Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3174 journals)
    - BIOCHEMISTRY (239 journals)
    - BIOENGINEERING (143 journals)
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    - BIOTECHNOLOGY (243 journals)
    - BOTANY (233 journals)
    - CYTOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY (32 journals)
    - ENTOMOLOGY (67 journals)
    - GENETICS (165 journals)
    - MICROBIOLOGY (279 journals)
    - MICROSCOPY (13 journals)
    - ORNITHOLOGY (26 journals)
    - PHYSIOLOGY (73 journals)
    - ZOOLOGY (117 journals)

BIOLOGY (1491 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Biologica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Scientiae Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Biologica et Oecologica     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Membranes     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Quantum Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aggregate     Open Access  
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
All Life     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Microbiome     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annual Research & Review in Biology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Phycology     Open Access  
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access  
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Intelligence in the Life Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avian Biology Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bacterial Empire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access  
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIO-SITE : Biologi dan Sains Terapan     Open Access  
Bioactive Compounds in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioeduscience     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biogeographia : The Journal of Integrative Biogeography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 216)
Bioinformatics Advances : Journal of the International Society for Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biologia Futura     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Human Biology
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2321-8568 - ISSN (Online) 2348-4691
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [448 journals]
  • The global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the education of healthcare
           professionals, especially in low- and middle-income countries

    • Authors: Kona Chowdhury, Mainul Haque, Ayukafangha Etando, Santosh Kumar, Halyna Lugova, Moyad Shahwan, Ranko Škrbic, Ammar Abdulrahman Jairoun, Brian Godman
      Pages: 87 - 92
      Abstract: Kona Chowdhury, Mainul Haque, Ayukafangha Etando, Santosh Kumar, Halyna Lugova, Moyad Shahwan, Ranko Škrbic, Ammar Abdulrahman Jairoun, Brian Godman
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):87-92

      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):87-92
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_60_22
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Growing concern over rising caesarean section rates: Is it a problem for
           low- and middle-income countries only?

    • Authors: Badar Uddin Umar, Mainul Haque
      Pages: 93 - 100
      Abstract: Badar Uddin Umar, Mainul Haque
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):93-100
      The rising caesarean delivery rate is a global concern and is believed by many as a problem in low-income countries exclusively. It has been observed that utilisation of this lifesaving procedure is unusually high in many middle- and high-income countries. Caesarean section (CS) is indicated to save both the mother's and child's life in certain situations. When chosen in the proper indication, it is helpful towards reducing morbidity and mortality in both. There is a vast number of papers evidencing the injudicious use of this necessary procedure. There is an evident disparity in the utilisation of the process too. In some sub-Saharan African countries, women do not have access to or have very minimal access to caesarean delivery due to many factors. On the other hand, certain countries overutilise it. Being a South Asian country, Bangladesh is no different from many other countries, with rising caesarean delivery rates in rural and urban populations. It is of great concern for the Bangladeshi general community and the healthcare workers. There have been claims that it is overutilised injudiciously by the Bangladeshi health force. This review aims to find the facts related to the CSs and compare between the high-, middle- and low-income countries. Being healthcare professionals and medical educators by origin, the authors were explicitly interested in Bangladesh. They conducted the review to contribute to the development of the country's healthcare system.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):93-100
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_148_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Student-centred approach in medical education: A review of the
           teaching-learning activities and the perceptions of educators on the
           students engagement and performance at the faculty of medicine and defence
           health, national defence university of Malaysia

    • Authors: Yasmin Anum Mohd Yusof, Nursiati Mohamad Taridi, Marami Mustapa, Shazreen Shaharuddin, Mohammad Wisman Abdul Hamid, Nik Noorul Shakira Mohamed Shakrin, Frhana Rahmat, Nur Aishah Che Roos, Nur Adnin Ahmad Zaidi, Halyna Lugova
      Pages: 101 - 107
      Abstract: Yasmin Anum Mohd Yusof, Nursiati Mohamad Taridi, Marami Mustapa, Shazreen Shaharuddin, Mohammad Wisman Abdul Hamid, Nik Noorul Shakira Mohamed Shakrin, Frhana Rahmat, Nur Aishah Che Roos, Nur Adnin Ahmad Zaidi, Halyna Lugova
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):101-107
      The knowledge and the beliefs on medical education influence the teaching-learning approach used by medical educators and their perception of students' ability to be active learners. This paper highlights the student-centred teaching methods used by the medical educators of the Faculty of Medicine and Defence Health, National Defence University of Malaysia for undergraduate medical student teaching, their medical education approach in teaching and their perception on students' performance.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):101-107
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_150_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Epidemiological study of brain cancer in Iran: A systematic review

