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Filosofia. Revista da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0871-1658 - ISSN (Online) 2183-6892
Published by Universidade do Porto Homepage  [16 journals]
  • Página de Rosto

    • Authors: IF
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Volume completo e tábua de conteúdos

    • Authors: I F
      Pages: 1 - 204
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Índice

    • Authors: I F
      Pages: 2 - 6
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-02-04
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • As consequências da misologia. A apologia socrática do discurso
           no Fédon

    • Authors: Paulo Alexandre Lima
      Pages: 9 - 35
      Abstract: In this article we examine the Phaedo section on misology. Socrates tries to identify the nature and origin of μισολογία, as well as its ruinous consequences for the philosophical life. Μισολογία has a disastrous effect on philosophical life, because it consists in hatred of argument and therefore bears the power to undermine the confidence in λόγοι which is the very basis of life devoted to philosophy. Since philosophy is based upon confidence in λόγοι and could consequently be termed a kind of φιλολογία, hatred of argument or μισολογία can be equated with hatred of philosophy. Socrates endeavours to protect philosophy against the dangers of μισολογία. He does this by showing that confidence in λόγοι is the only way to conduct a meaningful life: the philosophical life. He performs an apology for λόγοι, which is an apology for philosophy and a fortiori for his own life: the life of a true φιλόλογος. Keywords: arguments, misology, Phaedo, philology, Plato.
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • The Questions on the Metaphysics attributed to Johannes Rucherat de
           Wesalia (A Textual Analysis)

    • Authors: Daniel A. Di Liscia
      Pages: 57 - 75
      Abstract: Las cuestiones sobre la Metafísica atribuidas a Johannes Rucherart de Wesalia (Un análisis textual) Resumen Es un hecho difícilmente cuestionable que la historia de la filosofía occidental es también, en buena medida, una historia de textos. Para la filosofía medieval es igualmente válido que, desde el siglo XIII en adelante, estos textos se relacionan sobre todo con la docencia universitaria y, al mismo tiempo, para bien o para mal, con la filosofía aristotélica. Este es un hecho fácilmente comprobable para los principales comentarios al Aristoteles latinus y, al mismo tiempo, para casi todas las universidades europeas. La presente contribución se ocupa de una parte de la tradición tardía de los comentarios a la Metafísica en las universidades alemanas de la Baja Edad Media. Se centra en un texto, un comentario en quaestiones sobre la Metafísica, cuya transmisión es extraordinariamente compleja. Examina dos autores medievales tardíos: Johannes Wesel (Johannes Rucherat de Wesalia), menos conocido por sus comentarios aristotélicos que por su confrontación con la Iglesia Romana, y Nicolás de Amsterdam, cuya obra ha recibido considerable atención en recientes estudios. Ambos filósofos fueron miembros de varias universidades alemanas durante la primera mitad del siglo XV y comentaron varios textos aristotélicos, incluyendo la Metafísica. Este artículo surge a partir del análisis de un manuscrito (Basilea, Universitätsbibliothek, F VIII 7), el cual transmite un comentario en quaestiones atribuido a Johannes Wesel. Luego de ofrecer alguna información básica, una comparación más detallada muestra, sin embargo, que este texto es esencialmente idéntico a una de las versiones del comentario de Nicolás de Amsterdam. Finalmente, se incluye una propuesta de interpretación de este hecho considerando los standars universitarios de la época. Palabras clave: Tradición textual medieval; Docencia universitaria medieval; Metafísica; Buridanismo. Autores: Aristóteles; Johannes Wesel; Nicolás de Amsterdam.
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Shakespeare and the German Aesthetics

    • Authors: Sílvia Bento
      Pages: 77 - 106
      Abstract: O estudo da estética alemã enquanto Philosophie der Kunst – especificamente, a estética romântica e idealista – envolve-nos numa cuidada análise da receção de Shakespeare desenvolvida por autores como Lessing, Herder, Goethe, A. W. Schlegel, F. Schlegel e Hegel. O nosso artigo constitui uma tentativa de determinação da relevância estética da exaltada e apaixonada receção germânica de Shakespeare e das suas implicações no âmbito do processo de definição da Estética enquanto Philosophie der Kunst. A elucidação da perspetivação alemã relativa a Shakespeare enquanto eminente objeto da estética – enquanto eminente objeto da filosofia – constituiu o principal propósito do nosso ensaio. Palavras-chave: Estética alemã; Filosofia da Arte; Shakespeare. Autores: Lessing; Herder; Goethe; A. W. Schlegel; F. Schlegel.
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • The eminent role of imagination in Burton’s treatment of melancholy.

    • Authors: Cláudio Alexandre S. Carvalho
      Pages: 107 - 135
      Abstract: Robert Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy conveys an impressive body of medical and humanist knowledge through a multitude of voices and styles, leading some of its interpreters to reject its unity and originality. We sustain that, along with its curative strategies, Burton’s understanding of the imagination, «the queen of mental powers», is probably the most innovative contribution of his work. Grounded on the Aristotelian model, Burton develops an operative conception of imagination that is central in the fulfillment of the prophylactic and therapeutic goals of the Anatomy. Burton describes the normal functioning of imagination, bridging between the physical and the immaterial soul with reproductive and creative features, but also its abnormal and/or pathological manifestations, particularly the way it has «the power to arouse the [melancholic] passions». The particular kind of delirium in which melancholy consists is described by Burton as the consequence of an unbounded imagination, «first step and fountain of all grievances», initiating damaging forms of enjoyment. On the other hand, a kind of «guided imagining» is required for the inoculation and relief of melancholic syndromes. These goals are not simply stated, through dietetic prescriptions and truncated spiritual measures. Burton constructs a reading experience that relies on the imagination as a way to understand, prevent and cure sensory, emotional and cognitive iterations of melancholy. Inspired in the story of Zisca’s drum, Burton designed the Anatomy so that it has incantatory gifts for its reader, affirming that it must «drive away melancholy (thou I be gone)».
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • History of Being: Phenomenology of ‘Other’ Cultural Traditions

