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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
Showing 201 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Etcétera : Revista del Área de Ciencias Sociales del CIFFyH     Open Access  
Ethical Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Ethics & Bioethics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ethics in Progress     Open Access  
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Éthique en éducation et en formation : Les Dossiers du GREE     Open Access  
Éthique publique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethische Perspectieven     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Etikk i praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études phénoménologiques : Phenomenological Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Études Platoniciennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal for Philosophy of Science     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
European Journal of Islamic Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Faith and Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
FALAH : Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah     Open Access  
Feminist Philosophy Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fichte-Studien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Film-Philosophy Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Filosofia e Educação     Open Access  
Filosofia Theoretica : Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Filosofia Unisinos     Open Access  
Filosofia. Revista da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto     Open Access  
Filozofia Chrześcijańska     Open Access  
Filozofia Publiczna i Edukacja Demokratyczna     Open Access  
Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society     Open Access  
FLEKS : Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FOKUS : Jurnal Kajian Keislaman dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Folios     Open Access  
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Forum Philosophicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Franciscanum. Revista de las ciencias del espíritu     Open Access  
Frónesis     Open Access  
Funes. Journal of Narratives and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Gestalt Theory. An International Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Bioethics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Forum on Arts and Christian Faith     Open Access  
Gnosis : Journal of Gnostic Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Gogoa     Open Access  
Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Grafía     Open Access  
Granì     Open Access  
Grazer Philosophische Studien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Griot : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Grotiana     Hybrid Journal  
GSTF Journal of General Philosophy (JPhilo)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Review of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Hegel Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Heidegger Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Heroism Science     Open Access  
Hic Rhodus : Crisis capitalista, polémica y controversias     Open Access  
HiN : Alexander von Humboldt im Netz. Internationale Zeitschrift für Humboldt-Studien     Open Access  
Histoire Épistémologie Langage     Open Access  
History and Philosophy of Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
History of Communism in Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hobbes Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
HONAI : International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies     Open Access  
HOPOS : The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Horizonte : Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religião     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Horyzonty Wychowania     Open Access  
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Humanidades em diálogo     Open Access  
Humanidades Médicas     Open Access  
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Humanistic Management Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Hume Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Husserl Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Idealistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Idéias     Open Access  
Ignis (Revista de estudiantes)     Open Access  
IJIBE (International Journal of Islamic Business Ethics)     Open Access  
Ijtimaiyya : Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam     Open Access  
Ikonomika : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access  
Impact : The Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain     Free   (Followers: 4)
Informal Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Ingenium. Revista Electrónica de Pensamiento Moderno y Metodología en Historia de la Ideas     Open Access  
Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Inquiry : Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
INSANCITA : Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia     Open Access  
Intellèctus     Open Access  
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
Interespe. Interdisciplinaridade e Espiritualidade na Educação     Open Access  
International Gramsci Journal     Open Access  
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
International Journal for the Study of Skepticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Transformative Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Divination and Prognostication     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Engineering, Social Justice, and Peace     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Ethics Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Innovation Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Philosophical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Philosophy & Social Values     Open Access  
International Journal of Philosophy and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Philosophy Study     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Technoethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of the Platonic Tradition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Zakat     Open Access  
International Journal of Žižek Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Philosophical Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Studies in Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Studies in Philosophy Monograph Series     Full-text available via subscription  
International Studies in the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Iqtishoduna : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam     Open Access  
Isegoría     Open Access  
Islamic Sciences     Open Access  
Isonomía. Revista de Teoría y Filosofía del Derecho     Open Access  
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access  
Ítaca     Open Access  
Itinera     Open Access  
Ius Humani: Revista de derecho     Open Access  
JICSA : Journal of Islamic Civilization in Southeast Asia     Open Access  
JOHME : Journal of Holistic Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal for Continental Philosophy of Religion     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal for Peace and Justice Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Aesthetic Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetics and Phenomenology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Analytic Divinity     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Hermeneutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Business Ethics Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Catalan Intellectual History     Open Access  
Journal of Catholic Social Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Chinese Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Dharma Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of East Asian Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Educational Thought / Revue de la Pensée Educative     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ethics & Social Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Friends of Lutheran Archives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Graduate Studies Review     Open Access  
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanities of Valparaiso     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Islamic Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Islamic Ethics     Open Access  
Journal of Islamic Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Japanese Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Literature and Trauma Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Media Ethics : Exploring Questions of Media Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access  
Journal of Modern Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Moral Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Nietzsche Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Philosophical investigations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Philosophical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Philosophical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Philosophy in Schools     Open Access  
Journal of Philosophy, Culture and Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Journal of Religion and Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religion and Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Scottish Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Speculative Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Spiritual Formation and Soul Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Philosophical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of the Philosophy of Games     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Philosophy of History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the Philosophy of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the Sociology and Theory of Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Urdu Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Values Education / Değerler Eğitimi Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of World Philosophies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Juris (Jurnal Ilmiah Syariah)     Open Access  
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Jurnal Dinamika Penelitian : Media Komunikasi Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam (Journal of Islamic Economics and Business)     Open Access  
Jurnal Filsafat     Open Access  
Jurnal Konseling Gusjigang     Open Access  
Jurnal Living Hadis     Open Access  
Jurnal Theologia     Open Access  

