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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 766 journals)
Showing 201 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ethical Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Ethics & Bioethics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ethics in Progress     Open Access  
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Éthique en éducation et en formation : Les Dossiers du GREE     Open Access  
Éthique publique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethische Perspectieven     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Etikk i praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études phénoménologiques : Phenomenological Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Études Platoniciennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal for Philosophy of Science     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
European Journal of Islamic Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Faith and Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
FALAH : Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah     Open Access  
Feminist Philosophy Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fichte-Studien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Film-Philosophy Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Filosofia e Educação     Open Access  
Filosofia Theoretica : Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Filosofia Unisinos     Open Access  
Filosofia. Revista da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto     Open Access  
Filozofia Chrześcijańska     Open Access  
Filozofia Publiczna i Edukacja Demokratyczna     Open Access  
Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society     Open Access  
FLEKS : Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FOKUS : Jurnal Kajian Keislaman dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Folios     Open Access  
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Forum Philosophicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Franciscanum. Revista de las ciencias del espíritu     Open Access  
Frónesis     Open Access  
Funes. Journal of Narratives and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Gestalt Theory. An International Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Bioethics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Forum on Arts and Christian Faith     Open Access  
Gnosis : Journal of Gnostic Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Gogoa     Open Access  
Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Grafía     Open Access  
Granì     Open Access  
Grazer Philosophische Studien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Griot : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Grotiana     Hybrid Journal  
GSTF Journal of General Philosophy (JPhilo)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Review of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Hegel Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Heidegger Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Heroism Science     Open Access  
Hic Rhodus : Crisis capitalista, polémica y controversias     Open Access  
HiN : Alexander von Humboldt im Netz. Internationale Zeitschrift für Humboldt-Studien     Open Access  
Histoire Épistémologie Langage     Open Access  
History and Philosophy of Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
History of Communism in Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hobbes Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
HONAI : International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies     Open Access  
HOPOS : The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Horizonte : Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religião     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Horyzonty Wychowania     Open Access  
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Humanidades em diálogo     Open Access  
Humanidades Médicas     Open Access  
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Humanistic Management Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Hume Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Husserl Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Idealistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Idéias     Open Access  
Ignis (Revista de estudiantes)     Open Access  
IJIBE (International Journal of Islamic Business Ethics)     Open Access  
Ijtimaiyya : Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam     Open Access  
Ikonomika : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access  
Impact : The Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain     Free   (Followers: 4)
Informal Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Ingenium. Revista Electrónica de Pensamiento Moderno y Metodología en Historia de la Ideas     Open Access  
Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Inquiry : Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
INSANCITA : Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia     Open Access  
Intellèctus     Open Access  
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
Interespe. Interdisciplinaridade e Espiritualidade na Educação     Open Access  
International Gramsci Journal     Open Access  
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
International Journal for the Study of Skepticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Transformative Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Divination and Prognostication     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Engineering, Social Justice, and Peace     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Ethics Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Innovation Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Philosophical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Philosophy & Social Values     Open Access  
International Journal of Philosophy and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Philosophy Study     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Technoethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of the Platonic Tradition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Zakat     Open Access  
International Journal of Žižek Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Philosophical Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Studies in Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Studies in Philosophy Monograph Series     Full-text available via subscription  
International Studies in the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Iqtishoduna : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam     Open Access  
Isegoría     Open Access  
Islamic Sciences     Open Access  
Isonomía. Revista de Teoría y Filosofía del Derecho     Open Access  
ÍSTMICA. Revista de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras     Open Access  
Ítaca     Open Access  
Itinera     Open Access  
Ius Humani: Revista de derecho     Open Access  
JICSA : Journal of Islamic Civilization in Southeast Asia     Open Access  
JOHME : Journal of Holistic Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Continental Philosophy of Religion     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal for Peace and Justice Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Aesthetic Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetics and Phenomenology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Analytic Divinity     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Hermeneutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Business Ethics Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Catalan Intellectual History     Open Access  
Journal of Catholic Social Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Chinese Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Dharma Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of East Asian Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Educational Thought / Revue de la Pensée Educative     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ethics & Social Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Friends of Lutheran Archives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Graduate Studies Review     Open Access  
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanities of Valparaiso     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Islamic Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Islamic Ethics     Open Access  
Journal of Islamic Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Japanese Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Literature and Trauma Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Media Ethics : Exploring Questions of Media Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access  
Journal of Modern Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Moral Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Nietzsche Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Philosophical investigations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Philosophical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Philosophical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Philosophy in Schools     Open Access  
Journal of Philosophy, Culture and Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Journal of Religion and Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religion and Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Scottish Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Speculative Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Spiritual Formation and Soul Care     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American Philosophical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of the Philosophy of Games     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Philosophy of History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the Philosophy of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the Sociology and Theory of Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Urdu Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Values Education / Değerler Eğitimi Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of World Philosophies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Juris (Jurnal Ilmiah Syariah)     Open Access  
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Jurnal Dinamika Penelitian : Media Komunikasi Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam (Journal of Islamic Economics and Business)     Open Access  
Jurnal Filsafat     Open Access  
Jurnal Konseling Gusjigang     Open Access  
Jurnal Living Hadis     Open Access  
Jurnal Theologia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ushuluddin     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
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Heroism Science
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2573-7120
Published by U of Richmond Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Understanding Why Some Whistleblowers are Venerated and Others Vilified

