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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 766 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aesthetic Investigations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agora: papeles de Filosofía     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ahkam : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aisthema, International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aisthesis : Pratiche, Linguaggi e Saperi dell’Estetico     Open Access  
Ajatus : Suomen Filosofisen Yhdistyksen vuosikirja     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AJIS : Academic Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access  
al-Afkar : Journal For Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Al-Banjari : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Fikra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
AL-Qadissiya Magzine for Human Sciences     Open Access  
Al-Tijary : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Ulum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Albertus Magnus     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Alter : Revue de phénoménologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Semiotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
An-Nisbah : Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anais de Filosofia Clássica     Open Access  
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access  
Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez     Open Access  
Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Análisis : Revista de investigación filosófica     Open Access  
Analítica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Analytica : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Ancient Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ancient Philosophy Today     Hybrid Journal  
Andrews University Seminary Student Journal     Open Access  
ANFUSINA : Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angewandte Philosophie / Applied Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio I – Philosophia-Sociologia     Open Access  
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of the University of Bucharest : Philosophy Series     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuari de la Societat Catalana de Filosofia     Open Access  
Anuario Filosófico     Full-text available via subscription  
Appareil     Open Access  
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política y Humanidades     Open Access  
Areté : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Argos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argumentos - Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Assuming Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Astérion     Open Access  
Astrolabio     Open Access  
At-Tabsyir : Jurnal Komunikasi Penyiaran Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
Attarbiyah : Journal of Islamic Culture and Education     Open Access  
Augustinian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Augustiniana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Augustinianum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Aurora : papeles del Seminario María Zambrano     Open Access  
Auslegung : A Journal of Philosophy     Open Access  
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Australasian Philosophical Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Axiomathes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bajo Palabra     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BELAJEA : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Bergsoniana     Open Access  
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bohemistyka     Open Access  
British Journal for the History of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
British Journal of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Yaroslav Mudryi NLU : Series : Philosophy, philosophy of law, political science, sociology     Open Access  
Business and Professional Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cadernos Benjaminianos     Open Access  
Cadernos de Ética e Filosofia Política     Open Access  
Cadernos de Filosofia Alemã : Crítica e Modernidade     Open Access  
Cadernos do PET Filosofia     Open Access  
Cadernos Espinosanos     Open Access  
Cahiers de Philosophie de l’Université de Caen     Open Access  
Cahiers Droit, Sciences & Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cakrawala : Jurnal Studi Islam     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Chiasmi International     Full-text available via subscription  
Childhood & Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chôra : Revue d’Études Anciennes et Médiévales - philosophie, théologie, sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chromatikon     Full-text available via subscription  
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ciência & Trópico     Open Access  
Cinta de Moebio     Open Access  
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Civitas Augustiniana     Open Access  
Clareira - Revista de Filosofia da Região Amazônica     Open Access  
Claridades : Revista de Filosofía     Open Access  
Clotho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cognitio : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Comparative and Continental Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Comparative Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Conciencia     Open Access  
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Chinese Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Contemporary Pragmatism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Continental Philosophy Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 24)
