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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Ethics in Progress
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2084-9257
Published by Adam Mickiewicz University Homepage  [58 journals]
  • Content

    • Authors: Ethics in Progreess
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: -
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • Navigating the Moral World: Contrasting Adolescents’ Moral Dilemmas in
           Social Media and Reallife Environments

    • Authors: Kristina Rakinić
      Pages: 4 - 25
      Abstract: Moral dilemmas arise at the intersection of one's core moral beliefs. This descriptive qualitative study delves into the complex moral world of adolescents to examine and draw parallels between the context, conflict and content of their moral dilemmas in real life and social media environments. A purposive sampling method was employed with a total of 130 Slovenian adolescents (average age of 17.3 years). The data was analyzed using a deductive and inductive approach. Commonalities of moral dilemmas emerged in the context (largely involving friends) and content (primarily rooted in the care/harm foundation). However, when the conflicts were analysed, remarkable differences emerged, shaped by the unique dynamics of social media. As the realm of morality on social media remains largely unexplored from an adolescent perspective, our findings offer a novel perspective on this complex issue. Our study can also open the way for more effective moral education in the context of social media.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.14746/eip.2024.1.1
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • A Comparative Study of Middle School’s Ethical Climate in Indonesia

    • Authors: Rahmania Utari, Wiwik Wijayanti, Cepi Safruddin Abduljabar, Maria Dominika Niron, Tina Rahmawati, Udik Budi Wibowo
      Pages: 26 - 54
      Abstract: This study aims to: (1) describe the level of ethical climate at middle schools, (2) compare the ethical climate at public schools based on teacher-student analysis, public school-private school analysis and district level analysis, and (3) explore findings to gain an intensive understanding of issues within the ethical climate realm at middle schools. Using a mixed-method approach with both quantitative and qualitative components, the research involved 360 participants across four schools (288 students and 72 teachers). Proportional stratified random sampling and a modified questionnaire based on Schulte’s instruments were used for collecting data during the quantitative phase. During the qualitative phase, the data were gathered through focused group discussions (FGDs), involving 20 teachers and 4 school principals. The results showed that the level of ethical climate at middle schools in the region was high at an average score of 3.285 out of 4 (82.125%). Notably, there were discrepancies between teacher and student perspectives. The study confirmed that the perceptions were significantly different between teachers and students and among the four schools. However, no discernible disparity in the ethical climate was found between public and private schools. In the qualitative phase, the study highlighted the imperative of discouraging negative behaviors, specifically teenage delinquency and bullying. Socioeconomic disparities were barriers to student interaction, prompting the recommendation for schools to intensify character building for consistent positive behavior. The promotion of honesty was particularly emphasized to mitigate cheating and bullying.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.14746/eip.2024.1.2
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • Mediation of Climate Anxiety in Doctors and Nurses: A Structural Equation
           Modelling Study

    • Authors: Yumna Ali, Syeda Farhana Kazmi
      Pages: 55 - 72
      Abstract: Aims. The goal of this meteorological psychology study is to understand the behavioral implications on the professional lives of medical professionals in one of the most polluted regions of the world with a compromised air quality index. There is a paucity of literature to explore climate ethics as to how behavioral aspects of morals may alter related to climate change. Methods. The study is a cross-sectional correlational quantitative study formulated through purposive sampling. Research took place during the smog season of the world’s most polluted city. The research instruments of Climate anxiety, pain and distress, and cognitive failure were administered to a sample of 211 medical professionals. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted and resulted in robust model fitness with indices between .80 and .90. Item loadings for three factors were statistically ideal of greater than. 30. Barron and Kenny’s approach was applied to conduct mediation through path analysis in which climate anxiety significantly mediates between pain distress and cognitive failure (β = .51; p < .0001). Multiple regression results using bootstrap confidence showed that climate anxiety (β = .993; p < .0001), and pain distress result in cognitive failure. The independent sample t-test was carried out to explore if nurses and doctors are different in terms of experiencing climate anxiety, pain distress, and cognitive failure. Results. There is a strong significant association among climate anxiety, pain distress, and cognitive failure with strong to moderate correlation values, p < .001. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted and resulted in robust model fitness with indices between .80 and .90. Item loadings for three factors were statistically ideal at .30. 102 Nurses (M = 85.216; SD = 4.94) were more painfully distressed, prone to cognitive failure, and have climate anxiety as compared to 109 doctors (M = 71.211; SD = 9.23).
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.14746/eip.2024.1.3
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • Russia’s War in Ukraine as a “War for Identity” and Appropriation of
           Cultural Tradition

    • Authors: Olena Mishalova , Olha Hordiichuk, Oleh Sokolovskyi
      Pages: 73 - 94
      Abstract: The article analyzes Russia’s current war in Ukraine through the perspective of Francis Fukuyama’s concept of identity politics based on Samuel Huntington’s civilization approach. We argue that Russia’s war against Ukraine is a new type of war – a “war for identity” – a war that is waged primarily for the appropriation of Ukrainian cultural identity and historical heritage, rather than for political or economic resources. We believe that an effective explanatory framework for its consideration is provided by Huntington’s civilizational concept of the world order, in which the most widespread and dangerous conflicts will be between peoples belonging to different civilizations (and cultures). The article emphasizes that the Russian war in Ukraine is a direct consequence of two factors: on the one hand, Russia is not satisfied with its own cultural tradition and seeks to appropriate Ukrainian cultural identity and historical heritage in order to restore the “lost empire”; on the other hand, Russia is historically a region of civilizational fault line between the countries of Western civilization and the countries of Eastern civilizations, it is a “torn” state in terms of cultural identity and has maintained its integrity for centuries only due to its authoritarian political regime, but constantly produces numerous conflicts around its borders.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.14746/eip.2024.1.4
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • Improving Social Civilization. New Progress in Research on Perspective
           Taking in China