    • Authors: Christopher D. E. Atkinson et al.
      Abstract: Whistleblowers are individuals who witness a moral infraction committed within their organization and report this infraction publicly to hold the group accountable. Whistleblowers often face ridicule, vilification, and exclusion both within their group and sometimes within broader society. Thus, whistleblowers put themselves at personal risk to adhere to their moral code and protect others; these criteria commonly classify someone as a hero. We argue diverse reactions to whistleblowers are influenced by numerous situational factors that influence perceptions of a whistleblower’s intentions as well as the expected consequences of their whistleblowing. Whether a whistleblower is viewed as a virtuous reformer (i.e., hero) or a harmful dissident may depend partly on the degree to which individuals believe that there is a discrepancy between an organization’s lived values and their stated values. While whistleblowers ostensibly provide evidence that this discrepancy exists, cognitive dissonance processes may forestall acceptance of this evidence in many cases. Believing that one is affiliated with a corrupt organization—while one also believes that they are a good, moral and adequate person—may lead to uncomfortable experiences of dissonance. It may be easier for many to reduce this dissonance by disparaging or discounting whistleblowers, rather than altering their own actions (which may involve becoming a whistleblower themselves) to reflect their personal values.
      PubDate: Sat, 23 Apr 2022 14:35:27 PDT
       
  • There Goes My Antihero: How Wendy Byrde Broke Bad

    • Authors: Melissa Vosen Callens
      Abstract: Despite the increase of male antiheroes in popular culture, the number of female antiheroes is sparse, particularly when female characters are romantically involved with male antiheroes. There are several reasons for this disparity, partially which can be explained by affective disposition theory. First, female characters are rarely given agency and adequate backstories. Second, in order for female characters to be antiheroes, they typically must challenge gender role stereotypes, especially as they pertain to motherhood. Finally, they are often treated poorly by other characters in the series. All of these reasons have a profound effect on how audiences perceive female characters and whether or not they will accept morally ambiguous behavior from them. In Netflix’s Ozark, however, Wendy Byrde is different. This paper explores Wendy’s partnership with her husband and how it is established early in the series, thus contributing to Wendy’s agency. Because of the agency she is afforded, Wendy successfully challenges gender role stereotypes and achieves antihero status.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Apr 2022 04:45:34 PDT
       
  • In Pursuit of Important Goals: Nostalgia Fosters Heroic Perceptions via
           Social Connectedness

    • Authors: Margaret A. Kneuer et al.
      Abstract: Research on the theoretical order causally linking heroism to social connectedness and inspiration does not exist to our knowledge (Allison & Green, 2020). We propose that nostalgia is a source of heroism because of the social nature of nostalgic memories. We designed two studies, one correlational and one experimental, to test how nostalgia relates to pursuit of an important goal, through increasing social connectedness, heroic perceptions, and inspiration. Online participants completed an ordinary writing task (Study 1) or were randomly assigned to either a nostalgic or ordinary writing task (Study 2), followed by measures of social connectedness, heroic perceptions, inspiration, and goal pursuit. Nostalgia significantly predicted goal pursuit via social connectedness, heroic perceptions, and inspiration. Theoretical, empirical, and practical implications for future work are discussed. We expanded upon the prosocial function of nostalgia by incorporating heroism into our full sequence. Therefore, we strengthened support for the motivational consequences of nostalgia that can be applied to goal setting and goal pursuit behaviors.
      PubDate: Mon, 21 Mar 2022 13:10:26 PDT
       
  • Curb Your Heroism: How Larry David, an Old, Bald Misanthrope, Won the
           Hearts of Millions