Contrastes. Revista Internacional de Filosofía     Open Access  
Contributions to the History of Concepts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Controvérsia     Open Access  
Convivium : Revista de Filosophia     Open Access  
Correspondences : Journal for the Study of Esotericism     Open Access  
CoSMo | Comparative Studies in Modernism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cracow Indological Studies     Open Access  
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Croatian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Filosofía     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Filosofía Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cuadernos de pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultura : International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture and Dialogue     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuyo Anuario de Filosofía Argentina y Americana     Open Access  
Daimon Revista Internacional de Filosofía     Open Access  
Dalogue and Universalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Danish Yearbook of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Dao : A Journal of Comparative Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Design Philosophy Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Diagonal : Zeitschrift der Universität Siegen     Hybrid Journal  
Diakrisis Yearbook of Theology and Philosophy     Open Access  
Dialectic : A scholarly journal of thought leadership, education and practice in the discipline of visual communication design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dialektiké     Open Access  
Dialogue Canadian Philosophical Review/Revue canadienne de philosophie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dianoia     Open Access  
Diferencia(s)     Open Access  
Dimas : Jurnal Pemikiran Agama untuk Pemberdayaan     Open Access  
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Dios y el Hombre     Open Access  
Discurso     Open Access  
Discusiones Filosóficas     Open Access  
Disputatio     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
Doxa : Cuadernos de Filosofía del Derecho     Open Access  
Economica : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Eidos     Open Access  
Ekstasis : Revista de Hermenêutica e Fenomenologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
El Banquete de los Dioses     Open Access  
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Empedocles : European Journal for the Philosophy of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
En Líneas Generales     Open Access  
Endeavour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Endowment Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Enrahonar : An International Journal of Theoretical and Practical Reason     Open Access  
Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review     Open Access  
Environmental Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Episteme     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Epistemología e Historia de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Epistemology & Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epoché : A Journal for the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Erasmus Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Escritos     Open Access  
Essays in Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Estudios de Filosofía     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía Práctica e Historia de las Ideas     Open Access  
Estudios Nietzsche     Open Access  
Estudos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Etcétera : Revista del Área de Ciencias Sociales del CIFFyH     Open Access  

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Ahkam : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1412-4734 - ISSN (Online) 2407-8646
Published by UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Islamic Court’s Approach to Land Dispute in Inheritance Cases

    • Authors: Lego Karjoko, Abdul Kadir Jaelani, Hilaire Tegnan, Henning Glaser, Muhammad Jihadul Hayat
      Abstract: This study examines the legal considerations in settling inheritance disputes involving land distribution in Selong Religious (Islamic) Court of West Nusa Tenggara. The data in this study were obtained from interviews and court decision analysis. This study shows that the practice of granting property before the death of the muwārith (testator) can cause inheritance-based land disputes in the future. Disputes usually arose when the land was distributed only to particular heirs, neglecting the others, especially the daughters and their descendants. In deciding the land disputes in inheritance cases, judges evermore considered the legal validity of the land distribution. Besides that, the judges use Islamic legal sources such as the Quran, Hadith, opinions of scholars, and fiqh in their legal considerations. However, the use of these multiple references does not necessarily lead to a diverse outcomes.  Abstrak: Penelitian ini mengkaji bagaimana pertimbangan hukum hakim dalam memutus perkara sengketa hibah tanah di Pengadilan Agama Selong, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Data pada penelitian ini diperoleh dari wawancara dan analisis putusan. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kebiasaan masyarakat menghibahkan harta sebelum kematian pewaris cenderung menjadi pemicu sengketa tanah berbasis waris di kemudian hari. Sengketa biasanya muncul dari pembagian tanah yang hanya kepada sebagian ahli waris dan merugikan sebagian ahli waris yang lain, terutama bagi anak perempuan dan keturunannya. Dalam memutus sengketa hibah tanah dalam kewarisan, hakim selalu mempertimbangkan keabsahan hukum hibah tanah dalam kasus yang diajukan. Selain itu, hakim juga menggunakan ayat-ayat al-Qur’an, hadis, pendapat ulama, dan kaidah fikih sebagai pertimbangan hukumnya.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.21864
