Subjects -> COMPUTER SCIENCE (Total: 2313 journals)
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AUTOMATION AND ROBOTICS (116 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 113 of 113 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems (TAAS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ACM Transactions on Human-Robot Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Computed Tomography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Image and Video Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Robotics & Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Robotic Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annual Review of Control, Robotics, and Autonomous Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Augmented Human Research     Hybrid Journal  
Automated Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Automatic Control and Information Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Automation and Remote Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Autonomous Robots     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biocybernetics and Biological Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biological Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biomimetic Intelligence and Robotics     Open Access  
Cognitive Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Computer-Aided Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Construction Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Robotics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cybernetics & Human Knowing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cybernetics and Systems Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Design Automation for Embedded Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Digital Zone : Jurnal Teknologi Informasi Dan Komunikasi     Open Access  
Drone Systems and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrical Engineering and Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Automatic Control and Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foundations and Trends® in Robotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Neurorobotics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Robotics and AI     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
GIScience & Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Transactions on Medical Robotics and Bionics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
IEEE Transactions on Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IET Cyber-systems and Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IET Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Industrial Robot An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intelligent Control and Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intelligent Service Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Adaptive, Resilient and Autonomic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agent Technologies and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Ambient Computing and Intelligence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Evolutionary Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Artificial Life Research     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Automation and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Automation and Control Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Automation and Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Automation and Smart Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Biomechatronics and Biomedical Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cyber Behavior, Psychology and Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Humanoid Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Imaging & Robotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Intelligent Information Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Intelligent Machines and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Intelligent Mechatronics and Robotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Intelligent Robotics and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Intelligent Systems Design and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Machine Consciousness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Machine Learning and Networked Collaborative Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Mechanisms and Robotic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Mechatronics and Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Robotics and Automation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Robotics and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Robotics Applications and Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Robotics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Space-Based and Situated Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Synthetic Emotions     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Tomography & Simulation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Automation and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Biomechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Control & Instrumentation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Agents     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Robotic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Jurnal Otomasi Kontrol dan Instrumentasi     Open Access  
Machine Translation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Results in Control and Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática Industrial RIAI     Open Access  
ROBOMECH Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Robotic Surgery : Research and Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Robotica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Robotics and Autonomous Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Robotics and Biomimetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Science Robotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Soft Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Universal Journal of Control and Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Unmanned Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Wearable Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Image and Video Processing
Number of Followers: 25  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2054-7412
Published by Society for Science and Education Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Quantum Theory and Idealism

    • Authors: Stuart Boehmer
      Abstract: We find that the Wigner Probability Distribution has a fully classical interpretation, and that the microscopic world is not a "black box" (per the Copenhagen Interpretation). Probability represents our state of knowledge of a system. However, in quantum theory, as opposed to classical theory, cause and effect is at the level of our state of knowledge, , not the state of the world, . Quantum theory is idealistic in the sense of Berkeley: the world is a conscious, shared hallucination.
      PubDate: Sat, 03 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Secret of the Exponential Function in View of Mankind

    • Authors: Doepp; Manfred
      Abstract: We have become accustomed to the fact that the economy in the individual countries and in the world needs continuous growth rates in order to ensure our prosperity. This is understandable, but mathematically wrong. Because regular quantitative growth means that exponential growth is created, which must lead to catastrophe. The exponential function implies that the average quantity must remain in a dynamic and sustainable equilibrium if disaster is not to occur. Not affected by this are changes in quality, as they occur in nature. If humanity does not change its purely quantitative objectives of production and gross social products, it can be predicted that it will not be able to persist.
      PubDate: Sat, 03 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Galactorrhea in Breast Augmentation

    • Authors: Aristides Arellano; Fics-Anja Arellano-Montalvo, Dafne Arellano-Montalvo
      Abstract: Augmentation mammoplasty is one of the most used procedures in breast surgery and its complications have been very well studied. However, periprosthetic galactocele after prosthetic breast augmentation surgery is a very little-known complication.
      PubDate: Sat, 03 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Evidences Suggestive of Reincarnation based on Indian Beliefs