    • Authors: . Karilemla
      Pages: 137 - 157
      Abstract: Heidegger’s movement away from his project of Dasein analytic of Being and Time to Being-centeredness in the middle period of his writings allows Being to give itself in appearing or clearing in its manifoldness. In the later years, Heidegger goes on to say that Being lies in the openness, luminosity or clearing (Lichtung) and determines the truth of beings. For Heidegger, it is in Being’s revealing-withdrawing inter-play that historical people come and ground their own cultural history. In this paper, I shall argue that Heidegger’s thinking of the history of Being is useful for establishing the phenomenological ground for a philosophical defense of ‘other’ cultural traditions in the background of their increasing questionableness in the planetary phase of the western understanding of Being. I show Heidegger’s attempt to overcome ontotheology and what according to Heidegger happens to the history of ontology in western metaphysics with the specific meaning of Being it has inherited since Plato. Desruktion of the history of Being is an unrelenting, ever-ongoing process in Heidegger’s writings. It has developed much earlier than Being and Time in the 1920s as a fiercely critical approach to the western philosophical tradition. The second section discusses Heidegger’s turn (die Kehre) towards the history of Being. It is through the history of Being, Heidegger attempts to overcome the history of western ontology. Heidegger contends that the history of Being unveils the truth of Being in a particular manner to the historical people in each metaphysical epoch. Hence, there is no single revelation of Being once and for all. This is an important notion that I shall emphasize in support of my conception of ‘other’ cultural traditions. The third section is on the history of Being of the Greeks and the Late Moderns. While Heidegger emphasizes about six such metaphysical epochs, I have chosen two important ones for our analysis; the original Greek understanding of Being or Phusis and the late modern technological understanding of Being or Gestell (enframing) as Heidegger sees it from the point of view of the history of Being. In the concluding section, I argue that Heidegger’s attack on a reified and unified history of philosophy and his emphasis on a divergent history of Being clear the way for my attempt to draw up a phenomenology of other cultural traditions. Keywords: Ontotheology. Historicity. Other. Tradition. die Kehre.
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • As constituições perdidas de Aristóteles. Fragmentos perdidos das
           constituições e fragmentos históricos, tradução de António de Castro
           Caeiro, Ed. Abismo, Lisboa 2018

    • Authors: José Meirinhos
      Pages: 161 - 169
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Suarez-Nani, T. – O. Ribordy – A. Petagine (org.), Lieu, espace,
           mouvement: physique, métaphysique et cosmologie (XIIe-XVIe siècles)
           Fédération Internationale des Instituts d’Études Médiévales,
           Barcelona-Roma 2017

    • Authors: José Higuera
      Pages: 170 - 172
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Kind, Amy (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination,
           Routledge, New York & Oxford 2016

    • Authors: Maria Eduarda Machado
      Pages: 173 - 176
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • João Machado Vaz, Schizophrenia, Minkowski, & Bergsonism, (MLAG
           Discussion Papers) Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto, Porto
           2018

    • Authors: Susana Oliveira
      Pages: 177 - 184
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Índice Onomástico

    • Authors: I F
      Pages: 185 - 191
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Normas Editoriais

    • Authors: I F
      Pages: 194 - 195
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Guidelines

    • Authors: IF
      Pages: 196 - 197
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Estatuto Editorial

    • Authors: IF
      Pages: 198 - 200
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • Editorial Statute

    • Authors: I F
      Pages: 201 - 204
      Abstract: .
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2022)
       
  • The Lullian Art and the Medieval Reception of the Aristotle’s Topics

    • Authors: José Higuera
      Pages: 37 - 55
      Abstract: Resumo  A possível oposição aristotélica entre demonstração e argumentos prováveis acha-se refletida nos comentários medievais que distinguem entre o silogismo dialético, usado pela arte da persuasão, e o silogismo demonstrativo, baseado em princípios necessários, cujo conhecimento é imediato e per se notum. Na nota de um manuscrito da Ars demonstrativa, atribuída a Ramon Llull, adverte-se que num tratado em que são postulados argumentos prováveis, embora baseados em princípios necessários, o termo demonstrativus pode soar um tanto «escandaloso». No entanto, O pensamento do Llull parece testemunhar um certo enfraquecimento na distinção entre argumentos prováveis e demonstrações, o que está relacionado com a leitura boeciana dos Tópicos. Boécio define uma lista de differentiae que são os termos que ligam uma premissa a uma conclusão necessária ou a um princípio geral num silogismo. Os comentadores medievais do De Topicis differentiis compreenderam que esses lugares dialéticos também são aplicáveis aos silogismos hipotéticos, compostos, por sua vez, por premissas condicionais. Os mestres medievais fizeram listas de differentiae que contêm termos tais como: oposição, semelhança, relação, superior e inferior, autoridade e trassumptio (termo em latim para o uso metafórico de um termo). Ramon Llull elaborou uma receção indireta do De topicis differentiis de Boécio na figura T da sua Arte, bem como uma aplicação particular dos lugares argumentativos ao serviço do diálogo teológico com outras religiões, já que neste tipo de provas os princípios da fé, ainda que necessários e verdadeiros por si mesmos, estão para além das faculdades do intelecto e não podem mais do que persuadir por meio de argumentos prováveis. Palavras-chave: Tópicos, persuasão, princípios necessários, Ars demonstrativa, diálogo teológico, visualizações medievais. Autores: Boécio, Aristóteles, Ramon Llull.
      PubDate: 2021-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2021)
       
 
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