A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

  First | 1 2 3 4        [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
Showing 601 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Revista de Estudos Constitucionais, Hermenêutica e Teoria do Direito     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofía (Madrid)     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofía Open Insight     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofía y Teoría Política     Open Access  
Revista de Humanidades     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia     Open Access  
Revista Diacrítica     Open Access  
Revista Dialectus     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Espaço Teológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Eletrônica Ludus Scientiae     Open Access  
Revista Enciclopédia     Open Access  
Revista Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access  
Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval     Open Access  
Revista Filosofía UIS     Open Access  
Revista Fragmentos de Cultura : Revista Interdisciplinar de Ciências Humanas     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Derechos Humanos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Perspectiva Filosófica     Open Access  
Revista Poiesis     Open Access  
Revista PRAXIS     Open Access  
Revista SURES     Open Access  
Revue d’études benthamiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Philosophique de Louvain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rhuthmos     Open Access  
Rivista di estetica     Open Access  
Rivista di storia della filosofia     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access  
Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Analitica Junior     Open Access  
Roczniki Filozoficzne     Full-text available via subscription  
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ruch Filozoficzny     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Philosophy     Open Access  
Russell : the Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Russian Studies in Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
S : Journal of the Circle for Lacanian Ideology Critique     Open Access  
Saberes y Prácticas : Revista de Filosofía y Educación     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Sapientia     Open Access  
Sartre Studies International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Schutzian Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Science & Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science et Esprit     Open Access  
Scientonomy : Journal for the Science of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scrinium : Journal of Patrology and Critical Hagiography     Open Access  
Semina Scientiarum     Open Access  
Semiotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Siegel Institute Ethics Research Scholars     Open Access  
Siegel Institute Journal of Applied Ethics     Open Access  
Sign Systems Studies     Open Access  
Signos Filosóficos     Open Access  
Simone de Beauvoir Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Sincronía     Open Access  
Síntese : Revista de Filosofia     Partially Free  
Slagmark - Tidsskrift for idéhistorie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Epistemology: A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Imaginaries     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Philosophy Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Social Psychology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Theory and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Società degli individui     Full-text available via subscription  
Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SOCRATES     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sophia : An African Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sophía : Colección de Filosofía de la Educación     Open Access  
South African Journal of Bioethics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Philosophy = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Wysbegeerte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Southwest Philosophy Review     Full-text available via subscription  
SPICE : Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices & Ethic     Open Access  
Spontaneous Generations : A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Studi di Estetica     Open Access  
Studia Humana     Open Access  
Studia Logica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Studia Neoaristotelica     Full-text available via subscription  
Studia Phaenomenologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studia Philosophica Estonica     Open Access  
Studia Poliana     Full-text available via subscription  
Studia z Historii Filozofii     Open Access  
Studia z Kognitywistyki i Filozofii Umysłu     Open Access  
Studier i Pædagogisk Filosofi     Open Access  
Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations     Open Access  
Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Studies in Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SubStance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Suhuf     Open Access  
Symposion : Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Symposium : Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis (La Plata)     Open Access  
Tadris : Islamic Education Journal     Open Access  
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Teaching Ethics     Full-text available via subscription  
Teaching Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Techné : Research in Philosophy and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Temporal : Prática e Pensamento Contemporâneos     Open Access  
Temporalités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Teoliterária : Revista Brasileira de Literaturas e Teologias     Open Access  
Teologia i Moralność     Open Access  
Teosofi : Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Teosofia : Indonesian Journal of Islamic Mysticism     Open Access  
Terrains / Théories     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Acorn     Full-text available via subscription  
The Biblical Annals     Open Access  
The Chesterton Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The Chesterton Review em Português     Full-text available via subscription  
The Chesterton Review en Español     Full-text available via subscription  
The Chesterton Review en Français     Full-text available via subscription  
The Chesterton Review in Italiano     Full-text available via subscription  
The CLR James Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
The Heythrop Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
The Islamic Culture     Open Access  
The Leibniz Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Lonergan Review     Full-text available via subscription  
The Monist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
The Owl of Minerva     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Person and the Challenges. The Journal of Theology, Education, Canon Law and Social Studies Inspired by Pope John Paul II     Open Access  
The Philosophers' Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
The Philosophical Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Pluralist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Southern Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thémata. Revista de Filosofía     Open Access  
TheoLogica : An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Theoria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
THEORIA : An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Theoria and Praxis : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Thought     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Think     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Thought : A Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thought and Practice : A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya     Open Access  
Tijdschrift voor Filosofie     Full-text available via subscription  
Tópicos, Revista de Filosofía     Open Access  
Tópicos. Revista de Filosofía de Santa Fe     Open Access  
Topoi     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Tradition and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription  
Trans/Form/Ação - Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Tsaqafah : Jurnal Peradaban Islam     Open Access  
ULUM : Journal of Religious Inquiries     Open Access  
Universidad de La Habana     Open Access  
Universitas : Revista de Filosofía, Derecho y Política     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universitas Philosophica     Open Access  
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Utilitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Utopian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Veritas : Revista de Filosofí­a y Teología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Via Spiritus : Revista de História da Espiritualidade e do Sentimento Religioso     Open Access  
Vincentian Heritage Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
Voluntaristics Review     Open Access  
Wacana : Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Whiteness and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice / Recueil annuel de Windsor d'accès à la justice     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Ethik und Moralphilosophie : Journal for Ethics and Moral Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Zeitschrift für Medien- und Kulturforschung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Zeitschrift für philosophische Literatur     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Zeszyty Naukowe Centrum Badań im. Edyty Stein     Open Access  
Zibaldone : Estudios Italianos     Open Access  
Τέλος : Revista Iberoamericana de Estudios Utilitaristas     Open Access  
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  
Філософія та політологія в контексті сучасної культури (Philosophy and Political Science in the Context of Modern Culture)     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4        [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Marwah : Jurnal Perempuan, Agama dan Jender
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2407-1587
Published by UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau Homepage  [22 journals]
  • MODEL COLLABORATIVE LEARNING INKLUSIF GENDER

