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Journal of Analytic Divinity
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2602-3792
Published by DePauw University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • A Sociological Analysis about The Contribution of Islamic Family Values in
           Solving Contemporary Family Problems

    • Authors: Abdurrahman KURT
      Abstract: The Islamic family is a unique family, the foundations of which were laid by removing the harmful elements of the family in the past, which were not suitable for the nature of the family, and largely reforming and developing the humane ones. The Qur'an and the Prophet When the practice of the Prophet is examined with an impartial eye, it can easily be seen that the healthy functioning of the family institution is very important in Islamic culture. Islam has made a series of regulations against the risks that threaten the family order and stability. Some family problems that have arisen in contemporary times may be related to the erosion of the norms and values set by Islam regarding the family institution. The main problem of the research is what kind of family problems may arise if the norms and values in question, which are actually borderlines, are not taken into account. In this article, we will try to identify the specific Islamic values related to the family and analyze their function in solving contemporary family problems. The main goal of the paper is that Islamic family values is going to contribute to cope with contemporary family problems.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Hadiths in the Editorials/Main Articles of The Diyanet Gazetesi/ Newspaper
           and Diyanet Aylık Dergi/Monthly Magazine That Are of The Periodic
           Publications of The Presidency of Religious Affairs

    • Authors: Cenksu ÜÇER; Büşra ZOBA
      Abstract: This study examines hadiths in the editorials/main articles of the Diyanet Gazetesi/ Newspaper and Diyanet Aylık Dergi/Monthly Magazine that are of the periodic publications of The Presidency of Religious Affairs. The Diyanet Gazetesi/Newspaper, which started to be published in 1968, has been published as Diyanet Aylık Dergi/Monthly Magazine since 1991, changing its form and themes. Editorials in newspapers and monthly magazines, mostly written by the Directorate of Religious Affairs, have an important place in conveying the Directorate's message to society. The Directorate of Religious Affairs states that its services are based on the Qur'an (Book) and Sunnah. The Book and the Sunnah can be expressed the interpretation of the verses of the Qur'an and the words, actions and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) within the jurisprudence system of both the mujtahid/jurist and the sects and to be a religious basis for the obligated/person in the form of a religious decree. Therefore, hadiths, which are an important element of the Sunnah, are extremely important for all Muslims in terms of both religious and socio-cultural life. This study, it is aimed to reveal the general framework of the approach of the Directorate in its services. The agenda topics of the newspaper, monthly magazine, and the hadiths in the editorials were analyzed according to the obligations given to the Directorate by the constitution and the law, with the classification of "the pillars of faith and the creedal principles, worship, morality, unity, and solidarity, religious socio-cultural and actual life". The hypothesis of this quantitative study, conducted on 648 editorials published from November 1968 to December 2021, that "the hadiths in the editorials will be mostly about morality, unity and solidarity, religious socio-cultural life and related contents" has been confirmed as a result of the research. Of the 510 editorials that include the hadiths, about 10.5% of the hadiths are about the pillars of faith, beliefs, worship, and life of worship; 89.5 of them are in a framework that concerns the field of morality as a general category. This shows that the Directorates/Directorate adopt an attitude towards ensuring the spiritual-material peace of people and society by building the religious and social life with the principles brought by the religion of Islam in the field of individual and social morality.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Some Reviews on the Tribe of Banu Hanifah from the Perspective of its
           Relationship with the Prophet Muhammad