    • Authors: Fatemeh Hadavand-Siri, Soheil Hassanipour, Hamid Salehiniya
      Pages: 108 - 113
      Abstract: Fatemeh Hadavand-Siri, Soheil Hassanipour, Hamid Salehiniya
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):108-113
      Introduction: In recent decades, the incidence and mortality rate of brain tumours, especially in adults, has increased. In order to better plan to reduce the burden of this cancer, knowledge of the epidemiological aspects of this disease is essential. Therefore, due to the lack of a comprehensive study on brain cancer in Iran, this study aimed to investigate the epidemiological aspects of this cancer in Iran. Methods: In June 2020, keywords of 'brain tumour', 'nervous system tumours', 'nervous system neoplasm', 'nervous system cancer', 'central nervous system (CNS)' and 'Iran' were searched on Medline/PubMed and Web of Science databases Scopus, Embase, SID, IranMedex, and Google Scholar. The search results were entered Endnotes Version 8; finally, 35 full papers were reviewed and included in the study. Results: The incidence of brain cancer and CNS tumour is lower in children in central Iran. The incidence of CNS cancer was relatively high among children in Golestan province. Furthermore, the standardised incidence of primary CNS tumours in Iran is 5.69 per 100,000, which is lower than in other countries. Nervous system malignancies were more common in men than in women (age-standardized rate 3 versus 2.2 per 100,000 in men and women, respectively). Tehran had the highest incidence of CNS tumours. Meningiomas were the only most common tumour in women. Gliomas were the most common primary brain tumour, and most of the lesions in this subgroup were in low-grade astrocytoma and ependymomas. Brain cancer mortality was higher in men than in women. Age is a potential risk factor, and the incidence of CNS tumours increases with increasing age after 30 years. Conclusion: Nervous system cancers are on the rise in Iran due to lifestyle changes and increased risk factors. Planning to reduce risk factors and early detection of the disease can be helpful in reducing cases and reducing mortality.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):108-113
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_158_20
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The role of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 viroporins in
           inflammation

    • Authors: Arghavan Zebardast, Tayebeh Latifi, Jila Yavarian
      Pages: 114 - 119
      Abstract: Arghavan Zebardast, Tayebeh Latifi, Jila Yavarian
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):114-119
      In December 2019, genomic screening of clinical samples from patients with viral pneumonia in Wuhan, China, revealed the presence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 is the official name for the disease caused by this virus, according to the World Health Organization. SARS-CoV-2 can activate the NLRP3 inflammasome directly in apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC)-dependent or independent manner through several proteins, including viroporins. Viroporins are viral proteins with ion channel functions that play crucial roles in different aspects of virus replication and pathogenesis. SARS-CoV-2 viroporins encoded by Open Reading Frame (ORF) 3a, ORF8 and the E gene activate the NLRP3 inflammasome and trigger the cleavages of pro-interleukin 1 β (IL1 β) and pro-IL18 by the caspase enzyme and convert them to the mature form (IL-1 β, IL18). Most of the inflammation in severe COVID-19 patients is caused by the activation of inflammasomes. Studies revealed that SARS-CoV-2 viroporins could be the possible targets for therapeutic interventions.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):114-119
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_108_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Recent advances in direct reinforced restorations for vital teeth