    • Authors: Nana Meily Nurdiansyah, Armai Arief, Hudriyah Hudriyah, Robi’atul Hadawiyah
      Pages: 110 - 118
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIn this paper, we discuss Gender inclusive Collaborative Learning models. Collaborative Learning is working in a team, working together, which is mixed in one group and working together with others for mutual success. The physical activity that stands out in this model is that it can support to be excited in a class that feels hnred so that it can get rid of boredom and move students in learning together. Gender-inclusive learning saves the meaning that in implicating students in analyzing subject matter that has elements or parts that are common, educators divide the group fairly without distinguishing status between students. The purpose of group distribution is fair so that all students get learning. Likewise, Collaborative Learning is used in one learning strategy to improve learning outcomes. The plan focuses on how to foster participation and tenacit y in the learning process and how students can develop their own insights to be able to ha›’e it and there is no difference in learners' gender and social status, all of which are given flexibilit y so that students can learn together. Keywords: Collaborative, Learning, Gender  ABSTRAKCollaborative Learning merupakan model pembelajaran yang menekankan kerja sama dalam kelompok belajar dengan tujuan mencapai keberhasilan dalam belajar. Aktivitas fisik yang menonjol dalam model ini adalah mendukung siswa agar bersemangat belajar di dalam kelas sehingga dapat menyingkirkan rasa bosan dan menggerakkan peserta didik dalam belajar secara bersama. Pembelajaran iklusif gender meyimpan arti bahwa dalam mengimplikasikan peserta didik dalam menganalisa materi pelajaran yang mempunyai unsur atau bagian umum, pendidik membagi kelompok dengan adil tanpa membedakan status antar peserta didik. Tujuannya adalah agar mereka mendapat pembelajaran secara merata tanpa harus memandang status laki-perempuan. Begitu pula collaborative learning digunakan pada salah satu strategi pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar yaitu dengan cara peserta didik berkolaborasi individu-kelompok. Rencana tersebut terfokus pada bagaimana menumbuhkan keikutsertaan dan keuletan dalam proses pembelajaran dan agar peserta didik dapat membangun sendiri wawasan mereka sehingga tidak membedakan jenis kelamin dan status sosial, semuanya diberikan keleluasaan agar peseta didik dapat belajar bersama. Kata kunci: Collaborative, Learning, Gender
      PubDate: 2021-12-27
      DOI: 10.24014/marwah.v20i2.10685
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • PEMBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN BERKELANJUTAN: PERAN KLĔBUN BABINE’ DALAM
           MENGINTEGRASIKAN PEMBANGUNAN LINGKUNGAN, EKONOMI DAN SOSIAL DI PROVINSI
           JAWA TIMUR

