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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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AJIS : Academic Journal of Islamic Studies
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2548-3277 - ISSN (Online) 2548-3285
Published by Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Curup Homepage  [13 journals]
  • The Nexus between Islam and Development: A Review and Bibliometric

    • Authors: Nurus Shalihin
      Pages: 195 - 236
      Abstract: This study aims to map bibliometric information related to the topic of Islamic relations and development, critically classify topics related to Islam's position in development, and the instruments that Islam offers for the development agenda. To that end, the study used a bibliometric approach and analyzed 273 articles from the Scopus database. To top it off, the study also used a systematic literature review (SLR) method to classify issues in 54 articles related to Islam and development. The findings of this study confirm that the topic of Islam and development in international journals showed an increase in the period 2012-2016, and the studies of Timur Kuran and Hossein Askari showed a reasonably high impact on the development of studies related to Islam and development
      PubDate: 2022-12-11
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.5325
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
  • Human Rights and Democracy in Islamic Perspective

    • Authors: Busman Edyar, Ilda Hayati, Muslih Kondang
      Pages: 237 - 260
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to clarify Islamic perspectives on human rights and democracy. The research method employed is a literature study with a qualitative approach that is examined using content analysis. The results of the research show that, within certain limits, Islam upholds the implementation of human rights that must be obtained by everyone. In Islam, there are concepts of al-usia al-daruriyah (human needs) and al-usia al-hajjiyah (human interests) that humans must fulfill and defend, such as the right to life (hifz al-nafs), the right to religious freedom (hifz al-din), the right to free thought (hifz al-'aql), property rights (hifz al-mal), and the right to have offspring (hifz al-nasl). Likewise, with democracy, Islam upholds democratic principles such as al-musawah (egalitarianism), al-hurriyah (independence), al-ukhuwwah (brotherhood), al-Jadi (justice), and al-syura (deliberation). Even these principles are in line with the basic concepts of Islamic teachings to a certain extent, even though in practice, not all such democracies are justified. The parameters of democracy (including the concept of human rights) are that it is accepted by Islam as long as it does not contradict the essential principles of Islam.
      PubDate: 2022-12-24
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.5500
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
  • Sex Education in Islamic Education Perspective

    • Authors: Pristian Hadi Putra, Yelni Erniyati
      Pages: 261 - 282
      Abstract: This study aims to describe sex education in Islamic perspective, because by knowing sex education, and if it is understood correctly especially by the teenagers, they will be protected from sexual deviations.. The researcher used qualitative research with a library research approach. Data collection techniques are carried out by searching and collecting data from various sources such as books, literature, documents, journals, and from the print media regarding sex education in the perspective of Islamic education. Obtained data are then synthesized which   eventually becomes a conclusion. The data found revealed sex education in Islamic perspective is an  integral part of the education of faith, morals and worship. It is related to how to behave in society in order to prevent the sex abuse. Moreover, sex education problems in Indonesia are still tends to be shallow, and the delivery of sex education is still ineffective, including delivery only at school and the delivery is focused only on explaining reproductive organs. The delivery of sex education must be planned. It starts from the time baby is born, from the curious traits that guide the development of his thinking, and brain intelligence, so that the family as informal education is carried out properly.
      PubDate: 2022-12-25
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.4128
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Solvency Level of Sharia Insurance Companies in Indonesia (A Critical
           Analysis Study)

    • Authors: Ai Fitri Nurlatifah, Rossje V Saputri
      Pages: 283 - 306
      Abstract: This study aimed to determine the determinants of the solvency level of Islamic insurance companies in Indonesia. The independent variables used in this study are BOC, BOD, SSB and SOC, tabarru’ funds, contribution, investment growth, RBK, inflation and GDP. While the control variables used are size, volume of capital, leverage and liquidity as control variables. The sample in this study used a purposive sampling technique, namely 43 companies with a total number of 215 observations. The observation period was from 2017-2021 and the data analysis method used the data regression panel which was processed using E-views 12 software. Based on the test results, it was shown that simultaneously BOC, BOD, SSB and SOC, tabarru’ funds, contribution, investment growth, RBK, inflation and GDP affect the solvency level. partially, the board of commissioners, tabarru’ funds and investment growth have a positive effect, while SOC, contribution and RBK have a negative effect on the solvency level of Islamic insurance companies in Indonesia. Meanwhile, BOD, SSB, Inflation and GDP have no effect on the level of solvency.
      PubDate: 2022-12-25
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.5122
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
  • Respect For The Red White Flag in The Understanding of Syataryah and
           Muhammadiyah Communities: A Comparative Study