    • Authors: Scott T. Allison et al.
      Abstract: For eleven television seasons, viewers of the series Curb Your Enthusiasm have been witness to a main character in Larry David who paradoxically displays attributes that are both endearing and revolting. This article offers an analysis of Larry David’s character with the goal of ascertaining his heroic nature, specifically focusing on whether he best meets the scientific criteria for a hero or for an antihero. Drawing from the literature of heroism science, we examine a large body of evidence from episodes of the series supporting arguments for both heroism and antiheroism in Larry’s character. Consistent with definitions of heroism, Larry manifests deviance, humility, loyalty to principles, and a growth mindset. Yet consistent with antiheroism, Larry shows selfishness, social insensitivity, manipulativeness, and resistance to growth. We conclude that any inconsistencies in his character can be understood through a consideration of Curb Your Enthusiasm’s comedic goals and sensibilities.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 15:31:54 PST
       
  • Post Traumatic Growth Amongst Australian Bravery Award Recipients

    • Authors: Tom Voigt et al.
      Abstract: This study explored aspects of Post Traumatic Growth (PTG) amongst Australian Bravery Award recipients exposed to serious or life-threatening trauma. PTG is the process whereby some people experience growth following traumatic experiences. Previous PTG research has focused on specific disasters, incidents or cohorts of survivors. We explored a range of incidents in both civilian and non-civilian award recipients. Sixty-five Australian Bravery Award recipients (37 civilian and 28 non-civilian) completed the Post Traumatic Growth Inventory and provided additional demographic information about their bravery incident. Results showed that civilians experienced significantly higher growth (mean PTG score = 49.7 than non-civilians (mean PTG score = 29.5). PTG varied by gender, with female award recipients having much higher PTG scores (mean 65.9) than males (mean 29.5). Australian Bravery Award recipients involved in violent incidents reported significantly higher PTG, with civilians involved in firearm related incidents reporting a mean PTG score of 65.5 compared to non-civilians at 34.8. Not all individuals involved in traumatic incidents have PTG, however we found that 73% of civilian bravery award recipients experienced moderate to high levels of growth following serious life-threatening incidents compared with 22.1% of non-civilians.
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Feb 2022 06:25:23 PST
       
  • Book Review: The Hero Handbook

    • Authors: Liz Stillwaggon Swan
      Abstract: The Hero Handbook, authored by Matt Langdon, offers an informative and practical guide for heroism for both preadolescent readers and adults. The book includes numerous personal anecdotes from his own hero journey and countless references to children’s literature. Each chapter includes “Check Out the Science!” insets written by psychologist Brian Riches, who explains in simple terms the neuroscience underlying various concepts related to heroism. Topics include the hero’s journey, bullying and anti-bullying, the active bystander, and the science of becoming a hero.
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Jan 2022 08:50:24 PST
       
  • The Conspiracy Theory Defense in Response to Whistleblower Accusations:
           Turning a Hero into a Villain

    • Authors: James K. Beggan
      Abstract: Whistleblowers can be viewed as heroic actors who reveal institutional misdeeds. In contrast, conspiracy theorists are seen as members of a marginalized element perpetuating misinformation. Despite this apparent difference, the present analysis focuses on how similarities between the two constructs can allow a target to discredit a whistleblower accusation by countering that the whistleblower is operating as part of a conspiracy. More generally, this paper considers how the difficulty inherent in disproving conspiracy theory claims facilitates their utility as a defense. The case study of President Donald Trump’s responses to whistleblower accusations are considered to illustrate the arguments.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Jun 2021 03:45:32 PDT
       
  • Constructing the Heroic Whistleblower: A Social Scientific Approach

    • Authors: Brian K. Richardson et al.
      Abstract: Many whistleblowers perform heroic acts, but not all whistleblowers are heroes. Motivation, method, and risk vary across whistleblower contexts. Although many whistleblowers portray aspects of archetypal heroism, research is needed to specify the qualities of heroic whistleblowers from non-heroic whistleblowers. The present study aims to develop an archetype of heroic whistleblowers. We identify five dimensions of whistleblowing heroism and then draw upon data from interviews that we conducted with 32 actual whistleblowers to provide examples of each element. We argue there are five dimensions of the whistleblowing process that distinguish heroic whistleblowers. The five dimensions include 1) motivation for blowing the whistle (altruistic vs. selfish), 2) complicity in the wrongdoing (bystander vs. complicit), 3) level of risk for exposing the wrongdoing (high risk vs. low risk), 4) whistleblower effect (efforts led to positive change vs. efforts produced little or no change), and 5) whistleblower willingness (they would blow the whistle again vs. they would not blow the whistle again). We argue whistleblowers exemplify heroism when they expose wrongdoing for altruistic reasons, are not complicit in the unethical behavior, they assume a high level of risk to their safety, reputation, or career, when their efforts lead to constructive changes, and when the whistleblower remains vigilant in their willingness to combat wrongdoing. We conclude by offering propositions, limitations, and future research possibilities.
      PubDate: Sun, 20 Jun 2021 17:20:30 PDT
       
