Subjects -> ENERGY (Total: 414 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENERGY (12 journals)
    - ENERGY (252 journals)
    - ENERGY: GENERAL (7 journals)
    - NUCLEAR ENERGY (40 journals)
    - PETROLEUM AND GAS (58 journals)
    - RENEWABLE ENERGY (45 journals)

RENEWABLE ENERGY (45 journals)

Showing 1 - 46 of 46 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biochar     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EcoMat : Functional Materials for Green Energy and Environment     Open Access  
Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Foundations and TrendsĀ® in Renewable Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Global Energy Interconnection     Open Access  
Hydro Nepal : Journal of Water, Energy and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
IET Renewable Power Generation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Renewable Energy Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Ventilation     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Renewable Energies / Revue des Energies Renouvelables     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Renewable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Renewable Energy and Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Smart Systems and Stable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Solar Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Technology Innovations in Renewable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews     Partially Free   (Followers: 30)
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Transition     Open Access  
Renewable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Renewable Energy Focus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Renewables : Wind, Water, and Solar     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Resource-Efficient Technologies     Open Access  
Resources, Conservation & Recycling Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Solar Energy Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Solar RRL     Hybrid Journal  
Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Waste Disposal & Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Wind Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Wind Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Wind Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2252-4940 - ISSN (Online) 2252-4940
Published by Diponegoro University Homepage  [16 journals]
  • Enhancing transient stability and dynamic response of wind-penetrated
           power systems through PSS and STATCOM cooperation

    • Authors: Khaled Kouider; Abdelkader Bekri
      Abstract: The large-scale integration of doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind power plants poses stability challenges for power system operation. This study investigates the transient stability and dynamic performance of a modified 3-machine, 9-bus Western System Coordinating Council (WSCC) system. The investigation was conducted by connecting the DFIG wind farm to the sixth bus via a low-impedance transmission line and installing power system stabilizers (PSSs) on all automatic voltage regulators (AVRs). A three-phase fault simulation was carried out to test the system, with and without power system stabilizers and a static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) device. Time-domain simulations demonstrate improved transient response with PSS-STATCOM control. A 50% reduction in settling time and 70% decrease in power angle undershoots at the slack bus are achieved following disturbances, even at minimum wind penetration levels. Load flow analysis shows the coordinated controllers maintain voltages within 0.5% of nominal at 60% wind penetration, while voltages at load buses can deviate up to 15% without control. Eigenvalue analysis indicates the PSS-STATCOM boosts damping ratios of critical oscillatory modes from nearly 0% to over 30% under high wind injection. Together, the present findings provide significant evidence that PSS and STATCOM cooperation enhances dynamic voltage regulation, angle stability, and damping across operating ranges, thereby maintaining secure operation in systems with high renewable integration.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Evaluation of energy generation potential from municipal solid waste in
           the North-West province, South Africa

    • Authors: Mapereka Francis Chagunda; Tabukeli Musigi Ruhiiga, Lobina Gertrude Palamuleni
      Abstract: Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management is rapidly becoming a severe environmental problem worldwide. Developing countries, especially African cities, are the most affected due to inadequate resources to cope with increasing magnitude and complexity of the waste generated as well as the scarcity of land for disposal. As such, strategies which include waste- to-energy (WtE) generation to recover the potent energy from municipal waste could be a better option. This study sought to determine the sustainability of WtE projects for energy access to off-grid residents in the North-West province, South Africa. The study used a quantitative research design coupled with field observations and measurement of elements of the waste chain to generate primary data sets. The information was supplemented by secondary datasets on waste information and waste management at local municipalities. Results revealed that some of the classes of waste have the optimum calorific values and moisture content for WtE. The eligibility of a waste class to be used in WtE generation projects is dependent on the quantities generated. The results also indicate that using paper as fuel in the 240 tonnes/day WtE technology would cover more days of operation than plastics and rubber. Based on the 2020 estimated waste quantities, paper would last 234 days of generating about 6,944 GWh while plastics would last 177 days with energy output of 5, 207 GWh. Waste quantities generated in the North-West province could contribute to sustainable energy access to the off-grid informal settlement residents and advance waste management options through WtE. This study contributes to the literature on renewable energy and waste management in the context of green energy in South Africa.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Characterization of plant growth promoting potential of 3D-printed plant
           microbial fuel cells