    • Authors: Karan Bhargava, Chaitra Mastud, Santosh Kumar Mastud, Deepak M Vikhe, Pooja Newase, Prasad Nanasaheb Mhaske
      Pages: 120 - 126
      Abstract: Karan Bhargava, Chaitra Mastud, Santosh Kumar Mastud, Deepak M Vikhe, Pooja Newase, Prasad Nanasaheb Mhaske
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):120-126
      The conservative option depends mainly on the ability of the bonded restoration to strengthen the enamel in the same way that dentine gives strength and supports the enamel. In order for a dental material to reinforce the vital tooth, it must bond to dentine. As such, an essential attribute of a good dentine adhesive system is the ability of the adhesive to wet and infiltrate the dentine. In restorative dentistry, numerous studies have demonstrated coronal reinforcement of the vital tooth through bonded restorations. Six bonded amalgams and resin composites have all been shown to reinforce the remaining vital tooth structure by bonding to dentine and enamel.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):120-126
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_104_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Healthcare-associated infections in the surgical setting: How to prevent
           and treat them

    • Authors: Massimo Sartelli
      Pages: 127 - 137
      Abstract: Massimo Sartelli
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):127-137
      Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are infections that patients can get while receiving medical care. These infections are often preventable and represent one of the most common adverse events in health care. Patients with medical devices (central lines, urinary catheters and ventilators) or who undergo surgical procedures are at risk of acquiring HAIs. The most common HAIs are surgical site infections, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, bloodstream infections and Clostridioides difficile infections. This review takes into consideration the aspects of both prevention and treatment of the most common HAIs and the aspects related to a possible behavior change among health-care workers in the surgical setting.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):127-137
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_53_22
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The combined occluding effect of sodium fluoride varnish and erbium:
           Yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser irradiation on dentinal tubules −
           CLSM and SEM study

    • Authors: Sahil Kawle, Harshraj Gawande, Jaiti Gupte, Apurva Jadhav, Swati Raut, Sonal Sinha
      Pages: 138 - 143
      Abstract: Sahil Kawle, Harshraj Gawande, Jaiti Gupte, Apurva Jadhav, Swati Raut, Sonal Sinha
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):138-143
      Introduction: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is one of the most common problems, but to date, no single agent or form of treatment has been found effective. Lasers have promising potential for the treatment of DH. This in vitro study aims to compare and evaluate the desensitising ability of a combination of sodium fluoride varnish (NaF) and Erbium: yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Er: YAG) laser by assessing tubule occlusion and depth of penetration of the agent in dentinal tubules through Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM), respectively. Materials and Methods: Forty-five extracted maxillary premolar teeth were included in this study. A 3-mm-thick horizontal slice was prepared from the cementoenamel junction of each tooth. Each slice was transversely separated into two halves as buccal and lingual samples. Ninety samples were obtained, and these samples were randomly divided into six equal groups. Groups A, B, C, and D were used for the evaluation of tubule occlusion with SEM Groups E and F were evaluated for dentin permeability with CLSM. Results: Intergroup comparisons showed statistically significant differences among groups, and it was observed that the combined use of Sodium fluoride and Er: YAG Laser showed better occluding (Group D) and depth penetration (Group F) effect when analysed using SEM and CLSM, respectively. Conclusion: It can be concluded that a combination of fluoride varnish and lasers offers a significant role in dentinal hypersensitivity.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):138-143
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_136_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Eustachian tube dysfunctions due to mask among quarantined health-care
           professionals during COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Rohit Kumar Phulsunga, Sunil Kumar, Avinash Surana, Vikas Gupta
      Pages: 144 - 150
      Abstract: Rohit Kumar Phulsunga, Sunil Kumar, Avinash Surana, Vikas Gupta
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):144-150
      Introduction: The most effective preventive measures against COVID-19 among health-care personnel (HCP) are personal protective equipment (PPE) and hand hygiene. The documented side effects of continuous use of mask or PPE are dermatitis, but side effects on the Eustachian tube are untouched areas. The aim of this study was to investigate the Eustachian tube dysfunctions among HCP due to the continuous use of masks. Materials and Methods: This web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 217 eligible HCP. The sample size was calculated as 97, considering the unknown prevalence of Eustachian tube dysfunctions among HCP (50%), so all HCP were included in the study. A structured questionnaire with close-ended responses was developed to collect study participants' responses. Results: Out of 217 participants, only 207 participants provided their written consent after understanding the study objectives and 206 were included in the analysis as one subject has pre-existing ear disease. The daily hours of mask usage among 52.4% of participants were between 4 and 8 h. About 2.6% of doctors experienced severe pain and pressure in the ear. Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Patient Questionnaire-7 score was significantly higher among females and masked usage of four or more hours (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The present study revealed that 42.3% of participants had Eustachian tube dysfunctions. The study findings might help local administration to provide practical recommendations for medical workers prior head supported masks instead of ear-supported masks, use of ear protectors.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):144-150
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_56_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Comparative evaluation of the physical properties of membranes for
           periodontal regeneration: An In vitro Study

