Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3174 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1491 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Abasyn Journal of Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Biologica Marisiensis     Open Access  
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Scientiae Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Biologica et Oecologica     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Membranes     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Quantum Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Biomarker Sciences and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aggregate     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
All Life     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Microbiome     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annual Research & Review in Biology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Phycology     Open Access  
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access  
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Intelligence in the Life Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avian Biology Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bacterial Empire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access  
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIO-SITE : Biologi dan Sains Terapan     Open Access  
Bioactive Compounds in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioeduscience     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biogeographia : The Journal of Integrative Biogeography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 216)
Bioinformatics Advances : Journal of the International Society for Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biologia Futura     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aquaculture International
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.591
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 24  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-143X - ISSN (Online) 0967-6120
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Assessment of vitamin C different levels in aquaponic system on Nile
           tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and saffron (Crocus sativus): growth
           performances, hematology, serum biochemistry, and digestive enzyme
           activity

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      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of improving the growth and physiological indices of plant and fish by adding different levels of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) to water in the aquaponic system using Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and saffron plant (Crocus sativus). 240# fish (12.5 ± 0.21 gr) and 120# saffron corms (2.8 ± 0.12 gr) were randomly assigned to 15 experimental units and underwent treatments of adding 0 (control), 2, 4, 6, and 8 mg L−1 ascorbic acid to water, every 6 days, for 8 weeks. The fish final weight and subsequently other growth performance indices increased in the treatment of 4 mg L−1 vitamin C compared to other treatments (P ≤ 0.05). Some growth performances of saffron plants such as saffron production, in treatment of 6 mg L−1, were significantly higher than the control group and reached from 17.34 ± 0.27 mg flower−1 in the control group to 25.4 ± 1.61 mg flower−1 in treatment of 6 mg L−1. Measuring the serum biochemical parameters of the fish showed that, in the treatment of 8 mg/L ascorbic acid, the cortisol content in the blood reached its maximum (21.49 ± 2.42 µg dL−1). The trypsin activity in proximal intestine and mid-intestine significantly increased in treatments of 2, 4, and 6 mg L−1, respectively. The current experiment showed that, by adding 4–6 mg/L ascorbic acid to the aquaponic system water (every 6 days), the optimal levels of Nile tilapia and saffron plant growth performances would occur.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17
       
  • Pyocyanin as a safe aquaculture drug for the control of vibriosis in
           shrimp recirculating aquaculture system (RAS)

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      Abstract: Diseases are one of the most critical limiting factors in aquaculture. Recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) are one of the most functionally viable sustainable aquaculture production systems adopted world over. In the event of any eventuality caused by bacterial pathogens, antibiotics or other antibacterial agents cannot be applied due to the vulnerability of biological filters which form an integral part of the RAS. Because of this, newer drugs are required for the effective control of diseases in RAS which would not interfere with the activity of nitrifying bacteria used in the biological filters. The antagonistic activity of pyocyanin, a bioactive compound produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, against vibrios is well established. The purpose of this study was to prove the effectiveness of pyocyanin as an aquaculture drug for application in RAS by employing a pilot-scale shrimp culture under RAS. It was noted that at the concentration of 5 mg L−1, pyocyanin could significantly bring down the population of Vibrio spp. in RAS without affecting noticeably the other natural heterotrophic bacteria. Also, pyocyanin at this concentration did not inhibit the activity of nitrifying bacterial consortia used in the SBSBR (stringed bed suspended bioreactor) of RAS. The reared shrimp (Penaeus monodon) showed 100% survival after the application of pyocyanin, besides exhibiting normal health signs. Pyocyanin was non-toxic to the shrimp hybrid cell line (PmLyO-Sf9) at the concentration required for its application in disease management (IC50 = 419.26 mg L−1). The present study has demonstrated that pyocyanin is effective as an environment-friendly and safe aquaculture drug for the application in RAS-based shrimp culture to control Vibrio spp. without impeding nitrification established through the deployment of nitrifying bioreactors.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
       
  • Correction to: The efect of a phytogenic feed additive (Digestrom P.E.P)
           on growth performance, proximate composition, hematological and
           immunological indices of juvenile beluga sturgeon Huso huso

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      PubDate: 2022-05-14
       
  • Effects of different carbon sources and carbon–nitrogen ratios on the
           survival, growth, intestinal biochemical parameters, and water quality of
           seahorse juveniles cultured under zero-water exchange conditions

