Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 1108 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (794 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (131 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (32 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

Showing 1 - 58 of 58 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A - Animal Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
African Journal of Livestock Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Animal Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archives Animal Breeding     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Livestock Production     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Applied Poultry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Livestock Science and Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of World's Poultry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Chèvre     Full-text available via subscription  
Meat and Muscle Biology     Open Access  
Media Peternakan     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Porcine Health Management     Open Access  
Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Poultry Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Animal Health and Production     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
University of Sindh Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Veeplaas     Full-text available via subscription  
World Rabbit Science     Open Access  
Similar Journals
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Animal Research International
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1597-3115
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [263 journals]
  • Performance of West African Dwarf Goats fed microbial treated maize cob
           and husk diets
    • Authors: Gbenga Enobong Ogunjemite, Gladys Abiemwense Ibhaze
      Pages: 3799 - 3808
      Abstract: A study was conducted using twenty four (24) West African Dwarf (WAD) goats with an average weight of 6.57 ± 0.56 kg to evaluate the nutrient intake, weight gain and nitrogen balance of WAD goats fed microbial treated maize cob and husk diets. Chemical and mineral compositions of the diets were also determined. The goats were allotted to six dietary treatments, replicated four times in a completely randomized design. The
      chopped maize cobs and husks were sterilized for 60 minutes, inoculated with mixture of 15 ml each of Neurospora crassa and Lactobacillus delbrueckii, incubated for 5 days and air dried. The treated maize cob and husk were incorporated in the diets at the rate of 0 % (Diet A), 20 % (Diet B), 30 % (Diet C) [maize cob diets], 0 % (Diet D), 20 % (Diet E), 30 % (Diet F) [maize husk diets] respectively. The experimental period lasted for 56 days excluding 2 weeks of adaptation. Result showed that the proximate compositions were significantly influenced (p<0.05) by the treatment. Calcium content increased with increasing level of treated cob and husk. Phosphorus ranged from 0.05 – 0.10 % while magnesium varied from 0.07 – 0.15 % and Potassium from 0.13 – 0.50 %. Goats fed Diet E (20 %) had the highest daily weight gain (39.29 g/day), highest nitrogen balance (1.73 g/day) and best feed/gain ratio of 5.57. Conclusively, microbial treatment of maize cob and husk will help in conversion of these wastes to better quality ruminant feed for better performance. Keywords: West African Dwarf (WAD) goat, Neurospora crassa, Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Maize cob, Maize husk
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • The use of contraceptives for control of stray dog population and spread
           of rabies virus in Nigeria
    • Authors: Ugochinyere Juliet Njoga, Festus Ejike Ajibo, Emmanuel Okechukwu Njoga
      Pages: 3809 - 3820
      Abstract: Contraceptives are widely used in medical practice for birth control but dearth of information exists on the veterinary use for control of stray dog population in Nigeria. A closed-ended questionnaire survey of 309 dog owners and 333 dogs presented for veterinary care across three states of Nigeria was conducted; to assess the owners’ awareness on use of contraceptives in dogs, vaccination history and demographics of the dogs. Only 23.6 % of the dog owners have good knowledge of contraceptives, although 42.7 % of them were educated up to tertiary level. Of the 333 dog, 47.8 % and 44.1 % were kept as security dogs and pets respectively. Most dog keepers (56.3 %) were not aware that contraceptives can be used in dogs, while 31.0 % of those who are aware have not used any contraception method on their dogs. Reasons adduced for non-use of contraceptives were: unawareness that contraceptives are available for veterinary use (60.4 %), opposition to birth control methods due to religious or cultural belief (15.9 %) and lack of access to the veterinary service providers (4.2 %). Only 76.9 % of the dogs were validly vaccinated against rabies. Statistical association existed between educational levels and awareness/use of contraceptives in dogs. The findings underscore the need for public enlightenment and legislation on use of contraceptives in dogs kept for non-breeding purposes; as contraception is cardinal in control of proliferation of stray dogs, known to be major reservoirs of rabies virus in Nigeria. Keywords: Anti-rabies vaccination, Contraceptives, Dog owners, Rabies virus, Stray dog population, Nigeria