    • Authors: Sidhharrth S. Kumaar
      Abstract: Ancient scriptures in Indian culture strongly support the concept of reincarnation. Researchers have travelled from place to place to study cases and concluded that over 92% of them were true. This article discusses the various pieces of evidence that strongly suggest the existence of rebirth, describes the characteristics specific to reincarnated individuals, and also methods adapted to prove the existence of reincarnation. The article, however, does not claim that reincarnation exists, for it is still debatable.
      PubDate: Sat, 03 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • An Assessment of Land Use and Land Cover Change for Lubovane Reservoir
           Sub-Catchment in Eswatini

    • Authors: Mamba, M. P; Mkhonta, S. V, Vilane, B. R. T. , Mkhwanazi, M. M, Hlanze, D. K.
      Abstract: The increasing population in rural areas, increased livestock densities and extensive deforestation have been reported as the main drivers of land degradation in Eswatini. Land degradation, along with biodiversity loss and climate change presents serious challenges to the environment, economy and the country’s development agenda.  This study was conducted to assess the land use land cover (LULC) changes within the Lubovane reservoir catchment. Landsat 4-5 TM images were used for mapping LULC changes for 1995, 2000, 2005, 2009 and a Landsat 8 image was used for mapping 2015 LULC. A supervised LULC classification was conducted using 6 classes (water, settlements, irrigation, cultivation, shrubs and forests, as well as bare land) in ArcGIS version 10.3.1. The classification was validated using a confusion matrix and the results reflected that water, irrigation, cultivation, forests and shrubs were well classified. The LULC assessment results indicated that there was low coverage of water bodies observed from 1996 – 2005, while a 3% increase was observed in 2009. Water coverage decreased to 1.9% in 2015 due to the El-Niño induced drought that hit Southern Africa, resulting in low inflow to the dam. A reduction of shrubs and forest cover was experienced in 2000 due to conversion of forested areas into settlements for resettled households. However, a slight increment of shrubs and forest was observed from 2009 to 2015. A reduction in the concentration of forests cover around the reservoir, an increase of settlements and bare land were also observed.
      PubDate: Sat, 03 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Modeling Volatility Clustering in Daily Demand for Emergency Healthcare
           Services in The University of Cape Coast Hospital, Ghana: A Longitudinal
           Study

    • Authors: James Prah; McAdams Bakr, Mathurin Youfegan-Baanam, Kwasi Nkrumah, Obed Lasim, Evans Ekanem, Patience Kponyoh
      Abstract: Introduction: Since early 2020, demand for emergency healthcare services in the University of Cape Coast hospital has become increasingly volatile. This phenomenon is a cause for concern because sudden and unexpected shifts in demand for emergency healthcare services can and have created expensive disruptions in operational activities even for very well-run and sophisticated emergency healthcare systems elsewhere. These phenomena of shifts in demand often create shocks in the system called volatility clustering. This is used as a crude measure of the risk of operations in the emergency healthcare industry for strategic planning, readiness, and swift response to demand for emergency healthcare services. Modeling these volatilities is crucial for prudent risk management practices such as proactively curtailing losses or liabilities, negative spillover effects, medicinal supply chain disruptions, and overall costs among key stakeholders. Despite its relevance, the knowledge of volatility density clustering in the demand for emergency healthcare in the hospital is complex and imprecise and the model(s) explaining it remains unknown. Methods: a longitudinal study was conducted by using high-frequency data of daily returns of the demand for emergency healthcare services in the hospital from January 2020 through June 2022. The Generalized Autoregressive Conditionally Heteroscedastic (GARCH) models were deployed to analyze the data. Eviews 10 statistical software package was used to process the data with statistical significance set at 5%. Results: this unbiased research study revealed a current daily average admissions of 35 patients on an 11-bed capacity emergency ward and an overall emergency admission of 13,656 patients over the study period. The results showed that the daily returns of the demand for emergency healthcare in the hospital exhibited high and persistent volatility clustering with the observed R-squared LM-statistic = 20.15; p < .001, for the returns series and suggesting as the optimal model out of six explanatory candidate volatility models. By implication, the associated volatility with the current operational capacity is woefully inadequate. Conclusion: countermeasures and supporting tools need to be designed and developed by management to guarantee readiness for rapid response, monitor and minimize any undesirable outcomes, and ultimately maximize quality patient care and safety.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Diameter and Thickness Effects Scaling Deviations of High Explosives