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      Abstract: Biofloc technology (BFT) is an environmentally friendly aquaculture technology and has been demonstrated to improve water quality and promote the growth, immunity, disease resistance, and reproduction of some cultured animals. The lined seahorse (Hippocampus erectus) has been cultured in China for more than 10 years; however, there are still some major problems in large-scale culture, one of which is that juveniles are prone to enteritis. In this study, to test the feasibility of BFT for H. erectus juvenile, the effects of different carbon sources (glucose, sucrose, or corn starch) and carbon–nitrogen ratios (C/N, 16:1 or 20:1) on the water quality, survival, growth, and intestinal biochemical parameters of juveniles cultured under zero-water exchange conditions were investigated. The results show that different combinations of carbon source and C/N had different effects. Some combinations had significant positive effects, while others had no or even negative effects. The best positive effects appeared in combinations of glucose and C/N 16:1, and sucrose and C/N 16:1, which were mainly reflected in the reduction of ammonia and nitrite in water, the promotion of bacterial proliferation and community diversity in water; and the improvement in intestinal microflora, digestion, immunity and survival of the juveniles. In conclusion, adding extra organic carbons to water is promising to improve the culture of H. erectus juveniles, as long as the carbon source type and C/N are properly combined (e.g., glucose or sucrose at C/N 16:1). This study may provide a new potential method for seahorse enteritis.
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
       
  • Isolation and partial characterization of bacteriophages infecting Vibrio
           harveyi from shrimp farm effluent water

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      Abstract: Bacteriophage isolated from the semi-intensive culture of Pacific white leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei infects the luminous bacteria Vibrio harveyi. Lytic activity and lytic spectrum results revealed that the isolated phage had strong lytic activity in V. harveyi, V. parahaemolyticus, and V. vulnificus. Biofilm inhibition activity was performed against different pathogenic vibrios on high-density polyethylene (HDPE) template and the result revealed that the phage effectively inhibited the biofilm formation in V. harveyi. Spectrophotometric assay performed for lytic activity of the isolated phage in V. harveyi liquid culture showed that the phage significantly decreased the V. harveyi cell densities at different time intervals (P < 0.05). To study the stability of phage at different temperature and pH revealed that the phage withstands the temperature ranged between 40 and 70 °C and the pH of 4 and 9 at a significant level (P < 0.001). One-step growth curve depicted that the burst size gradually increased to a significant level and reached the maximum of 90% at 180 min (P < 0.05). This study concluded that the isolated phage had specific activity against pathogenic V. harveyi infections.
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
       
  • Histopathological changes and tissue residue concentrations of monosex
           Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, L) fries exposed to oxytetracycline

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      Abstract: The current study evaluated the biosafety of oxytetracycline (OTC) exposure for 30 days in monosex Oreochromis niloticus fries. The fries were exposed to OTC for 3 h/day for 30 days at 350 (0.5X), 700 (1X), 2100 (3X), 3500 (5X), and 7000 (10X) mg/L and compared with control (0X). The OTC exposure at 5X and 10X concentrations caused 100% mortality within 4 days and 5 min, respectively. The mortalities recorded in 0.5X, 1X, and 3X groups were 3.33 ± 1.15%, 14.67 ± 1.15%, and 47.33 ± 11.37% on day 30, respectively. The feed intake was decreased up to 23.33% in the 3X group during the exposure period. The OTC residue levels on 30-day exposure were 216.53 ± 14.71, 450.56 ± 44.31, and 1141.26 ± 63.64 μg/kg, which reduced to 40.40 ± 3.25, 76.68 ± 2.77, and 95.61 ± 5.13 μg/kg after 15 days of termination of exposure in the 0.5X, 1X, and 3X groups, respectively. The histopathological changes observed in the 1X group were epithelial detachment, desquamation of secondary lamellar epithelium, lamellar fusion, and inflamed cartilaginous core in the gills, alteration in the integrity of gut mucosa, degeneration of muscularis mucosae and necrosis in the intestine, the disintegration of the nephritic tubule, necrosis, and glomerulopathy in the kidney, and dilated vascular duct, necrotized hepatic tissue, diffused hepatic parenchyma, vacuolation, and fatty changes in the liver. The OTC exposure induced marked tissue changes histologically in a dose- and time-dependent manner, which undoubtedly reduced the growth of tilapia.
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
       