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Modern Slavery and Forced Labour: An Overview of International Law, the
           Malaysian Law and Islamic Law Perspectives

    • Authors: Hendun Abd Rahman Shah
      Abstract: The paper aims to provide an overview of modern slavery and forced labour under international, Malaysian and Islamic law perspectives. It employs doctrinal methods which mainly focus on library-based research through legal analysis and review of past works, as well as the historical and explanatory method that help explain the views of commentators and scholars in international and Islamic law. It then connects ideas to understand the issue in the local context. This paper concludes that there is a lack of a clear definition of modern slavery universally, which makes it difficult to identify whether the exploitation of the workers, is amounting to merely a violation of rights or to some extent is amounting to slavery or forced labour or trafficking of persons as demarcated by either International law or the Malaysian law. Nevertheless, Islamic law has not given much emphasis on definition, rather it provides remedy and guidelines in protecting workers from oppression and slavery such as regulating the relationship between the employer and the worker according to the precise legal criteria to guarantee fulfilment of rights and non-aggression so that labour does not turn into a new arena of modern slavery.   Abstrak: Paper ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran tentang perbudakan modern dan kerja paksa di bawah perspektif hukum internasional, hukum Malaysia dan hukum Islam. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode doktrinal melalui analisis hukum dan tinjauan karya-karya masa lalu, serta metode sejarah yang membantu menjelaskan pandangan para komentator dan sarjana dalam hukum internasional dan hukum Islam yang dihubungkan dengan ide-ide untuk memahami masalah dalam konteks lokal. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa ada kekurangan definisi yang jelas tentang perbudakan modern secara universal, yang membuat sulit untuk mengidentifikasi apakah eksploitasi pekerja, hanya merupakan pelanggaran hak atau sampai batas tertentu merupakan perbudakan atau kerja paksa atau perdagangan orang sebagaimana diatur oleh hukum Internasional atau hukum Malaysia. Namun demikian, hukum Islam belum banyak memberikan penekanan pada definisi, melainkan memberikan perbaikan dan pedoman dalam melindungi pekerja dari penindasan dan perbudakan, seperti mengatur hubungan antara majikan dan pekerja sesuai dengan kriteria hukum yang tepat untuk menjamin pemenuhan hak sehingga tenaga kerja tidak berubah selalu menjadi arena perbudakan modern.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.22543
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Customary Law Approaches to Ḥaḍānah Disputes in Aceh: Arguments and
           Social Implications

    • Authors: Adelina Nasution, Ismail Fahmi Arrauf Nasution
      Abstract: This paper discusses ḥaḍānah practice in Muslim communities based on a case study in Aceh, Indonesia. This paper focuses on society's arguments in choosing a conflict resolution mechanism in post-divorce child custody. This study is based on in-depth interviews with families experienced in using litigation and non-litigation approaches in custody cases. The authors explore Acehnese people's foundational arguments in choosing the non-litigation solution based on economic, customary, legal understanding and awareness, distance and time consideration. The result shows that their choice is a part of the negotiation process of the national law, Islamic law, and local context of Aceh. However, this study finds out that, children still suffer from loss of reciprocal relationship from their parents although the ḥaḍānah cases well resolved.    Abstrak: Tulisan ini membahas praktik hadanah pada masyarakat Muslim berdasarkan studi kasus di Aceh, Indonesia. Tulisan berfokus pada argumentasi pemilihan mekanisme resolusi konflik pengasuhan anak yang terjadi akibat perceraian sepasang suami-istri. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan sumber data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalam terhadap keluarga yang sedang atau pernah menjalani proses penyelesaian konflik hadanah secara litigasi atau non-litigasi. Penulis mengeksplorasi argumentasi masyarakat Aceh dalam memilih penyelesaian konflik hadanah secara non-litigasi baik dari aspek ekonomi, adat, pemahaman dan kesadaran hukum, serta aspek jarak dan waktu. Tulisan ini menemukan bahwa pilihan mekanisme penyelesaian konflik hadanah dalam masyarakat Aceh merupakan bagian dari proses negosiasi antara hukum nasional, hukum Islam dan konteks lokalita Aceh. Tulisan ini pada akhirnya menyimpulkan bahwa meskipun suatu mekanisme penyelesaian konflik hadanah yang dipilih dilandasi pada mekanisme yang dianggap terbaik, anak tetap menjadi pihak yang dirugikan akibat konflik perdata diantara kedua orang tua mereka.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.22094
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Islam, Human Rights, and AKP (Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi) in Turkey

    • Authors: Afwan Faizin, Ali Mansur, Akhmad Mughzi Abdillah