    • Authors: Y. Partom
      Abstract: One way to characterize the sensitivity (or the reaction rate) of explosives is through size-effect tests. For explosive rods they are called diameter effect tests, and for explosive plates, they are called thickness effect tests. With high reaction rate explosives, different test configurations usually yield almost the same reaction rate or detonation velocity. But with low reaction rate explosives, different test configurations usually yield somewhat different detonation velocities. Following one of our previous papers [1], we propose here that those different detonation velocities result from the phenomenon of partially reacted boundary layers, that form when a detonation wave is grazing along a free boundary. In what follows we perform computer simulations to show how such a phenomenon comes about.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Shear Band Interaction In 1D Torsion

    • Authors: Y. Partom
      Abstract: When two shear bands are formed at close distance from each other, they interact, and further development of one of them may be quenched down. As a result, there should be a minimum distance between shear bands. In the literature there are at least three analytical models to estimate this minimum distance. Predictions of these models do not generally agree with each other and with test results. Recently we developed a 1D numerical scheme to predict the formation of shear bands in a torsion test of a thin-walled pipe. We validated that scheme by reproducing the results of the pioneering experiments of Marchand and Duffy [9], and then used it to investigate the mechanics of shear localization and shear band formation. We describe our shear band code in a separate publication [8], and here we use it only as a tool to investigate the interaction between two neighboring shear bands during the process of their formation. We trigger the formation of those shear bands by specifying two perturbations in the initial strength. We vary the perturbations in term of their amplitude and/or their width. Usually, the stronger perturbation triggers a faster developing shear band, which then prevails and quenches the development of the other shear band. We change the distance between the two shear bands and find, that up to a certain distance between them, one of the shear bands becomes fully developed and the other stays only partially developed. Beyond this distance between them the two shear bands are both fully developed. Finally, we check the influence of certain material parameters and loading parameters on the interaction between such two neibouring shear bands, and compare the results to predictions of the above-mentioned analytical models from the literature.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Knowledge of Antimicrobial Drugs among Outpatients in a Specialist
           Hospital in Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria.