    • Authors: Hoiril Sabariman, Anik Susanti, Noer Azizah
      Pages: 119 - 129
      Abstract: AbstractThe women's empowerment program in rural Madura is hampered by the demarcation line drawn up by Patriarchic culture. The emergence of a female village head in Madura is called “Klèbun Babine’”as a form of empowerment that pays more attention to women. This article tries to explain the role of the “Kalebun Babine'” in empowering women, then what are the “Kalebun Babine’” programs' in empowering women in rural areas. Kualitatif descriptif is using to methodology reaserch. Informant in definite base purposive sampling. Data collect by direct observations and interviews were carried out in the village  Ponteh. The data shows that the Ponteh community saw the role of the “Klèbun Babine’” in empowerment was very visible. “Klèbun Babine’” conducts empowerment activities on its own, often even incurs personal expenses. Some “Klèbun Babine’” programs in empowering women in rural areas, first; is the women's group savings and loan (SPKP) activity. Second, health activities for women. third, optimization of the PKK program. fourth, postponement of marriage age for adolescent girls. The five trainings are to maintain a clean and healthy environment. The scientific contribution of this article is, optimizing the role of the “Klèbun Babine’” as a model of empowering women in rural Madura. Keywords: Empowerment, Women, Klèbun Babine’, Rural AbstrakSelama ini program pemberdayaan perempuan di perdesaan Madura terhambat oleh garis demarkasi yang dibuat oleh budaya Patriarki. Perempuan sebatas peran rumah tangga, tanpa harus terlibat dalam kegiatan ekonomi produktif, pendidikan, politik dan kesehatan. Munculnya kepala desa perempuan dalam bahasa Madura disebut Klèbun Babine’ memberikan harapan baru terhadap kaum perempuan di perdesaan. Salah satu bentuk nyata berupa pemberdayaan yang lebih memperhatikan kaum perempuan. Artikel ini menjelaskan peran Klèbun Babine’ dalam pemberdayaan perempuan, kemudian apa saja program Klèbun Babine’ dalam pemberdayaan perempuan di perdesaan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Informan ditentukan berdasarkan kriteria yang sudah ditentukan. Data didapat dari pengamatan langsung dan wawancara dilakukan di Desa Ponteh. Data menunjukkan, masyarakat di Desa Ponteh melihat peran Klèbun Babine’  dalam pemberdayaan perempuan sangat baik. Klèbun Babine’ melakukan sendiri kegiatan pemberdayaan, bahkan sering mengeluarkan biaya pribadi untuk kegitan tersebut. Beberapa program Klèbun Babine’ dalam pemberdayaan perempuan di pedesaan, pertama; kegiatan simpan pinjam kelompok perempuan (SPKP). Kedua, kegiatan kesehatan bagi kaum perempuan. Ketiga, optimalisasi program Pemberdayaan Kesejahteraan Keluarga (PKK). Keempat, penundaan usia nikah bagi remaja perempuan. Kelima, pelatihan menjaga lingkungan bersih dan sehat. Kontribusi keilmuan artikel ini adalah menjelaskan lebih lanjut tentang peran Klèbun Babine’ sebagai model pemberdayaan perempuan di perdesaan Madura. Kata kunci: Pemberdayaan, Perempuan, Klèbun Babine’, Pedesaan
      PubDate: 2021-12-27
      DOI: 10.24014/marwah.v20i2.10993
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • KEGAGALAN PEMERINTAH SIERRA LEONE MENERAPKAN CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION
           OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN (CEDAW) UNTUK MENGELIMINASI
           PRAKTIK FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION (FGM) TAHUN 2008-2018

    • Authors: Sidik Jatmika
      Pages: 130 - 147
      Abstract: Abstrak Penelitian ini menjelaskan kegagalan  Pemerintah Sierra Leone dalam mengimplementasikan CEDAW untuk mengeliminasi praktik FGM  yang dianggap melanggar hak asasi manusia.   FGM dikenakan terhadap perempuan karena dilakukan atas dasar tuntutan adat dengan cara menghilangkan kontrol perempuan terhadap tubuhnya sendiri. Kajian  dilakukan secara kualitatif dimana pengumpulan  data  dilakukan melalui Jurnal, Buku, Tesis, dan Laporan Ilmiah. Teori yang digunakan adalah Efektivitas rezim, Maskulinitas dan Patriarki. Dalam penelitian ini penulis mengambil kesimpulan bahwa implementasi CEDAW oleh Pemerintah Sierra Leone dalam upaya penghapusan FGM tidak diterapkan secara baik dikarenakan tidak efektivnya Rezim CEDAW dalam mengatur negara anggotanya, Masih kuatnya budaya patriarki dan agama yang menyebabkan kekuasaan laki-laki lebih tinggi dibanding perempuan, serta ketidakseriusan Pemerintah yang tidak membuat UU anti FGM dengan alasan akan mengancam kepentingan nasional Sierra Leone. 
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.24014/marwah.v20i2.10416
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • SINERGITAS PEREMPUAN (Studi Paradigmatis Yusuf Qardhawi dalam Fatawa
           Al-Mu’āshirah)