      Abstract: The article aims to describe the influence of the political strengthening of the Turkish Islamist party, AKP (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, Justice and Development Party) on human rights legislation in Turkey's national legislation. The research was conducted in Turkey in 2019 with a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques are in-depth interviews, literature studies, and focused groups discussion. The findings of the study conclude that although Islamic norms do not formally influence Turkey's human rights legislation, the strengthening of Islamist parties in Turkey “influences” the human rights legislation process in Turkey. An example is the failure of a bill to protect LGBT people proposed by the secular-Kemalist party, CHP (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, Republican People's Party) caused by the majority of seats in the Turkish parliament controlled by the AKP. As a result, Turkey's membership in the European Union (EU) has not been accepted because several EU human rights protocols have not been ratified in Turkey's human rights legislation. The study shows that the view of AKP on human rights is not compatible with the universal human rights.    Abstrak: Artikel ini menjelaskan pengaruh menguatnya politik partai Islamis Turki AKP (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, Justice and Development Party) terhadap legislasi HAM pada perundang-undangan nasional Turki. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Turki pada 2019 dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data adalah wawancara mendalam, studi literatur, dan Focussed Groups Discussion (FGD). Temuan penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa meski legislasi HAM Turki secara formal tidak dipengaruhi oleh norma-norma Islam, tapi menguatnya partai Islamis di Turki “berpengaruh” terhadap proses legislasi HAM di Turki. Sebagai contoh adalah kandasnya rancangan undang-undang yang bertujuan melindungi kelompok LGBT yang diusulkan oleh partai sekular-Kemalis, CHP (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, Republican People’s Party). Rancangan itu ditolak oleh mayoritas kursi parlemen Turki yang dikuasai oleh AKP. Akibatnya, hingga saat ini, keanggotaan Turki di Uni Eropa belum diterima karena beberapa protokol HAM Uni Eropa belum diratifikasi dalam legislasi HAM Turki. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa penafsiran AKP tentang HAM tidak sesuai dengan gagasan universal HAM.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.20136
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Patah Titi and Substitute Heirs: A Study of Legal Pluralism on the
           Inheritance System in Aceh Community

    • Authors: Khairuddin Hasballah, Ridwan Nurdin, Muslim Zainuddin, Mutiara Fahmi
      Abstract: This research analyzes the issue of the practice of inheritance of patah titi and substitute heirs in Acehnese society according to the Compilation of Islamic Law (KHI), Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) and local custom (adat). This empirical legal research uses a legal pluralism approach. Legal pluralism is a theory that analyzes the diversity of laws applicable and applied in the lives of society and the state. Data collection techniques include in-depth interviews and literature review. The findings reveal that the people of Aceh practice a religious legal system, which consists of the KHI, fiqh, and adat in the distribution of inheritance. In the customary law, the practice known as “patah titi” concerns the case of inheritance in which an heir predeceases the testator, thus preventing the heirs’ living descendants from receiving inheritance rights. The customary practice in regards to patah titi bears a similarity to fiqh, in which it does not recognize a substitute heir, as fiqh only recognizes the replacement of the heir’s position. According to ulamas and traditional leaders, the practice of patah titi causes a divergent of opinions in which some agree whereas others do not. Those who disagree are more likely to use the term “will”, meaning that even though grandchildren do not inherit, sometimes they get property by way of a will. Furthermore, substitute heirs as confirmed in the KHI, although unavailable in fiqh and adat literature, are still recognized as they are in accordance with maqāṣid sharīah (the objectives of Islamic law), i.e. for justice and benefit purposes. To conclude, such a practice is a consequence of legal pluralism, which prioritizes harmonization and integration between the three legal systems.   Abstrak: Penelitian ini menganalisis persoalan praktik pewarisan patah titi dan ahli waris pengganti dalam masyarakat Aceh menurut KHI (Kompilasi Hukum Islam), fikih, dan adat setempat. Penelitian hukum empiris ini menggunakan pendekatan pluralisme hukum. Teknik pengumpulan data meliputi wawancara mendalam dan studi pustaka. Temuan mengungkapkan bahwa masyarakat Aceh menganut sistem hukum agama, yang terdiri dari KHI, fikih, dan adat dalam pembagian warisan. Dalam hukum adat, praktik yang dikenal sebagai patah titi menyangkut kasus pewarisan di mana seorang ahli waris mendahului pewaris sehingga mencegah keturunan ahli waris yang masih hidup untuk menerima hak warisan. Kebiasaan patah titi memiliki kesamaan dengan fikih, yaitu tidak mengenal ahli waris pengganti, karena fikih hanya mengenal pengganti kedudukan ahli waris. Para ulama dan tokoh adat berpendapat bahwa praktik ini menyebabkan terjadinya perbedaan pendapat yang ada yang setuju dan ada yang tidak. Mereka yang tidak setuju lebih cenderung menggunakan istilah “wasiat”, artinya meskipun cucu tidak mewarisi, terkadang mereka mendapatkan harta dengan cara wasiat. Selanjutnya ahli waris pengganti yang ditegaskan dalam KHI, meskipun tidak ada dalam fikih dan literatur adat, tetap diakui sesuai dengan maqashid syariah (tujuan hukum Islam), yaitu untuk tujuan keadilan dan kemaslahatan. Kesimpulannya, praktik semacam itu merupakan konsekuensi dari pluralisme hukum yang mengutamakan harmonisasi dan integrasi antara ketiga sistem hukum tersebut.   