    • Authors: Diane Pamela Entienza Palmero; Kristopher Ray Simbulan Pamintuan
      Abstract: Plant-Microbial Fuel Cell (PMFC) is an emerging technology that converts plant waste into electrical energy through rhizodeposition, offering a renewable and sustainable source of energy. Deviating from the traditional PMFC configurations, additive manufacturing was utilized to create intricate and efficient designs using polymer-carbon composites. Concerning the agricultural sector, the effect of 3D-printed PMFCs on the growth and biomass distribution of Phaseolus lunatus and Ipomoea aquatica was determined. The experiment showed that electrostimulation promoted the average daily leaf number and plant height of both polarized plants, which were statistically proven to be greater than the control (α = 0.05), by energizing the flow of ions in the soil, boosting nutrient uptake and metabolism. It also stimulated the growth of roots, increasing the root dry mass of polarized plants by 155.44% and 66.30% for I. aquatica and P. Lunatus against their non-polarized counterpart. Due to the biofilm formation on the anode surface, the number of root nodules of the polarized P. lunatus was 51.30% higher than the control, while the protein content in the PMFC setup was 42.22% and 8.26% higher than the control for I. aquatica and P. lunatus, respectively. The voltage readings resemble the plants' average growth rate, and the polarization studies showed that the optimum external resistances in the I. aquatica- and P. lunatus-powered PMFC were 4.7 kΩ and 10 kΩ, respectively. Due to other prevailing pathways of organic carbon consumption, such as methanogenesis, the effect of polarization on the organic carbon content in soil is currently inconclusive and requires further study.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Numerical assessment of meshless method for studying nanofluid natural
           convection in a corrugated wall square cavity

    • Authors: Youssef Es-Sabry; Mohammed Jeyar, Elmiloud Chaabelasri, Dris Bahia
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate the impact of various factors, such as wall shape, Rayleigh number, and volume fraction of nanoparticles, on natural convection in a square cavity that is filled with a mixture of Al2O3 solid particles and liquid water. The research employs numerical simulations based on the radial basis function meshless method and the artificial compressibility technique. The results of the study showed that the temperature distribution in the cavity was mostly uniform, except in the vicinity of the hot wall, while the flow was primarily dominated by convection as the Rayleigh number increased. Furthermore, the heat transfer rate increased with the volume fraction of nanoparticles, indicating the significance of nanoparticles in improving the thermal performance of the system.  Additionally, the study found that the average Nusselt number, which characterizes the heat transfer efficiency, was highest when the cavity had a wavy wall. For single and double wavy walls, there were respective enhancements of 32% and 6% compared to a regular wall. Additionally, the Nusselt number increased as the volume fraction of nanoparticles, indicating a significant influence of nanoparticle concentration and wall geometry on the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in the square cavity. Consequently, this study's outcomes provide crucial insights into designing and optimizing thermal management systems, particularly those utilizing nanofluids.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • The feed-in tariff (FIT) policy to improve renewable energy utilization:
           An analysis of FIT implementation in ASEAN countries from renewable energy
           growth, decarbonization, and investment perspective

    • Authors: Mujammil Asdhiyoga Rahmanta; Ari Permana, Wilson Susanto, Endiarjati Dewandaru Sadono, Irine Handika Ikasari, Muhammad Akhsin Muflikhun
      Abstract: The FIT policy are widely adopted in the world to promote the utilization of renewable energy technology (RET). Tariff rates, tariff regression mechanisms, contract term, and quota constraints are all components of the FIT policy. This policy has also been adopted by Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN countries to optimize their renewable energy (RE) potential. This paper examines the utilization of RET in power generation under the FIT policy from the perspective of the growth of renewable energy, environment, and investment which applied in five major ASEAN countries in term of the biggest generation capacity, such as: Indonesia Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines. This study shows that the FIT has been successful in accelerating renewable energy growth compared to pre-FIT, where annual RE capacity growth was 7.52% in Thailand (2007-2021), 16.38% in Vietnam (2011-2021), 4.56% in Indonesia (2012-2021) 2021), 9.11% in Malaysia (2012-2021), and 5.21% in the Philippines (2012-2021). FIT also managed to keep CO2/kWh emissions production stable in Vietnam, Malaysia, and Thailand while increasing RE production in their power systems. Otherwise, due to the low utilization of RET in Indonesia and the Philippines, CO2 emissions in them has increased significantly, 6.67% per year at Indonesia, and 15.25% per year at the Philippines after the introduction of the FIT. Generally, FIT has succeeded in increasing the value of international funding investments in RE sector in Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Evaluating the EEMD-LSTM model for short-term forecasting of industrial
           power load: A case study in Vietnam