    • Authors: Edriagus Saputra, Gusnanda Gusnanda, Nana Gustianda, Wisda Rahmadinur, Amal Syahidin
      Pages: 307 - 322
      Abstract: The aims of this study was to gain an understanding of the Syatariyah tariqat community and the Muhammadiyah Organization regarding respect for the red and white flag. In this study, the author uses a qualitative method (field research) with a comparative approach (compare). In this study, the respondents were cadres and communities connected to the Syatariyah tariqat and Muhammadiyah organizations. This study found that the opinion of the Syatariyah and Muhammadiyah people regarding respect for the Red and White Flag is something that must be done as an Indonesian citizen. Because the respect that the people show for the flag is a form of love for the State of Indonesia and remembers the struggle of the nation's heroes in expelling the colonialists and liberating their country. In addition, the respect done to the Red and White Flag is a form of ta'zim (glorification) not in the form of ta'abud (worship). Then, the values contained in respect for the Red and White Flag have the most important things for the Indonesian people, namely the Value of Commemorating the History of the Struggle, Nationalist Values, telorance Values, and the Value of Unifying the Nation.
      PubDate: 2022-12-25
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.5483
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Response From Pesantren Recognition in The Configuration of The
           National Education System

    • Authors: Bassam Abul A'la, Moh. Rifqi Rahman
      Pages: 323 - 342
      Abstract: The journey of pesantren to become an educational institution recognized by, and being part of, the configuration of national education is long and winding. This study aimed to analyze the impact of pesantren recognition and response for it. The method in this study used qualitative methods with a historical approach. Data collected through document analysis and analyzed by content analysis. Regarding the research results are, first, the impact of policies that emerged from soekarno's time to Joko Widodo's time, they are; The pesantren diploma was not recognized by the Indonesian government after independence until the issuance of the pesantren law. Pesantren need to establish a new general institution in order to gain the legitimacy of the diploma. Second, Pesantren responds to national education policies in two forms. First, by establishing public institutions according to the national education framework under the Ministry of Religious Affairs or the Ministry of Education (formal). Second, incorporate the general curriculum into the pesantren curriculum periodically and evaluate the curriculum to always be in accordance with the needs and challenges of education (mu’adalah). Finally, the government's policy of issuing the pesantren law has very significant implications for financial assistance.
      PubDate: 2022-12-27
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.5136
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
  • Building Moderation Islam in Plural Community: Relation Between Social
           Media and Social Conflicts in Padang, West Sumatera-Indonesia

    • Authors: Reza Fahmi, Prima Aswirna
      Pages: 343 - 354
      Abstract: This study assumes that social media has a strong influence on social movements in society. This is highly disruptive to interactions between religious groups within the country. Additionally, the objectives of this study are to: (1) To explain the pattern of Islamic moderation growing and developing in Padang. (2) Describe the profile of Padang's social media users; (3) See the influence of moderate Islam developing through social media on the religious conflict in Padang. This study uses a quantitative approach. A total of 265 people made up the population of this study. As a result, while religious issues are a potential topic of conflict within the community, reasonable and moderate Islam has a positive impact on the people of Padang City, who are able to respect their differences. It has been shown that there is no possibility of conflict between the peoples of the United States, who love unity and prioritize peace.
      PubDate: 2022-12-27
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.4433
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
  • Sexual Violence Against Disability Women In A Matrilineal Society

