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ISSN (Print) 2077-1800 - ISSN (Online) 2413-8738
Published by Dnipro National University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Regional features of the formation of the humanitarian intelligentsia in
           the Right-Bank Ukraine (60s of the 19th - the first decades of the 20th
           centuries)

    • Authors: Artur Mykhailyk
      Pages: 5 - 15
      Abstract: The aim of the research is to explore the formation of the humanitarian intelligentsia on the territory of the Right Bank of Ukraine. The emergence of this social group in the region had a number of features related to geographical, national and economic factors. The research methodology. Achieving the goal of research and solving its main tasks led to the use of general scientific, general historical and source methods of social sciences. It is important to use the methods of analysis and synthesis, which help emphasize the key elements of the outlined issues. The scientific novelty of the research. It consists in a comprehensive coverage of the role of geographical and economic factors in the formation of the intelligentsia in the large Ukrainian region – the Right Bank of Ukraine. The influence of other factors on its progress in the second half of the XIX century is investigated. Conclusions. The border location of the region and its long stay in Poland led to a weaker cultural influence on the part of the Russian Empire than in other regions of the Dnieper region, and a significant number of local intellectuals were of Polish and Jewish descent. An important milestone in the formation of the Ukrainian intelligentsia were the liberal-democratic reforms of Alexander II, which removed obstacles to the development of capitalism and laid the foundations of social equality in society. It was after the peasant reform, which took place in Right-Bank Ukraine at a faster pace than in other parts of the Russian Empire, that the Ukrainian intelligentsia ceased to be a class, and the very concept that defined this part of society came closer to modern understanding. Under the influence of these factors, the humanitarian intelligentsia of the Right Bank of Ukraine in the early twentieth century not only performs its inherent professional and creative and cultural functions, but also becomes a leading layer of nation-building. Scientific novelty consists in a comprehensive coverage of the role of conditions and factors of the formation of the intelligentsia on the territory of the great Ukrainian region - Right-Bank Ukraine. The influence of various factors on the historical development of the region in the period under study.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172217
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • State memory policy in modern Ukraine in the conditions of information war
           (2014-2021)

    • Authors: Valentin Ivanenko, Vitaly Kryvoshein
      Pages: 16 - 21
      Abstract: The aim of the study is to reveal the content of the state policy of memory in modern Ukraine in the post-Maidan period (2014-2021), which was radically reoriented and, in fact, became an important area of countering information attacks during the hybrid war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine. The research methodology is interdisciplinary, combining methods of historical, political, sociological and legal sciences. The main results of the research: the content of the concept of "memory policy" is revealed, the structure of memory policy in modern Ukraine is determined, the stages of formation and implementation of memory policy in Ukraine on the basis of presidential electoral cycles are traced. Ukraine, which demonstrates a "swing" from Ukraine-centric to multi-vector. In particular, in the initial period (late 1980–1991) during the transformation of the conscious level in the state policy of memory the themes of the Cossacks, the origins of Ukrainian statehood, the Ukrainian national movement, the Ukrainian revolution of 1917–1920, the destruction of temples, the Holodomor 1932–1933, repressions and others; during the presidential terms of Leonid Kravchuk (December 1991 – July 1994) and Leonid Kuchma (July 1994 – January 2005) (as well as Viktor Yanukovych (February 2010 – February 2014)) there is a significant pluralism of memory policy strategies – the Soviet model still continued to exist, but a new Ukraine-centric model was born; during the presidential terms of Viktor Yushchenko (January 2005 – February 2010), Petro Poroshenko (June 2014 – May 2019) and Volodymyr Zelensky (since May 2019), Ukrainian-centric narratives dominate the state policy of memory, and the model is changing radically. state memory policy through the implementation of decommunization policy. It has been shown that during the open phase of the second cycle of the hybrid war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine (which began in 2014 and continues to this day) the most vulnerable and sensitive to information influences is the state policy of memory.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172218
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Library Sites that Provide Information to Users (Based on Domestic and
           Foreign Library Experience)