    • Authors: Nam Nguyen Vuu Nhat; Duc Nguyen Huu, Thu Nguyen Thi Hoai
      Abstract: This paper presents the effectiveness of the ensemble empirical mode decomposition-long short-term memory (EEMD-LSTM) model for short term load prediction. The prediction performance of the proposed model is compared to that of three other models (LR, ANN, LSTM). The contribution of this research lay in developing a novel approach that combined the EEMD-LSTM model to enhance the capability of industrial load forecasting. This was a field where there had been limited proposals for improvement, as these hybrid models had primarily been developed for other industries such as solar power, wind power, CO2 emissions, and had not been widely applied in industrial load forecasting before. First, the raw data was preprocessed using the IQR method, serving as the input for all four models. Second, the processed data was then used to train the four models. The performance of each model was evaluated using regression-based metrics such as mean absolute error (MAE) and mean squared error (MSE) to assess their respective output. The effectiveness of the EEMD-LSTM model was evaluated using Seojin industrial load data in Vietnam, and the results showed that it outperformed other models in terms of RMSE, n-RMSE, and MAPE errors for both 1-step and 24-step forecasting. This highlighted the model's capability to capture intricate and nonlinear patterns in electricity load data. The study underscored the significance of selecting a suitable model for electricity load forecasting and concluded that the EEMD-LSTM model was a dependable and precise approach for predicting future electricity assets. The model's robust performance and accurate forecasts showcased its potential in assisting decision-making processes in the energy sector.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Enhancing the performance of water-based PVT collectors with nano-PCM and
           twisted absorber tubes

    • Authors: Anwer B. Al-Aasama; Adnan Ibrahim, Ubaidah Syafiq, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Bassam M. Abdulsahib, Mojtaba Dayer
      Abstract: The study investigated the thermal performance of a photovoltaic thermal (PVT) collector with a twisted absorber tube and nanoparticle-enhanced phase change material (nano-PCM). The PVT collector consisted of twisted absorber tubes, a container filled with nano-PCM, and a photovoltaic (PV) panel. To assess its efficiency, five different configurations were tested using an indoor solar simulator. The configurations analyzed were as follows: (a) an unenhanced PV panel, (b) PVT with circular absorber tubes (C-PVT), (c) PVT with twisted absorber tubes (T-PVT), (d) C-PVT with nano-PCM (C-PVT-PCM), and (e) T-PVT with nano-PCM (T-PVT-PCM). The thermal, photovoltaic, and combined photovoltaic-thermal efficiencies were evaluated at varying mass flow rates (0.008-0.04kg/s) and a constant solar irradiance of 800W/m2. Among the configurations tested, the T-PVT-PCM configuration demonstrated the highest performance. Specifically, at a mass flow rate of 0.04kg/s, solar irradiance of 800W/m2, and an ambient temperature of 27°C, it achieved photovoltaic, thermal, and combined photovoltaic-thermal efficiencies of 9.46%, 79.40%, and 88.86%, respectively. The utilization of twisted absorber tubes in the design notably improved thermal efficiency by enhancing heat transmission between the liquid and the tube surface. Furthermore, the implementation of T-PVT-PCM led to a significant reduction in surface temperature. Compared to the unenhanced PV panel, it lowered the surface temperature by approximately 30°C, and when compared to C-PVT-PCM, it reduced it by around 10°C. Notably, T-PVT-PCM outperformed the unenhanced PV panel by exhibiting a 34.5% higher photovoltaic efficiency. Overall, the study highlights the performance of the PVT collector with twisted absorber tubes and nanoparticle-enhanced phase change material. The innovative design achieved remarkable thermal efficiency, reduced surface temperatures, and significantly enhanced photovoltaic efficiency compared to traditional configurations. These findings contribute to the development of more efficient and versatile solar energy systems with the potential for broader applications in renewable energy technology.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Estimating mixture hybrid Weibull distribution parameters for wind energy
           application using Bayesian approach