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Efficacy of Piperonyl Butoxide (PBO) synergist on Pyrethroid and
           Dichlorodiphenyl Trichloroethane (DDT) resistant mosquitoes in Lekki,
           Lagos State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Taiye Shade Olusegun-Joseph, Mary Aigbiremo Oboh, Adedayo Michael Awoniyi, Afolabi Adebowale, Martins Agbaso, Ifeoluwa Kayode Fagbohun
      Pages: 3821 - 3828
      Abstract: Vector control using insecticide is an integral part of the global strategy for management of mosquito-borne diseases.. The development of  insecticides resistance is a major concern in mosquito control. We evaluated the effect of piperonyl butoxide (PBO) synergist on dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane (DDT) and pyrethroids resistant Anopheles gambiae s.l., Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti in Lekki peninsula area of Lagos
      State, Nigeria. Mosquito larval collected from breeding sites in Lekki peninsula were allowed to emerge in the insectary and identified using  appropriate morphological keys. Two-three days old female adults were subjected to susceptibility assays using WHO kits and insecticides impregnated test papers. Twenty (20) female adult mosquitoes of each genus were exposed to DDT (4 %) and permethrin (0.75 %) alone.  Subsequently, another set of 20 of each genus were pre-exposed to PBO (4 %) for 1 hour before exposing them to permethrin and DDT, all assays were carried out in four biological replicates. The knockdown time was recorded as the time intervals for 60 minutes and mortality at 24 hour. Resistance to DDT was detected with percentages mortality of 55, 60 and 87.5 % for An. gambiae, Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. aegypti species respectively. Pre-exposure of mosquitoes to PBO significantly suppressed (p<0.05) resistance to both DDT and permethrin in all the mosquito  species indicating the activities of P450 monooxygenase as a detoxifying enzymes mediating resistance to DDT and pyrethroids. Therefore, PBO should be incorporated in insecticide resistance management strategies in this area and others with similar mosquitos’ resistance profile. Keywords: Mosquitoes, Dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane, Pyrethroids, Piperonyl butoxide, Insecticides resistance
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Fatal Syngamus Trachea infection in chickens in Jos, North Central
           Nigeria: A case report
    • Authors: George Yilzem Gurumyen, Deborah Maigawu Buba, Arthur Obinna Oragwa, Maryam Nyeta Patrobas, Tanko Nwunuji Polycarp, Hassana Isaac Dunka, Stanley David Oziegbe, Emmanuel Vandi Tizhe, Chidiebere Chiemerie Ubachukwu
      Pages: 3829 - 3835
      Abstract: Postmortem examination of chickens from a semi-intensive system was carried out following complaint of high mortality, loss of weight, sneezing and raising of heads and gaping. The farm had other types of birds which were also evaluated to ascertain their risk of transmission of Syngamus trachea. Lesions seen included anaemia, hyperemia of the trachea containing forked red warms (S. trachea), congested and haemorrhagic lungs and presence of Raillietina tetragona in the small intestine. Histologically, there was necrotizing trachiesis, pulmonary congestion and  haemorrhages. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first case report of S. trachea in Jos, North Central Nigeria. Keywords: Syngamus trachea, Chicken, Case report, Pathology, Jos, Nigeria
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Availability, access and utilization of ICTS and its tools among poultry
           farmers in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Godfrey Adokiye Kalio
      Pages: 3836 - 3844
      Abstract: A descriptive survey was conducted to investigate the availability, access and utilization of ICTs and tools among poultry farmers for improved  production in Yenagoa Local Government Area, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. One hundred and ten poultry farmers were purposively selected from eleven communities in the study area. The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using frequencies,
      percentages and central tendency statistics. Results of the socio-demographic characteristics of the farmers revealed that majority were males, married and literate within the age of 35 – 44 years. The most available/accessible and utilized ICTs and tools based on the ranking order that could enhance productivity of the poultry farmers were: mobile phones, televisions, radios and PCS/laptops. Serious constraints to the availability/access and utilization of these facilities were very poor electricity supply, poor network reception, lack of technical experience in manipulating ICT tools and high cost of ICT tools. However, lack of physical access was reported as a mild constraint by the farmers. Based on the findings the following recommendations were proffered: the education of farmers by extension personnel on the benefits of ICTs and tools, allowing the access and use of the more sophisticated ICTs and tools such as the CCTV cameras for various surveillance activities on the farm, the establishment of Agro-ICT  centers for training of farmers to gain knowledge in manipulative skills in ICTs and tools and the provision of constant electricity power supply to ensure effective utilization of ICT tools. Keywords: ICTs and tools, Availability, Access and utilization, Poultry farmers, Poultry production, Bayelsa State  