    • Authors: Nadir Ismayilov, Sevda Khalafova
      Pages: 22 - 28
      Abstract: The main purpose of the research is to examine the interaction of electronic library sites as an elements of the information resource management system based on local and foreign experience. It consists of defining the location of electronic sites of libraries and information centers as an element of information resource management, interpreting information resources as a system, analyzing their logistics capabilities.  In the digital environment, place  of library sites is in the management of information resources. The article examines the characteristics of electronic sites, which form the main interface structure of library systems. Predicated on the experience of specific libraries, the requirements for the use of the electronic resource database are highlighted. Information resources published on domestic and foreign electronic library sites used by academic users and general reader groups were analyzed and their relevant search capabilities were explicated. The article also examines the interaction of the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy-ADA Library and The US Library of Congress website with the electronic library and electronic catalog interface as an example of domestic and foreign electronic library experience.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172219
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Yelizavetpol Province in the System of Territorial Administration of the
           Russian Empire in the South Caucasus (Nineteenth Century)

    • Authors: Shafa Khasafat gizi Musayeva
      Pages: 29 - 34
      Abstract: The article analyzes the place and role of Yelizavetpol province in the administrative-territorial changes carried out by the tsarist regime in the region after the Russian occupation of the South Caucasus. Currently, very complex geopolitical processes are taking place in the South Caucasus region. The main reasons for the processes taking place in this region, which is one of the most conflict zones in the world, are directly related to the situation in the region in the XIX century, after the conquest of the South Caucasus by the Russian Empire. From this point of view, it is important to study the administrative and political changes carried out by the tsarism in the South Caucasus at that time. The historical roots of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which lasted for 30 years and eventually resulted in the restoration of Azerbaijan's territorial integrity, go back to the colonial policy pursued by tsarism in the region at that time. The historical Karabakh region of Azerbaijan was administratively part of the Yelizavetpol (Ganja) province. In this regard, the changes that have taken place in the province have had a significant impact on the future of the region as a whole. After the occupation of the South Caucasus in the early 19th century, tsarism carried out a series of changes in the territorial structure and administrative management of the region in order to take over the region and incorporate it into a single Russian administrative-territorial and economic system. In order to strengthen administrative-police control in the South Caucasus, including Azerbaijan, the tsarist government implemented several reforms in the 60s and 70s of the 12th century, among which administrative-territorial reforms played an important role. The decree of December 9, 1867 "On changing the governance of the Caucasus and Transcaucasian region", approved by Alexander I, formed the legal basis for these reforms. By this decree, a new province was established in the administrative system of the South Caucasus − Yelizavetpol province. 
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172220
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Oral History of Displaced Persons about the Tragedy of the Great Famine in
           Ukraine as an Instrument of Discredit of Ukrainians in Postwar Europe
           (1945 – Beginning of 1950s)

    • Authors: Tetiana Boriak
      Pages: 35 - 43
      Abstract: The goal of the research. To investigate how repatriaton of Ukrainians after the Second World War influences narrative about the famine that was made public during their stay in the DP camps in Western zone of occupation and to learn conditions of formation of an ideological cliche about witnesses of the famine as Nazis collaboratiors. In conditions of full-scale of aggression of Russia against Ukraine it is actual to figure out peculiarities of mass transfer of Ukrainians to the West during and after the war, preserving by them feeling of belonging to certain ethnical communities, an attempt to comprehend criminality of the authorities in the state they left, defending their right for freedom.  The results. End of the Second World War resulted into movement of resistance of hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians who due to various conditions ended up outside the borders of Ukraine and resisted forced return to USSR. The article analyzes the reasons of how refugees and transferred persons recalled traumatic experience of being in the country of residence, first of all – famine of  1932–1933 and its active promulgation of facts of “non-human extermination”. This was reached by various means, firts of all – through publication of oral history of eyewitnesses of tragic events in numerous camp periodicals. The article investigates how this information was “suppressed” by Communistic propaganda. Huge efforts were applied to discredit Ukrainians-non-returnees as collaborators. This propagandistic narrative in advance leveled anti-Soviet statements and testimonies. The author points at conditions that were an obstacle for objective perception of objective testimonies of refugees about the crimes of Stalinism and realization of their scale. Negative public opinion was formed under influence of communistic propaganda: Ukrainian refugees collaborated with the Nazis, therefore, were hiding from the Soviet authorities; so, they, therefore, were non-objective in their evaluation and exaggerated crimes of Bolshevik regimes.  Conclusions. Beginning of wide promulgation of the Famine facts as a crime against humanity outies the USSR borders during the postwar era became possible thanks to conscious activity of refugees and displaced persons who ended up in foreign countries and resisted returning them “home”. At the same time European community turned out to be weak so to fully evaluate danger of propagandistic rhetoric of equaling of almost every Ukrainian who dared to speak publicly about the Soviet repressions and camps, as well as about the famine in Ukraine – with the Nazism.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172221
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Ruthenian (Ukrainian) Question in the Polish Emigrant Socio-political
           thought of 1830-1840's