    • Authors: Agbassou Guenoupkati; Adekunlé Akim Salami, Yao Bokovi, Piléki Xavier Koussetou, Seydou Ouedraogo
      Abstract: The Weibull distribution function is essential for planning and designing wind-farm implementation projects and wind-resource assessments. However, the Weibull distribution is limited for those areas with high frequencies of calm winds. One solution is to use the hybrid Weibull distribution. In fact, when the wind speed data present heterogeneous structures, it makes sense to group them into classes that describe the different wind regimes. However, the single use of the Weibull distribution presents fitting errors that should be minimized. In this context, mixture distributions represent an appropriate alternative for modelling wind-speed data. This approach was used to combine the distributions associated with different wind-speed classes by weighting the contribution of each of them. This study proposes an approach based on mixtures of Weibull distributions for modelling wind-speed data in the West Africa region. The study focused on mixture Weibull (WW-BAY) and mixture hybrid Weibull (WWH-BAY) distributions using Bayes' theorem to characterize the wind speed distribution over twelve years of recorded data at the Abuja, Accra, Cotonou, Lome, and Tambacounda sites in West Africa. The parameters of the models were computed using the expectation-maximization (E-M) algorithm. The parameters of the models were estimated using the expectation-maximization (E-M) algorithm. The initial values were provided by the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. The results obtained from the proposed models were compared with those from the classical Weibull distribution whose parameters are estimated by some numerical method such as the energy pattern factor, maximum likelihood, and the empirical Justus methods based on statistical criteria. It is found that the WWH-BAY model gives the best prediction of power density at the Cotonou and Lome sites, with relative percentage error values of 0.00351 and 0.01084. The energy pattern factor method presents the lowest errors at the Abuja site with a relative percentage error value of -0.54752, Accra with -0.55774, and WW-BAY performs well for the Tambacounda site with 0.19232. It is recommended that these models are useful for wind energy applications in the West African region.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Modification and extension of the anaerobic model NĀ°2 (AM2) for the
           simulation of anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste

    • Authors: Amine Hajji; Younes Louartassi, Mohammed Garoum, Najma Laaroussi, Mohammed Rhachi
      Abstract: Anaerobic digestion is a complex process whose understanding, optimization, and development require mathematical modeling to simulate digesters' operation under various conditions. Consequently, the present work focuses on developing a new and improved model called "AM2P" derived from the AM2 model. This new model incorporates surface-based kinetics (SBK) into the overall simulation process to transform the system into three stages: hydrolysis, acidogenesis, and methanogenesis. Experimental data from our previous work were used to identify the AM2 and AM2P models' parameters. Simulations showed that the AM2P model satisfactorily represented the effect of the hydrolysis phase on the anaerobic digestion process, since simulated values for acidogenic (X1) and methanogenic (X2) biomass production revealed an increase in their concentration as a function of particle size reduction, with a maximum concentration of the order of 5.5 g/l for X1 and 0.8 g/l for X2 recorded for the case of the smallest particle size of 0.5 cm, thus accurately representing the effect of substrate particle disintegration on biomass production dynamics and enabling the process of anaerobic digestion to be qualitatively reproduced. The AM2P model also provided a more accurate response, with less deviation from the experimental data; this was the case for the evolution of methane production, where the coefficient of determination (R2) was higher than 0.8, and the root-mean-square error (RMSE) was less than 0.02.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Computational prediction of green fuels from crude palm oil in fluid
           catalytic cracking riser

