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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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ULUM : Journal of Religious Inquiries
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2645-9132
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [187 journals]
  • Examining The Child's Needs With An Ecological System Approach In
           Determining Values To Be Subject To Education

    • Authors: Hasan SÖZEN; İsa CEYLAN, Vahdeddin ŞİMŞEK
      Abstract: In determining the attitudes and behaviours that people will take in the face of various events and phenomena, they take into account their needs and expectations, as well as the needs and expectations of the groups they belong to and the society they live in. This situation is closely related to the determination of the needs and expectations of the students, the regulation of their educational status, in other words, the regulation of the external conditions that will provide their learning experiences. These needs and expectations form the basis of value education systems as well as educational situations. This study focuses on the needs and expectations of the child himself, the group / groups he belongs to and the society he lives in in determining the values within the framework of content preparation studies in education. The problem of this study, which is based on literature review and document review, is it possible to have a holistic understanding and approach that will enable children to develop a common understanding of value within the framework of the parameters mentioned above. Within the field, the studies on the relationship between the needs and expectations of the aforementioned stakeholders and value development are limited; In addition, the lack of sufficient awareness, depth and level of knowledge about the relationship in question is one of the issues that make this study important.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Journey in Turkish Philosophy Lexicons Regarding the Concept of
           Einbil-dungskraft and Thinking on Imagination from Kant's First
           Critique

    • Authors: Ayşe Hilal AKIN
      Abstract: This study aims to point out the journey of the term Einbildungskraft throughout the Turkish dictionar-ies of philosophy and fields of use the term in Kant’s critical philosophy. Thus, some of the dictionaries of philosophy that hold together the concepts considered as the building blocks of philosophy and their meanings to sustain an intellectual tradition, are the subject of this study. It focuses on the transmission of cultural memory, which is formed by the concepts of philosophy, and the importance of the task of term revivification. With this study, the importance of mastering in the terminology of philosophy from past to present, in reconstructing the concepts of Kant's critical philosophy in Turkish is pointed out. Thus, through the term Einbildungskraft, the meanings given to the term by Kant and the chosen words while translating it into Turkish are emphasized. The value of the rectification activity in the language and the importance of the attachment to the tradition of thought are emphasized. In this sense, Kant's terminology, and conceptual choices that he made in his own works are discussed. The allusions on concept construction that Kant made in his critical philosophy are included. On the other hand, the importance of choosing the term that best meets the semantic load of a philosophical concept is emphasized. The Turkish equivalents of Einbildungskraft appropriate to Kant’s usage and the adequacy of these words as the translation of the concept are pointed out. In order to distinguish the semantic nuances of the concept, its use in the precritical period and critical period has been emphasized.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Arabic Proverbs Used in Gökce Village and Surroundings of Mardin (A
           Comparative Thematic Study)

    • Authors: Mehmet Ali Kılay ARAZ; İzzettin ÇELİK
      Abstract: It is possible to define a proverb as a short, concise saying, which is a stereotyped form, which gives judgments of ancestors based on long trials and observations as a general rule, wise thought or advice. In this study, it is aimed to examine the proverbs used in and around Gökce village in Mardin province, one of the prominent provinces in the Southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey, in a comparative way with those in fluent Arabic and Turkish. In cases where proverbs cannot be accessed in comparisons, there are similar similarities in both Turkish and Arabic. In our study, in which a total of eighteen thems and seventy proverbs were discussed, besides the usage of the people of the region, the standard Arabic of the proverbs was also given and evaluated with their Turkish equivalents. In cases where proverbs cannot be reached in comparisons, poems that are used in a similar sense in both Turkish and Arabic are included. In addition to this, the stories of some proverbs are also included. Because it is possible to say that it is important to know the story of a proverb. Also, by considering the proverbs used in Mardin Gökce village and its surroundings; Another goal is to record the oral culture, which may face the danger of extinction with the death of the elderly population and transfer it to future generations. On the other hand, it is also aimed to contribute to the literary and cultural richness of the language spoken in this region.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Omitting the Use of the Preposition 'lā/لا' in the
           Qur’ān and It’s Equivalent in Turkish Qur’ān Translations

    • Authors: Servet DEMİRBAŞ
      Abstract: Since the Qur’ān was revealed in Arabic, the language of its first interlocutors, it contains all the features of this language in its sentence structure and literary style. One of the prominent features of the Arabic language and the Qur’ān is abbreviation (ikhtisār); it means a lot with little words. The omission (hazf) style, which is among the different elements that make up the specialization, expresses the abandon-ment of the elements in the text based on different clues and the indication of black. Since the meanings that are not reflected in the words that make up the sentence are meant in omission, there is a situation that affects the interlocutors. The Qur’ān, which uses the omission, which is one of the important lan-guage features of Arabic, in the most concise way, has kept it active by directing the emotions, minds and perceptions of its interlocutors to the message it wants to convey. Allah almighty has created inter-action and integrity between the addressees with divine address by conveying his will in the Qur’ān to people with the sentence structure in which the heirloom style is most beautiful. It aims to direct the completion of a part of the meaning in elliptical expressions with some of its elements to the understanding and research of the interlocutors and to create a triple and strong communication between the speaker, the addressee and the word between them. In this context, the preparation of some prepositions in the Qur’ānic verse is among the important issues that need to be investigated in terms of linguistics and tafsīr. From the earliest times, tafsīr scholars have considered the integrity of the Qur’ān to identify the elements that have been written in his verse as one of the important tafsīr activities. Translation studies, which are among the most important tafsīr studies in the contemporary period, are also among the important problems. This study examines the use of the negative preposition “lā” and its translation in Turkish Qur’ān translations.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • History of Mustafa Naîmȃ Efendi in the Context of Tȃrih-i
           Naȋmȃ