  • A Lion’s Blues: Heroism, Heroic Self-Representations, and Emotional
           Distress in the Life and Character of Yonatan (Yoni) Netanyahu

    • Authors: Golan Shahar et al.
      Abstract: The realization that heroism – representing either a trait or a value system – is potentially pernicious is important for both scientific and societal reasons. In this article, we adopt a psychobiographical perspective to analyze the character and life of one of Israel’s greatest heroes, Yonathan (“Yoni”) Netanyahu. Yoni was an illustrious military leader, as well as an outstanding intellectual and adored persona. He served as the commander of the special operation forces spearheading the famous Entebbe Operation during which Israeli commando forces rescued hostages taken captive in Uganda. Yoni was the only military causality in this operation, which was ultimately named after him. Subsequent to his death, his numerous personal letters were made public, allowing further glimpses into his heroic self-representations but also to the emotional distress he suffered. Applying our theory of heroic self-representations (HERS; Shahar, 2013), we analyze Yoni's letters. Our analyses confirm Yoni's tendency to construe himself as a savior and conqueror, and to identify with cultural heroes. The emotional distress Yoni suffered is characterized by depressed and anxious affect, masked by superb functioning. Qualitative analyses of the letters suggest two mechanisms of the effect of heroic self-representations on distress in Yoni's case: compulsive purposefulness and emotional seclusion.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Mar 2021 07:50:33 PDT
       
  • “It’s My Metier”: The Failed Hero in Chinatown

    • Authors: Ann C. Hall
      Abstract: Roman Polanski’s Chinatown (1974) presents one of film’s most memorable failed heroes, Jake Giddes. Because of its grim ending, critics tend to conclude that it is an existential noir or a reflection on Polanski’s life and times, his escape from the Holocaust as a child, the death of his wife Sharon Tate, or political events such as Watergate and Vietnam. By examining the film as through the genre of tragedy, Giddes becomes a tragic, not failed, hero, a character who can show us how to suffer nobly.
      PubDate: Sun, 02 Aug 2020 05:50:34 PDT
       
  • Monomyth or Monogamyth' Polyamory’s Conceptual Challenges to the
           Hero’s Journey

    • Authors: James K. Beggan
      Abstract: In the context of polyamorous relationships, a unicorn can be defined as a single, bisexual woman interested in forming a relationship with a heterosexual couple. Heroism scholars have suggested that the hero’s journey (or monomyth) can be used as a framework for understanding everyone’s life. By extension, it would be possible to frame the search for a receptive unicorn as a hero’s quest. Unicorn hunters are stigmatized by the general public for challenging the monogamyth, i.e., the monogamy norm. They are also criticized by the polyamorous community for privileging their own interests ahead of those of the women they are seeking. By finding a unicorn, a couple may disrupt the stability of their own relationship in addition to harming the unicorn’s well-being. The quest for a unicorn raises a warning about encouraging people to “follow their bliss” because of the possibility of producing collateral damage to the parties involved. In some instances, refraining from undertaking a heroic quest may be the better option.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jul 2020 07:00:35 PDT
       
  • Self-Directed Universalists: Social Heroes and Value-Oriented Challenges
           to Authority

    • Authors: Michael Condren
      Abstract: This study investigates the role of values in the actions of social heroes, which previous research has suggested may play a role in motivating principled challenges to authority. Kelman and Hamilton’s (1989) orientation to authority framework was used to identify when value-oriented challenges to authority – suggestive of later social heroism – first emerged in their lives, and the values associated with those behaviors. Analyses of archival interviews with 15 leaders of a social activist group found that all participants acted on a value orientation to authority, and they considered these actions to be important experiences in their development as social heroes. The values most associated with these actions were self-direction, universalism, power and achievement. Four participants made value-oriented challenges to authority in childhood; 14 by late adolescence; and all by young adulthood. The early emergence of this behavior suggests that a value orientation to authority is a core element of their identity, and value-oriented challenges to authority were critical experiences in their developmental trajectories as social heroes.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Mar 2020 10:50:37 PDT
       