    • Authors: Öznur HOCAOĞLU
      Abstract: Banu Hanifah tribe living in Yemâme, is famous for its geopolitical position and fertile lands as well as its members. It is also known as the tribe that reacted most harshly to the Prophet’s invitation to Islam. This article is a biographical study about Banu Hanifah. In this study, the position of Banu Hanifah throughout the Islamic History in general and spesifically in the period of the Prophet Muhammad was tried to be presented. Museylimatulkadhdhab, who went down in history with the sedition of being false prophet, and his influence on his folk were dewelled on. Also, Prophet’s Companion Sumama b. Usal who is reflecting the positive side of the tribe and is never leaving the loyalty to the Prophet was mentioned. Banu Hanifah is an important tribe because it is the tribe to which the mother of Ali’s son Muhammad al-Hanafiyyah belongs too. In addition, Nâfi‘ b. Azraq who is the one of the leader of Kharijites and the member of the Banu Hanifah was also mentioned. The tribe is known for both its representatives who led the fire of sedition and its followers who did not compromise their loyalty to the Prophet. However, it was seen that the representatives of the sedition movement had a more dominant character. As a result, Banu Hanifah was determined to be among the prominent tribes both in apostasy and Kharijite movement.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An Overview of the Psychology of Religion Studies in Pakistan

    • Authors: Sadia ASGHAR
      Abstract: Pakistan is a heavily populated Muslim country that has just gained its independence and is experiencing political uncertainty due to conflicts with its neighbor country India. This dense population causes the country to struggle with poverty. Problems in the country affect people’s mental health. With the deterioration of the individual comes the deterioration of society. In this sense, societies need to face and struggle with their social problems in order to develop in a healthy way. When people face problems they cannot control, they often need to take refuge in a being they believe is stronger than themselves. This entity differs between religions. In this context, while psychology examines individual behaviors, the psychology of religion examines the reflection of religious belief on human behavior and reveals some data. This work; It aims to review the studies written in the field of psychology of religion in Pakistan, to determine which topics they focus on, and to reveal the similarities and differences between studies conducted in multiple countries. This study was carried out following the qualitative research method; books, articles and thesis were evaluated through literature review.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Transformative Effects of Theological Education: The Case of
           International Theology Students

    • Authors: Zekiye DEMİR
      Abstract: In a world of constant change, attitudes and behaviors cannot be expected to remain the same. The social environment we live in, the education we receive, our personality structure, our socio-economic and health status and many other things cause our attitude and behavior change more or less. For this, attitude and behavior changes take place among the study subjects of many fields from economy to psychology, from health sciences to sociology. In this study, attitude and behavior change in the field of social-psychology has been handled specifically for International Theology Students. The study, which aims to determine what kind of attitude and behavior change the International Theology Students, who are in the last year and last period of their student life, have as a result of the five-year education they receive, was carried out with the qualitative research method interview technique. As a result of the interviews, multiple changes in attitudes and behaviors such as the extinction of radicalism in the positive direction, the increase of tolerance, the acquisition of a critical and understanding perspective, and the formation of different dimensions of religiosity have been identified through the social environment and knowledge acquired by the students.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Sacred Space in the Process of Conservation of Cultural Heritage in
           Türkiye

    • Authors: Nevin GÜLTEKİN; Ayşe Nur CANBOLAT
      Abstract: Sacred spaces have been effective in shaping life, places and even cities throughout history of humanity with their cultural and sacred values. Sacred spaces were considered important as sacred heritage in the frameworks prepared by ICOMOS in 2004 in order to define and analyze cultural heritage. The principles of equilibrium and equality have been adopted in the representation of cultural heritage and attention has been drawn to the diversity and richness of the heritage. In this study, with this approach, the process of protecting cultural heritage in Turkey has been scrutinized via sacred spaces based on international developments. National conservation approaches were evaluated mutually with the tools and policies predicted by globally conservation approaches. In consequence of the evaluation, the sacred spaces that are defined by their cultural qualities are denied in the national protection legislation, the criteria for the definition and determination of the sacred space are incomplete and the protection process is uncertain. The aim of the article with this content is to create awareness about how sacred spaces can be included in the protection system in Turkey and to discuss the approach to the sacred space in Turkey in the literature with its legal-administrative dimension.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Religious Coping in Severely Ill Patients

