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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Journal of Values Education / Değerler Eğitimi Dergisi
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1303-880X - ISSN (Online) 2667-7504
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [185 journals]
  • Examination of Primary School Students' Perspectives on Values in
           Terms of Root Values

    • Authors: Adem ARSLAN; Mahmut ELMA
      Abstract: Within the scope of the correction made to he primary school curriculum through the update programs intiated in 2018 by the Ministry of National Education, where "core values" were especially emphasized. These root values included in the program are expressed as "justice, honesty, friendship, helpfulness, patience, respect, self-control, love, responsibility, patriotism". In this study, primary school students' perspectives on values are discussed in terms of "root values". As a result of this study, which was prepared by using the phenomenological research design, one of the qualitative research methods; students describe the word value as cooperation, honesty and getting along. According to the participants, the most important value that people should have is benevolence, whereas their parents and teachers most want the students to acquire the value of responsibility. In addition, they stated that the students needed the value of patience the most, and they wanted to see the value of honesty in their friends. The participants emphasized that the most important value that the school instill in students is “being educated” and that people will be valuable thanks to patience and self-control. However, values of honesty, love and cooperation are expected to be found in their families the most. While teaching values to primary school students, these findings should definitely be taken into account.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An Investigation of Secondary School Students' Perspectives on the
           Value of Justice in Social Studies Education Through the Principle of
           Versus

    • Authors: Sezgin ELBAY
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigation the perspectives of secondary school 7th grade students on the value of justice through the principle of versus. In order to achieve this aim, phenomenology research design was used. Data were collected through semi-structured interview form and various documents (poetry and drawing). Participants consisted of 8 students selected from 7th grade students studying at a public secondary school in the 2020-2021 academic year. The data were analyzed in terms of versus coding, which identifiy mutually exclusive, opposite word pairs. According to the students, it has been determined that the unchanging essences/structures of the justice value are “meeting the need for safety”. In this context, it was concluded that the students took refuge in the value of justice as a guarantee of seeing their future safe. Therefore, it can be said that the students think that in the absence of the value of justice may affect fulfilling their safety needs. In addition, according to the students, it was concluded that the value of justice enables to build “social order versus social disorder”. According to the students, the value of justice is described as follows: “Justice is a value consisting of fairness, sovereignty of the state and social unity in order to meet the safety needs of the society. The ultimate aim of ensuring justice; is the construction of social order so that social turmoil does not occur.”
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Traditional Children's Games According to Primary School Teacher
           Pre-services

    • Authors: Mustafa EROL; Mehmet Umut AKBAKLA, Nuray KARABIÇAK
      Abstract: The main purpose of this research is to determine the views of prospective classroom teachers who take traditional children's games seriously. For this purpose, the phenomenological design, one of the qualitative research designs has been utilized in the study. The participants of the research consisted of 10 primary school teacher candidates who took the elective traditional children's games course at a university in Istanbul and were determined by the criterion sampling method. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview form prepared by the researchers and analyzed by content analysis. When the findings were examined, the prospective classroom teachers stated that traditional children's games contributed to value education, skill development, educational function, and intangible cultural heritage. In this direction, the research data were presented through themes in the form of the values that traditional children's games contain, the skills that traditional children's games gain, the educational function of traditional children's games, and the contribution of traditional children's games help to grow, intangible cultural heritage. The themes obtained were supported by one-to-one quotations from the statements of the pre-service teachers in the findings section. Considering the findings of the study, it can be said that it is important to use traditional children's games in educational environments.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Comparative Analysis of Core Universal Values in Rafadan Tayfa and Teen
           Titans Go

    • Authors: Rabia Elif YAKUT; İlyas YAKUT
      Abstract: Increasing rates of screen addiction in today’s world directly affects the learning processes of individuals aged 10-14, which can be defined as pre-adolescence or late childhood, which is one of the fastest learning periods. In this study, the Turkish production Rafadan Tayfa and the American production Teen Titans Go cartoons, which appeal to children in the relevant age period, were examined in their original languages to find out to what extent universal values were processed. Ten episodes from each cartoons were selected using a simple random sampling method, and the episodes were considered as documents and analyzed by the content analysis method. The values that emerged in the selected episodes are labeled on the basis of 12 values determined by UNESCO. The values emerging in each cartoon were compared with the descriptive statistics using the SPSS program, and the values emerged more frequently in Rafadan Tayfa compared to Teen Titans Go. Then, the cultures in which the cartoons were created accepted as the independent variable, and the core values that emerged in the cartoons were accepted as the dependent variable, and the data were compared using the Chi-square test. Chi-square results showed that culture, which is the independent variable, had an impact on the emergence rate of core values that are accepted as the dependent variable. In the Spearman correlation coefficient test, in which the frequency of 12 values in both cartoons was compared, it was found that the values emerged in a similar order in the two cartoons representing different cultures.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Study on the Relationship Between Religiosity, Empathic Tendency, and
           Intercultural Sensitivity Levels in University Students