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Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.535
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1556-2646 - ISSN (Online) 1556-2654
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • A Critical Assessment of the Quality of Reporting of Ethical Protections
           in Medical Papers Published in Turkey

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      Authors: M. Kemal Temel
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      The Declaration of Helsinki (DoH), the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations, and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines outline the basic principles for ethical conduct and publication of human-subject research, most notably informed consent (IC) and research ethics committee (REC) approval. This retrospective observational study was a first study to investigate the quality of reporting of these protections in a selected sample of medical papers published in Turkey. A total of 573 research articles published in the official journals of six leading Turkish medical schools between January 2018 and December 2020 were searched for information on obtaining (i) REC approval, (ii) written IC from research subjects or their legal guardians/representatives, and (iii) an REC-granted IC waiver when it was found, as stated in the DoH, “impossible or impracticable to obtain consent” from research subjects. Similarly, a total of 166 case reports were searched for a statement about publication-specific IC, as was recommended by COPE. Despite a statistically significant improvement over the years, the overall rates were found to be unsatisfactory. The protections were particularly misused or underused in retrospective research, where the rates of reporting written IC (15.41% vs. 48.61%) and REC approval with date and reference number information (45.38% vs. 61.11%) were significantly lower than in prospective research (p 
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-06-22T04:40:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221108600
       
  • A Study of a Culturally and Contextually Situated Multimedia Approach to
           Recruit a Hard-to-Reach Spanish-Speaking Population for a Randomized
           Control Trial (RCT)

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      Authors: Larimar Rodriguez, Cristina Murray-Krezan, Lidia Regino, Maria Tellez, Camille Vasquez, Virginia Sandoval, Daniel Perez Rodriguez, Blanca Pedigo, Janet Page-Reeves
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Study designs involving randomization can be difficult to communicate to participants, especially those with low literacy. The literature on strategies to explain research concepts is limited, especially for non-English speakers. We measured the effectiveness of a culturally and contextually situated multimedia approach to recruit a cohort of 60 female Mexican immigrants (FMI) to a randomized control trial (RCT) to reduce social isolation and depression. This strategy was designed to explain the concept of randomization, explain what participating in the research study entailed, and ensure informed consent. Potential participants viewed a presentation explaining the study and a video including animation with voice-over explaining the concept of randomization. We administered a pre/post survey. Respondents (N = 59) reported an increase in their understanding of randomization, intention to enroll, and attitude towards participating in research. We conclude that a culturally and contextually situated multimedia approach is an effective model when recruiting underrepresented populations with low literacy for RCTs.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T04:33:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221102682
       
  • Ethical Analysis of Egypt's Law Regulating Clinical Research

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      Authors: Amal Matar, Henry J. Silverman
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Lately, there has been increased research performed in Egypt. In response, the Egyptian Parliament published its first clinical research law in December 2020. The official version of the law was translated to English from Arabic and back by an accredited translation service. We performed an ethical analysis of the law based on the seven ethical requirements for clinical research proposed by Emanuel et al. and compared it with other regulations in the Arab region. The law contains provisions that fulfill all requirements for ethical research to varying degree. Provisions necessitating the sharing of participants’ data and biospecimens by the Central Intelligence Agency requires further specifications to ensure privacy protection. Also, the law poses problematic liabilities that could hamper medical research. Egypt's law compares favorably with other laws in the region. Potential items that require further specification can be addressed in the executive regulations currently being drafted for the law.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T05:10:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221096188
       
  • Understanding of Critical Elements of Informed Consent in Genomic
           Research: A Case of a Paediatric HIV-TB Research Project in Uganda