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Haematological alteration and histopathology of vital organs of pups
           delivered by mice infected with Plasmodium berghei during the second and
           third stage of pregnancy
    • Authors: David Audu, Adewunmi Babatunde Idowu, Olufunmilayo Ajoke Idowu, Fakilahyel Musa Mshelbwala, Samuel Olatunbosun Omotainse
      Pages: 3845 - 3853
      Abstract: Pregnancy associated malaria (PAM) is a potentially life-threatening condition that affects the new-born. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of PAM on the haematological parameters and histopathology of some vital organs of pups delivered by mice infected with malaria in the second and third stages of pregnancy. Thirty female Swiss albino mice were randomly assigned into three groups, two groups of which were intraperitoneally infected with inoculums containing 3.97 x 10 6 Plasmodium berghei infected red blood cells at gestational days (GD 12 and 17), while the third group were uninfected (control). Pregnant females were allowed to deliver and progenies were monitored for three weeks. The red blood cell (RBC), white blood cell (WBC), packed cell volume (PCV) and haemoglobin (HB) concentration was significantly lower (p<0.05) in pups of mice infected in the 2nd and 3rd stages of pregnancy as compared to the pups from non-infected mother. Histopathological alterations observed in the pup’s organs of mice infected in the 2nd and 3rd stages of pregnancy include fatty degeneration in the liver, interstitial pneumonia and oedema in the alveolar sac of the lungs, severe lymphoid depletion of the spleen, degeneration of tubular epithelial cells of the kidney and vacuolar degeneration in the brain. More severe damages were seen in pups from mice infected in the 2nd stage of pregnancy. This study showed that  pregnancy associated malaria induce anaemia and damaging effects on vital organs of progeny of mice infected in the 2nd and 3rd stages of pregnancy. Keyword: Pregnancy associated malaria, Plasmodium berghei, Parasitaemia, Birth weight, Haematological profile, Organ histopathology
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Preliminary study on zooplankton composition of a concrete structured
           rainforest lotic freshwater ecosystem, Nigeria
    • Authors: Keziah Nwamaka Ibemenuga
      Pages: 3854 - 3862
      Abstract: This study investigated the zooplankton composition of Ogbei Stream. Fortnightly samples of zooplankton were sampled for twelve months (May 2018 – April 2019). A total of 1457 specimens belonging to 3 phyla, 5 classes and 7 orders were caught using plankton net with 80μm mesh size. Rotifera (706, 48.46 %) was the dominant phylum and Monogononta was the most abundant class. Ploima (590, 40.49 %) was the most abundant rotiferan order while Bdelloidea (47, 3.23 %) was the least abundant order. Monthly abundance of zooplankton was highest in September (465, 31.91 %) during the wet season and lowest in March (56, 3.84 %). Seasonally, zooplankton occurred most in the wet season and least in the dry season. Keywords: Zooplankton, Concrete structure, Rainforest freshwater, Ecosystem, Ogbei Stream
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Guinea fowl fertility, hatchability and embryonic mortality in an
           intensively managed farm in Ashanti Region of Ghana
    • Authors: Joseph Atawalna, Richard Koblah Agbehadzi, Daniel Cobbinah Junior Essel, Patrick Amponsah
      Pages: 3863 - 3868
      Abstract: A study was conducted to investigate the reproductive performance of Guinea fowls on a commercial farm in the Ashanti region of Ghana. This study reported for the first time in Ghana, the reproductive performance of Guinea fowls reared under an intensive production system. The birds were intensively reared on deep litter with a mating ratio of one male to ten females for the production of day-old keets. Eggs were collected daily
      and stored for seven days at temperatures between 16 – 20º Celsius and selected for incubation in an automated Petersime incubator. Data on incubated Guinea fowl eggs for the period 2011 – 2018 were obtained from the hatchery unit records and analyzed using Graph Pad Prism version 5.00 for Windows. The percentage overall fertility, total hatchability, fertile hatchability, embryonic mortality, viable keets and non-viable keets were 50.7 ± 13, 30.5 ± 14, 50.4 ± 15, 22 ± 10, 91.7 ± 5.4 and 8.3 ± 6.3 % respectively. Fertility and fertility hatchability were low on this farm, while embryonic mortality was high. The study recommends a change in the mating ratio to one male Guinea fowl to four females, improvement of hygienic  conditions in egg processing, regular fumigation of the farm and improved incubator management. Keywords: Guinea fowl, Fertility, Hatchability, Embryonic mortality, Ghana