    • Authors: Rabia COŞGUN; Behlül TOKUR
      Abstract: This article consists of a qualitative research conducted to understand the religious coping process in severely ill patients. The sample group consists of 35 patients with cancer, MS (Multiple Sclerosis) and stroke (paralysis) who were treated at Samsun Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Medicine Hospital. Interviews were held around four main themes: understanding and adaptation to the disease, processes that connect the patient to life, religious coping process, and the patient's expectations and wishes for life. It is a fact that the severe disease process has effects on the patients' lives, on the changes in their work and social life, on the deterioration of their psychological health, and on the weariness of the treatment process. The effect of religion in coping with such situations is also an observed reality. As a matter of fact, a love-based protective God perception was observed in 29 patients. In addition to this, it is seen in the research that patients want to return to life with a simple life expectancy by regaining their health and they face their regrets about their life’s. As a result; it is understood that the factors that religion provides directly or indirectly, such as taking refuge in God, getting strength from Him, prayer, worship, patience, family and social support, have positive effects on fighting the disease and expecting a simple and peaceful life.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Generic-Contents-From Editor

    • Authors: Özcan GÜNGÖR
      Abstract: Dear Readers;Journal of Analytic Divinity brings you together with the work of valuable academics and researchers with the excitement of the first day and the efforts of our colleagues. Since its first issue, the Journal of Analytic Divinity has been reviewing quality articles within the framework of academic and ethical principles and ensuring that they are scanned in international indexes. A teamwork that is open to innovations in order to catch up with the standards of Turkish academic journals, which continue to develop day by day, serves the mission and vision of our journal. We would like to express that we are obliged to contribute to the academic journalism of our country, as in this issue, in our future issues as well.In the second issue of 2022, in the 6th volume of our journal, a total of 12 academic studies, including 11 Turkish and 1 Arabic articles and 1 English book review, are published.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Re-Appraisal of Juynboll Theories about Ḥadith

    • Authors: Ayşe AYTEKİN
      Abstract: Juynboll, who had developed the theories of Orientalists such as Ignaz Goldziher, Joseph Schacht, and James Robson with a new method, combined their techniques in his work and found the opportunity to benefit from Islamic sources more widely, using this style, has been considered as the main reference source in ḥadīth studies related to Orientalism and methods related to the field. Juynboll is a researcher who had gained great fame after Goldziher and Schacht in the field of Orientalism with his works. He had worked on many subjects such as narrators who had transmitted ḥadīth from the first century to the next centuries, and ḥadīth texts accepted by jurists, ḥadīth scholars, and methodologist scholars. Therefore, making a comprehensive study of Juynboll’s theories in the fields of ḥadīth and Orientalism is an absolute step to contribute to these fields. This study, which we have aimed to introduce, is a work that has aimed to examine Juynboll’s theories from a different perspective, to criticize his theories on Sunnah as evidence, and to contribute to the areas in question within the framework that we have mentioned. This work, which had referenced academic studies on Juynboll written in four languages (the English language, the Arabic language, the Turkish language, and the Urdu language), has differed from other studies by identifying, describing, and criticizing the deficiencies in these studies with its original and brave style. In addition, it has meticulously revealed many theories in this field that had been neglected or not studied for other reasons, with a scientific method. Our aim in this study containing presentation and evaluation is to contribute to a modicum of the inspiration of new and current studies by revealing the place, position, features, differences, and importance of this work in the literature.Keywords: Ḥadīth, Juynboll, Re-appraisal, Western Studies, Orientalism.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Sociological Evaluation on the Urban Case and the Relationship of
           Urban-Religion

    • Authors: Musa YILMAZ; Niyazi AKYÜZ
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the urban phenomenon through different perspectives and approaches of sociologists in the historical plane, by discussing the active role played by cities, which are the natural habitats of civilized people, in determining the characteristics, lifestyles and radical changes of societies. Firstly, it was determined the natural conditions in the historical emergence, development and differentiation of the city and to examine the functional dimension of religion in this process. After the sociological definition of the city was mentioned, the typological city approaches of classical sociologists who analyzed the city by focusing on social change were emphasized. In the light of the unique approaches of the Chicago school thinkers, who see the city as a sociological study object and laboratory, their views on urban development with concepts such as competition, invasion and domination, and the unique approaches of contemporary urban sociologists, who consider urban space as capitalist production processes, the phenomenon of the city has been evaluated in the sociological plane. In addition, it was examined the functional dimension of religion in the relationship between urban space and religion, the urban aspects of religiosity, which is a lifestyle also determined. According to the obtained results, we can deduce that the religious and sociological characteristics of the society have an effect on the construction of the city, as well as the effect of the city on the shaping of the social structure. Thus, this study was examined sociologically within the framework of the urban phenomenon, the relationship between urban development and city-religion and the urban aspects of religiousness, according to different approaches, and prepared by using the documentation technique and the Functionalism paradigm.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Relationship between Belief in a Just World and Religiosity among
           Adolescents: The Case of Gaziantep High School Students