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      Authors: Francis Anyaka Amayoa, Frederick Nelson Nakwagala, John Barugahare, Ian Guyton Munabi, Erisa Sabakaki Mwaka
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Several studies have reported inadequate comprehension of informed consent for genomic research. This study aimed to assess research participants’ understanding of critical elements of informed consent for genomic research. A cross-sectional survey involving 123 parents/caregivers of children participating in a paediatric genomic TB/HIV study was conducted. Only 47.2% of the participants had adequate understanding of consent information. The mean objective (actual) and subjective (perceived) understanding scores were 78.7% and 91.7% respectively. Participants adequately understood most elements of consent however, some elements were poorly understood including foreseeable risks, protection of confidentiality and compensation for research related injury. Overall there was inadequate comprehension of critical elements of informed consent and there was dissonance between actual and perceived comprehension of informed consent.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-05-12T12:55:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221100430
       
  • Authors’ Response to “Invited Commentary on ‘Combatting
           Neo-colonialism in Health Research: What Can Aboriginal Health Research
           Ethics and Global Health Research Ethics Teach Each Other'’”

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      Authors: Bridget Pratt, Adrian Harper
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-05-03T11:43:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221097225
       
  • Invited Commentary on “Combatting neo-Colonialism in Health Research:
           What can Aboriginal Health Research Ethics and Global Health Research
           Ethics Teach Each Other'” (JERHRE-20-0064.R4)

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      Authors: Michelle R. Brear
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Bridget Pratt and Adrian Harper ( ) conducted a comparison of articles identified through six electronic literature searches. Their aim was to “identify ethics literature… that discussed combatting neo-colonial models of research”. They used manifest content analysis to compare the conceptual content of articles from the fields of global health (GH) and Australian Aboriginal health (AH). This innovative application of a literature review approach from literary and media studies, to health sciences in which literature reviews have traditionally focused on synthesizing evidence about intervention effectiveness, should be commended. It has potential to advance theoretical understandings of ethics in health research. However, I argue here that Pratt and Harper’s (2021) search strategy has several weaknesses, which suggests that their results must be interpreted with caution.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-04-29T05:12:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221097226
       
  • Capacity Development of Research Ethics Administrators: Scoping Review

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      Authors: Mutshidzi A Mulondo, Joyce M Tsoka-Gwegweni, Puleng LenkaBula, Perpetual Chikobvu
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Capacity development of research ethics committees is generally limited to members, and seldom includes administrators. This study sought to map the capacity development efforts of research ethics administrators. A scoping review was conducted. The literature search yielded 92 potentially relevant records, and further screening yielded 22 studies. The 22 studies were extracted and synthesized; two studies spoke directly on administrators’ capacity development, while the remaining 20 focused on the capacity development of committees or of committee members. The two studies which spoke directly on administrators reported about two capacity development efforts targeting administrators in Africa, namely the African Conference for Administrators of Research Ethics Committees, and the West African Bioethics Training Program.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-04-27T07:57:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221097044
       
  • Assessing the Quality and Performance of Institutional Review Boards:
           Impact of the Revised Common Rule

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      Authors: Min-Fu Tsan, Hannah Van Hook
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      The Common Rule, revised extensively to enhance human subjects protections and to reduce burdens to investigators and institutional review boards (IRBs), was implemented on January 19, 2019. We analyzed IRB performance metric data from 2016 through 2021 to evaluate the potential impact of the revised Common Rule on the quality and performance of IRBs. From 2016 to 2021, exempt protocols increased by 159% and protocols requiring IRB continuing reviews decreased by 28%. As only 48% of all protocols in 2021 were subjected to the revised Common Rule requirements, numbers of exempt protocols and protocols requiring IRB continuing reviews will continue to increase and decrease, respectively, in the next few years. Among a total of 16 IRB performance metrics studied, 4 improved, 4 deteriorated, and 8 remained unchanged from 2016 through 2021. This study represents the first effort to evaluate the impact of revised Common rule on IRB quality and performance.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-04-26T11:27:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221094407
       