    • Authors: Sema KARAGÖZ
      Abstract: The concept of spirituality is increasingly emphasized in today's healthcare services. Beliefs and values play an important role in patients’ perceptions of health, illness, and death. It’s a matter of fact that the spiritual values of patients differ from culture to culture. Keeping that in mind, the aim of this study is to determine the levels of religious disposition, empathy, and intercultural sensitivity in undergraduate students of theology and nursing departments and to reveal if there is a relationship between these variables. After graduating, theology and nursing students have the potential to become spiritual counselors and guides or nurses, professions which involve intense contact with the spiritual worlds of patients. For this purpose, we have reached 532 students continuing their undergraduate education in a Faculty of Theology and a Department of Nursing. Research data were obtained through a survey consisting of a Personal Information Form, a Brief Religiosity Scale, an Empathic Tendency Scale, and an Intercultural Sensitivity Scale. The data were subjected to statistical analysis by means of a package program called IBM SPSS Statistics 24. According to our findings, there is a statistically significant correlation between religiosity, empathic disposition and intercultural sensitivity. A statistically significant positive relationship was also found between empathic tendency and intercultural sensitivity. A statistically significant difference was found in empathic tendency scores by gender. A statistically significant difference was found in religiosity, empathic tendency and intercultural sensitivity scores according to the faculty of education.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect of Drama Method in Gaining Values: A Meta-Analysis Study

    • Authors: Esat YILDIRIM
      Abstract: In this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of drama practices on values at the national level. Literature databases are searched in line with this objective. As a result of literature database scanning this meta-analysis study was carried out with 11 experimental studies (18 comparison-data sets). The result of the analysis, indicate that the studies were heterogeneous. For this reason, the random-effects model was used as a model in the analysis. The Hedge's g effect level was calculated for each data and the overall effect levels and significance values were examined. The classification of Cohen et al., (2007) was used to interpret the effect size. The data relating to the studies included in the meta-analysis were analyzed through the use of CMA (Comprehensive Meta-Analysis) and MetaWin software programs. No publication bias was found according to the Funnel plot, Rosenthal Safe N, Duval and Tweedie test results of the studies included in the analysis. In addition, the number of samples, course area, education level and application week that may have an effect on the effect size were determined and analyzed as moderator variables. According to the data obtained from the analysis, it was concluded that the drama method had a strong effect (Hedge's g=1.272) on transmitting values to the students. It was concluded that the effect size of the drama method on the values differed according to the number of samples, course area, and education level moderator, but did not differ according to the moderator of the practice week. It is recommended that teachers and researchers use the drama method, which is an effective method in value teaching and acquisition.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Well-Being and Psychological Resilience in Preschool Children: Value
           Predictive Effect of Behaviors and Self-Regulation Skills

    • Authors: Saide ÖZBEY; Filiz ERATA, Kudret YAVUZ
      Abstract: The research was carried to identify the predictive levels of value behaviours and self-regulation skills in preschool children’s social emotional well-being and psychological resilience. The study was designed in relational screening model. The universe of the research consists of 36-72 months old children attending public primary schools and independent kindergartens in Trabzon province and its districts. The sample of the study, on the other hand, consists of 315 children attending kindergartens affiliated with official primary schools and independent kindergartens selected by simple random sampling method from the population. “Social Emotional Wellbeing and Psychological Resilience Scale (PERİK)”, “Self-Regulation Skills Scale” and “Development of Behavior Values Scale” were used as data collection tools in the research. The scale items for the children included in the study were filled in by the children’s teachers. After the obtained data were transferred to the SPPS 26.00 package program, they were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation test, and simple linear regression analysis. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the well-being and psychological resilience levels of the children participating in the research were high, and there was a moderate positive relationship between self-regulation and value behaviours and well- being and resilience levels; value behaviours and self-regulation skills were found to be significant predictors of well-being and resilience levels.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Relationship Between Positive Psychological Capital, Allah
           Centeredness and Life Satisfaction: Teachers Working in Istanbul

    • Authors: Ahmet Celalettin GÜNEŞ; Hilal KURTÇA, Ayşenur BARAK
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the relationships between positive psychological capital (PsyCap), Allah centeredness (AC), and life satisfaction (LS). It is also aims to describe the relationships between PsyCap, AC, LS, and demographic variables (gender, age, marital status, and teaching field). As a quantitative study, relational method was utilized for the research. The sample of the study consisted of 177 teachers who are currently working in schools in Istanbul. The research data were collected by a questionnaire which included the Psychological Capital Scale Short Form, Scale of Allah Centeredness, and Life Satisfaction Scale. Non-parametric tests were used because the data were not normally distributed. The results point out positive significant correlations between PsyCap, AC, and LS. Also, compared to singles, married participants scored significantly higher in terms of PsyCap, AC, and LS. Male teachers scored significantly higher than female teachers in terms of PsyCap. Some significant differences in terms of the variables of age and other teaching fields were found. In the suggestions section, arrangements that can be made to improve teachers' working and psychological conditions are emphasized.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • From Ontology to Epıstemology A Practical Wisdom-Focused Reading

    • Authors: Aliye ÇINAR SOYSÜREN
      Abstract: This study, first attempts to show that Aristotle's concept of practice (phronesis) and his theory of soul/nefs are two sides of the same coin. Aristotle, in the concept of practical wisdom (phronesis), considers the virtue of character with the virtue of thoughtfulness; the intellectual and the religious or the mythical; motivation/action ability with cognitive power. So he was able to combine ontology and epistemology.This idea is based on the assumption that value is rooted in ontology and that morality enlarges existence. Moreover, it cancels the purely thought-oriented ethics or natural morality independent of the power of action. Values are only visible on the entity. That's why Paul Tillich says, "Existence precedes value, but value completes being". This indicates the layered and multidimensionality of being and existence. Again, Tillich combines knowledge and value, pointing out that "it takes goodness to be wise." An existence whose motivation to act is problematic will also be deficient in the virtue of thought. Knowing is not merely contemplative, it is also action, because it requires goodness. As a matter of fact, in Greek thought, “morality and cognition are not separate.” In fact, morality does not only involve an intellectual dimension but an action dimension, so the will would be effective also, human existence wants to include the virtue of character as well as the virtue of thought.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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