Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3174 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1491 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 401 - 600 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
Cryoletters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Applied Science and Technology     Open Access  
Current Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 227)
Current Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Landscape Ecology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Medical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Current Opinion in Molecular Therapeutics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Current Opinion in Structural Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Opinion in Systems Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Protein and Peptide Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Proteomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Protocols in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Protocols in Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Protocols in Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Protocols in Mouse Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Protocols in Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal  
Current Protocols in Plant Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Protocols in Protein Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Current Research in Bacteriology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Current Research in Chemical Biology     Open Access  
Current Research in Neurobiology     Open Access  
Current Research in Parasitology & Vector-Borne Diseases     Open Access  
Current Research in Structural Biology     Open Access  
Current Research in Translational Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Virological Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 115)
Current Stem Cell Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Topics in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Current Topics in Membranes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cytotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Database : The Journal of Biological Databases and Curation     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Dendrochronologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Developing World Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Developmental & Comparative Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Developmental Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Developmental Cell     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Developmental Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Developmental Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Dhaka University Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Differentiation     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Biomarkers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Disease Models and Mechanisms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diseases of Aquatic Organisms     Hybrid Journal  
DNA and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
DNA Repair     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
DNA Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Drug Discovery Today: Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Drug Resistance Updates     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
e-Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Budidaya Perairan     Open Access  
Ecocycles     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Ecological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ecological Solutions and Evidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Ecology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246)
Economics & Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ecoprint : An International Journal of Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ecosystem Health and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecosystems and People     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Educational Technology Research and Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 45)
EDUSAINS     Open Access  
EFB Bioeconomy Journal     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Biology     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EJNMMI Research     Open Access  
Ekologia     Open Access  
el-Hayah     Open Access  
Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
eLife     Open Access   (Followers: 95)
Embo Molecular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
EMBO reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Endangered Species Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Endocrine Connections     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Endothelium: Journal of Endothelial Cell Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Engineering & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Engineering Economist, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Engineering in Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Engineering Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Biology of Fishes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Environmental DNA     Open Access  
Environmental Dynamics and Global Climate Change     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Environmental Epigenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Environmental Microbiome     Open Access  
Environmental Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 180)
Enzyme and Microbial Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Epidemiology & Infection     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Epigenomes     Open Access  
EPMA Journal     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ethnobiology and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ethnobiology Letters     Open Access  
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ethnoscientia : Brazilian Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology     Open Access  
Ethology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ethology Ecology & Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EuPA Open Proteomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EUREKA : Life Sciences     Open Access  
European Journal of Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology : X     Open Access  
European Journal of Phycology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Protistology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Soil Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evolution     Partially Free   (Followers: 129)
Evolution and Human Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Evolution Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Evolutionary Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Evolutionary Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Evolutionary Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Evolutionary Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evolutionary Systematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EXCLI Journal : Experimental and Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
Experimental & Molecular Medicine     Open Access  
Experimental and Applied Acarology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Parasitology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expert Opinion on Environmental Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Expert Review of Proteomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ExRNA     Open Access  
Extreme Life, Biospeology & Astrobiology - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Extremophiles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
F&S Science : Official journal of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine     Open Access  
Facta Universitatis, Series : Medicine and Biology     Open Access  
Familial Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access  
Fauna Norvegica     Open Access  
Fauna of New Zealand     Open Access  
Febs Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Feddes Repertorium     Hybrid Journal  
Fems Yeast Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
FIGEMPA : Investigación y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fire Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fish & Shellfish Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Fish and Shellfish Immunology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fishes     Open Access  
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Florea : Jurnal Biologi dan Pembelajarannya     Open Access  
Fly     Full-text available via subscription  
Folia Biologica     Free   (Followers: 1)
Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica     Open Access  
Folia Microbiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Folia Primatologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Ecological Systems Modelling Journal     Open Access  
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Webs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Genomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Forest Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Forschung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Foundations of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Free Radical Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Free Radical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Freshwater Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 45)
Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Life Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Network Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Neurogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Neuroprosthetics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers of Biogeography     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers of Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Functional & Integrative Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Fungal Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Fungal Biology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Biology Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Fungal Diversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Fungal Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Fungal Genetics Reports     Open Access  

