and tactile (dorsal and volar) feedback conditions. The absolute difference between the target and the response angle was recorded. Tests were repeated 4 times with ~ 1-week intervals. Two joint movement speeds were tested. The subjects performed best with visual feedback, and worst if no feedback was provided. Their performances with tactile feedback were not as good as in the visual feedback condition, but better than in the no-feedback condition. Subjects equally performed with volar and dorsal tactile feedback. The movement speed had no significant effects on tactile feedback. The performance improved with training only in tactile feedback conditions. The proprioceptive information from a motorized prosthesis can be provided through probes moving on the forearm skin, while the efficacy of the feedback may improve with extensive training.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17
       
  • Effect of Angiogenesis in Bone Tissue Engineering

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      Abstract: Abstract The reconstruction of large skeletal defects is still a tricky challenge in orthopedics. The newly formed bone tissue migrates sluggishly from the periphery to the center of the scaffold due to the restrictions of exchange of oxygen and nutrition impotent cells osteogenic differentiation. Angiogenesis plays an important role in bone reconstruction and more and more studies on angiogenesis in bone tissue engineering had been published. Promising advances of angiogenesis in bone tissue engineering by scaffold designs, angiogenic factor delivery, in vivo prevascularization and in vitro prevascularization are discussed in detail. Among all the angiogenesis mode, angiogenic factor delivery is the common methods of angiogenesis in bone tissue engineering and possible research directions in the future.
      PubDate: 2022-05-07
       
  • Particle Distribution in Embolotherapy, How Do They Get There' A
           Critical Review of the Factors Affecting Arterial Distribution of Embolic
           Particles

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      Abstract: Abstract Embolization has tremendously evolved in recent years and has expanded to treatment of a variety of pathologic processes. There has been emerging evidence that the level of arterial occlusion and the distribution of embolic particles may play an important role in the clinical outcome. This is a comprehensive literature review to identify variables that play important role in determination of level of occlusion of blood vessels and distribution of embolic particles. The literature searches between 1996 to 2020 through PubMed and Ovid-MEDLINE yielded over 1030 articles of which 30 studies providing details on the level of occlusion are reviewed here. We divided the playing factors into characteristics of the particles, solution/injection and vascular bed. Accordingly, particle size, type and aggregation, compressibility/deformability, and biodegradability are categorized as the factors involving particles’ behavioral nature. Infusion rate and concentration/dilution of the medium are related to the carrying solution. Hemodynamics and the arterial resistance are characteristics of the vascular bed that also play an important role in the distribution of embolic particles. Understanding and predicting the level of embolization is a complex multi-factor problem that requires more evidence, warranting further randomized controlled trials, and powered human and animal studies.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
       
  • Head Impact Exposure in Youth and Collegiate American Football

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      Abstract: Abstract The relationship between head impact and subsequent brain injury for American football players is not well-defined, especially for youth. The objective of this study is to quantify and assess Head Impact Exposure (HIE) metrics among youth and collegiate football players. This multi-season study enrolled 639 unique athletes (354 collegiate; 285 youth, ages 9–14), recording 476,209 head impacts (367,337 collegiate; 108,872 youth) over 971 sessions (480 collegiate; 491 youth). Youth players experienced 43 and 65% fewer impacts per competition and practice, respectively, and lower impact magnitudes compared to collegiate players (95th percentile peak linear acceleration (PLA, g) competition: 45.6 vs 61.9; 95th percentile PLA practice: 42.6 vs 58.8; 95th percentile peak rotational acceleration (PRA, rad·s−2) competition: 2262 vs 4422; 95th percentile PRA practice: 2081 vs 4052; 95th percentile HITsp competition: 25.4 vs 32.8; 95th percentile HITsp practice: 23.9 vs 30.2). Impacts during competition were more frequent and of greater magnitude than during practice at both levels. Quantified comparisons of head impact frequency and magnitude between youth and collegiate athletes reveal HIE differences as a function of age, and expanded insight better informs the development of age-appropriate guidelines for helmet design, prevention measures, standardized testing, brain injury diagnosis, and recovery management.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
       
  • Correction to: Rapid X-Ray-Based 3-D Finite Element Modeling of Medial
           Knee Joint Cartilage Biomechanics During Walking

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      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • Increasing Vascular Response to Injury Improves Tendon Early Healing
           Outcome in Aged Rats

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      Abstract: Abstract Tendon injuries positively correlate with patient age, as aging has significant effects on tendon homeostatic maintenance and healing potential after injury. Vascularity is also influenced by age, with both clinical and animal studies demonstrating reduced blood flow in aged tissues. However, it is unknown how aging effects vascularity following tendon injury, and if this vascular response can be modulated through the delivery of angiogenic factors. Therefore, the objective of this study is to evaluate the vascular response following Achilles tendon injury in adult and aged rats, and to define the alterations to tendon healing in an aged model following injection of angiogenic factors. It was determined that aged rat Achilles tendons have a reduced angiogenesis following injury. Further, the delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF, caused an increase in vascular response to tendon injury and improved mechanical outcome in this aged population. This work suggests that reduced angiogenic potential with aging may be contributing to impaired tendon healing response and that the delivery of angiogenic factors can rescue this impaired response. This study was also the first to relate changes in vascular response in an aged model using in vivo measures of blood perfusion to alterations in healing properties.
      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • Endometrium Derived Stem Cells as Potential Candidates in Nervous System
           Repair