    • Authors: Agus Prasetyo Nuryadi; Widodo Wahyu Purwanto, Windi Susmayanti, Himawan Sutriyanto, Bralin Dwiratna, Achmad Maswan
      Abstract: Fluid catalytic cracking could convert crude palm oil into valuable green fuels to substitute fossil fuels. This study aimed to predict the phenomenon and green fuels yield in the industrial fluid catalytic cracking riser using computational fluid dynamics. A three-dimensional transient simulation using the Eulerian-Lagrangian with the multiphase particle-in-cell is to investigate reactive gas-particle hydrodynamics and the four-lump kinetic network model with the rare earth-Y catalyst for crude palm oil cracking behaviors. The study results show that the fluid and catalyst velocity profile increase in the middle of the riser reactor because the cracking reaction process that produces OLP and Gas products has a lighter molecular weight. The endothermic reaction causes the temperature profile to decrease because the heat of the reaction comes from the catalyst. This analysis shows that the simulation accurately predicts green fuel products from crude palm oil. As a result, the crude palm oil conversion, organic liquid product yield, and Gas yield correspond to 70 wt%, 28.8 wt%, and 27.5 wt%, respectively. Compared to the experimental study, the computational prediction of yield products showed good agreement and determined the optimal riser dimension. The methodology and results are guidelines for optimizing the FCC riser process using CPO.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Exploring the link between green energy, CO2 emissions, exchange rate and
           economic growth: Perspective from emerging South Asian countries

    • Authors: Mohammad Rifat Rahman; Md. Mufidur Rahman, Roksana Akter
      Abstract: This paper investigates the nexus between renewable energy use, CO2 emissions, exchange rate, and economic development within emerging South Asian nations, namely Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, employing the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) framework. It examines annual data spanning from 1990 to 2019, examining key indicators of renewable energy consumption, CO2 emissions, exchange rate, and economic development. The ARDL bounds test results demonstrate the existence of co-integration among the variables in the long run. The empirical result finds that the renewable energy consumption, CO2 emissions, and exchange rate have a significant impact on economic growth in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka in the long run. In India no significant relationship found in the long run. In short run assessment, Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka also found same relationship with economic growth and renewable energy consumption, CO2 emissions, and exchange rate. Interestingly, In Pakistan no significant relationship has found in short run estimation analysis. Furthermore, study tried to determine the causality direction by using the Toda Yamamoto granger causality approach, which reveals bidirectional causation between exchange rate and CO2 emission in India. In Pakistan, study also found  bi-directional causality among the variables renewable energy consumption, CO2 emissions, and economic growth. Finally, this paper emphasizes developing the policy as well as making a concrete decision regarding the renewable energy consumption, CO2 emissions, exchange rate, and economic development for ensuring sustainable economic growth in South Asian region. Future research could extend this work by including different dimensional data, additional countries, or using alternative or supplementary modeling techniques.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Performance evaluation of the novel 3D-printed aquatic plant-microbial
           fuel cell assembly with Eichhornia crassipes

    • Authors: Mel Patrick D. Malinis; Herna Jones F Velasco, Kristopher Ray Pamintuan
      Abstract: Plant-Microbial Fuel Cells (PMFCs) are a sustainable derivative of fuel cells that capitalizes on plant rhizodeposition to generate bioelectricity. In this study, the performance of the novel 3D-printed aquatic PMFC assembly with Eichhornia crassipes as the model plant was investigated. The design made use of 1.75 mm Protopasta Conductive Polylactic Acid (PLA) for the electrodes and 1.75 mm CCTREE Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol (PETG) filaments for the separator. Three systems were prepared with three replicates each: PMFCs with the original design dimensions (System A), PMFCs with cathode-limited surface area variations (System B), and PMFCs with anode-limited surface area variations (System C). The maximum power density obtained by design was 82.54 µW/m2, while the average for each system is 26.99 µW/m2, 36.24 µW/m2, and 6.81 µW/m2, respectively. The effect of variations on electrode surface area ratio was also examined, and the results suggest that the design benefits from increasing the cathode surface area up to a cathode-anode surface area ratio of 2:1. This suggests that the cathode is the crucial component for this design due to it facilitating the rate-limiting step. Plant health was also found to be a contributing factor to PMFC performance, thereby suggesting that PMFCs are an interplay of several factors not limited to electrode surface area alone. The performance of the novel PMFC did not achieve those obtained from existing studies. Nevertheless, the result of this study indicates that 3D-printing technology is a possible retrofit for PMFC technology and can be utilized for scale-up and power amplification.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Energy performance evaluation of a photovoltaic thermal phase change
           material (PVT-PCM) using a spiral flow configuration