  • Zeroing in on Heroes: Adolescents’ Perceptions of Hero Features and
           Functions

    • Authors: Elaine L. Kinsella et al.
      Abstract: Recent research has revealed that having a personal hero can offer psychological resources to adults, particularly during challenging times. Yet we know little about the role that heroes play in the lives of adolescents – a period of human development when challenges are plentiful, and adolescents are increasingly open to the influence of others outside the family unit. In the present study, adolescent perspectives were sought on types and characteristics of heroes, and the psychological and social functions provided by heroes for young people. Four focus groups were conducted with adolescents (N = 22) aged 15 to 17 years at two urban, co-educational public secondary (high) schools in Ireland. Four themes of hero functions were identified: 1) Heroes uplift others (inspire, offer hope, remind about the good in the world) but they can also disappoint; 2) Heroes model good (or moral) behaviour but they can also model bad behaviour; 3) Heroes protect others and help others to cope (provide emotional and social support, boost self-efficacy, provide social control) but young people may over-rely on their heroes on occasion; 4) Heroes provide an important role in support of identity exploration and formation – often representing the ‘ideal self’ but at times may offer an unrealistic standard of comparison. These findings provide a nuanced view of the role of heroes in the lives of adolescents, and a novel perspective of both the positive and negative consequences of having heroes during adolescence.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Feb 2020 07:25:46 PST
       
  • Ethical Concerns of Heroism Training

    • Authors: Brian R. Riches et al.
      Abstract: Heroism training programs originated in the mid-2000s with the goal to “Train everyday heroes” (Heroic Imagination Project, 2017). Most participants of these programs are students between the ages of 10 and 20. Anecdotal and empirical evidence suggests that these programs may create more courageous and prosocial people (Heiner, 2018; Kohen & Sólo, 2019), however there is very little discussion in the emerging academic field of heroism science about the potential ethical concerns of training minors to be heroes (Beggan, 2019; Franco & Zimbardo, 2016; Franco et al., 2017). Heroic action is inherently risky, and while training programs currently discuss mortality and risk assessment, minors have not developed the neural or cognitive capacity to assess risks as adults can. Furthermore, the content and goals of heroism training may go against schools’ and parents’ wishes. Heroism training programs also have the potential to make heroism seem glamorous, which could lead some participants to seek out, or create, situations requiring heroic action. The paper discusses these, and other, ethical concerns in training minors to be heroes. The paper concludes with a variety of best practice recommendations for heroism training programs working with minors including; obtaining parent consent for training, working to improve minors’ risk assessment abilities, domain specific training, and involving parents and other relevant stakeholders in the heroism training process.
      PubDate: Wed, 19 Feb 2020 11:50:39 PST
       
  • The Integration of Transformation: Extending Campbell’s Monomyth

    • Authors: Susan L. Ross
      Abstract: Referring to Campbell’s lectures and the outcomes of one study about the integration of transformation, this paper argues that the hero’s journey (and transformation) is not accomplished unless the life-changing experience is psychospiritually integrated into daily life. Accordingly, Campbell contradicts his theory by suggesting that the monomyth finishes when (and if) the initiate, who has returned home, integrates by successfully finding a way to share the boon. The research clarifies that integrating involves nine phases and in combination, the hero-making process of transformation and integration follow a figure-8 pattern; an upper transformative and masculine-dominated hero’s journey and lower integrative feminine-dominated complement.
      PubDate: Wed, 05 Feb 2020 18:15:35 PST
       
  • Book Review: No Greater Love: How My Family Survived the Genocide in
           Rwanda

    • Authors: Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann
      Abstract: Tharcisse Seminega is an ethnic Tutsi who survived the 1994 Rwandan genocide, along with his wife and all five of his children. His book, No Greater Love: How My Family Survived the Genocide in Rwanda, is his memoir of growing up in Rwanda and surviving the genocide. The book also contains shorter memoirs by his wife and some of his children, some short pieces by some of his rescuers, a selection of documentary evidence, and a timeline of the genocide. The heroes who helped the Seminega family were conditioned to rescue others before the genocide occurred. As the rescuers’ own testimonies in the book show, they put their faith in Jehovah while taking enormous risks to their own safety.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Oct 2019 15:03:54 PDT
       