  • The effects of dietary fermented wheat bran polysaccharides on mucosal and
           serum immune parameters, hepatopancreas antioxidant indicators, and
           

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      Abstract: Aquaculture research has focused on polysaccharides as they are among the most promising new-generation immunostimulant used to control aquatic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunomodulatory effects of fermented wheat bran polysaccharides (FWBPs) on juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Carps were fed different FWBP amounts (0%, 0.1%, 0.2%, and 0.4%) for 8 weeks and then their skin mucus and serum immune parameters, hepatopancreas antioxidant indicators, and immune-related gene expression in the intestines, kidneys, and spleen were measured. The skin mucus IgM levels significantly increased in 0.1% FWBP group, but decreased in 0.4% FWBP group. The skin mucus protease and the serum alkaline phosphatase activities increased significantly in the 0.2%, 0.1%, and 0.4% FWBP groups, respectively. The serum total Ig levels increased noticeably in the 0.1% and 0.2% FWBP groups. The highest and lowest serum lysozyme activities were observed in the 0.1% and 0.4% FWBP groups, respectively. The hepatopancreatic total superoxide dismutase activity was higher in the 0.1% FWBP group than in the control. The malondialdehyde levels decreased significantly in the 0.2% and 0.4% groups. The intestinal mRNA levels of the LZM-C and IL-10 genes were significantly higher in the 0.2% than in the 0.4% FWBP group; TNF-α was significantly upregulated in the 0.1% group. The gene expression in the kidneys did not differ significantly among the treatments, except for a significant increase in the IL-10 expression in the 0.1% treatment. Significantly elevated expression of LZM-C in 0.2% group and IL-10 in 0.1% group was observed in the spleens. TNF-α and IL-1β were significantly downregulated in the 0.4% group. These results suggest that FWBPs could be used as immunostimulant feed additives in common carp cultures.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
       
  • Genetic regulation of male sexual development in the oriental river prawn
           Macrobrachium nipponense during reproductive vs. non-reproductive season

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      Abstract: Rapid gonad development is an important concern in the Macrobrachium nipponense aquaculture industry. The process of sexual differentiation and development is influenced by environmental factors, including water temperature and illumination time. In this study, we aimed to identify the key metabolites and genes from the androgenic gland, in response to different water temperatures and illumination times based on the integrated metabolomic and transcriptomic analysis of the androgenic gland during the reproductive vs. non-reproductive seasons. Histological observations revealed that the division of the androgenic gland in the reproductive season is more active than that in the non-reproductive season. The metabolic profiling analysis revealed that glycerophospholipid metabolism and sphingolipid metabolism represented the most enriched metabolic pathways of differentially expressed metabolites (DEMs). Transcriptome profiling analysis revealed that phagosome, spliceosome, RNA degradation, ribosome biogenesis in eukaryotes, and oxidative phosphorylation represented the main enriched metabolic pathways of differentially expressed genes (DEGs). A total of 14 DEGs from these metabolic pathways were considered as strong candidate genes involved in the male sexual development in M. nipponense, based on the expression difference between the reproductive vs. non-reproductive seasons. qPCR verifications of these 14 DEGs indicate the accuracy of the RNA-Seq. In addition, eight genes out of 14 DEGs showed high expression levels in the testis or/and androgenic gland. Predicting these eight genes may play an essential role in male sexual development of M. nipponense. The results of this study contribute to our knowledge of sexual development in male M. nipponense, as well as other crustacean species.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
       
  • Determinants of adoption behaviour of the fish farmers of Pabda fish
           culture (Ompok bimaculatus Bloch, 1794) in Tripura, Northeast India

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      Abstract: Abstract Most of the adoption studies in catfish culture were restricted to feeding habits, growth rate and morphological studies, neglecting the social factors and adoption of phase-specific technologies (pre-stocking, stocking, and post-stocking) developed for the culture system. This study aims at assessing the extent of adoption of the scientific culture practices of Pabda (Ompok bimaculatus) fish in different phases (pre-stocking, stocking, and post-stocking) of culture and identifying the factors influencing the adoption behaviour. The study was conducted in ex-post-facto research design in Tripura, a northeastern state in India with 100 sample respondents, determined by Cochran’s formula. The adoption behaviour was quantified with scores assigned 2 and 1 for full and partial adoption respectively, while 0 for discontinuance or rejection. An exploratory factor analysis model was administered to identify the factors. The study unfolds that experienced farmers (48%) had higher adoption levels, and young farmers (12%) were lesser involved. Adoption behaviour differs with phases of stocking at micro-level (district-wise) study with the indication of negligence in the stocking phase. Exploratory factor analysis identifies seven factors that formed the determinants of adoption behaviour of fish farmers and explained 55.97% of the variance.
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
       