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Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.586
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0239-8508 - ISSN (Online) 1897-5631
Published by Via Medica Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Psoralen inhibits the proliferation and promotes apoptosis through
           endoplasmic reticulum stress in human osteosarcoma cells

    • Authors: Shubo Li; Hongqin Tu
      Abstract: Introduction. Psoralen is a main active component of Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (Leguminosae). Psoralen has been reported to show antitumor effects and activity to accelerate osteoblastic proliferation. Nevertheless, the antitumor mechanism of psoralen in osteosarcoma has never been elucidated. The current study is aimed to investigate the therapeutic function of psoralen in human osteosarcoma cells and its potential regulatory mechanism. Material and methods. Effects of psoralen (0–70 μg/mL) on the viability of two osteosarcoma cell lines cultured for 48 h was evaluated by MTT assays. The concentration of IC10 (8 μg/mL for MG-63 cells and 9 μg/mL for U2OS cells) was regarded to be a non-cytotoxic dose selected as the working concentration in the subsequent experiments. Effects of psoralen on cell proliferation for 48 h was assessed by colony formation assays. Flow cytometry analyses were performed to measure cell cycle and apoptosis. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were carried out to assess RNA expression and protein levels of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress associated factors. Results. Psoralen inhibited osteosarcoma cell viability (IC50 25 μg/mL for MG-63 cells and IC50 40 μg/mL for U2OS cells) in a dose-dependent manner and growth inhibition rate reached the highest level when cells were treated with 70 μg/mL psoralen. Psoralen induced cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase and promoted apoptosis of both MG-63 and U2OS cells. The treatment of psoralen resulted in an increase in ATF-6 and CHOP protein levels as well as a decrease in Bcl-2 protein level, indicating that cell apoptosis induced by psoralen was associated with ER stress. Treatment with 4-PBA, the ER stress inhibitor, attenuated the ability of psoralen to promote apoptosis of MG-63 and U2OS cells. Conclusions. Psoralen showed growth-inhibitory effects in osteosarcoma cells, and induced apoptosis via the ER stress pathway, which might be a potential drug to suppress the development of osteosarcoma.
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Mar 2022 10:52:17 +010
       
  • Candidate genes responsible for lipid droplets formation during
           adipogenesis simultaneously affect osteoblastogenesis

    • Authors: Xia Yi; Ping Wu, Ying Gong, Jianyun Liu, Jianjun Xiong, Xiangxin Che, Xiaoyuan Xu
      Abstract: Introduction. With cellular lipid storage varying, the balance between lipid intake and lipid degradation was a must to keep healthy and determined the level of lipid droplets. Although lipid droplets accumulation had been well demonstrated in adipocytes, gene expression profiling and gene function during adipogenesis and osteoblastogenesis remain unknown. Material and methods. Here, this work profiled gene transcriptional landscapes of lipid droplets formation during adipogenesis from human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) using RNA-Seq technique. By using RNA interference (RNAi) we investigated the function of candidate genes during adipogenesis and osteoblastogenesis using Oil Red/Alizarin Red/alkaline phosphatase (ALPL) staining and qRT-PCR (quantitative real-time PCR). Results. Eleven differentially up-regulated genes associated with lipid droplets formation were identified at 3, 5, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days during adipogenesis. Unexpectedly, APOB per se inhibiting adipogenesis weakened osteoblastogenesis and METTL7A facilitating adipogenesis negligibly inhibited osteoblastogenesis according to the phenotypic characterization of adipocytes and osteoblasts and transcriptional condition of biomarkers through lentivirus transfection assays. Conclusions. The establishment of the gene transcriptional profiling of lipid droplets formation would provide
      the molecular switches of hMSCs cell fate determination and the study targets for fat metabolic diseases.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Feb 2022 14:05:24 +010
       
  • Distribution of dopamine-immunoreactive neurons in the brain of the male
           native Thai chicken