    • Authors: Idoko, Lucy O; Okafor, Kingsley C, Lolo, Nomsu S.
      Abstract: Background: Globally antimicrobials are a key tool in our fight against infectious diseases. Antimicrobial knowledge entails being familiar with the many classes of antimicrobials available and the infections they can treat. Assessing the knowledge of Antimicrobial is necessary among patients  to avoid its misuse and development of antimicrobial resistance. It will aid in decision making and improving health seeking behaviour of patients.  This study seeks to assess the knowledge of antimicrobial drugs among patients in a specialist hospital in Abuja Muncipal Area council, FCT, Abuja. Methods: This was descriptive, cross-sectional study done in September, 2022  among clients attending outpatient clinic at a District Hospital Abuja's. it involved a sample size of  sample size 423 with 400 responding .  A multistage sampling technique was adopted for this study. The data was analyzed using the IBM SPSS 28 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) computer software (IBM SPSS Inc. 2021). The data was summarized using descriptive statistics which include the percentages, frequencies. Test of association was done using , the chi-square test (χ 2), and  p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Ethical approval was granted by Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State Results: One hundred and fifty respondents (37.5%) had good knowledge of antimicrobials, 141 (35.25%) had fair knowledge of antimicrobials, and 109 (27.25%) had poor knowledge (gave unsatisfactory answers to questions regarding knowledge about antimicrobials). Between male and female respondents. 22% of female respondents had good knowledge, 18.25% had fair knowledge  and 16.75% had poor knowledge. Of all the male respondents, 15.5% had good knowledge, 17% had fair knowledge and 10.5% had poor knowledge. There was a statistically significant association between knowledge of antimicrobials with Marital Status (χ² (2, N=400) = 54.92, p < 0.001)where more singles had poor knowledge of antimicrobial than married people, Education (χ² (2, N=400) = 87.16, p < 0.001), where more of those with tertiary education had good knowledge of antimicrobials than those with no education or only primary education.  and Age (χ² (2, N=400) = 56.84, p < 0.001) as more younger people (18 - 29 years ) had good knowledge of antimicrobials than older people (40- 59 years).Conclusion: Over a third of clients had good knowledge of antimicrobials, a third also had fair knowledge while about a  quarter had poor knowledge. The government and health care workers should support efforts towards improving the knowledge of communities on the basics of antimicrobials, in order to guide its use and improve antimicrobial stewardship.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Assessment of Knowledge and Prevalence of antimicrobial use (AMU) among
           patients in a District Hospital in Abuja, Federal Capital Territory,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: Idoko, Lucy O; Okafor, Kingsley C, Lolo, Nomsu S.
      Abstract: Background: Worldwide, antimicrobial use is a major contributor to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), with people and animals serving as the primary drivers. Knowledge of antibiotic rational use includes not only providers' actions in ensuring patients receive appropriate treatment for their condition, at the right dose and duration, but also patients' actions in adhering to the treatment protocols recommended, completing the full course, and not sharing or storing medicines for future use. This study aims to determine the knowledge and prevalence of antimicrobial use among patients in a District Hospital in Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. Methods: This was descriptive, cross-sectional study done in September, 2022 among 400 patients attending outpatient clinic at Maitama District Hospital Abuja's. A multistage sampling technique was used in this study. The data was analyzed using the IBM SPSS 28 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) computer software (IBM SPSS Inc. 2021). Ethical approval was granted by Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State. Results: The prevalence of antimicrobial use in the last 1 month, 6month and last 1 year was 41.5%, 32.0% and 5.6% respectively. A majority (74.25%) of the participants had gotten a prescription for the antibiotics from a doctor or nurse, 83.75% of them had received advice from a doctor, nurse or pharmacist on how to take the antibiotics while 16.25% of them had not. The antibiotics were sourced pharmacy (70.25%), hospital (22.5%), clinic (4.25%) while 3% stated other sources. Respondents stated that the conditions that can be treated with antibiotics, bladder infection or urinary tract infection (UTI) (75.2%), followed by Skin or wound infection (70.8%), Sore throat (62.4%) and Gonorrhea (55.9%) were the most selected. While other conditions were Cold and flu (48.5%), Fever (33.7%), Malaria (34.2%), Measles (30.7%), Body aches (21.3%), Headaches (11.9%) and HIV/AIDS (11.4%). Two thirds (63.25%) of respondents had good knowledge of antimicrobial use, 17.25% fair knowledge of antimicrobial use, and 19.5% poor knowledge of antimicrobial use. Test of association showed statistical significance for Age (χ² (2, N=400) = 69.56, p < 0.003), Marital status (χ² (2, N=400) = 96.64, p < 0.001) and Education (χ² (2, N=400) = 106.53, p < 0.01). Conclusion: The prevalence of antimicrobial use in the last 1 month was 41.5%, prevalence in last 6 months was 32.0% and in last 1 year was 5.6% respectively.Two thirds of respondents had good knowledge of antimicrobial use, 17.25% fair knowledge of antimicrobial use, and 19.5% poor knowledge of antimicrobial use. Individuals and communities should develop proper health-seeking behavior, such as consulting a physician or a licensed health workers before using antimicrobials.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Wave Energy: Boats on Waves Can Be a Source of Clean Energy

    • Authors: Md. Moniruzzaman
      Abstract: The energy of ocean waves across a large part of the earth is inexhaustible. The whole world will benefit if this endless energy can be used in an easy way. The coastal countries will easily be able to meet their own energy needs. The purpose of this article is to use the infinite energy of the ocean wave in a simple way, i.e., a method of efficient use of wave energy. The paper starts by discussing specifically about pitch motion of a boat caused by waves. Afterward with a graphical presentation discussed about the method of using the force from pitch-movement of the boat. Finally, the conclusion states the possibilities, disadvantages and advantages.
      PubDate: Sun, 21 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Water Variables Analysis Using a Concept of Principal Component Statistics
           in Etim Ekpo River, Niger Delta Zone, Nigeria