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Arthropod succession on exposed and shaded mammalian carcasses in Nsukka,
           Nigeria
    • Authors: Grace Chinenye Onyishi, Fredrick Osuala, Ifeanyi Oscar Aguzie, Elijah Sunday Okwuonu, Chinemerem Hodges Orakwelu
      Pages: 3869 - 3877
      Abstract: Ten Wistar rats were used as model to study arthropod succession on carcass under shade and exposed conditions. Carcass decomposition took longer periods under shade than on the exposed site. Four decomposition stages (fresh, bloated, decay and dry) were observed. A total of 164 arthropods were collected belonging to three classes: Insecta, Arachnida and Crustacean. Insects formed 95.12 %, arachnids 1.22 % and crustaceans
      3.66 %. Large numbers of arthropods were found on the exposed carcass than the shaded carcass. Calliphorids and Sarcophagids were the primary colonizers observed breeding on the carcasses. The most abundant insects include Chrysomya albiceps (13.4 %) and Lucilia serricata (10.37 %). Other dipterans including Muscidae, Phoridae, Sepidae, Fannidae and Anthomyiidae were found during the bloated and decay stages. Families of the coleopterans including; Dermestidae, Silpgidae, Staphylinidae and Histeridae were observed during the bloated to the dry stages and fed on the immature dipterous maggots and carrion remains. Hymenopterans were observed throughout the process of decomposition and played a vital role in carcass decomposition. Other arthropods arrived mostly during the decay stage. Species richness on the carcasses peaked during the decay stage. The rate of decomposition of carcasses is affected by environmental factors such as temperature, relative humidity, precipitation and insect
      abundance. Keywords: Post mortem interval, Carcass decomposition, Insect abundance, Forensic entomology
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Empirical evidence of benefits of integrated crop-livestock farming system
           among rural households in North-West Nigeria
    • Authors: Muhammad Sulaiman, Yusuf Usman Oladimeji, Henry Egwuma, Hannatu Ohunene Yusuf
      Pages: 3878 - 3891
      Abstract: Empirical evidence from literature revealed that the studies of integrated crop-livestock farming systems (ICLFS) are scanty in Nigeria. Hence, the study estimated the benefits of ICLFS and factors associated with profit among rural households in north-west Nigeria. Primary data was obtained using structured questionnaire administered to the croplivestock farmers (CLF). 428 CLFs were sampled from 84 villages belonging to seven Local Government Areas. State-wise, this translated to 178, 128 and 122 CLFs in Kaduna, Kano and Katsina states respectively. Descriptive statistics, net farm income and multiple regression models were used to achieve the objectives. The results of the mean output indicated that ICL farmer produced 3,302.66 ± 749.70, 2,955.45 ± 350.90, 1,004.24 ± 20.98, 3,971.55 ± 932.12 and 1,026.29 ± 144.91 kg of maize, sorghum, cowpea, rice and
      soybean per hectare/year respectively. Findings established that the mean number of large ruminant, small ruminant and poultry reared per farmer were 19.00 ± 2.70, 24.00 ± 13.56 and 149.00 ± 119.01 herds respectively. The mean benefit-cost ratio of 1.64 ± 0.21, 1.39 ± 0.53, 1.44 ± 0.39, 2.67 ± 0.27, 2.30 ± 0.31 and 1.52 ± 0.15 were estimated for crop production per ha, dairy cow, beef cattle, goat, layer and broiler bird respectively. Coefficients of farm size (1.06), livestock worth (0.54), household size (0.10), extension contact (0.13), farming experience (-0.13) and credit accessed) (-0.01) were factors determining profit among CLFs. Farmers are encouraged to increase the farm size and livestock to seek opportunities of economic of scale, income and food security. Keywords: Integrated crop-livestock (ICL), Food security, Income, North-west Nigeria
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Effects of combined ethanolicic extracts of Funtumia africana and Abutilon
           mauritianum leaves on sex hormones and prostate indices of benign
           prostatic hyperplasia induced rats
    • Authors: Robert Ikechukwu Uroko, Chinedu Paulinus Nwuke, Simeon Ikechukwu Egba, Oluomachi Nancy Uchenna, Fortwright Ezugo Nwaekwu, Patience Oluomachi Anyanwu
      Pages: 3892 - 3902
      Abstract: his study evaluated the effects of a combined ethanolic extract of Funtumia africana and Abutilon mauritianum leaves (CFAAM) on the sex steroid hormone levels and prostate indices of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) induced rats to validate their anti-BPH activities as claimed by traditional medicine healers. 30 male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into 5 groups. Group 1 served as the normal control that received normal saline and olive oil only, while groups 2 – 5 were BPH induced. Group 2 was the BPH control, group 3 was treated with 5 mg/kg/d Finasteride, while groups 4 and 5 were treated with 200 and 600 mg/kg/d CFAAM respectively for 28 days. BPH induction caused significant (p<0.05) increases in the concentrations of testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and estradiol, increased prostate weight and prostate index in the BPH control when compared with the normal control. Treatment with CFAAM significantly (p<0.05) reversed the increased testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and estradiol levels,