    • Authors: Apoorva Mhatre, Devanand Shetty, Arvind Shetty, Suyog Dharmadhikari, Pooja Wadkar
      Pages: 151 - 158
      Abstract: Apoorva Mhatre, Devanand Shetty, Arvind Shetty, Suyog Dharmadhikari, Pooja Wadkar
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):151-158
      Introduction: Barrier membranes are the devices used in guided tissue regeneration procedures to promote the repopulation of the wound space by periodontal ligament cells. Commercially available membranes have been used widely for periodontal regeneration. The aim of the present study is to compare and evaluate the physical properties of membranes used for periodontal regeneration. Materials and Methods: The tensile strength and surface topography using scanning electron microscope were analysed of three commercially available membranes: chorion membrane, Healiguide™ membrane and PerioCol®-GTR membrane were analysed. Results: The tensile strength of the PerioCol®-GTR membrane was the highest, while that of the Chorion membrane was the least. Variations in the surface topography were observed in all three membranes groups. Conclusion: The study demonstrated variation in surface topography and tensile strength of the resorbable periodontal membranes, suggestive of differences in the time of resorption during regenerative periodontal procedures.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):151-158
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_113_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of the knowledge and level of information about stem cells
           research and therapeutic potential among medical and dental postgraduate
           students of sumandeep vidyapeeth, Vadodara

    • Authors: Ankit Sant, Deepak Dave, Monali Shah, Neeraj Deshpande, Jasuma Rai, Prasad Nadig
      Pages: 159 - 162
      Abstract: Ankit Sant, Deepak Dave, Monali Shah, Neeraj Deshpande, Jasuma Rai, Prasad Nadig
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):159-162
      Introduction: Stem cells are definite units competent of both self-renewal and differentiation into numerous cells. Embryonic and postnatal tissues are the major sources of stem cells. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge and level of information about stem cells research and therapeutic potential among Medical and Dental postgraduate students of Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara. Materials and Methods: The Medical and Dental postgraduate students of Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, were selected. The questionnaire form was taken to them by the principal investigator personally and explained about the study and asked to fill the questionnaire after obtaining consent. The collected questionnaire was excluded if more than 30% of questions were not filled. Results: A total of 435 medical and dental postgraduate students of Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, were included in the study. 109 dental postgraduates (26.58%), and 301 were medical postgraduates. All participants had a basic knowledge of stem cells (100%), but only a few had specific knowledge (3.90%). Only a few agreed to human embryo research and considered it ethical (0.73%). All agreed to conserve their child's umbilical cord for the child's therapeutic purposes. Conclusion: We can conclude that the knowledge and level of information about stem cells exhibited by most of the participants were minimal. However, all participants expressed a genuine desire to enhance their knowledge regarding stem cells. There is a need for Continuing Medical Education/ Continuing Dental Education (CME/CDE) workshops as well as conferences on this subject to upgrade the knowledge of participants and the community as a whole.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):159-162
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_131_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Comparative evaluation of quality parameters of platelet stored in
           additive solution versus plasma