    • Authors: Akpan, I. I. , Jonah, U. E; Ite, A. E, Ukekpe, U. S, Rapheal, M. P.
      Abstract: Water Variables Analysis through a concept of principal component statistics (PCS) was studied in Etim Ekpo River, Niger Delta Zone, Nigeria from January, 2020 -December, 2021 at three designated stations. Seventeen water variables were studied and analysed using various prescribed standards. A total of 34 samples were collected at all stations. The principal component statistics (PCS) was employed in the analysis of the water variables. The principal components adopted were that which contained the highest percentage of the total variance of information in the original data set. The results showed that the loading factors were basically, temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO), sodium (Na), Electrical Conductivity (Ec), total suspended solids (TSS), Acidity (A), Magnesium (Mg), Total Hardness (TA), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Sulphate (So­4), Phosphate (Po4-P), Total Alkalinity (TA). These could be aligned as: nutrient loading factors, organic loading factors, domestic loading factors and chemo-physical loading factors. In a nutshell, the water variable analysis tickle within the prescribed standards of various organizations, which is perfect to sustain the aquatic biota. However, the quest of anthropogenic advancement should be checked, which might increase loading factors in the system.
      PubDate: Sun, 21 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Calibration of Impact Ignition from Shear-Band Formation on The Mesoscale

    • Authors: Y. Partom
      Abstract: Relying on test results in [1], we proposed in [2] a macroscopic impact ignition model for low velocity impact situations, in terms of the product PD (P=pressure, D=plastic deformation rate). Here we upgrade this model by taking into account the time duration to ignition for different PD levels. Our macroscopic impact ignition model is now based on, and calibrated from, 1D simulations of pure torsion on the mesoscale. We assume that low velocity impact ignition is invoked by shear localization and formation of shear bands. We denote by (PD)L the macroscopic shear localization threshold. When PD>(PD)L in a macroscopic cell, shear bands start to form there. The shear bands then develop and heat up towards the ignition temperature. We further assume that the time duration from localization to ignition h=tig-tL is also dependent on PD. Using 1D simulations of shear band formation in torsion similar to [3], we calibrate (PD)L and h(PD), which we can then use in macroscopic hydrocode simulations. Our mesoscale simulations depend on a realistic strength model for explosives. This model employs the overstress approach to dynamic viscoplasticity [4], and its main feature here is the pressure dependence of its plastic flow curve.
      PubDate: Sun, 21 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • On the Prospect of Fossil Fuel on Planet Mars

    • Authors: Shawki Al Dallal
      Abstract: Planet Mars has long been a source of attraction to astronomers and scientists. In 1976, the Viking probes inaugurated the beginning of a new era in human history by searching for primitive lifeforms on Mars. Successive Martian missions have discovered evidence, in the form of dried rivers and lake beds, of the prior abundance of water on the Martian surface leading to conjecture that, millions of years ago, some kind of primeval lifeforms, supported by chemical and biological processes, are at the origin of formation of fossil fuel on planet Mars. One hypothesis even maintains that conditions on Mars, in its early history, resembled, to a major extent, the environment reigning on Earth in its embryonic stage. Petroleum has been the outcome of this natural environment on Earth. It is argued that nascent conditions on Mars developed a fertile environment leading to the formation of fossil fuel. The aim of this paper is to investigate the prospect of such hypothesis, and to examine the likelihood that subterranean resources being extant in Mars in view of the latest data gathered by Martian probes. Analysis shows that kerogen is a viable signature of the potential presence of fossil fuel on Mars, and this result comports with preliminary findings of the Martian Rovers.
      PubDate: Sun, 21 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Mediterranean Diet and Cancers in Italy: Stochastic and Non-Stochastic
           Analysis

