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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1411-1632 - ISSN (Online) 2527-5992
Published by IAIN Pekalongan Homepage  [2 journals]
  • The Philosophy Of Madhzab Mu'tazilah And Asy'ariyah In
           Interpreting The Personality Of God: Rationalism In The Tradition Of The
           Kalam Philosophy

    • Authors: Fuad Noor Zeha, Agus Sutono
      Pages: 1 - 22
      Abstract: This article explains the concept of the personality of God based on the Mu'tazilah and Asy'ariah. Mu'tazilah with a moderate framework and Asy'ariyah with a classic traditional framework. The philosophical tradition of Kalam Mu'tazilah has five main teachings called al asas al-khamsah, the principle of monotheism is a rationalist thought which explains that the nature of God is not separate from His Essence. Asy'ariyah has the concept of intellectual theological monotheism of Ahlussunnah wal Jama'ah. The Mu'tazilites deny the nature of Allah as substance, then regard these qualities as constant and unchangeable Essence. The Mu'tazilah affirms the Essence of Allah in the form of substance in the formulation of the concept of monotheism by assigning Tanzih Mutlaq to Allah from all the characteristics of creatures. Ash'ariyah still unites Allah in his Essence, it is not composed of internal or external elements, there will be no one who can match and resemble Him. The method used in this research was a literature study using a historical text approach in Mu'tazilah and Asy'ariyah thought. The result obtained is the concept of the personality of the Mu'tazilah God through reasoning between the Essence of Ijabiyah and the attributes of God which are inseparable. It means that the position of separate attributes of His Essence such as Irada, Sama', Basr, and Kalam are inherent characteristics of his essence/Dzāt. While the Ash'ariah does not provide attributes that are separate from His Essence. Thus, Mu'tazilah and Asy'ariyah have the same starting point, namely rationalism in monotheism. The common thread of thought between the two schools of thought will be seen, especially in attributing Allah indirectly to possessing human characteristics from one aspect and requiring Allah to have tools from another aspect. Hence, this paper specifically highlights the fundamental differences and similarities. It provides alternative answers for rational theological understanding.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.28918/religia.v25i1.4281
  • Transformative Sufism of KH. Abdurrahman Wahid

    • Authors: Edi Nurhidin, Ngainun Naim, Muhammad Fahim Dinana
      Pages: 23 - 40
      Abstract: This paper observes the idea of Abdurrahman Wahid's Sufism. It is important to study Sufism in the strengthening of dual morality in Indonesian Muslims. It is to complement the development of contemporary Sufism discourse in the archipelago as well. The research method of this paper was a literature review. The data used in this paper were the works of Abdurrahman Wahid in the form of a collection of articles, bookkeeping of 'preface', and 'preface' which were scattered in several other people's books as well as other relevant writing sources. The data that had been collected were then analyzed using a qualitative content analysis method according to the topic of the writing. The results of this research found that Abdurrahman Wahid's idea of Sufism contributed significantly to the realization of the basic values and teachings of Islam in the life of religion, society, nation, and state. It indicates that Abdurrahman Wahid has transformed the meaning and actualized Sufism from and for Sufism. Love and compassion play a central role at the core of Sufism which is actively manifested in social life to fight for human values and principles.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.28918/religia.v25i1.4414
  • The Stratification of Abu al-Shiddiq (w. 108 H) and Qatadah (w. 118 H) in
           the Narration of the al-Mahdi Hadith

    • Authors: Kinkin Syamsudin, M. Dede Rodliyana
      Pages: 41 - 68
      Abstract: This article discusses the presence or absence of different effects in rawi stratification on hadith narration. The research used was the study of libraries with a content analysis approach based on Ibn Khaldun's stratification theory in the book of Muqaddimah. The study focused on the hadiths of al-Mahdi narrated through the path of Abu al-Shiddiq (d. 108 H) and Abu Nadhrah (d. 103 H). It was found that Qatadah was abu al-Shiddiq's disciple who received the most history, but specifically the history of al-Mahdi he did not receive from him but from another teacher named Abu Nadhrah. The three narrations are both considered as rawi tsiqah, but they have differences in stratification that can expressly be seen the number of hadiths narrated. Qatadah has a history of 12,209, while Abu al-Shiddiq 183 and Abu Nadhrah 1,181. By compiling Ibn Khaldun's stratification theory and data on the number of histories owned by these three rawi people, it is concluded that the difference in stratification between Abu al-Shiddiq, Abu Nadhrah and Qatadah is not the reason Qatadah was not involved in the narration of al-Mahdi hadith from Abu al-Shiddiq.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.28918/religia.v25i1.4235
  • The Objectification of Muslim Women in Indonesia: The Case of Fashionable
           Niqab in Social Media