    • Authors: Subhashish Das, ML Harendra Kumar
      Pages: 163 - 167
      Abstract: Subhashish Das, ML Harendra Kumar
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):163-167
      Introduction: Extension of the shelf life of platelets remains a challenge for transfusion services, and efforts techniques are required to extend the shelf life of platelets beyond 5 days without compromising their qualities. Materials and Methods: The study is being done to compare in vitro changes of platelet indices-platelet count, mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width (PDW), pH and swirling in stored platelet concentrate (PC) with and without platelet additive solution (PAS) for 0,3,5,7 and 10 days. Results: Serial measurements of various parameters in PCs with and without PAS showed that PCs stored in PAS were better maintained and had optimal quality standards throughout the extended storage time as compared to the PCs without PAS. The results obtained in both categories were statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study showed that the use of PAS in the PCs increased the shelf life and improved the viability of platelets as compared to the PCs without PAS.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):163-167
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_124_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Patient satisfaction over changing dental treatment trends during COVID-19
           pandemic-a cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Aalap Sureshkumar Prajapati, Pinal Kirankumar Solanki, Vasudha Sodani, Harsh Shah, Kavish Gurjar, Ruchi Patel
      Pages: 168 - 173
      Abstract: Aalap Sureshkumar Prajapati, Pinal Kirankumar Solanki, Vasudha Sodani, Harsh Shah, Kavish Gurjar, Ruchi Patel
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):168-173
      Introduction: Patient satisfaction in health care describes the degree to which patients' needs 'meet their expectations and provide an acceptable standard of care'. Therefore, their opinion should be incorporated to understand factors affecting patients' satisfaction with the health-care setting. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has posed a significant challenge for the field of dentistry owing to its working characteristics. It is difficult for dentists to provide optimum satisfaction to patients receiving dental care with such changes proposed. A study aiming to evaluate the patient's satisfaction receiving treatment in the Department of Dentistry during the pandemic was planned. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study from September to November 2020 was conducted. A self-administered printed questionnaire drafted in English/Gujarati was provided to 225 patients on completion of their dental treatment. Thirteen close-ended questions were included in determining the patient's satisfaction. Descriptive statistical analysis was used to describe the parameters of the questionnaire. The Chi-square test was used to find a significant association between parameters, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: About 74.3% of the participants were satisfied with dentist–patient communication. Positive response (80%) by patients where they were able to get an appointment as per their suitability and were informed in advance by the department if there were any changes. One hundred and sixty-eight (84%) patients responded that the waiting area was hygienic. One hundred and thirty-seven (68.5%) patients assured that their arrival was intimated to the respective dentist by supporting staff and that they were taken into an operatory for treatment within 10 min of arrival. Participants said that they were informed about the delay from their allotted appointment schedule with reasons; hence, better compliance (79%) was obtained from them. Conclusions: This cross-sectional study indicated that with proper communication, a positive response by participants over satisfaction was obtained even due to changing treatment patterns due to pandemic.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):168-173
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_133_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Awareness, Knowledge and Attitude of Teledentistry Among Dentists in
           Kanchipuram District – A Cross-Sectional Survey

    • Authors: R Kamalakannan, C Nagappan, M Krishnaveni, NC Arun Prasad, S Vinoth Kumar, J Mahesh
      Pages: 174 - 179
      Abstract: R Kamalakannan, C Nagappan, M Krishnaveni, NC Arun Prasad, S Vinoth Kumar, J Mahesh
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):174-179
      Introduction: A highly infectious and life-threatening novel coronavirus Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) has been spreading worldwide, causing severe medical complications and practising dentistry is becoming difficult. To reduce the risk of spread of coronavirus infection between dentist and patient, teledentistry, an innovative digital tool, has the potential to reach patients straightforward without direct contact. Materials and Methods: A self-structured standard questionnaire was framed and distributed among dentists from July 2021 to August 2021. The survey consisted of 15 closed-ended and multiple-choice questions related to awareness, knowledge and attitude of teledentistry during this COVID 19 pandemic. After proper validation of the questionnaire from the experts and evaluating reliability, the survey was conducted by forwarding the link of the Google Form through social media. Totally 520 participants responded to the survey. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS statistical software version 21. All statistical analyses were carried out at a significance level of P < 0.05. The descriptive data were analysed and compared using the Chi-square test. Results: Among specialists, general practitioners, postgraduate students and undergraduate students, specialists have better awareness, knowledge and attitude of teledentistry. Almost all participants have 50% knowledge about teledentistry and have a high (80%) attitude towards teledentistry. Conclusion: From this study, it is clearly understood that it is high time to increase the use of teledentistry practice by spreading knowledge among dentists and dental students. It is potentially an innovative digital tool in this new era of dentistry. It is an effective tool not only in the current pandemic situation but also in emergencies. Thus, teledentistry is a satisfied boon in the field of dentistry through the use of digital technology.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):174-179
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_151_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • A pilot study regarding the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on
           healthcare education in India and the implications