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.22792
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Dowry Amount in Aceh-Indonesia and Selangor-Malaysia: Between State
           Regulations and Customs

    • Authors: Musyaffa Amin Ash-Shabah, Nahrowi Nahrowi, Masyrofah Masyrofah
      Abstract: This study examines the legal considerations in settling inheritance disputes involving land distribution in Selong Religious (Islamic) Court of East  Nusa Tenggara. The data in this study were obtained from interviews and court decision analysis. This study shows that the practice of granting property before the death of the muwārith (testator) can cause inheritance-based land disputes in the future. Disputes usually arose when the land was distributed only to particular heirs, neglecting the others, especially the daughters and their descendants. In deciding the land disputes in inheritance cases, judges evermore considered the legal validity of the land distribution. Besides that, the judges use Islamic legal sources such as the Quran, Hadith, opinions of scholars, and fiqh in their legal considerations. However, the use of these multiple references does not necessarily lead to a diverse outcomes.   Abstrak: Penelitian ini membahas praktik pemberian mahar dalam perkawinan masyarakat Aceh, Indonesia dan Selangor, Malaysia. Studi ini mengkaji ketentuan kadar mahar dalam perundang-undangan Indonesia dan Malaysia serta penerapannya di tengah masyarakat. Sumber data dalam penelitian hukum empiris ini adalah wawancara dan studi dokumen. Data-data tersebut kemudian diolah menggunakan teori realisme hukum dan teori ‘urf. Temuan dalam penelitian ini menjelaskan bahwa ketentuan kadar mahar dalam perundang-undangan Indonesia berdasarkan asas kesederhanaan dan kemudahan. Namun, dalam praktiknya aturan adat Aceh menjadi pilihan masyarakat dalam menentukan dan menetapkan kadar mahar. Penetapan kadar mahar di Aceh ditentukan oleh pihak keluarga perempuan yaitu mahar mitsl, yang diberikan dalam bentuk emas dengan sebutan mayam. Berbeda dengan kadar mahar Negeri Selangor yang ditentukan oleh Pemerintah Kerajaan Negeri dengan kadar minimum RM 300.00 yang merupakan kesatuan antara mahar dan hantaran untuk gadis maupun janda. Kenyataannya di masyarakat terdapat beberapa orang Selangor yang masih menetapkan sendiri nilai hantaran yang harus diserahkan kepada pihak perempuan.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.19673
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Legal, Moral, and Spiritual Dialectics in the Islamic Restorative Justice
           System

    • Authors: Ali Sodiqin
      Abstract: Islamic law is special and unique since it is from revelation. In restorative justice systems, Islam integrates legal, moral, and spiritual aspects in its enforcement. The integration of these three aspects is clear in the philosophy of law, legal construction, and the determination of legal actions and sanctions. The purpose of this study is to examine the integration of these three aspects in forming a restorative justice model through the classification of authority (ḥuqūq) in Islamic law. According to the law, the classification of God and human rights and the mixture of these two determines different models of restorative justice enforcement. In general, the law rules in God’s authority (ḥuqūq Allāh) and produces the enforcement of offender centered models of restorative justice through repentance (tawbat) and redemption (kaffārāt). Furthermore, it also rules under human authority (ḥuqūq al-’abd) and in a mixture of the two rights, producing a victim-centered model of restorative justice through compensation (diyah) and forgiveness. The two restorative justice models balance protection, access, and obligations in the inforcement of legal and social justice.   