    • Authors: Nazar Radetskyi
      Pages: 44 - 50
      Abstract: The aim of the article is to highlight and explore the main ideas of the representatives and organizations of the Polish national movement concerning the Ruthanian question in 1830-1840, to trace the impact of the defeat of the November Uprising (1830-1831) on the evolution of Polish socio-political thought. The text considers the views of the Association of Lithuanian and Ruthenian Lands’ representatives as well as Polish National Committee, Polish Democratic Society, community "Uman", "Hotel Lambert". The relevance of the article is based on the study of views on the Ruthenian (Ukrainian) issue among the leading politicians and ideologues of the Polish National Movement: Joachim Lelevel, Adam Czartoryski, Michal Tchaikovsky, Tadeusz Krempovetsky, Teofil Wisnowski, Jan Czynski,  tracing similarities in their approaches to understanding the past of the Ruthenians or their religious characteristics, searching the causes of conflicts between Poles and Ruthenians, identifying key differences in  approaches to the Ruthenian question by different political organizations. The researched and analyzed material allows us to draw several conclusions. The defeat in the November Uprising caused some changes in the minds of Polish politicians. For example, some of them tried to leave szlachta’s historiography and its views concerning the past of the Ruthenian population behind; the attitudes toward the Cossacks and their leaders were being changed. The rebellions of the Cossacks and peasants began to be interpreted as revenge for the oppression. The possibility of declaring independence in the Left-Bank Ukraine was presumed, the attention to religious differences was paid. Public figures tried to explain the conflicts between Ruthenians and Poles in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth as being under the influence of Moscow or the Jesuits. However, despite these changes, the idea of the Polish nation consisting of Poles, Lithuanians and Ruthenians remained one of the leading ones in Polish socio-political thought.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172222
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Philosophical Reflection on the Phenomenon of the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Mariya Shnitser
      Pages: 51 - 56
      Abstract: The purpose of this publication is to consider the views of philosophers on the phenomenon of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the lives of both individuals and society as a whole. Almost all philosophers who think and write about the COVID-19 pandemic today are convinced that it has changed the world forever. Its course witnessed the crisis of the current development phase of globalization, capitalism, and liberalism and unexpectedly, for many demonstrated the strengths of Chinese-style communism. The COVID-19 pandemic helped people know themself better, as they opened their eyes to being creatures not omnipotent but fragile and limited. The pandemic reminded us all of the mortality that our lives depend on an incomprehensible combination of unforeseen circumstances. This has led people to believe solely in «naked biological existence». Captured by the fear of coronavirus infection, they voluntarily accepted the restrictions imposed by the authorities and supported a policy of social distancing, which provides for the replacement of interpersonal contacts with digital technological devices. We are talking about the limitation of living space and the forced existence of people in virtual reality. In today's pandemic world, the virtualization of all social contacts has become a guarantee of human security and is interpreted as a new manifestation of love and friendship. However, although social distancing is salvation in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, it should by no means be considered a panacea for all human and social problems. High technology does not solve the problem of man as a person, because we are binary beings who, in addition to biological, have social needs – live communication and social contacts. The COVID-19 pandemic has destroyed the world we are used to. It made us pay attention again to the true value of human life and raised the need to decide what form the «new normality» will take in the post covid world.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172223
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Overcoming Existential Crises on the Way to Happiness: а
           Metaanthropological Approach