  • Identifying other suitable and potential indigenous carrageenophytes for
           commercial cultivation in India

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      Abstract: Abstract In India, Kappaphycus alvarezii is the only alga being cultivated commercially for kappa carrageenan production and also being utilized for the socioeconomic upliftment of coastal rural population in India in the form of their cultivation and marketing. The production has been substantially increased from 21 dry tonnes to 1490 dry tonnes with increasing market purchase value from US$ 0.061 to 0.469 kg dry wt−1 during 2001–2013. In India, annual import for carrageenan is 1800–2000 M tons year−1 and its demand is reported to be increased by 5–6% every year (Mantri et al. 2017). To date, Aquagri Pvt Ltd is the only company in India producing kappa carrageenan from cultivated Kappaphycus alvarezii (Mantri et al. 2017). However, few other marine phycocolloid processing factories are producing kappa carrageenan from Hypnea musciformis and Hypnea valentiae at cottage level. The total annual production of carrageenan in India ranges between 100 and 132 tons. There is tremendous demand for other carrageenan such as iota and lambda carrageenan in food, beverage, and consumer product manufacturing industries. In order to ascertain suitability of unexplored other indigenous carrageenophytes for commercial cultivation in India, several red algal species such as Agardhiella subulata, Ahnfeltiopsis pygmaea, Laurencia caraibica, and Solieria robusta were collected from wild habitats in Kanyakumari (N 08°08′10.36″; E 077°34′28.06″) Tamil Nadu, India, and were evaluated for their mariculture potential and the presence of carrageenan. Preliminary cultivation experiments were carried out by raft culture method (1 × 1 m) for 45 days at two harvest cycles at Thonithurai (N 09°16′53.45″; E 079°11′19.22″), Tamil Nadu, South eastern coast of India. Except Ahnfeltiopsis pygmaea, all other seaweeds investigated showed daily growth rate (DGR) in the range of 1.59 to 3.822% and confirmed its mariculture potential. Phycocolloid was extracted with yield 4.5 to 29.37% from dry seaweed residues obtained after extraction of lipids using both water and aqueous alkali [5% Ca (OH)2 solution]. Water was found the better solvent in terms of higher yield of the Phycocolloid (29.37%) from Solieria robusta. FT-IR of the extracted phycocolloid indicated presence of characteristic bands for carrageenan in all the samples. However, from the band positions, the presence of iota carrageenan was ascertained in the Agardhiella subulata and Solieria robusta and hybrid iota/kappa carrageenan is expected to be present in Laurencia caraibica and Ahnfeltiopsis pygmaea.
      PubDate: 2022-05-02
       
  • A review on the recent advances and application of vaccines against fish
           pathogens in aquaculture

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      Abstract: Abstract Globally, aquaculture has faced serious economic problems due to bacterial, viral, and various other infectious diseases of different origins. Even though such diseases are being detected and simultaneously treated with several therapeutic and prophylactic methods, the broad-spectrum activity of vaccines plays a vital role as a preventive measure in aquaculture. However, treatments like use of antibiotics and probiotics seem to be less effective when new mutant strains develop and disease causing pathogens become resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Therefore, vaccines developed by using recent advanced molecular techniques can be considered as an effective way of treating disease causing pathogens in aquatic organisms. The present review emphasizes on the current advances in technology and future outlook with reference to different types of vaccines used in the aquaculture industries. Beginning with traditional killed/inactivated and live attenuated vaccines, this work culminates in the review of modern new generation ones including recombinant, synthetic peptides, mucosal and DNA, subunit, nanoparticle-based and plant-based edible vaccines, reverse vaccinology, and monovalent and polyvalent vaccines.
      PubDate: 2022-05-02
       
  • Effects of the individual rearing stage on the growth traits of candidate
           giant freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii)