    • Authors: Cornelli; Umberto, Grossi, Enzo, Recchia, Martino, Cestaro, Benvenuto, Rondanelli, Mariangela, Cazzola, Roberta, Pistolesi, Elvira
      Abstract: Background: The relationship between foods and cancers has been documented in many epidemiological and cohort studies of the Mediterranean Diet (MeD). Objective: Correlation between food expenditure in Italy and the prevalence of nine cancers: breast, prostate, colon, pancreas, TBL (throat-bronchial-lung), bladder in males and females, uterus, and ovaries, with a comparison of differences between Northern and Southern Italy. Methods: The expenditure of 19500 Italian families on the 56 most sold food categories was taken from ISTAT (Italian National Institute of Statistics) records for 2016. These data were then correlated with the prevalence of death from the nine above mentioned cancers in 2020. Stochastic and non-stochastic analyses were used to determine the correlations between foods and cancers. Results: None of the cancers showed identical protective or causative food patterns. The data confirmed the causative role of wine and the protective role of pasta, flour and sugar. Surprisingly fish and olive oil were found to be causative for some cancers. Southern Italy showed significantly lower prevalence of cancer due to a lower consumption of causative foods and higher consumption of protective ones. Conclusion: MeD has changed in Italy. Some causative and protective foods were found for all the cancers, but none had the same pattern. However, foods can be considered important co-factors in cancer development. Pasta, flour and sugar were shown to be protective for many cancers and, besides wine, some other foods, like olive oil and fish, were causative for some cancers. The correlation between food expenditure and disease seems to be a valid, simple research method.
      PubDate: Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Effects of the Continuity of Daily Life Record Chart and of Voluntary
           Training in Elderly People with Mild Care

    • Authors: Takayuki Hashimoto; Kanichi Mimura, Takashi Kawabata
      Abstract: 21 elderly people receiving light nursing care were asked to fill in daily life record charts and to do voluntary training for three months. They were then divided into two groups, in order to assess the effects of the above activities: the “completion” group, who were able to continue the program during the 3-month period, and the “resignation” group, who resigned from the program without finishing the 3-month period. Comparing the two groups of participants, we found that the resignation group showed a significantly lower figures in the duration of home-visit rehabilitation, daily life record chart, voluntary training, HDS-R, and frequency of going out (p<0.05). As for the changes after the intervention, the completion group showed an increase in ROM, MMT, and FIM (p<0.05). The resignation group showed a significant increase only in FIM, but no significant difference in ROM or MMT. As for the achievement of daily life record chart and of voluntary training, the daily life record chart proved to be easier for the participants to work on. It was revealed that those who have been using the in-home rehabilitation service for a long time are more likely to establish the daily life record chart log and voluntary training. These findings suggest that the continuation of daily life record charts and of voluntary training are effective in improving physical functions and in acquiring exercise habits.
      PubDate: Sat, 13 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • One Simple Cosmological Implication of Light Transmition in Hubble’s
           Law

    • Authors: Thanassis Dialynas
      Abstract: Hubble’s law gives a great indication that the Universe expands and will do so in the near future. In this “Paper” we try to extract information from Hubble’s law and so to retrace its forward and backward steps. The most “striking” result for the universe is that the “theory” predicts a maximum radius of the universe and a maximum life-time. In addition one can predict if there is causality in between two points (t2 ,d2 ) and (t2 ,d2 ) of space time.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Synthesis and Antibacterial Activity of
           6-bromo-2-(o-aminophenyl)-3-amino-Quinazolin-4(3H)-one from
           6-bromo,2-(o-aminophenyl)-3,1-benzoxazin-4(3H)-one.