    • Authors: Boonyarit Kamkrathok; Yupaporn Chaiseha
      Abstract: Introduction. Dopamine (DA) is a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator found in both central and peripheral nervous systems. It plays several physiological functions in some mammalian and avian species. DA has been indicated to be associated with the neuroendocrine regulation of the reproductive cycle and maternal behaviors in the female native Thai chickens. Indeed, male birds express parental behaviors as well. To date, there are no data describing the functional aspects of the DAergic system in the male native Thai chickens. Thus, the objective of this study was to elucidate the localization of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH; a DA marker) neuronal groups in the brain of the roosters. Material and methods. The distributions of TH immunoreactivity in the brain were detected utilizing the immunohistochemical technique. Results. TH immunoreactivity was located throughout the brain and extensively in the diencephalon and mesencephalon. The highest density of TH-immunoreactive (-ir) neurons and fibers was found within the nucleus intramedialis (nI) and nucleus mamillaris lateralis (ML). The numbers of TH-ir neurons within the nucleus anterior medialis hypothalami (AM), nucleus paraventricularis magnocellularis (PVN), nI, and ML were then compared and revealed that the numbers of TH-ir neurons within the nI and ML were significantly higher than those of the AM and PVN. Conclusions. These present findings suggest that the DAergic neurons within the nI and ML might play an important role in the reproductive activities of the native Thai roosters. Interestingly, the DAergic system in the nI might be involved in male reproductive activities and/or parental behaviors in this equatorial species.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2022 14:13:25 +010
       
  • Plasmid-based CRISPR-Cas9 system efficacy for introducing targeted
           mutations in CD81 gene of MDA-MB-231 cell line

    • Authors: Kasra Arbabi Zaboli; Hossein Rahimi, Jose Thekkiniath, Amir Hossein Taromchi, Saeed Kaboli
      Abstract: Introduction. Breast cancer has been represented a challenging issue worldwide as it is one of the major leading causes of death among women. CD81 gene, a member of the tetraspanin protein family, has been associated with the development of human cancers. Genome editing technologies, particularly the CRISPR-Cas9 system, have shown rapid progress in gene function studies. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the ability of the CRISPR-Cas9 plasmid-based system to modify specific regions of the CD81 gene in the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line. Materials and methods. Using bioinformatics database search, four different single guide RNAs (sgRNAs) to
      target exon 3 and exon 5 of the CD81 gene were designed. The intended sgRNAs sequences were cloned into the expression plasmid pSpCas9(BB)-2A-GFP (PX458) bearing sgRNA scaffold backbone, Cas9, and EGFP coding sequences, which was confirmed by colony PCR and sequencing. Transfection efficiency was determined by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry analysis. Gene editing efficiency was measured qualitatively and quantitatively using the T7E1 and TIDE software, respectively. Results. Our data show that expression constructs were successfully introduced into MDA-MB-231 cells with an acceptable transfection efficiency. Two sgRNAs that were afforded to introduce significant mutations in their target regions were detected by TIDE software (p-value < 0.05). To the best of our knowledge, CD81 gene editing in these cells has been investigated for the first time in this study using the CRISPR/Cas9 technique. Conclusions. Taken together, our data show that the CRISPR-Cas9 system can change the genomic sequence in the target area of MDA-MB-231 cells. Along with previous studies, we propose forethought when using T7E1-based quantitative indel estimates, as comparing activities of multiple gRNAs with the T7E1 assay may lead to inaccurate conclusions. Instead, estimating non-homologous end-joining events (NHEJ) by Sanger sequencing and subsequent TIDE analysis is recommended.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Feb 2022 12:36:08 +010
       
  • Insulin-like growth factor-1 inhibits apoptosis of rat gastric smooth
           muscle cells under high glucose condition via adenosine
           monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway

    • Authors: Xiang-zi Zhang; Yan Sun, Mo-han Zhang, Zheng Jin
      Abstract: Introduction. Diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) is a common chronic complication of diabetes characterized by decreased gastric motility, and an effective number of gastric smooth muscle cells (GSMCs) ensures gastric motility. A previous study documented that apoptosis was present in gastric smooth muscles in rats with DGP and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) was an important factor of apoptosis of rat GSMCs cultured under high glucose conditions. This study aimed to explore the effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on apoptosis of high glucose cultured rat GSMCs after silencing of AMPK and elucidate the underlying mechanism. Material and methods. A total of 120 rats were divided into normal control (NC, n = 20), diabetic gastroparesis (DGP, n = 50) and DGP + IGF-1 (n = 50) groups. After establishing the rat model of DGP, rats in the DGP+IGF-1 group received an intraperitoneal injection of IGF-1 at a dose of 1.5 μg/kg/d for 10 weeks. The level of AMPK activity, liver kinase B1 (LKB1) activity, and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase b (CaMKKb) expression in rat gastric smooth muscle tissues was detected by Western blot analysis. Apoptosis in rat gastric smooth muscle tissues was detected by TUNEL assay. We also cultured rat GSMCs in vitro under high glucose (HG) condition (35 mM), incubated cells with IGF-1, and silenced AMPK with siRNA. The cells were divided into HG, HG + IGF-1, HG + siRNA, and HG + siRNA + IGF-1 groups. The apoptosis rates of rat GSMCs after silencing AMPK were detected by TUNEL assay and flow cytometry, and apoptosis-related protein expression in rat GSMCs was detected by Western blot. Results. IGF-1 decreased LKB1 activity, CaMKKb expression, AMPK activity, and inhibited apoptosis in rat gastric smooth muscle tissues. Compared with rat GSMCs cultured in vitro under HG conditions, apoptosis rates were reduced after treatment with IGF-1 and AMPK silencing (both p < 0.01). Apoptosis rates were higher in the HG + siRNA group compared with the HG + IGF-1 group (p < 0.05). IGF-1 down-regulated the expression of calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) and p53, up-regulated the expression of p21, PLC-b3, PI3K p110 Ser1070, and the activities of Akt, p70S6K, mTORC1, and mTORC2. IGF-1 also up-regulated Bcl-2 expression and down-regulated the expression of BAX and Caspase-3. Conclusions. IGF-1 can inhibit the apoptosis of rat GSMCs under high glucose conditions, its mechanism may be related to the regulation of expression and activity of p53, PI3K, TSC-2, Akt, mTOR, 4E-BP1, p70S6K, p21, CaMKII, and PLC-b3 in rat GSMCs acting through AMPK pathway.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Feb 2022 10:35:13 +010
       
  • Wnt/PCP pathway regulates the migration and neural differentiation of
           mesenchymal stem cells in vitro

    • Authors: Panpan Yao; Qin Yu, Lujie Zhu, Jingxian Li, Xueyuan Zhou, Lili Wu, Yongyi Cai, Hongmei Shen, Liping Zhou
      Abstract: Introduction. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an excellent donor graft source due to their potential for self-renewal and multidirectional differentiation. However, the potential mechanisms involved in MSC homing and neural differentiation are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a chemokine, SDF-1a, and Wnt3a ligand on rat MSCs’ migration and b-mercaptoethanol (BME)-induced neural differentiation of MSCs. Materials and methods. MSCs were isolated from rat bone marrow and cultured in vitro to passage 3. Scratch tests and transwell assays were used to estimate the effects of SDF-1a (25 ng/mL) and Wnt3a (10 ng/mL) on the migration of MSCs. The expression of Wnt/PCP pathway proteins RhoA, c-Jun, ATF2, and Wnt3a were assessed by Western blot. The 5 mM BME-induced neural differentiation of MSCs was determined by immunofluorescence to detect neuron- and astrocyte-specific markers such as nestin, GFAP, and Olig2. Results. Wnt3a promoted the migration ability of MSCs and regulated the expression of RhoA, c-Jun, and ATF2 proteins. MSCs could differentiate into neural stem cells and astrocytes. Wnt3a enhanced BME induced neurogenesis in MSCs by increasing the protein expression of RhoA, c-Jun, and Wnt3a. Conclusions. The present study demonstrated that the Wnt/PCP pathway promotes migration and neural differentiation of rat MSC.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Feb 2022 09:24:52 +010
       