Abstrak: Hukum Islam memiliki karakter khusus yang membedakannya dengan sistem hukum yang lain. Dalam restorative justice system, Islam mengintegrasikan aspek legal, moral, dan spiritual dalam penegakkannya. Integrasi ketiga aspek tersebut terlihat dalam filosofi hukum, konstruksi hukum, penetapan tindakan dan sanksi hukum. Artikel ini mengeksplorasi bagaimana integrasi ketiga aspek tersebut membentuk model keadilan restoratif, melalui pengklasifikasian otoritas (ḥuqūq) dalam hukum Islam. Dalam penetapan hukum, klasifikasi hak Tuhan, hak manusia, dan campuran antara hak Tuhan dan hak manusia menentukan perbedaan model penegakkan keadilan restoratif. Aturan hukum yang berada dalam otoritas Tuhan (ḥuqūq Allāh) menghasilkan model penegakan keadilan restoratif yang berpusat pada pelaku tindak pidana, melalui hukuman yang berupa taubat dan kaffārāt. Aturan hukum yang berada dalam otoritas manusia (ḥuqūq al-’abd) dan campuran otoritas Tuhan dengan otoritas manusia menghasilkan model keadilan restoratif yang berpusat pada korban, yaitu melalui penerapan hukum kompensasi (diyat) dan pemaafan terhadap pelaku. Kedua model keadilan restoratif ini bertujuan untuk memberikan keseimbangan perlindungan, akses, dan kewajiban dalam penegakan keadilan hukum dan keadilan sosial.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.22675
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Weakening Tradition: The Shifting in Same-Clan Marriage Prohibition in
           Mandailing Batak

    • Authors: Ahmad Mukri Aji, Mara Sutan Rambe, Nur Rohim Yunus, Rulia Feriera
      Abstract: Same-clan marriage is prohibited among the Mandailing Batak society. The practice is considered to harm partuturon (designation within the family relationship). However, people have started to violate this prohibition. Sanctions for the violators have no longer been imposed. This indicates the weakening of the customary law in society. This is a legal anthropological inquiry involving observations and interviews with the customary leaders of the Mandailing Batak Society and those who practice the same-clan marriage. This research finds that factors influencing the changes in the same-clan marriage include Islamic teachings, modernity, improvement in education, and people's mobility.   Abstrak: Perkawinan sesama marga dilarang di kalangan masyarakat Batak Mandailing. Praktik tersebut dianggap merugikan partuturon (sebutan dalam hubungan keluarga). Namun, larangan tersebut sudah mulai dilanggar oleh masyarakat. Sanksi bagi pelanggar sudah tidak berlaku lagi. Hal ini menunjukkan melemahnya hukum adat dalam masyarakat. Penelitian antropologi hukum ini menggunakan observasi dan interview kepada para pemimpin adat Masyarakat Batak Mandailing dan mereka yang melakukan perkawinan sesama marga. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa faktor-faktor seperti modernitas, peningkatan pendidikan, mobilitas, dan ajaran Islam mempengaruhi perubahan perkawinan sesama marga.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.23729
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Al-Islām wa Qadhāyā Kurūnā: Dirāsah Muqāranah Bayna Al-Fatwā fī
           Mishr wa Indūnīsiyā

    • Authors: JM Muslimin, Mahmoud Mohamed Hosny Mohamed, Wildan Munawar