    • Authors: Muhammad Syazwan Bin Aziz; Adnan Ibrahim, Muhammad Amir Aziat Bin Ishak
      Abstract: A relatively new technology, a hybrid photovoltaic thermal (PVT) solar collector, allows for producing electrical and thermal energy.  However, the module heats up more when exposed to sunlight thanks to the PVT collector's incorporation, reducing its efficiency.  Consequently, lowering the operating temperature is crucial for maximizing the system's effectiveness.  This research aims to create a photovoltaic thermal phase change material (PVT-PCM) solar collector and evaluate its energy performance through a controlled laboratory environment.  Two different PVT collector designs, one using water and the other using a phase change material (PCM), were evaluated using a spiral flow configuration.  Under a sun simulator, the PVT solar collector was subjected to 400 W/m2, 600 W/m2, and 800 W/m2 of solar irradiation at three different mass flow rates.  The results showed that under 800 W/m2 of solar irradiation and 0.033 kg/s mass flow rate, the collector using water could only reach an overall maximum efficiency of 64.34 %, whereas the PVT-PCM configuration with spiral flow had the maximum performance, with an overall efficiency of 67.63%.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Performance characterization of a novel PV/T panel with nanofluids under
           the climatic conditions of Muscat, Oman

    • Authors: Afzal Husain; Nabeel Z. Al-Rawahi, Nasser A. Al-Azri, Mohammed Al-Naabi, Musaab El-Tahir
      Abstract: The study presents an experimental analysis of a novel mini channels-based Photovoltaic/Thermal (PV/T) panel with nanofluid flow. The design consists of a PV plate attached to an aluminum substrate absorber plate having minichannels grooved on it to act as a solar collector and cooling mechanism for PV. The proposed design was tested for thermal and electrical efficiencies under the working fluids of water, Al2O3, and SiO2 nanofluids at 0.1% and 0.2% concentrations in water and at a flow rate of 0.005 l/s to 0.045 l/s. The experiments were carried out outdoors in a real environment and the measurements were taken for PV surface and fluid temperatures, incidence solar flux, electrical voltage, and current produced. The PV and PV/T performance was compared, and a noticeable enhancement in electrical efficiency was observed with the proposed design as compared to the bare PV module, and an appreciable augmentation in thermal efficiency was noticed when nanofluids were applied. The maximum electrical and thermal efficiencies of PV/T with 0.2% Al2O3 nanofluid were 19.1% and 73.4%, respectively; whereas for bare PV panels, the electrical efficiency was 18.7%. The Al2O3 nanofluid at 0.2% exhibited more than a 10% increase in thermal efficiency compared to water as a working fluid in PV/T.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Solid waste management by RDF production from landfilled waste to
           renewable fuel of Nonthaburi

    • Authors: Udorn Rahotharn; Maneerat Khemkhao, Prangtip Rittichote Kaewpengkrow
      Abstract: A worldwide increase in waste production and energy demand as the world's population grows and consumes more resources: therefore, sustainable waste management strategies are important. The goal of this work is to research the guidelines for the appropriate RDF production and landfill waste management of the Nonthaburi province, Thailand. Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) produced from landfilled Waste (LW) in Nonthaburi was investigated the physicochemical. The following procedure has implemented for the production of LW to RDF of 25 tons/hr of LW; (i) the LW was placed in a pre-shredder, which was followed by a primary crusher; (ii) metals were removed from the waste stream using a magnetic separator; (iii) the LW was transferred using a conveyor belt to a dynamic disc screen, where recyclable waste was separated into smaller sizes less than 80 mm.; (iv) the waste passed through an air separator to reject high-density materials (soil and glass); (v) the undesired material were separated manually, and (vi) the desired material were baled. RDF composition consisted of 78.16-67.93% plastics, 2.29 -4.34% rubber, 1.27% wood, 1.53-2.19 % textile, and other (soil-like material) 12.19-26.72%. The proximate and elemental analysis of RDF was determined according to the ASTM method. The moisture content was reduced, and the heating value increased to 18.08-29.41 MJ/kg. The results suggested high carbon and low nitrogen content suitable for energy conversion. The separation can effectively convert LW to RDF, which can be applied as an alternative fuel. Therefore, RDF can contribute to a more sustainable and circular economy.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +000
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