    • Authors: Larysa Sira
      Pages: 57 - 64
      Abstract: The article examines existential crises and their overcoming on the way to happiness in the paradigm of metaanthropology. The types of existential measurements are considered as a movement from the ordinary existence of a person to the ultimate and transcendental being. It is revealed that overcoming existential crises is an integral part of the transformation of human consciousness, leading to personal and spiritual growth, a conclusion is made about the importance of their passage. The article describes the causes of occurrence and algorithms for solutions. A regularity in overcoming existential crises in order to find happiness is revealed. Based on the metaanthropological paradigm, the authors found that existential crises are divided into three levels; a superficial crisis for ordinary people with a sleeping consciousness, a crisis at the limit, requiring high tension, leading to the spiritual and personal plane of being and beyond, leading to awareness, unification, co-creation and love. The purpose of the article is to explain the causes of existential crises and the importance of overcoming them. It has been established that happiness directly depends on overcoming existential levels. Methods. The article uses the analysis of scientific works according to the topic; S. Kierkegaard's concept of human existence, M. Berdyaev's personalist methodology, E. Fromm's methodology of humanistic psychoanalysis, D. Murphy's interesting optimistic approach, the methodological potential of philosophical anthropology as N. Khamitov's metaanthropology. limit and meta-limit dimensions of being. In the context of metaanthropological approach, G. Marcuse's concept of "one-dimensional man" became fruitful for understanding existential crises and happiness in human existence of the everyday dimension of life Findings. The multimethodological approach makes it possible to explain the dependence of the existential levels of human existence on existential crises, the pattern of their development and ways to overcome them. It has been established that overcoming existential crises, a person has the opportunity to move to a higher, conscious level of being and experience a higher level of happiness. Thanks to the passage of existential crises, a person has the opportunity to realize himself as a person and live in a state of co-creation and love.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172224
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Higher Education in the Convention of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges
           and Threats

    • Authors: Vasyl Popovych, Alyona Stadnyk, Olena Vanyushina
      Pages: 65 - 71
      Abstract: Topicality. The pandemic of coronavirus COVID-19 led to the transition of higher education in Ukraine to distance learning. Forced quarantine on the territory of Ukraine, and in particular in the field of higher education has become not only a challenge but also a certain experience for both teachers and students. ZVO does not have existing mechanisms for conducting distance learning classes and appropriate platforms where teacher-student interaction is possible. Distance learning is the introduction into the educational process of modern means of communication (for example, Google Classroom, Moodle, Zoom, Viber, Telegram, Instagram, etc.). The aim is reveal the challenges and threats faced by Ukraine's higher education during the pandemic. According to the results of SWOT-analysis to show the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats of distance education technology. Results. According to the results of SWOT-analysis to show the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats of distance education technology. Secondary analysis of empirical data was used. Thanks to the analyzed research, we identified the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats of distance learning technologies through SWOT analysis. The use of distance technologies in the learning process has the following advantages: leisure learning, lack of geographical boundaries, economic efficiency and more. Among the disadvantages, we can mention the following: lack of live communication between the student and the teacher, lack of motivation, poor technical equipment of the Free Economic Zone and more. Conclusions. The COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic not only threatened Ukraine's higher education, but also posed new challenges for growth: 1) self-discipline and self-education for students; 2) for teachers - to master the latest technologies and methods of teaching disciplines; 3) for state institutions - defining a clear strategy for the implementation and development of distance education. At the same time, the problems of attracting electronic educational resources as a means of distance learning in Ukrainian free economic zones remain and require more in-depth research.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172225
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Stakeholder Management as an Instrument of Social Partnership in the Field
           of Higher Education