    • Authors: Muhammed ŞAHBAZ
      Abstract: This article consists of an experimental research conducted to determine the relationship between belief in a just world and religiosity in adolescents. In the study, besides examining the relationship between belief in a just world and religiosity, the relationship between belief in a just world and demographic characteristics was also examined. The sample group consists of 428 students studying in five different secondary education institutions residing in Gaziantep. In the research, the personal information form and the "religiousness scale" developed by Gülmez and the "just world belief scale" developed by Dalbert were used. According to the findings, significant relationships were found between the dimensions of religiosity and belief in a just world in correlation and regression analysis results. As a result of the research, when the relationship between the sub-dimensions of belief in a just world and religiosity was examined, it was found that personal belief in a just world and general belief in a just world had a weakly significant relationship with religiosity. It has been determined that the dimensions of faith and emotion, which are among the sub-dimensions of religiosity, do not have a significant effect on belief in a just world, but the dimensions of influence and worship have significant effects.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       

    • Authors: Mehmet Halil ÇİÇEK
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An Evaluation of Direct Creation of Man in the Context of the
           Qur'anic Verses

    • Authors: Yahya ARSLAN
      Abstract: After creating everything, Allah created man. Having as a caliph on the earth, the human has been assigned to make world developed, to make the orders of Allah livable there. It is necessary to sophisticate "man" whose nature is valuable, who was created to perform very valuable duties. This study aims to comprehend consisting of the stages of turâb, tîn-i lâzib, sulāla min tîn, hame-i masnûn, salsāl, tesviye. The pointing to the power of Allah on the creation, existence, unity in these stages are revealed. The verses related subject are chosen, to interpret them, classical, modern tafsir sources, studies are scanned. Then the creation of Adam, Eve, of other human beings, of Jesus Christ demonstrating the four different forms of creation are mentioned. As a result, the importance of elementary creation is revealed, the results about how elementary creation should be understood are evaluated, and attention is drawn to Allah's knowledge and power, will and precaution in the creation of man.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Relationship of Social Values and Religiousness in Secondary Students

    • Authors: Betül DOĞAN SARIKAYA
      Abstract: Secondary school students are considered to be in adolescence (14-18 years). Adolescence is one of the critical periods in people's lives. The adolescent individual, who experiences, biological, physical and emotional changes during this period, is under the influence of these changes while constructing his/her self. It can be stated that social values, one of the variables of the study, have a very important effect on the social construction of the self, which constitutes an important part of this construction process. In this context, the study examines the relationship between social values and religiosity in secondary school students aged 14-18. Thus, it is understood that adolescents who experience a critical threshold and undergo changes internalize social values classified as family, traditional, scientific, political, work-work and religious values. In addition, it is aimed to understand the correlation between their social values and their dimensions of faith, emotion, worship and influence, and their religiosity. Anatolian, Science, Vocational and IHL high school students in Pursaklar district of Ankara were selected as the sample group. The questionnaire applied to the selected sample group was composed of Bolat's "Multidimensional Social Values Scale" and Gülmez's "Religiousness Scale" questions and demographic variables. The data obtained in the study were analyzed by the SPSS program. According to the results obtained, there is a significant relationship between social values and religiosity in adolescents. Likewise, it has been determined that the existence of social values is a factor that positively affects religiosity.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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