    • Authors: Nahdliyyatul - Azimah
      Pages: 148 - 159
      Abstract: The synergy of women in various sector of life is explained directly by Yusuf al-Qardhawi in the Fatawa Al-Mu'āshirah. He is a contemporary fiqh scholar, his work has been widely reviewed by academics and is used as a reference at formal and non-formal institutions. Her moderate and loose attitude in looking at women's affairs attracted writers to examine her paradigm. This research is classified as descriptive-qualitative. Data analysis was carried out through an in-depth study of volume three of the book Fatawa Al-Mu'āshirah and the results were discussed with the author's partners. The results are: 1) Since Adam as., there is has been a contribution of women, namely Hawa. 2) Since of the history of Islam, there is contribution of women has been prominent in family realm, da’wah of Islam, thought, education, literature, politics, science, economy, social and culture. 3) The role of muslimah at various sector of life needs to be improved, which society really needs.
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.24014/marwah.v20i2.10818
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • GAMBARAN KEWARGAAN DIGITAL PADA SISWA MADRASAH ALIYAH NEGERI BERDASARKAN
           PERSPEKTIF GENDER

    • Authors: Ricca Angreini Munthe, Raihani Raihani, Harris Simaremare
      Pages: 160 - 173
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe rapidly developing digital media has currently been forcing every individual to become a digital citizen. Not exceptionally, students who are at the stage of adolescent development are considered active digital citizens. Research has shown that male students access social media more often than female students. However, it remained unknown how both male and female students in Indonesia develop digital citizenship. This study aims to explore differences in the ability of digital citizenship in two State Islamic High School’s (MAN) students in terms of gender. The study used a mixed method approach sampling 394 students from two madrasah in Bandung. In the quantitative phase, a survey questionnaire was distributed to the sampled students from which six groups of students were selected to participate in the qualitative phase. An FGD was conducted with each of the six groups to understand further their ability in digital citizenship.  The results showed female students’ ability in digital citizenship is higher than male. Both male and female students are strong in the aspect of digital security; but they are weak in digital wellbeing and digital civic engagement respectively. This study hopefully contributes to the curriculum development in MAN by taking into account the differences in order to create more effective digital citizens. Keyword: digital citizenship, male, female
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24014/marwah.v20i2.11308
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • DUKUNGAN AYAH DAN IBU DALAM PEMBELAJARAN ONLINE. SIAPA YANG LEBIH
           BERPERAN'

    • Authors: Raja Rahima Munarawah Raja Ahmad, Riswani Riswani, Hasgimianti Hasgimianti, Fitra Herlinda
      Pages: 174 - 185
      Abstract: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat peran ayah dan ibu dalam melakukan pendampingan serta menggambarkan kendala dirasakan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekan mix method yaitu kuantitatif dengan survei dan kualitatif dengan cara melakukan wawancara pada orang tua siswa. Penelitian ini dilakukan di MTs Yayasan Darel Fadhilah dengan jumlah responden sebanyak 52 orang tua wali siswa. Ayah dan ibu sama-sama berperan sebagai support sistem bagi anak-anak mereka dalam 4 indikator yaitu Emotional or esteem support, Tangible or instrumental support, Informational support, Companionship support.  Perbedaannya terletak pada peran ayah lebih unggul dalam Informational support dan ibu lebih unggul dalam Companionship support. Kendala yang dirasakan orang tua dalam memberikan dukungan: kesibukan karena bekerja mencari nafkah, anggapan bahwa anak bisa belajar sendiri, keterbatasan dalam pemenuhan kuota internet, dan keterbatasan dalam memahami materi ajar anak yang diberikan oleh guru di sekolah.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24014/marwah.v20i2.14597
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • PENGEMBANGAN STRATEGI PENCEGAHAN KEKERASAN SEKSUAL PADA ANAK MELALU
           PENDEKATAN KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT

    • Authors: Dyah Ambarwati
      Pages: 186 - 198
      Abstract: Recently, Police arrested a French national who had the initials FAC for sexually assaulting 305 street children underage. These cases often occur because children are considered the weakest group. This study is a literature review that will describe programs for preventing sexual violence in children concerning e-journals for the last five years. Based on this program, the authors want to develop efforts to prevent sexual violence using a public health perspective. The results of this study identified that women have a strategic position to be able to make efforts to prevent sexual violence before marriage. Then, the prevention efforts in pre-marriage programs consist of: (1) balanced nutritional intake of women of childbearing age, (2) conduct pre-marital medical check-up, and (3) get married at the recommended age.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24014/marwah.v20i2.11351
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2021)
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.236.107.249
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-