    • Authors: Iryna Nechitailo, Oksana Boriushkina, Pavel Nazarkin
      Pages: 72 - 81
      Abstract: The article is devoted to the consideration of stakeholder-management as an instrument of social partnership in the field of higher education. It is noted that the problem of developing social partnership in the system of higher education is being updated due to new requirements for the quality of education and modern educational programs, which leads to the application of management methods and techniques aimed at taking into account the interests of stakeholders (stakeholder-management). According to the authors, it is important to understand how actively domestic institutions of higher education introduce certain elements of stakeholder-management, what forms of interaction with stakeholders they use. Given the above, the purpose of the article is to present the results of a study of the forms of interaction with stakeholders as elements of the implementation of stakeholder-management, which are implemented in the practice of modern institutions of higher education. The following elements of the stakeholder-management system in higher education have been established: 1) monitoring the positions of stakeholders; 2) taking into account the positions and proposals of stakeholders; 3) informing stakeholders; 4) education, consulting of stakeholders; 5) implementation of common projects; 6) cooperation on the basis of regulated agreements, including at the decision-making level. The results of researches conducted by the authors in 2011, 2017 and 2022 are presented. Taken together, these results made it possible to trace the dynamics of the development of social partnership relations of domestic institutions of higher education: from very vague ideas of representatives of the university community and business structures about the essence of social partnership in education and common goals (in 2011) – to the adoption of specific management decisions on interaction with key stakeholder groups and the practical implementation of the principles and objectives of stakeholder-management (in 2022). The forms of interaction of domestic educational institutions with internal and external stakeholders are specified. It has been established that the forms are highly diverse, and the interaction is not formal, but planned and organized. The importance of such interaction is fully realized by all involved subjects.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172226
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Dynamics of political crises: managerial and technological dimension

    • Authors: Serhii Stavchenko
      Pages: 82 - 87
      Abstract: The aim of the study is to reveal the managerial and technological content of the dynamic aspect of political crises in a democratic process. The study is based on the application of postulates of systemic and synegretic approaches. Procedural and dynamic features of political crisis management in the conditions of democratic political systems are revealed. The stages of crisis development in the context of democratic political system development are singled out: 1) prodromal, when in the depths of political stability the preconditions of the future crisis mature; 2) manifest, when there is a rapid exacerbation of all contradictions, deterioration of social dynamics, intensification of major crisis processes that occurred at the previous stage in sleep, the accumulation of destructive forces, disrupted the normal functioning of social (political) institutions, deinstitutionalization process, etc.; 3) culminating, when there is a decline in the development of the political system, dysfunctional processes reach peak values, there is a stratification of the population by type of political activity; 4) reorganization, when there are opportunities to overcome the crisis, there is a mitigation of crisis processes. It is proved that at each stage a peculiar type of political situation is formed: at the prodromal stage a pre-crisis political situation is formed, which is characterized by cessation of growth of welfare, emergence of crisis elements and preconditions in various spheres of public life; at the manifest stage a crisis situation is formed, which is characterized by a decrease in the level of welfare of the population, increasing dysfunction of social institutions; at the culminating stage, the crisis situation is transformed into a stabilized crisis situation, which is characterized by the cessation of declining welfare, there are tendencies to recover in various spheres of public life; at the rehabilitation stage, a post-crisis situation is emerging, against the background of which strategies for overcoming the political crisis are being successfully implemented.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172227
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Contemporary political manipulation`s legitimate potential

    • Authors: Daria Moshak
      Pages: 88 - 92
      Abstract: The purpose of the study is to establish the significance of political manipulation as a factor in the legitimation of modern political power. The study is based on the application of the initial provisions of the systemic and structural-functional methodological approaches. The importance of democratic conditions of political competition for choosing a certain style of image behavior, which comes from the ruling team and is aimed at supporting a stable model of society's existence, is revealed. The political and technological means of implementing legitimation strategies in the context of forming an uncontroversial image of the government are singled out. The structure of the general stability of the constitutional system in a certain state has been established, which can testify to the stability of public administration technologies and the behavior of political actors. The significance of the technological paradigm of normative and legal changes in a democratic society and the probability of opposition resistance are revealed. The macro-parameters of political development, which determine the scale of political manipulation aimed at increasing the level of legitimacy of the political order and the ruling group, have been identified. The signs of manipulations regarding the subject of the social orientation of government policy, which are the most effective and in demand in conditions of economic crises, have been revealed. It is proved that in the conditions of the loss of meaning of classical political ideologies, it is relevant to assimilate the maximum space of ideological meanings within the framework of manipulation strategies. It was found that each new power regime in the conditions of political transformations creates a situation for a new start of democratic reforms (examples are the transformations in Ukraine in 2014 and 2019). The need to ensure the secrecy and non-publicity of the preparation of political manipulation campaigns is argued. The need to broadcast positive messages from alternative "non-authoritative" sources was determined. It was concluded that political manipulation is a set of political-communication and political-organizational actions that ensure a change in the behavior of electoral and social groups, as well as individuals who have a desire for political self-presentation.
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.15421/172228
      Issue No: Vol. 25, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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