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      Abstract: Abstract Limited cell division and lack of endogenous repair mechanisms in the central nervous system, hampers tissue repair following neurodegenerative diseases or tissue injuries. Unlike central nervous system; peripheral nervous system has some capacity to repair after injury, but in case of critical sized defects the use of supporting cells in the neural guidance channels seems inevitable to obtain a satisfactory functional recovery. Stem cell therapies have provided new frontiers in the repair of nervous system largely through paracrine secretion mechanisms. The therapeutic potential of stem cells differs according to their tissue of origin, mode of isolation, administration route, and passage number. During the past decades, studies have been focused on stem cells harvested from disposable tissues such as menstrual blood or biopsies from endometrium. These cells are characterized by their high differentiation and proliferation potential, ease of harvest, and lack of ethical concerns. In the current review, we will discuss the prospects and challenges of endometrial stem cells’ application in nervous system repair.
      PubDate: 2022-05-01
       
  • Alginate-Based Hydrogels and Tubes, as Biological Macromolecule-Based
           Platforms for Peripheral Nerve Tissue Engineering: A Review

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      Abstract: Unlike the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system (PNS) has an inherent capacity to regenerate following injury. However, in the case of large nerve defects where end-to-end cooptation of two nerve stumps is not tension-free, autologous nerve grafting is often utilized to bridge the nerve gaps. To address the challenges associated with autologous nerve grafting, neural guidance channels (NGCs) have been successfully translated into clinic. Furthermore, hydrogel-based drug delivery systems have been extensively studied for the repair of PNS injuries. There are numerous biomaterial options for the production of NGCs and hydrogels. Among different candidates, alginate has shown promising results in PNS tissue engineering. Alginate is a naturally occurring polysaccharide which is biocompatible, non-toxic, non-immunogenic, and possesses modifiable properties. In the current review, applications, challenges, and future perspectives of alginate-based NGCs and hydrogels in the repair of PNS injuries will be discussed. Graphical
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
       
  • Machine Learning for Cardiovascular Biomechanics Modeling: Challenges and
           Beyond

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      Abstract: Abstract Recent progress in machine learning (ML), together with advanced computational power, have provided new research opportunities in cardiovascular modeling. While classifying patient outcomes and medical image segmentation with ML have already shown significant promising results, ML for the prediction of biomechanics such as blood flow or tissue dynamics is in its infancy. This perspective article discusses some of the challenges in using ML for replacing well-established physics-based models in cardiovascular biomechanics. Specifically, we discuss the large landscape of input features in 3D patient-specific modeling as well as the high-dimensional output space of field variables that vary in space and time. We argue that the end purpose of such ML models needs to be clearly defined and the tradeoff between the loss in accuracy and the gained speedup carefully interpreted in the context of translational modeling. We also discuss several exciting venues where ML could be strategically used to augment traditional physics-based modeling in cardiovascular biomechanics. In these applications, ML is not replacing physics-based modeling, but providing opportunities to solve ill-defined problems, improve measurement data quality, enable a solution to computationally expensive problems, and interpret complex spatiotemporal data by extracting hidden patterns. In summary, we suggest a strategic integration of ML in cardiovascular biomechanics modeling where the ML model is not the end goal but rather a tool to facilitate enhanced modeling.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
       
  • Special Issue of the VPH2020 Conference: “Virtual Physiological Human:
           When Models, Methods and Experiments Meet the Clinic”

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      PubDate: 2022-03-25
       
  • Automated Tissue Strain Calculations Using Harris Corner Detection

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      Abstract: Abstract The elastic modulus, or slope of the stress-strain curve, is an important metric for evaluating tissue functionality, particularly for load-bearing tissues such as tendon. The applied force can be tracked directly from a mechanical testing system and converted to stress using the tissue cross-sectional area; however, strain can only be calculated in post-processing by tracking tissue displacement from video collected during mechanical testing. Manual tracking of Verhoeff stain lines pre-marked on the tissue is time-consuming and highly dependent upon the user. This paper details the development and testing of an automated processing method for strain calculations using Harris corner detection. The automated and manual methods were compared in a dataset consisting of 97 rat tendons (48 Achilles tendons, 49 supraspinatus tendons), divided into ten subgroups for evaluating the effects of different therapies on tendon mechanical properties. The comparison showed that average percent differences between the approaches were 0.89% and -2.10% for Achilles and supraspinatus tendons, respectively. The automated approach reduced processing time by 83% and produced similar results to the manual method when comparing the different subgroups. This automated approach to track tissue displacements and calculate elastic modulus improves post-processing time while simultaneously minimizing user dependency.
      PubDate: 2022-03-25
       
 
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