  • Research Site Anonymity in Context

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      Authors: Mzikazi Nduna, Simangele Mayisela, Sadna Balton, Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela, Jabulani G. Kheswa, Itumeleng P Khumalo, Tawanda Makhusha, Maheshvari Naidu, Yandisa Sikweyiya, Sello L. Sithole, Cily Tabane
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      This paper utilizes critical theory to interrogate and problematize the practice of anonymising research sites as an ethical imperative. The contributing authors conduct research in and with various communities in southern Africa, position themselves and work from and within diverse areas and specialities of the social sciences. This article is developed from their rich and wide spectrum of field experience with a great diversity of communities, but mainly the poorer, under-resourced, socially and economically marginalized. The authors strongly identify with these communities whose anonymity in published research is seen as marginalizing. Such research sites are places and communities where these researchers grew up and live in, and thus not just as peripheral or ‘out there’ entities. Therefore, the naming of research sites in this context is deemed as being ethical, out of respect for participants, for a contextually embedded understanding, and for well-targeted interventions and policy influence.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-03-08T11:15:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221084838
       
  • International Regulatory Standards for the Qualitative Measurement of Deep
           Brain Stimulation in Clinical Research

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      Authors: I. Stevens, F. Gilbert
      First page: 228
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has progressed to become a promising treatment modality for neurologic and psychiatric disorders like epilepsy and major depressive disorder due to its growing personalization. Despite evidence pointing to the benefits of DBS if tested on these personalized qualitative metrics, rather than randomized-control trial quantitative standards, the evaluation of these novel devices appears to be based on the latter. This study surveyed the presence of this trend in the national regulatory guidelines of the prominent DBS researching countries. It was found that two governing bodies, in the European Union and Australia, acknowledged the option for qualitative measures. These findings support further development of national regulatory guidelines, so the neuroscientific community developing these neurotechnologies can better understand the impact their treatments have on patients.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-04-15T05:54:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221094922
       
  • The Multidimensional Nature of Research Ethics: Letters Issued by a French
           Research Ethics Committee Included Similar Proportions of Ethical and
           Scientific Queries

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      Authors: Thibaud Haaser, Vincent Bouteloup, Driss Berdaï, Marie-Claude Saux
      First page: 242
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Debate is ongoing concerning the activities and functioning of Research Ethics Committees (REC), especially a possible science-or-ethics dichotomy in research ethics review. We retrospectively analyzed 145 letters issued by a French REC over 18 months. All queries were classified in three levels: qualification (definition of the problem), category (aggregation of broader topics) and finally fields (ethical, scientific, or administrative). Overall, 971 queries were identified, of which 407 (42%), 379 (39%), and 135 (14%) were deemed ethical, scientific, and administrative queries, respectively. The most frequent concern was about participants’ information. The main influencing factor was the profession of the reporting readers—scientific queries were more frequently raised by a methodologist, whereas ethical queries were more frequently raised by an ethicist. These results indicate that research ethics review is a multidimensional task that should be considered a collaborative effort.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-04-13T07:22:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221093218
       
  • How do Research Ethics Committee Members Respond to Hypothetical Studies
           with Children' Results from the MESSI Study

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      Authors: Stephanie Taplin, Jenny Chalmers, Judith Brown, Tim Moore, Anne Graham, Morag McArthur
      First page: 254
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Hypothetical scenarios were used to assess the influence of the sensitivity of the study topic, payments, and study methods on research ethics committee (HREC) members’ approval of social research studies involving children. A total of 183 Australian HREC members completed an online survey. The higher the perceived sensitivity of the study topic, the less likely the study would be approved by an HREC member. HREC members were most likely to approve each of the hypothetical studies if no payment was offered. Payment was the most common reason for not approving the low risk studies, while risks were the most common reasons for not approving the more sensitive studies. Face-to-face interviews conducted at home with children elicited substantially higher rates of approval from HREC members with more sensitive study topics. Both HRECs and researchers may benefit from additional guidance on managing risks and payments for children and young people in research.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-03-18T12:00:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221087530
       
  • Preliminary Evidence for an Association between Journal Submission
           Requirements and Reproducibility of Published Findings: A Pilot Study

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      Authors: Mitch Brown, Robert E. McGrath, Donald F. Sacco
      First page: 267
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Systemic efforts have been employed to improve the reproducibility of published findings in psychology. To date, little research has been conducted evaluating how well these efforts work. In an effort to bridge this gap, the current study looked at journal submission requirements intended to encourage authors to engage in best practices for facilitating reproducible science and offers preliminary evidence for their potential efficacy. We calculated reproducibility indices (p-curves) for three randomly selected empirical studies published in each of 23 psychology journals in 2019 and correlated quantitative results from those analyzes with the number of submission requirements for each journal that intended to ensure compliance with best reporting practices. Results indicated a greater number of submission requirements at a given outlet was associated with indices indicating greater likelihood of reproducibility of findings. We frame findings as impetus for future, more extensive, research to identify causal links between submission requirements and reproducibility.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-02-28T04:10:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221083384
       