      prostate weight, and prostate indices in comparison with the BPH control. This study revealed that the CFAAM ameliorate adverse effects of benign prostatic hyperplasia in rats and may be useful in the management of individuals with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Keywords: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), Sex hormones, Prostate indices, Funtumia africana, Abutilon mauritianum
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Malaria parasite distribution and knowledge among students of Federal
           University Of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
    • Authors: Oluwaseun Awosolu, Femi Adesina, Olajide Afolabi, Damilola Ogunsanya
      Pages: 3903 - 3910
      Abstract: Malaria remains a major challenging infectious disease across the globe particularly in sub-Sahara Africa and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Management strategy depends majorly on reliable epidemiological information. Thus, this study is to investigate the malaria parasite distribution and knowledge among students of Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. Blood samples were obtained from volunteered subjects. Thick and thin blood films stained with Giemsa were prepared and viewed under the x100 objective lens of the light microscope to determine the presence or absence of malaria parasite. A well-structured questionnaire was employed to collect relevant epidemiological information such as demographic, socioeconomic, environmental variables and their knowledge regarding malaria. Of the total 203 participants examined, three-quarter (84.20 %) tested positive to malaria infection, while 80.30 % had moderate parasitaemia level. All the participants (100.00 %)  identified mosquito as the malaria parasite vector. Age group (χ2 = 11.88, p = 0.01), marital status (χ2 = 21.81, p = 0.01), income (χ2 = 27.52, p = 0.01) and environmental sanitation (χ2 = 6.25, p = 0.04) were predisposing factors (p<0.05) associated with malaria infection among participants.  Meanwhile, female participants are 0.92 times (CI: 0.42 - 2.02) less prone to malaria infection compare to male and monthly environmental sanitation was 3.62 times (CI: 1.21 - 10.87) prone to malaria infection than those who observed environmental sanitation weekly. The present study has revealed high prevalence of malaria infection among the students. School management and government should implement malaria control strategies among tertiary students. Keywords: Plasmodium falciparum, Malaria, Parasitaemia, Knowledge, Predisposing factors
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Pulmonary lesions of cattle and associated financial losses at the butembo
           public slaughterhouse in Democratic Republic of Congo
    • Authors: Kasereka Bourgeois Syaghuswa, Guido-Charles Kambale Vyambwera
      Pages: 3911 - 3917
      Abstract: A retrospective and active investigation was carried out with the aim of identifying the main pulmonary lesions which lead to the condemnation of the lung at the public slaughterhouse of Butembo in order to assess their economic implications. In the retrospective survey, a total of 20,755 bovine animals were collected from the slaughterhouse records from January 2016 to July 2017 and revealed a rate of 7.4 %. The lesions implicated were pulmonary aillotage, verminous bronchitis, tuberculosis, abscesses, congestion, edema, emphysema and petechial. The associated financial loss was 4,208,798/3,639.608 CDF (Congolese franc)/USD. The active survey (n = 768), carried out using the traditional method of meat inspection at the slaughterhouse from August to December 2017 revealed a condemnation rate of 10.66 % associated with a financial loss of 185,196.8/1,777.626 CDF/USD. Lesions found were verminous bronchitis, emphysema, pleurisy, pulmonary aillotage, congestion, hepatization, abscesses and petechial. Significant difference (p<0.01) was determined between the different condemnation rates from the retrospective and active survey. This study determined that pulmonary aillotage, emphysema, edema, verminous bronchitis and abscesses and their associated financial losses as the main causes of condemnation of the lung at Butembo public slaughterhouse. The results of this study may be used as a basis for comparison for similar studies, provide insight into the epidemiology of respiratory diseases in livestock in the town of Butembo and insight into the extend of public exposure to certain zoonosis. Keywords: Pulmonary lesions, Cattle, Financial loss, Butembo public slaughterhouse
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2021)
       
 
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