    • Authors: Widia Fithri, Elyusra Ulfah
      Pages: 355 - 374
      Abstract: Women with disabilities who are victims of sexual violence urgently need protection not only because of the sexual treatment they receive but also due to their physical and mental limitations. On the other hand, the rules that protect them have not been maximally in favor of them. Thus, this study looks at how the social system of the Minangkabau community in resolving sexual violence cases that occurred them. The method used in this research was descriptive qualitative, supported by primary and secondary data. Primary data were obtained through interviews, observation, and documentation, whereas secondary data were gained from books, magazines, journals, and others. The results uncovered that in both cases, it was found that normal men had committed sexual violence against women with disabilities. Women's disability status caused them to accept violent treatment because of their unbalanced relationship easily. In Padang City, the perpetrator was sentenced to six months in prison by the state, while in Nagari Aie Angek, the customary law contained in the PERNA (Nagari Regulation) applies. Under the regulation, the perpetrator must be responsible for the victim and pay a fine of a cow for the wedding ceremony. Yet, PERNA has not specifically regulated sexual violence against disabilities, let alone considered the long psychological impact on victims.
      PubDate: 2022-12-27
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.5511
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
  • Quality Index of Implementation of Religious Moderation Education and
           Training The Pattern of Distance Learning: Studies in Batch I of the
           Administration Training Center, Indonesian Ministry of Religion

    • Authors: Matridi Matridi, Idi Warsah
      Pages: 375 - 394
      Abstract: This study aims to evaluate and analyze the effectiveness of the implementation of education and training in religious moderation for the first generation with the Distance Learning pattern. The method used to measure the quality of the training is the quality index method. This study uses a mixed-method approach between qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative research is used to obtain data and information from the evaluation of the organizers by using a statistical calculation of the quality index. In contrast, qualitative research is used to explore qualitative data in the form of input from respondents regarding training and to describe the results of quantitative data processing. The results of the study show that the implementation of religious moderation education and training with the Distance Learning system is quite adequate, which is obtained from the results of measuring participant satisfaction using the quality index method on three evaluated indicators, namely: First, Participant Evaluation of the Operator; Second, Participant Evaluation of Teachers/Instructors; and Third, evaluating the results of the pre-test and post-test of the participants, after quantitatively calculating the responses of the respondents, the following results were obtained (i) The satisfaction index of the participants to the organizers was in good category with a quality index of 79.33%; (ii) Participant satisfaction index towards instructors/instructors in the Very Good category with a quality index of 97.66 %; (iii) increasing the knowledge and understanding of the training participants by comparing the results of the pre-test and post-test, namely 46.66 % of participants who experienced an increase in scores after the post-test and 53.33 % of participants whose post-test scores were the same as the pre-test scores. Test in the sense that there is no increase in value.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.3593
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
  • Issues and Challenges of Zakāt al-Māl Collection in Brunei

    • Authors: Fuad Matahir
      Pages: 395 - 414
      Abstract: The collection of Zakāt al-Māl in Brunei Darussalam is a concern as it is still considered to be in a weak position knowing that Zakāt al-Māl collection is the main contributor to the total zakāt collected. It is known zakāt institutions faced many issues and challenges in carrying the role to improve Zakāt al-Māl collection. The main objective of this paper is to examine and elaborate the issues and challenges of Zakāt al-Māl collection in Brunei Darussalam faced by Brunei Islamic Religious Council (MUIB). This paper analyses and extracts the issues and challenges faced by MUIB from personal interviews with the head of departments in MUIB. Findings of thos study indicates the issues and challenges were (1) there are limited promotions conducted by MUIB to educate the public regarding the payments of zakāt; (2) Limited number of staff; (3) The lack of using technology. This has limited the capability to improve the Zakāt al-Māl collection in Brunei in order to achieve its full potential. However, the findings also indicate there were several initiatives to tackle the issues and challenges. This paper highlights the need to promote and educate the public to increase awareness on Zakāt al-Māl payments and to utilise technology to enhance the management of zakāt especially in the collection of Zakāt al-Māl.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.29240/ajis.v7i2.5346
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2022)
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