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      Abstract: Abstract In most breeding programs of Macrobrachium rosenbergii, the candidate parents will go through an overwintering period of individual rearing stage (IRS) after the communal rearing stage (CRS). To study whether environmental differences affect the growth traits of candidate parents, the heritability (h2) and genotype by environment (G × E) interaction were estimated for harvest body weight (HBW) and average daily weight gain (ADG) in CRS and IRS. The HBWs and ADGs of 3,242 candidate parents from 111 families were recorded at the two stages. The h2 estimated for the HBW and ADG in the CRS were medium to high (0.333 ± 0.205 and 0.284 ± 0.173) and decreased to a medium magnitude in the IRS (0.158 ± 0.032 and 0.171 ± 0.034). The heritabilities for HBW and ADG were higher in females than that of males in CRS, but the situation reversed in IRS. No significant differences were found in heritabilities of HBW and ADG between males and females in the two stages (P > 0.05). For HBW, the genetic correlations between the two stages were 0.32 ± 0.18 for all candidates, 0.98 ± 0.021 for females and 0.073 ± 0.24 for males. For ADG, the genetic correlations between the two stages were − 0.37 ± 0.16 for all candidates, − 0.079 ± 0.20 for females and − 0.51 ± 0.18 for males. The IRS had an obvious influence on the growth traits of candidates, especially for males. To select parents more accurately, growth in the IRS should also be taken into consideration in parent selection and mating schemes in breeding programs of M. rosenbergii.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
       
  • Molecular characterization and expression analysis of two
           RING-between-RING (RBR) ubiquitin ligase orthologues from the Asian
           seabass (Lates calcarifer)

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      Abstract: Abstract Post-translational modifications like ubiquitination determine the fate of many cellular proteins. There are evidences about the role of these ubiquitinated proteins in the antiviral immune response. E3 ubiquitin ligases like RBR (RING between RING) proteins play a crucial role in the regulation of immune signalling. In the present study, two RBR genes (RNF114 and RNF144A) from Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer) were cloned and characterized. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that these genes were closely clustered with their counterparts from teleost origin. Structurally they feature multiple domains with RING1 and RING2 domains and an IBR (in between RING) domain. The challenge studies with poly(I:C) and RGNNV virus gave evidence that both Lates RNF114 and RNF144A genes play a crucial role in antiviral immune response. Our studies suggest that RBR is an important gene in innate immune response and shed light on antiviral immune research in Lates calcarifer and its aquaculture.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
       
  • Nitrogen recovery in a decoupled aquaponic system with lamellar settler
           and trickling biofilter: implications for system management

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      Abstract: Abstract Careful nitrogen (N) management will be needed to nourish the growing human population while minimizing adverse environmental impacts. Aquaponic systems (AS) have a great potential to become a sustainable technology making further use of N-rich aquaculture wastewater. In the present study, we observed the N retention and losses in a running prototype of decoupled AS with Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) over 24 days. N losses amounted to 32.5% of feed N input and were observed in the recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) of the AS. Fish retained 21.1% of N input while 25.2% of N input accumulated in the RAS water. About 14.1% of the loss of N was caused probably by anaerobic denitrification processes in the lamellar settler (LS). In addition, 18.4% of N input was discharged during the three cleanings of LS. In the hydroponic unit of the AS that has been due to space limitations much smaller than an optimized AS could be (only about 20% of the optimal size relative to fish biomass), the tomato plants, including fruits, leaves, and stems, recovered 3.1% of N input with water uptake of 1700 L. The fish culture management, system design, and environmental management in the greenhouse affect the N recovery in the decoupled AS.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
       
  • Role of probiotics on the immunity of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus:
           a review

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      Abstract: Abstract The development and intensification of Nile tilapia farming systems has happened together with ever increased use of antibiotics and therapeutants. Research on the use of probiotics has come along as alternative to routine use of antibiotics in fish diets. The manipulation of the gut microbiota through dietary probiotic inclusion targeting improved growth rate and disease resistance has been investigated in many farmed fish species. However, mechanisms underlying modulation of fish immune response remains unclear. This review summarizes and discuss recent findings in the role of probiotics on the immunity of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus addressing available information regarding immunological parameters such as phagocytic activity, lysozyme, respiratory burst activity, antioxidant enzymes, complement system as well as immune-related gene expression, in the aim to foster research efforts on effective strategies for the successful use of probiotics in the tilapia farming industry.
      PubDate: 2022-04-26
       