  • Faculty Members’ Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Anti-Plagiarism
           Detection Tools: Applying the Theory of Planned Behavior

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      Authors: Rasha M. Arabyat, Bashar R. Qawasmeh, Sayer I. Al-Azzam, Mohammad B. Nusair, Karem H. Alzoubi
      First page: 275
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Objective:To evaluate predictors of the use of anti-plagiarism detection tools (APTs) in higher education institutions.Methods:An online survey based on the theory of planned behavior was sent to members of science faculties in Jordan. Multivariate Logistic regression was conducted to determine predictors of previous use of APTs, and multivariate linear regression to predict future intentions.Results:A total of 173 faculty members completed the survey, with 78.13% indicating previous APTs use. Turnitin® (43%) and Ithenticate® (32.8%) were the most commonly used APTs. These tools were mainly used to evaluate papers before sending them to journals (65.5%) and to detect plagiarism in theses/dissertations (50.4%). Predictors of previous use were academic rank (p  =  0.02) and perceived understanding of APT use (p  =  0.043). Intentions for future use were predicted by attitudes (p 
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-02-21T05:09:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221078655
       
  • “It’s Almost as if Stakeholder Engagement is the Annoying
           ‘Have-to-do'…”: Can Ethics Review Help Address the “3 Ts” of
           Tokenism, Toxicity, and Tailoring in Stakeholder Engagement'

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      Authors: Abigail Wilkinson, Catherine Slack, Siyabonga Thabethe, Jessica Salzwedel
      First page: 292
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Ethics guidance recommends that researchers engage stakeholders and that RECs review research for such engagement. The ethics review process may present a unique opportunity to support stakeholder engagement practices for HIV prevention studies. We conducted 28 interviews with experts from 12 countries to explore this issue, and analyzed the data using Thematic Analysis. We found that the value of engagement and review processes was strongly endorsed. However, we identified 3 major thematic complexities, namely: “Tokenism” where processes risk being “tick-box”; “Toxicity”, where practices may inadvertently have negative consequences; and “Tailoring”, where processes need careful variation in intensity. We make recommendations for how these “Ts” can be addressed during the review process to help contribute to thoughtful review of meaningful stakeholder engagement in research.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-02-15T01:53:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221078415
       
  • Tribal Deliberations about Precision Medicine Research: Addressing
           Diversity and Inequity in Democratic Deliberation Design and Evaluation

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      Authors: Erika Blacksher, Susan Brown Trinidad, R. Brian Woodbury, Scarlett E. Hopkins, Erica L. Woodahl, Bert B. Boyer, Wylie Burke, Vanessa Hiratsuka
      First page: 304
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Deliberative democratic engagement is used around the globe to gather informed public input on contentious collective questions. Yet, rarely has it been used to convene individuals exclusively from Indigenous communities. The relative novelty of using this approach to engage tribal communities and concerns about diversity and inequities raise important methodological questions. We describe the design and quality outcomes for a 2.5-day deliberation that elicited views of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) leaders about the potential value and ethical conduct of precision medicine research (PMR), an emerging approach to research that investigates the health effects of individual genetic variation in tandem with variation in health-relevant practices, social determinants, and environmental exposures. The event met key goals, such as relationship and rapport formation, cross-site learning, equality of opportunity to participate, and respect among participants in the context of disagreement.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-02-28T04:09:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221081267
       
  • Seeking Approval from Universities to Research the Views of Their Staff.
           Do Gatekeepers Provide a Barrier to Ethical Research'

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      Authors: Katherine Christian, Carolyn Johnstone, Jo-ann Larkins, Wendy Wright
      First page: 317
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      A “gatekeeper” controls access to an organization; “gatekeeper approval” is often needed before external research can take place within an organization. We explore the need for gatekeeper approval for research with university staff employing, as a case study, a project which collected data in Australia. This case study addresses known issues, seemingly rarely addressed in the literature. The Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC)'s requirement for approval from individual universities to approach their staff brought significant consequences, exacerbated by the lack of university procedures for such approvals. Simultaneously, since invitations could legitimately be distributed via other avenues, such approval was superfluous. We recommend the HREC's blanket requirement for institutional approval instead be considered on a case-by-case basis depending on the risk of the research, and perhaps waived for low-risk research where participants are able to provide informed consent, and that universities establish processes to deal with requests from external researchers.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-01-05T03:07:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646211068316
       