    • Authors: Vildan ÇALIŞKAN
      Abstract: History is a branch of science that examines the events in the past, and historiography is the transfer of the events that happened in the past to future generations by writing them down through historians. Although the Ottoman Empire's understanding of historiography was built on the legacy of the Turkish-Islamic states before it, over time it took on a unique structure. In this context, in the later periods of the state, historiography activities gained importance and emerged as an official state duty under the name of chronicler. Mustafa Naȋmâ Efendi, who is the subject of our study; He is one of the famous chroniclers who was born in 1655 in Aleppo and lived in the 17th century Ottoman period. He is distinguished from other Ottoman historiographers in many ways in Ottoman historiography with his work called Ravzatü’l-Hüseyn fȋ hulâsati ahbari’l-hâfikayn, which he wrote as the first chronicler. In this respect, the author and his work have been widely used in every period. In this study, we will try to evaluate Mustafa Naȋmâ Efendi's life, his work, historiography in the context of his work, and the innovations he brought to the field of history from a contemporary perspective.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Islamization Process of Transoxiana

    • Authors: Adnan KARA
      Abstract: Today, the geography a significant part of which is located within the borders of Uzbekistan, has been mentioned as Transoxiana in the sources since the 9th century. This geography is the name of a special region that gives life to science-culture and art, hosts intellectual currents. This region which has trained countless scientists who have shaped the history of Islamic thought-science and contributed to the development of Islamic civilization for centuries; is a geography with privileged features where history, culture and universal values meet. Cities such as Bukhara, Samarkand, Tirmidh, Tashkant and Fargana have hosted many religious, intellectual and philosophical schools as well as being centers of science. Very important works related to different fields, a significant part of which have survived to the present day, were also written in this geography. In the middle of the 7th century, it is assumed that the people of the region knew about Islam, albeit indirectly. The role and influence of Muslim traders, scholars and men of heart known as spiritual guides or cynical politicians, who traveled to these places before the conquest of the region by the Islamic armies, on the spread of Islam will be investigated and it is aimed to analyze the current debates in this study. It will be evaluated how the Islamization process has developed in Transoxiana from the beginning and if a periodization is made, it will be tried to determine which events, which states or which individuals' activities will be based on. It is known that the first contact of Turks with Muslims was after the Nihawant War (21/642) during the Umayyad period. If the year 644 is to be taken as a basis for the first encounter, the Islamization process was officially completed in the first century in Transoxiana. However, considering all of Turkestan, it would not be wrong to say that it was completed three centuries later. Especially in Transoxiana, cities were frequently changed hands and destroyed due to the power struggle between Muslims and the inhabitants of the region. It is certain that the stability that could not be achieved in the region for nearly a century has affected the Islamization process. However, it should be noted that although it is said that there is a slowdown in Islamization studies in certain periods, it continues without interruption. In this study, for about a century of Islamization process from the first contact will be evaluated.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Students' Metaphorical Perceptions of Theology College, Vocational
           Courses and Vocational Course Teachers: The Example of TRNC

    • Authors: Ümit KALKAN
      Abstract: In this research, it is aimed to determine the mental images of the students of Hala Sultan Theology College, which is the first school with a formal religious education curriculum in the education system in the TRNC, for the teachers of the theology college, vocational courses and vocational courses through metaphors. The research was designed with the criterion sampling method in the phenomenological design, which is one of the qualitative research methods. The study group consists of 262 students studying in college and theology departments in the 2020-2021 academic year. The research data were subjected to content analysis and collected in two categories as positive and negative. According to this, students' perceptions of theology college, vocational courses and vocational course teachers are positive, female students have more positive perceptions than male students, 12th-grade students are positive compared to 9th-grade students according to class level, and students with dual citizenship according to citizenship level. It has been concluded that the positive and negative perceptions of students with TRNC and other country citizenships are higher than those of students.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Problem of 'Meaning of Prepositions' in the Arabic Language

    • Authors: Abdullah HACIBEKİROĞLU
      Abstract: The grammarians of the Arabic language considered the noun and verb to be meaningful on their own, and the prepositions (ḥurūf al-maʿânî/meaning letters) as meaningless language units when they were alone in the traditional word classification. This approach is generally accepted in many languages, including Turkish. According to this, prepositions are words that have no meaning on their own and undertake grammatical tasks. However, contrary to this general opinion, some Arab linguists claimed that prepositions are meaningful when they are alone. Leaving aside the view that the preposition is meaningful on its own, both Arab and Turkish linguists and modern linguists stated that the preposition would not gain meaning without usage/context. Prepositions that are seen as meaningless/empty words cannot gain any meaning unless they enter the syntax. In fact, this condition for prepositions also applies to other types of words (noun, verb). In this study, the evaluations of the Arabic syntaxists on whether the preposition is a meaningful or meaningless language element are discussed. In addition, it is also mentioned how this issue is approached in Turkish and modern linguistics. The issue of whether the preposition shows a meaning when it is alone has been discussed especially through the definition of the preposition by linguists.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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