  • 5-fluorouracil suppresses stem cell-like properties by inhibiting p38 in
           pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1

    • Authors: Jin Zhao; Xueying Shi, Changcheng Dong, Rui Liu, Lifu Su, Cuixia Cao
      Abstract: Introduction. Suppressing the phenotype of cancer stem cells (CSCs) is a promising treatment strategy for cancer. P38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK, p38) play an important role in the occurrence, development, and stemness maintenance of tumors. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of p38 on the stemness maintenance of CSCs in pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1. Material and methods. PANC-1 human pancreatic cancer cells were treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) at 0.5 IC50, IC50, and 2 IC50 for 24 h. PANC-1 cells were treated for 24 h with 5-FU at 0.5IC50, IC50, and 2IC50 with or without VX-702, p38 phosphorylation inhibitor. Cells were resuspended in DMEM supplemented with 20 ng/ml epidermal growth factor, 2% B27, 5 mg/ml insulin, 20 g/ml basic fibroblast growth factor, and 10 μg/ml transferrin. Cells were seeded in ultra-low adhesion 6-well dishes to observe tumor spheroidization. The expression of CDK2, cyclin B1, cyclin D1, OCT4, SOX2, Nanog, and p38 was measured by Western blot. The mRNA expression of p38, OCT4, Nanog, and SOX2 was measured by RT-PCR. Flow cytometry was performed to evaluate the cell cycle, apoptosis, and proportion of CD44+CD133+ PANC-1 cells. Results. 5-FU decreased cell viability and increased apoptosis. 5-FU suppressed the stemness maintenance of CSCs in PANC-1 cells, as demonstrated by the inhibition of tumorsphere formation, the decrease in CD44+CD133+ cells’ fraction, and downregulation of OCT4, Nanog, and SOX2 expression. In addition, 5-FU inhibited the phosphorylation of p38 in PANC-1 cells. The phosphorylation of p38 was subsequently suppressed by VX-702, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor, which exhibited similar effects as those of 5-FU treatment. The effect of VX-702 on PANC-1 cells was further enhanced by 5-FU treatment. Thus, p38 inhibitor decreased the viability and increased the apoptosis of PANC-1 cells. P38 inhibitor suppressed the stemness maintenance of CSCs in PANC-1 cells, as demonstrated by the inhibition of tumorsphere formation, the decrease in CD44+CD133+ cells, and the downregulation of OCT4, Nanog, and SOX2 expression. Conclusions. These findings indicate that the inhibition of p38 phosphorylation suppresses the stemness maintenance and 5-FU resistance of PANC-1 cells, providing a potential therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of pancreatic cancer.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Feb 2022 15:26:05 +010
       
  • EID1 plays a protective role in early-onset pre-eclampsia via promoting
           proliferation and invasion in trophoblast cells

    • Authors: Ying Li; Jiuxiang Feng, Yue Bian, Wei Cheng, Chong Qiao
      Abstract: Introduction. Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome, which is partly due to abnormal proliferation and invasion of trophoblast cells. EP300 interacting inhibitor of differentiation 1 (EID1) participates in cell proliferation and invasion. This study aims to investigate the roles of EID1 in trophoblast cells and pre-eclampsia. Material and methods. The expression of EID1 in placental tissues from 60 women with pre-eclampsia and 60 health pregnancies was detected by real-time PCR and immunohistochemical staining. EID1 was overexpressed or silenced by transfection of plasmid or siRNA in HTR-8/SVneo trophoblast cells, and then cell proliferation, cell cycle transition, migration, and invasion were determined by CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, immunofluorescent staining, immunoblotting, and transwell assays. In addition, the activity of Akt/b-catenin signaling was measured by immunofluorescent staining and Western blot. Results. EID1 mRNA level was decreased in placental tissues of pre-eclampsia patients, especially early-onset pre-eclampsia, accompanied by more severe clinical manifestation and a higher rate of fetal growth restriction (FGR). Gain- and loss-of-function experiments demonstrated that EID1 promoted proliferation and cell cycle transition, migration, and invasion in HTR-8/SVneo cells and its knockdown played opposite roles, suggesting that EID1 may be required for normal gestation. Akt/b-catenin signaling was activated after EID1 forced expression and deactivated after its silencing. Conclusions. EID1 promoted proliferation and invasion of cultured trophoblast cells with possible involvement of Akt/b-catenin signaling. These findings may provide novel insights for the diagnosis and treatment of early-onset pre-eclampsia in a clinic.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jan 2022 14:27:35 +010
       