  • Molecular characterization, expression following cold stress, and
           functional characterization of YB-1 gene in the spotted sea bass
           (Lateolabrax maculatus)

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      Abstract: Abstract Existing data indicate that YB-1, a gene member of the cold chock domain family, is regulated by cold stress in many species. However, information regarding YB-1 in fish is limited. To gain more insight into the potential biological function of YB-1 after cold stress, we have cloned YB-1 of the spotted sea bass (Lateolabrax maculatus) and studied the expression at transcriptional level of the LmYB-1 gene under low temperature. The cloned LmYB-1 cDNA (1454 bp) includes a 900-bp open-reading frame that encodes a 300-residue protein and contains C-terminal, CSD, and N-terminal domains. The results of real-time quantitative PCR showed that LmYB-1 was expressed in all tested tissues, with the highest expression in liver. Within liver, brain, and heart, LmYB-1 mRNA expression increased during cold stressed fish, compared to control fish. No significant induces in the expression of LmYB-1 were recorded in muscle, except at 10 °C during 24 h cold stress. Overexpression of LmYB-1 in CIK cells caused the upregulation of the expression of Hsc70, SOD1, and SOD2. Our results provided new insights into the LmYB-1 expression during cold stress and warranted further investigation into this potentially important protein in improving fish farming at low temperature.
      PubDate: 2022-04-26
       
  • Establishing the most productive stocking densities for each stage of a
           multi-phase shrimp culture in BFT system

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      Abstract: Abstract The present study aims to define the stocking density limits for each stage of Litopenaeus vannamei culture, considering that the system’s carrying capacity is able to maintain the water quality parameters at desired levels. This study was divided into four phases according to the size: phase 1, shrimp were stocked with initial weight of 0.002 g; phase 2, initial weight of 1.04 g; phase 3, initial weight of 6.09 g; and phase 4, initial weight of 12.51 g. Each phase lasted for 40 days, and the treatments applied were the different stocking densities. All stages were cultured in biofloc technology system (BFT). The results demonstrate that the shrimp stocking density affects the productive parameters, such as final weight, survival, apparent FCR, and yields for all the different phases. In addition, using a quadratic regression, the maximum stocking density for each tested phase was estimated. Also, the present study revealed that even with the ideal water quality parameters, the production was limited by the carrying capacity, which reached, e.g., 14 kg.m− 3 at phase 4.
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
       
  • Color intensity and growth performance of common clownfish (Amphiprion
           ocellaris) enhanced by dietary Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis)

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      Abstract: Abstract In this study, the effect of dietary Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) on color intensity, growth performance, total ammonia–nitrogen excretion (TAN), and profitability of common clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris) was investigated. Three isoproteic (46%) and isolipidic (13%) diets were formulated as one control (C) and two different levels (15 and 30%) of Spirulina (SP15 and SP30) substituted for fish meal and cornmeal. Ten clownfish (initial body weight of 0.55 ± 0.04 g) per aquarium were distributed to nine glass aquariums (60 L) with three replicates. Fish were hand-fed a day to the satiation thrice. Clownfish were weighed in bulk, and the photographs were taken biweekly during the 12-week experiment. The determined regions of the images were standardized with a raster graphics editor and recorded the color parameters by considering both CMYK (cyan magenta yellow key) and RGB (red green blue) models. After the feeding trial, fish were starved for 3 days, and the total ammonia–nitrogen (TAN) was analyzed with the ammonia salicylate method on the next day for 12 h. At the end of the trial, the final mean weights (FMW) and specific growth rates (SGR) of SP15 (FMW: 1.95 ± 0.18 g, SGR: 1.75 ± 0.04%/day) and SP30 (FMW: 2.05 ± 0.14 g, SGR: 1.81 ± 0.05%/day) were significantly higher than the C (FMW: 1.68 ± 0.12 g, SGR: 1.58 ± 0.06%/day) group (P < 0.05). Both color models have proved the enhancement of the skin coloration (significant improvements were recorded in the colors, including red, green, magenta, and key, P < 0.05). Also, it was determined that the TAN was decreased with the increase of the Spirulina level (29.8, 22.9, and 17.6 mg-N/100 g fish/12 h for C, SP15, and SP30, respectively) in the diet (P < 0.05). However, a high level of Spirulina in the diet negatively affected profitability. Consequently, common clownfish’s growth, color, and TAN improved with the dietary Spirulina. Considering that Spirulina is an expensive raw material, adding it into the diet at medium levels (15%) is recommended.
      PubDate: 2022-04-18
       