      Abstract: This article discusses how Indonesia and Egypt dealt with Covid-19 from the Islamic law perspective. It focuses on fatwas regarding the establishment of religious rites in the Covid-19 periode. The study compares the two experiences in terms of the Islamic jurisprudential methodology and the fatwa issuance procedural systems. It analyzes the Islamic legal comparison between the Indonesian and Egyptian experiences in dealing with the Covid-19. This study found that the fatwa regarding Covid-19 in Egypt is responsive to the virus's rapid transmission. Therefore, Muslims have guidelines in performing worship during the Covid-19 period. The sharia arguments used in formulating the fatwa for the implementation of worship during the Covid-19 period are qiyas, maṣlaḥat, sad al-dharā'i and the opinions of the jurists. This methodological argument is used in principle to avoid the danger of spreading Covid-19.   Abstrak: Artikel ini membahas bagaimana Indonesia dan Mesir menghadapi Covid-19 dari perspektif hukum Islam. Fokus penelitian ini pada fatwa pelaksanaan ibadah pada masa Covid-19. Studi ini membandingkan dua segi metode yakni fikih Islam dan sistem prosedural penerbitan fatwa. Prosedur penelitian ini menganalisis perbandingan hukum Islam antara pelaksanaan ibadah di Indonesia dan Mesir pada masa pandemi. Studi ini menemukan bahwa fatwa tentang Covid-19 di Mesir tidak responsif sehingga penularan virus yang cepat, sedangkan fatwa umat Islam di Indonesia dapat dijadikan pedoman dalam menjalankan ibadah selama masa Covid-19. Dalil-dalil syariah yang digunakan untuk merumuskan fatwa pelaksanaan ibadah selama masa Covid-19 adalah qiyās, maṣlaḥat, sad al-dharā'i dan pendapat para fukaha. Adapun argumen metodologis ini pada prinsipnya digunakan untuk menghindari bahaya penyebaran Covid-19.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.21927
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Sulūk al-Qāḍī: Muqāranah Bayna Mafhūm al-Māwardī fī Kitāb Adab
           al-Qāḍī wa Qawā’id Sulūk al-Qaḍa fī Indūnīsiyā

    • Authors: Yayan Sopyan, Syamsudin Syamsudin
      Abstract: This study compares the Judicial Code of Conduct formulated by the Supreme Court of Indonesia and the classical Islamic jurisprudence using the case of the book of Adab al-Qāḍī by Al-Māwardī. The study uses a comparative legal approach to see how these two concepts discuss the integrity of judges. This study found that the Judicial Code of Conduct in Indonesia comes from Islamic law, which Al-Māwardī also uses. The Judicial Code of Conduct concept in Indonesia is in line with the theory of moral idealism, which views humans as moral beings who serve as guidelines for human attitudes and behavior. This is in line with the idea of the unity of the relationship between law and morality. Not all Code of Judicial Ethics in the book "Adab al-Qāḍī " is relevant in Indonesia. However, it cannot be ignored the importance of this book as one of the references in preparing the Judicial Code of Conduct in Indonesia.  Abstrak: Penelitian ini membandingkan Kode Etik Peradilan yang dirumuskan oleh Mahkamah Agung Indonesia dan yurisprudensi Islam klasik yang berdasar kitab Adabu al-Qāḍī karya Al-Māwardī. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan hukum komparatif untuk melihat bagaimana kedua konsep tersebut membahas integritas hakim. Kajian ini menemukan bahwa Kode Etik Peradilan di Indonesia bersumber dari hukum Islam, yang juga digunakan oleh Al-Māwardī. Konsep Kode Etik Peradilan di Indonesia sejalan dengan teori idealisme moral yang memandang manusia sebagai makhluk bermoral yang menjadi pedoman sikap dan perilaku manusia. Hal ini sejalan dengan gagasan kesatuan hubungan antara hukum dan moralitas. Adapun Kode Etik Peradilan yang terdapat dalam Adab al-Qāḍī tidak semuanya relevan untuk diterapkan di Indonesia. Namun demikian, buku ini tetap penting untuk dijadikan salah satu acuan dalam penyusunan Kode Etik Peradilan di Indonesia.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v21i2.19671
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2021)
       
 
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