  • Practicalities of Impracticability: An Interim Review of Randomized
           Controlled Trials

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      Authors: Roma Dhamanaskar, William B. Feldman, Jon F. Merz
      First page: 329
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Impracticability is an ethical standard for waiver of informed consent in research. We examine how well the criterion of impracticability appears to have been fulfilled in a set of 36 completed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that secured consent from some subjects or LARs and employed waivers to enroll others. These trials were identified among 155 RCTs using waivers of consent in a convenience sample drawn from 7 systematic reviews. Recruitment data were available for 19 of the 36 trials, revealing an average of 41.6% of subjects (range 0.2–98.7%, 95% CI: 24.8–58.4%) were enrolled without consent. Six trials enrolled less than 10% of subjects without consent and an overlapping set of 9 trials sought consent from all subjects or LARs at some sites while waiving consent at other sites. We question whether these trials were practicable without waivers and identify issues for consideration by investigators and ethics review boards.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-04-20T06:27:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221092663
       
  • Consent Requirements for Testing Health Policies: An Intercontinental
           Comparison of Expert Opinions

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      Authors: Astrid Berner-Rodoreda, Shannon McMahon, Nir Eyal, Puspita Hossain, Atonu Rabbani, Mrittika Barua, Malabika Sarker, Emmy Metta, Elia Mmbaga, Melkizedeck Leshabari, Daniel Wikler, Till Bärnighausen
      First page: 346
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      Individual informed consent is a central requirement for clinical research on human subjects, yet whether and how consent requirements should apply to health policy experiments (HPEs) remains unclear. HPEs test and evaluate public health policies prior to implementation. We interviewed 58 health experts in Tanzania, Bangladesh and Germany on informed consent requirements for HPEs. Health experts across all countries favored a strong evidence base, prior information to the affected populations, and individual consent for ‘risky’ HPEs. Differences pertained to individual risk perception, how and when consent by group representatives should be obtained and whether HPEs could be treated as health policies. The study adds to representative consent options for HPEs, yet shows that more research is needed in this field – particularly in the present Covid-19 pandemic which has highlighted the need for HPEs nationally and globally.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-02-10T09:40:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221076764
       
  • Knowledge and Attitudes of Research Participants in China Toward
           Electronic Informed Consent in Clinical Trials: A Cross Sectional Study

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      Authors: Zhanqing Hu, Chenxi Ouyang, Jessica Hahne, Kaveh Khoshnood, Jinqiang Zhang, Xiyu Liu, Ying Wu, Xiaomin Wang
      First page: 362
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      This study aims to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of participants and potential participants in clinical trials toward electronic informed consent. We conducted a survey-based cross-sectional study in Hunan Province, China in March 2021. A total of 547 respondents were included in this study. All questions in an 8-item survey section assessing participants’ knowledge of electronic informed consent received correct answers from at least 70% of participants. In terms of attitude scores, most participants (86.3%) believed that electronic informed consent is more convenient than the paper-based version, and more than half (51.2%) believed that electronic informed consent could completely replace the paper-based version. Responses indicated that common concerns about electronic informed consent were its security and confidentiality, legal benefits, and implications for rights protection.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-01-28T01:17:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221075884
       
  • Informed Consent In Facial Photograph Publishing: A Cross-sectional Pilot
           Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Deidentification Methods

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      Authors: Frank G Preston, Yanda Meng, Yalin Zheng, James Hsuan, Kevin J Hamill, Austin G McCormick
      First page: 373
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.
      This study determined the effectiveness of three deidentification methods: use of a) a black box to obscure facial landmarks, b) a letterbox view to display restricted facial landmarks and c) a half letterbox view. Facial images of well-known celebrities were used to create a series of decreasingly deidentified images and displayed to participants in a structured interview session. 55.5% were recognised when all facial features were covered using a black box, leaving only the hair and neck exposed. The letterbox view proved more effective, reaching over 50% recognition only once the periorbital region, eyebrows, and forehead were visible. The half letterbox was the most effective, requiring the nose to be revealed before recognition reached over 50%, and should be the option of choice where appropriate. These findings provide valuable information for informed consent discussions, and we recommend consent to publish forms should stipulate the deidentification method that will be used.
      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-01-24T01:01:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646221075459
       
  • AER Conference poster abstracts in JERHRE

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      First page: 401
      Abstract: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
      PubDate: 2022-01-24T01:00:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/15562646211072503
       
 
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