    • Authors: Osarumwense Peter Osarodion
      Abstract: Introduction: Quinazolinone derivatives reveal various medicinal properties such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities, as well as antimicrobial activity. These heterocycles are valuable intermediates in organic synthesis. Methods/Experimental: The compound, 6-bromo,2-(o-aminophenyl)-3,1-benzoxazin-4(3H)-one (1) was synthesized by dissolving 5-bromo anthranillic acid in 100 ml of pyridine. To this reaction mixture o-amino benzoyl chloride stirring at room temperature for 30 minutes this was refluxed with 75 mL of hydrazine hydrate for 3 hrs. at 120-1300C. the reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature to give 6-bromo-2-(o-aminophenyl)-3-amino-Quinazolin-4(3H)-one (2). These Compounds were evaluated for their bacterialrial activity (against some gram positive and gram-negative microorganism) and antifungal activity (against Candida albicans). Study Design: This study was experimentally design and the antibacterial activity was evaluated against some microorganism, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus species, Aspergillus Species, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, and candida albicans. Result: The compounds exhibited significant antibacterial activity with a zone of inhibition in the range of 10 – 16mm in comparison to control. Conclusions: From our findings, the compounds synthesized have higher antibacterial activities as compared to Ciprofloxicin (CPX) and Ketonaxol (PEF) standard antibacterial drugs.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Entrepreneurship: The Value-Added of Co-Creation through Web 3.0

    • Authors: Giovanni Vindigni
      Abstract: This paper explores the concept of entrepreneurship and the added value that co-creation, facilitated by Web 3.0 technologies, can bring to businesses. It delves into the potential advantages of integrating co-creation strategies, such as increased innovation, customer engagement, and market adaptability, while highlighting the role of emerging web technologies in enabling more effective collaboration and interaction between businesses and consumers. The various formations of customer integration in terms of ideational and inventive service and new product development represent an essential factor of economic success in the current work reality for companies. In this emerging epoch, which is constitutively characterized by increasing disruption processes and is referred to by politics and economics etymologically and polysemically as Industry 4.0 and Economy 4.0, a more precise discourse analysis is required in a problem-explorative manner. As a result of an increasingly individualized, informatized, and internationalized society, in which the Java API Web 3.0 not only leads to the transformation of the communication matrix through web-semantic algorithms per se, there is potential added value through co-creation. The customer, in the sense of appropriation research, is not only a profane website visitor but can be determined as an ideational and inventive prosumer with regard to conversion who, within the framework of integrative, interactive, and readaptive value creation, offers companies a decisive benefit reciprocally with the help of Web 3.0. Companies are looking for ways to cope with the phenomenon of ever-shortening product life cycles.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Risk Management Practice and Sustainability of Community Policing
           Projects: A Case of Nyumba-Kumi Community-Policing Project in Kasarani
           Constituency in Nairobi County, Kenya

    • Authors: Lerina; Josephine Naanyu, Chandi, John Rugendo, Njue, Nicasio Gicovi
      Abstract: Sustainability of projects is very important in promoting long-term gains to the beneficiaries. However, risks are ranked among the most constraining factors in attaining long-term impacts of projects focused on promoting peace and security in the community. The study investigated the influence of risk management practice on sustainability of Nyumba-Kumi community-policing project in Kasarani Constituency in Nairobi County, Kenya. The objectives were to establish the influence of participatory risk assessment, risk planning, risk communication and risk monitoring on sustainability of community-policing project. Risk theory and sustainability theory anchored the study. Descriptive survey was adopted. The targeted population was 222 project coordinators. A sample size of 144 was obtained using Krejcie & Morgan formula and stratified random sampling. Structured questionnaires and interview guide were used to collect data. Split-half method was used in testing reliability at Cronbach`s alpha ≥0.7. Quantitative data was analyzed using frequencies, mean, percentages, standard deviation, Pearson-Correlation method and regression analysis. The research model was tested using F-test at 95% confidence interval. Qualitative data was analyzed through content analysis. The results from inferential statistics showed that risk management practice has statistically significant effect on sustainability of Nyumba-Kumi community-policing project. The strength of influence decreased in the following order: risk monitoring (r=0.72), risk planning (r=0.60), participatory risk assessment (r=0.47) and risk communication (r=0.39). The accounted for 59% variation in the sustainability of Nyumba-Kumi community-policing project (for R2= 0.59). Thus, risk management practice was concluded to be an important factor for promoting sustainability of community-policing project
      PubDate: Tue, 09 May 2023 00:00:00 +000
       
 
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