    • Authors: Perdana Aysha Puteri
      Pages: 69 - 81
      Abstract: Currently, some niqab wearers are active in expressing themselves on social media. Moreover, the niqab has its fashion trend. The internet and social media allow niqab wearers to actively and freely engage in social interactions, especially on current social media platforms. they are different from other niqab wearers who are often shown wearing conventional niqab (dark colors, such as black, dark blue, dark brown, etc.) and take advantage of online activities as an alternative means of their strict restrictions in communication and relationships based on their religious ideology. These new niqab wearers tend to be colorful, fashionable, and active, as seen in their offline and online activities. However, the emergence of this new trend raises pros and cons. This paper will examine two things, first is regarding discourses that shape the moral and Islamic construction of women’s bodies in Indonesian contexts. The second is how the emergence of a new niqab trend related to the discourse on the women's body.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.28918/religia.v25i1.4271
  • Green Sufism Argument as Environmental Ethics (Philosophical Analysis)

    • Authors: Bambang Irawan, Ismail Fahmi Arrauf Nasution, Mohd Syahiran Abdul Latif
      Pages: 82 - 95
      Abstract: The research is concerned with the Sufis’ thoughts in responding to the ecological crisis faced by a human.
      Their responses are depicted in their texts—that text is used as the source of primary and secondary texts.
      The primary texts were the works of Ibn Arabi, such as Fusus al-Hikam and Futuhat al-Makiyyah, also
      the work of Hossein Nasr entitled Islamic Cosmological Doctrines. The secondary texts were the thoughts of
      scientists who proposed the same themes. Then, this research used a qualitative analysis and hermeneutic
      approach. This research also analyzed the reality of the existing natural environment. Relevant references
      supported it. The researcher constructed deep philosophical thoughts to find essential meanings and values
      about the natural environment that humans need to develop. Several philosophical thoughts form the basis of green Sufism: microcosmos and macro-cosmos theory, emanation theory, and Illumination Theory
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.28918/religia.v25i1.4164
  • Tariqa Haq Naqsyabandi As a System of Islamic Iman Building in Pontianak,
           West Kalimantan

    • Authors: Muh. Gitosaroso, Sulkhan Chamim, Muhammad Masruri
      Pages: 96 - 112
      Abstract:    Tariqa (Eng.: Order; Tariqa) is known as an organization that only focuses on spiritual development. That is why Tariqa adherents are often trapped in rituals, which sometimes distance them from the outlined Islamic Iman. This study aims to determine the extent to which the Tariqa can become a system of Iman formation. This research was conducted in one of the largest Tariqas in Pontianak, namely the Tariqa Haq Naqsyabandi, which is headquartered at Perum IV Pontianak City. Based on the results of the research, using a qualitative  approach with phenomenological type, it was found that: 1) The Tariqa Haq Naqsyabandi has been carrying out Iman-building since the beginning of the congregation's declaration (Bai’at) of joining this Tariqa; 2) Follow-up coaching is carried out at certain times, such as Tawajjuhan, Special Teaching, Level Ups, and Incidental Teaching
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.28918/religia.v25i1.4162
  • The Practical Method of Understanding Hadith Based on Ali Mustafa Yaqub

    • Authors: Hasan Su'aidi, Luhur Kharisman, Mufti Lathif
      Pages: 113 - 134
      Abstract: Hadith as a source of law other than the Qur'an obtains a very large portion of attention from Muslims. This is because the hadith has several functions in the Qur'an, such as bayān tafsr, bayīān tasyrī', and bayān taukīd. Many scientific tools are needed before implementing them in daily life. The analysis of the authenticity of the hadith, both sanad and matan, is the first thing that must be conducted before understanding the contents. Yet, it does not mean that understanding the hadith is not important compared to determining the authenticity of the hadith. Because the issue of the authenticity of the hadith has been carried out since the process of transmitting the hadith. It is different from the understanding of hadith which has developed recently and continues to have dynamics. Hadith observers have offered many methods of understanding hadith, both textual and contextual. However, along with the development of science, the method is also developing, such as the use of various scientific approaches, including social sciences to study the meaning of hadith. This is like the method offered by Ali Mustafa Yaqub which includes a cultural, social and geographical approach. This paper attempted to analyze the practical steps of the hadith understanding method offered by Ali Mustafa Yaqub in his book al-Ṭuruq al-Ṣaḥīḥah Fī Fahmi al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.28918/religia.v25i1.5153
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