  • Dietary astaxanthin modulated the performance, gastrointestinal histology,
           and antioxidant and immune responses and enhanced the resistance of
           Litopenaeus vannamei against Vibrio harveyi infection

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      Abstract: Abstract Astaxanthin (AX) is one of the commonly used feed supplements to enhance the growth performance and provide antioxidant and immune functions of several aquatic animals. In the current study, juveniles of white-leg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) with mean initial weight of 0.340 ± 0.041 g were fed with diets supplemented with 0 (control), 25, 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg feed for 8 weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, shrimps were exposed to Vibrio harveyi, and their mortality rates were observed for additional 10 days. The growth indices in the AX-fed groups were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than what were observed in shrimps in the control group. Dietary AX stimulated the final weight, weight gain, and specific growth rate and optimum growth levels were achieved at 100–200 mg AX/kg feed. Furthermore, the AX-enriched diets significantly enhanced feed intake more than the control diet, and the amount of AX had no effects on feed conversion ratios. In comparison to the control group, the AX-fed animals had significantly (P < 0.05) higher villi length, villi width, and absorption area and their optimum values were observed at 100–200 mg AX/kg feed treatments. Moreover, the intestinal morphometry especially villi and its crypt, both internal and external tunica muscularis, and submucosal tissues did not show any inflammatory and/or degenerative changes in AX-fed shrimp. Furthermore, the dietary AX at escalating levels linearly and quadratically enhanced (P < 0.05) the activities of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and increased levels of total antioxidant capacity and reduced glutathione. In addition, malondialdehyde levels decreased significantly in AX-fed animals, and the highest levels were observed in the control group (without AX). The expression levels of cMn-SOD, CAT, and GPx genes were significantly upregulated in the hepatopancreas of L. vannamei fed with AX-enriched diets (especially in the 200-mg/kg feed treatment) as compared with the control diet. The immunity indices of the AX treatments (hematocyte count, total protein, lysozyme, phagocytic activity, and phenoloxidase) of L. vannamei were linearly (P < 0.05) and quadratically (P < 0.05) increased. This study revealed the antibacterial activity of AX against V. harveyi abundance. After the bacterial challenge, feeding L. vannamei with dietary AX significantly increased (P < 0.05) the relative percentage of survival, especially in the treatment of 200-mg/kg diet (82.7%). The findings of the current study demonstrate that dietary AX (100–200 mg/kg feed) was effective in enhancing the growth, antioxidant status, immune response, and increasing the resistance of L. vannamei against V. harveyi infection.
      PubDate: 2022-04-18
       
  • Selection of suitable aquaponics system for empurau (Tor tambroides) fries
           nursery in polyculture method

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      Abstract: Abstract Long-term use of the recirculated water for fish and crop production in the aquaponics system that is the major concern in sustainable aquaculture for reduction of the water quality led to explore the alternative way of short-time use of recirculated water in the aquaponics system that can be in nursery management. Three individual aquaponics (nutrient film “NFT,” deep water “DWC,” media bed “MBD”) along with a new combined aquaponics system (CAS) were used to explore the most suitable aquaponics system for empurau fries nursery. It was done by determining the comparison of growth performance and survivability of fish fries and plants along with the cost–benefit analysis among 4 aquaponics systems. The study was conducted in two phases. Phase 1 comprised of determining the effectiveness test of filters in newly designed CAS and the selection of suitable plant for the second phase. The suitability test for the selection of an aquaponics system for empurau fries nursery was done in the second phase. The polyculture method was adopted in both phases. The newly designed CAS with filter and the leafy vegetables (Apium graveolens var. secalinum) were selected from the first phase for further study in phase 2. The suitability results in the second phase exhibited that the NFT aquaponics system was significantly (P < 0.05) better compared to other aquaponics systems for empurau fry nursery. The performance trend in all studied factors was NFT > DWC ≥ CAS > MDB. Therefore, the study suggests using the NFT aquaponics system for empurau (Tor tambroides) fries’ nursery in short term.
      PubDate: 2022-04-13
       
 
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