  • Differential apoptotic activity in trophoblast of spontaneous abortions
           and normal pregnancies

    • Authors: Theodora-Eleftheria Deftereou; Avgi Tsolou, Anastasios Liberis, Kyriaki Georgiadi, Triantafyllos Alexiadis, Olga Pagonopoulou, Christina-Angelika Alexiadi, Maria Simopoulou, Grigorios Tripsianis, Maria Lambropoulou
      Abstract: Introduction. Apoptosis is a key process during normal trophoblastic development and, consequently, the whole gestation. However, in trophoblastic differentiation in spontaneous abortions apoptosis has been hardly investigated. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the correlation between apoptotic frequency in trophoblast and spontaneous abortion incidences. Material and methods. A total of 72 trophoblastic tissue samples were immunohistochemically examined. 42 of 72 derived from first-trimester spontaneous abortions and the remaining 30 from elective terminations during the same trimester of pregnancy. TUNEL assay and M30 marker were used for apoptosis evaluation by immunohistochemistry. Results. Comparative study of tissues from spontaneous abortions and elective pregnancy terminations demonstrated increased expression of both apoptotic markers in tissues derived from spontaneous abortions compared to normal pregnancies. In addition, statistical analysis correlated maternal age and gravidity with increased spontaneous abortion incidences. Moreover, both M30 and TUNEL staining were significantly correlated with maternal age and primigravidity in spontaneous abortion cases. Conclusions. Our data proved that elevated apoptotic activity during the first pregnancy trimester is clearly involved in spontaneous abortions. Moreover, two well-established apoptotic markers revealed high statistical significance in the evaluation of post-abortive tissues.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jan 2022 14:04:45 +010
       
  • Overexpression of IL-8 and Wnt2 is associated with prognosis of gastric
           cancer

    • Authors: Li Lin; Linjing Li, Gui Ma, Yaqiong Kang, Xingdong Wang, Jianxin He
      Abstract: Introduction. This study is to detect the expression of inflammatory factor or neutrophil-activating factor IL-8 and Wnt2 in gastric cancer (GC) and investigate the involvement of IL-8 and Wnt2 expressions in the clinicopathological indexes and prognosis. Material and methods. We detected the expression of IL-8 and Wnt2 in 100 GC tissues and 40 normal gastric mucosae using immunohistochemistry. The relationships between the IL-8 and Wnt2 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics were explored. The relationship between IL-8 expression, Wnt2 expression, and prognosis of GC was analyzed by survival curve and survival regression. Results. The expression of IL-8 and Wnt2 in GC tissue was 64% and 75% respectively, which was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal gastric mucosa tissues, moreover, expressions of IL-8 and Wnt2 were positively correlated. The positive rate of IL-8 and Wnt2 expressions were correlated with lymph node metastasis and TNM staging (P < 0.01, and Wnt2 was also correlated with infiltration depth (P = 0.021), but there was no difference with age, sex, and differentiation (P > 0.05). The 3-year survival analysis showed that the survival rates of IL-8- and Wnt2-positive patients were 20% and 24%, respectively, which were significantly lower than those of negative patients. Cox regression analysis showed that IL-8 and Wnt2 may be independent factors affecting the prognosis of GC. Conclusions. Our data demonstrated that the overexpression of IL-8 and Wnt2 could be isolated prognostic
      factors in patients with GC and, possibly, may present new targets for the treatment of GC.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jan 2022 11:02:42 +010
       
 
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