    • Authors: Paras Sharma, Kona Chowdhury, Santosh Kumar, Rohan Bhatt, Tanvi Hirani, Shilpa Duseja, Mainul Haque, Afzalunnessa Binte Lutfor, Ayukafangha Etando, Ranko &#352;krbi&#263;, Moyad Shahwan, Ammar Abdulrahman Jairoun, Brian Godman
      Pages: 180 - 189
      Abstract: Paras Sharma, Kona Chowdhury, Santosh Kumar, Rohan Bhatt, Tanvi Hirani, Shilpa Duseja, Mainul Haque, Afzalunnessa Binte Lutfor, Ayukafangha Etando, Ranko Škrbić, Moyad Shahwan, Ammar Abdulrahman Jairoun, Brian Godman
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):180-189
      Introduction: The early approaches to prevent the spread of COVID-19 included lockdown and social distancing measures, leading to university closures. These measures forced unparalleled changes to the delivery of healthcare education. Concerns included the preparedness of faculty and students to e-learning as well as the routine availability and funding of equipment and internet bundles. This needed addressing with fully trained healthcare professionals required given rising inappropriate use of antibiotics in India, growing prevalence of non-communicable diseases as well as an increasing number of patients with joint comorbidities. Consequently, there is a need to ascertain the current impact of the pandemic on healthcare student education across India. Materials and Methods: This was a pilot study among 10 purposely selected healthcare educators in both private and public universities. The questionnaire built on published studies. Results: Identified challenges included a lack of familiarity with online education, no bedside teaching, lack of equipment and affordability of internet bundles, poor internet connectivity and postponed examinations. Ways forward included training faculty on e-learning, providing students with loans and other financial support to purchase equipment and internet bundles, establishing COVID-19 prevention protocols and protective equipment, recording lectures and tutorials to make up for lost time and simulated methods to teach clinical aspects. Conclusion: Despite challenges, there was a rapid move to online learning among surveyed universities. Alongside this, courses to address lack of familiarity with e-learning approaches with hybrid teaching approaches here to stay. The next step will be to undertake a wider study and to use the combined findings to provide future guidance.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):180-189
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_34_22
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Knowledge, attitude and practices related to tuberculosis among students
           in a public university in East Coast Malaysia

    • Authors: Mira Nadiah Mohd Izham, Nor Azlina A Rahman, Mainul Haque
      Pages: 190 - 197
      Abstract: Mira Nadiah Mohd Izham, Nor Azlina A Rahman, Mainul Haque
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):190-197
      Background: Tuberculosis (TB), better known as TB, is one of the infectious diseases that can cause death and therefore gains major public concerns worldwide. This study attempts to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) related to TB among the students in a public university and find the association between the KAP with demographic factors and between the KAP themselves. Materials and Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 200 students from the six faculties in the university for the data collection and analysis in this cross-sectional study. The questionnaire was divided into four parts: Demographic characteristics, knowledge, and attitude toward TB, and practices toward the prevention and control of TB. Results: The findings showed that most students had a moderate level of knowledge (obtained 47–92 out of the total 138 marks) and practice (obtained 29–57 out of the total 86 marks) and a good attitude related to TB (obtained 20–28 out of the total 28 marks). There were no significant differences in the level of KAP scores between the different genders, ages and years of study among the participants. However, a significant result was found between the KAP level of the various faculties (P < 0.001, <0.001 and 0.027, respectively), with the students from the Faculty of Medicine having the highest KAP level compared to others. Conclusion: This study also portrayed that higher knowledge was associated with a higher attitude and practice towards TB (P < 0.001 and 0.045, respectively). Based on the findings, the study proposes more health education programs to promote the awareness on early prevention of TB to achieve an improved level of KAP in controlling and preventing TB infection.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):190-197
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_25_22
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Burden experience by cancer patient caregivers: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Shreenath Kulkarni, Niraj Pandit
      Pages: 198 - 201
      Abstract: Shreenath Kulkarni, Niraj Pandit
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):198-201
      Introduction: Cancer is one of the leading causes of death all over the world, estimated by various organisations. It affects the life of the patients as well as their caregivers. Caregivers feel the burden with respect to various factors while caring for a cancer relative. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during October–November 2020 at the selected hospitals of Bareilly, UP. A total of 34 caregivers were selected for the study with non-probability purposive sampling who were involved in the direct care of cancer patients. Baseline pro forma and family burden assessment tools were used for the data collection. Results: It was found that the majority of the caregiver (58.8%) experience mild-to-moderate burden while caring for the cancer patient. Conclusion: The caregiver of a cancer patient feels the burden. There could be various factors such as financial burden and stressors, along with the health issue of a loved one that could result in caregiver burden.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):198-201
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_128_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • An epidemiological study of elongation of styloid process in the
           saurashtra population: A retrospective radiographic digital
           orthopantomographic study