    • Authors: Linglong Tang, Shaogang Yang
      Pages: 95 - 110
      Abstract: In recent years, in the journey of building a modern socialist country in the new era, perspective taking has gradually attracted the attention of Chinese scholars due to its contribution to improving social civilization and the adaptability of Chinese citizens to society. New perspectives and empirical research are constantly emerging, and scholars are constantly exploring and improving relevant theories while conducting research based on China’s own national conditions. In order to improve social civilization, they are exploring the specific development of Chinese citizens’ perspective selection, and starting to focus on the intervention and application of perspective taking ability, integrating research into various aspects of education, management, and other aspects of China’s modern social construction. In this essay, we explored the new research achievements of Chinese scholars in the past decade, focusing on the relationship between perspective taking and prosocial behavior, perspective taking and inter group relationships, perspective taking and management of special populations, and the impact of gender factors on perspective taking. It also provides inspiration for China to improve social civilization and solve corresponding social problems.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.14746/eip.2024.1.5
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • Culture, Development and Adolescence – towards a Theory and History
           of Adolescence

    • Authors: Boris Zizek
      Pages: 111 - 129
      Abstract: The present study identifies specifics of adolescence by reconstructing the cultural-historical process of the emergence of this age, which is essentially connected to modernity, by means of two epochal works of art from the years 1719 (Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe) and 1774 (Johann Wolfgang Goethe’s Die Leiden des jungen Werthers) which are reflected upon using terms derived from development theory. This study bases its conclusions on a summary theoretical model of adolescence as the awakening of subjectivity, with critical consideration given of current tendencies in dealing with and shaping adolescence. The potential associated with this stage of life as represented amid the unleashing of modernity seems to be decreasing again in its neoliberal late phase. It seems instead to be replaced by empty stagings and conjuration of creativity.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.14746/eip.2024.1.6
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • The COPE / DOAJ / OASPA / WAME Principles of Transparency and Best
           Practice in Scholarly Publishing: A Critical Analysis

    • Authors: Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, Salim Moussa
      Pages: 130 - 154
      Abstract: Four publishing-related organizations, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), the first being dedicated specifically to the creation and dissemination of ethics policies, established a set of 16 principles related to journal and publisher transparency and “best” publishing practices. The first, second, third and fourth versions were published in 2013, 2015, 2018, and 2022, respectively. Membership of these organizations implies that members can only become such if they satisfy these principles. This paper compares the four versions to appreciate how the content has changed over time, as a historical endeavor to gather how publishing ethics has progressed over time. An assessment is also made to determine whether all principles are related to transparency and best principles, and if any may be missing. We concluded that the 16 principles offer broad guidance to several important aspects related to journal and publishing ethics and management. However, the vast majority are in general excessively broad, occasionally vague, or lack sufficient examples or specifics, despite the slight improvement between versions 3 and 4. We argue further that these weaknesses may limit their practical application. Until September 2022, there was no transparency regarding the consequences for any members that might violate, or not abide by, these principles. In the light of these arguments, we are of the opinion that the 16 principles of “best” publishing practices merit additional improvements.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.14746/eip.2024.1.7
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • ChatGPT as Co-Author' AI and Research Ethics

    • Authors: Rahman Sharifzadeh
      Pages: 155 - 173
      Abstract: Should ChatGPT be viewed merely as a supportive tool for writers, or does it qualify as a co-author' As ChatGPT and similar language models are likely to become more prevalent in assisting with academic writing and research, it seems that we will face with two possibilities: an increase in ghostwriting that could finally undermine the integrity of the knowledge system, or the need to theoretical preparation to recognize the role of non-human contributors. Drawing on Actor-Network Theory, this article examines the question of whether this Chatbot meets, in principle, the requirements for co-authorship. Answering this question in affirmative, it delves into philosophical discussions concerning the agency, moral agency, and moral accountability of such technological entities.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.14746/eip.2024.1.8
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • A Critical Analysis of Falsification as Fraud

    • Authors: La Shun L. Carroll
      Pages: 174 - 206
      Abstract: This paper critically evaluates the classification of research-related fraudulent activities, with an emphasis on the specific misconduct falsification. The analysis begins by interrogating the assumption that all acts of fraud in research are intentional, suggesting that some instances may inadvertently arise during the course of scholarly activities. Misconducts like fabrication and falsification are categorized as fraudulent primarily due to their generation during research activities and their direct contribution to the distortion of scientific knowledge. Plagiarism, while deceptive, does not necessarily originate from the research process nor lead directly to such distortion, and therefore is not classified as de facto fraud. The paper proposes that the definition of falsification – as established by the PHS – requires refinement to prevent wrongful allegations and convictions, enhance transparency, and offer clearer guidelines. This nuanced understanding is vital for safeguarding the credibility of the research process and protecting scientists from unfounded career-damaging accusations. Ultimately, this paper advocates for a clearer definition of falsification to protect the integrity of scientific research and prevent the miscarriage of justice.
      PubDate: 2024-07-12
      DOI: 10.14746/eip.2024.1.9
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2024)
       
 
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Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


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