  • Heroic Consciousness

    • Authors: Scott T. Allison
      Abstract: This article describes heroic consciousness – how heroes perceive, experience, and think about the world. I describe the transformation of consciousness from its pre-heroic state to its heroic state. Pre-heroic consciousness is characterized by nescient and maladaptive thinking, dualism, separation, mono-rationality, and a naïve sense of empowerment. Heroic consciousness is exemplified by nondualism, unity, transrationality, and the wisdom of tempered empowerment. Heroic consciousness is achieved via three routes: (1) traversing the hero’s journey, (2) effective use of specific spiritual practices, and/or (3) participation in hero training programs. I discuss the implications of heroic consciousness for individual and global well-being.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Sep 2019 07:32:06 PDT
       
  • Reviewing the Heroic Experience: A Humanistic and Existential Counselling
           Perspective

    • Authors: Peter Bray et al.
      Abstract: Taking a humanistic and existential counselling stance, this brief review of heroism and the heroic experience begins by discussing the utility and structure of Joseph Campbell’s (1949) monomythic narrative of the hero’s journey, whilst considering the Jungian conceptualisation of the archetype and the collective unconscious. With their shared assumptions about transformation and growth, modern psychology and the therapeutic practice of counselling and psychotherapy are reviewed in terms of their utilisation of the hero-journey as a developmental metaphor for clients, particularly in trauma recovery. It is also suggested that, as a metaphor for transformation, Campbell’s hero-narrative may also have the potential to assist practitioners and clients to gain a clearer understanding of the inherently chaotic process and journey through psychosis. The article concludes with an overview of heroism science which includes a discussion on this emerging field’s claim, as a ‘deviant interdisciplinary’, to have the capacity to bring together disparate areas of academic endeavour. The division between humanistic and positive psychologies is given as an example of such disparity, and the potential for heroism science to play a role in bridging this particular gap is examined.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Aug 2019 07:48:53 PDT
       
  • For Whose Greater Good' The Case of Hero-Making: Girch and Darius

    • Authors: Gražina Kristina Sviderskyte
      Abstract: This article reviews an investigation into the case of Stanley Girch (aka Girėnas) and Stephen William Darius as (multi)transfigured and transforming heroes and seeks to examine a two-fold assumption that has emerged in heroism science, namely that people create heroes mostly for the better and that learning from the past can help assess which heroes are needed. We argue that it may be beneficial to shift the focus of the analysis and follow the reverse course of a hero’s journey, tracing the impact, evolution and origin of the heroic status ascribed to the historical figures, whether individual or collective. Presuming that heroic status follows contextualization of actions, the developmental phases, techniques, and authorship of hero-making can be revealed through a reverse analysis of multi-layered contexts. The findings have led to the unsettling conclusion that the making of historical heroes hardly served the greater good and was quite removed from what was thought necessary. The same contradiction, however, may give an impulse for further development of heroism science as it prompts a broad-based, interdisciplinary assessment of the effectiveness of hero-making in the past, its present influence and projections for the future.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Aug 2019 06:22:06 PDT
       
  • On the Downside of Heroism: Grey Zone Limitations on the Value of Social
           and Physical Risk Heroism

    • Authors: James K. Beggan
      Abstract: Implicit lay views of heroes are overwhelmingly positive and do not focus on the potential problems that may result from heroic behavior. Similarly, a rarely challenged assumption of heroism research is that heroic behavior represents a social good that should be rewarded, encouraged, and even taught. Yet it is not difficult to demonstrate empirically that heroic behavior, regardless of how well intended, can backfire and hurt, rather than help, the would-be helper, the target of helping, and third parties in the background. By extension, training programs that promote heroism can be of questionable value to the extent that they encourage individuals to engage in heroic behaviors that subsequently produce a negative effect. A two-dimensional action-impact matrix is presented that crosses whether or not a hero acts heroically and whether or not he or she has a positive impact to identify four possible actors: the classic hero, meddling hero, meta-hero, and failed hero. Using famous characters from fiction such as Superman and the officers on Star Trek, as well as real life incidents and case studies, the dynamics of the action-impact matrix are identified in order to explore the reasons why a person should not intervene in some instances.
      PubDate: Fri, 26 Jul 2019 18:26:28 PDT
       
 
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