    • Authors: Reeta Jha, Mansi Khatri, Foziya Pathan, Mansi Solanki, Hiren Tandel
      Pages: 202 - 206
      Abstract: Reeta Jha, Mansi Khatri, Foziya Pathan, Mansi Solanki, Hiren Tandel
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):202-206
      Introduction: The styloid process (SP) is a cylindrical bony structure emerging from the lower surface of the petrous temporal bone, its normal length is from 20 mm to 30 mm and those with more than 30 mm length are considered elongated. Calcification in stylohyoid ligament or calcification of SP is termed Eagle's syndrome. The aim of this study is to conduct an epidemiological survey of SP on digital orthopantomogram (OPG) in the Saurashtra population with an age range of 5–90 years. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 1088 OPG radiographs randomly selected from the database of 2019–2020 from the oral medicine and radiology department of our institute, which was taken on the OPG model CS 8100 Carestream digital panoramic system. Measurements of SP were done from the temporal bone to the tip. Those with more than 30 mm in length were considered to be elongated. The study sample was divided into four different age groups and was compared according to gender and sides. The Chi-square test and t-test were performed. Results: Elongated SP was noted in 354 (32.53%) out of 1088 subjects. Among age groups, subjects of more than 50 years showed a maximum number of elongated SPs. Conclusion: Subjects showing elongated SP and their mean length are increased with age, which indicates chronic development of calcification. No statistical significance was found in the elongation of SP in correlation with the cohort's gender and sides (bilateral or unilateral).
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):202-206
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_1_22
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Obesity is the alleyway to insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes mellitus

    • Authors: Susmita Sinha, Mainul Haque
      Pages: 207 - 209
      Abstract: Susmita Sinha, Mainul Haque
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):207-209

      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):207-209
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_6_22
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Current status of disorders of sexual development in Indonesia

    • Authors: Ziske Maritska, Erlangga Danu Saputro, Randy Pangestu, Extin Faulinza, Marda Sakinah, Fenny Pranandita, Flavia Angelina Satopoh, Ivani Ridwan, Sarah Amalia
      Pages: 210 - 213
      Abstract: Ziske Maritska, Erlangga Danu Saputro, Randy Pangestu, Extin Faulinza, Marda Sakinah, Fenny Pranandita, Flavia Angelina Satopoh, Ivani Ridwan, Sarah Amalia
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):210-213
      Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) rise challenges in various aspects of life due to the abnormalities in the patients' sex chromosomes, gonads or reproductive organs. Its causes are often due to genetic and environmental factors. Considering the complexity of the condition, the patients require comprehensive management and an interdisciplinary approach. The delayed intervention may reduce the quality of life in patients, implying the significance of early detection and diagnosis. There is only little data present on the incidence and characteristics regarding DSD patients in Indonesia. This review wished to provide insight into the current status of DSD in Indonesia.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):210-213
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/aihb.aihb_146_21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Retraction: Impacts of low-protein diet on the hippocampal CA1 neurons and
           learning deficits in rats

    • Pages: 214 - 214
      Abstract:
      Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):214-214

      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2022 12(2):214-214
      PubDate: Fri,13 May 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/2321-8568.345212
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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