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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0353-5738 - ISSN (Online) 2334-8577
Published by U of Belgrade Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Editor’s Note

    • Authors: Jelena Guga
      Pages: 281– - 281–
      Abstract: Editor’s Note
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Brain-Machine Interface: New Challenge for Humanity

    • Authors: Nemanja Nikolić, Ljubiša Bojić, Lana Tucaković
      Pages: 283– - 283–
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to clarify specific aspects of the impact of the brain-machine interface on our understanding of subjectivity. The brain-machine interface is presented as a phase of cyborgization of humans. Some projects in the field of brain-machine interface are aimed at enabling consensual telepathy – communication without symbolic mediation. Consensual telepathy refers to one of potential ways of transmission of information within singularity. Therefore, consensual telepathy is an important aspect of singularity. Singularity or human-machine symbiosis shows some similarities with child-mother unity. Therefore, the psychodynamic perspective might be considered useful in thinking about human-machine symbiosis. Knowledge from developmental psychodynamic psychology combined with insights by Slavoj Žižek and Jean Baudrillard provides an additional perspective looking at human-machine symbiosis. The paper claims that if consensual telepathy becomes another way of communication, it will have the potential to annihilate subjectivity making it schizophrenic. At the same time, we look at the possibility of an escape from our inner world through the prism of addictions. 
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202283N
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • How Technology Impacts Communication and Identity-Creation

    • Authors: Simona Žikić
      Pages: 297– - 297–
      Abstract: The basic thesis of this paper is that communication is a fundamental activity of all human practices and that identity is constructed with the help of communication. Defining identity cannot be explained and understood exclusively from the standpoint of philosophy, sociology, political science or psychology. Given that the Latin root of the word communication, communio, refers to community, we can say that communication as a science best covers the relationships that people establish within the community such as schools, families, work environment, social networks and forums. The activity of communication is the establishment of a community, i.e., sociability. To communicate means to unite something – to bring one’s actions into harmony with the community and with social life. In that sense, communication is in its essence a transition from the individual to the collective.  In addition, any specific form of communication depends on the wider cultural and socio-political environment in which modern people operate. This paper aims to explore the impact of technology on individual identity, to answer questions about whether robots can have the same characteristics as personalities, and whether, and in what way, machines have an impact on people. The reason for asking such questions is the decision of the Committee on Legal Affairs of the European Parliament to pass a law that will grant autonomous robots the status of “electronic personalities”. 
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202297Z
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Representing the Absent: The Limits and Possibilities of Digital Memory
           and Preservation

    • Authors: Smiljana Antonijević, Jeff Ubois
      Pages: 311– - 311–
      Abstract: Digital preservation has significantly expanded over the past few decades, renewing old and creating new challenges related to provenance, integrity, completeness, and context in memory and preservation practices. In this paper we explore how, perhaps counterintuitively, a more extensive digital historical record offers greater opportunities to misrepresent reality. We first review a set of concepts and socio-cultural approaches to memory and preservation. We then focus on the multiplicity of digital memory and preservation practices today, examining their limits, possibilities, and tensions; specifically, we explore the challenges of decontextualized data, personal versus institutional preservation, and “outsider” digital collections that are willingly and/or forcibly excluded from official accounts. Through these discussions, we review examples of what we consider good digital memory and preservation practices that take new approaches to context and collaboration. Lastly, we explore the optimism inherent in seeking to preserve human knowledge over the long term and to make it accessible to all. 
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202311A
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Embodying Metaverse as Artificial Life: At the Intersection of Media and
           4E Cognition Theories

    • Authors: Ivana Uspenski, Jelena Guga
      Pages: 326– - 326–
      Abstract: In the last decades of the 20th century we have seen media theories and cognitive sciences grow, mature and reach their pinnacles by analysing, each from their own disciplinary perspective, two of the same core phenomena: that of media as the environment, transmitter and creator of stimuli, and that of embodied human mind as the stimuli receiver, interpreter, experiencer, and also how both are affected by each other. Even though treating a range of very similar problems and coming to similar conclusions, this still has not brought these two disciplines closer together or resulted in their interdisciplinary approach. They did coalesce in regards to traditional media such as film, but more points of connection are needed for untangling interactive and immersive media environments and their effects on human cognition, action, and perception. With the rise of VR and VR-like systems, especially as they start to evolve into the Metaverse as their main platform of interconnectivity, the tissue of the body becomes almost physically intertwined with that of the virtual surrounding it inhabits through immersion. Simultaneously, the interest in these disciplines arises anew, and especially the need to use their concepts in an interdisciplinary way. This paper’s main interest is to bring these disciplines together in problematising the position of a physical body and its sensory-motor capabilities and their development within synthetic surroundings as Metaverse and anticipate potential downsides of Metaverse’s uncontrolled growth. We will do so also by looking into Metaverse as an artificial-life-like phenomenon, following artificial-life rules and evolving a completely new ‘corporeality’, a body which is completely adapted to virtual spaces. We call this body the Dry Body, an entity sharing cognitive resources with the physical body it is not a physical part of, but has to extend to. 
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202326U
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Between History and System. Heinrich Rickert’s Concept of Culture

    • Authors: Giovanni Morrone
      Pages: 349– - 349–
      Abstract: The paper reconstructs the concept of culture that emerges from Heinrich Rickert’s neo-Kantianism, uncovering its major historical-problematic, methodological, and philosophical implications. The central theme of the first section is the idea that modern culture is uniquely characterized by “fragmentation”. It also unpacks the programme of Rickert’s philosophy of culture, which pursues the task of reconstructing the lost unity of culture. The second section explains the methodological implications of the problematic relationship between value and reality established in cultural goods and evaluations. Finally, the third section reconstructs the Rickertian system of values, with its peculiar effort to reconcile historicity and value absoluteness. The last part develops a critical discussion of the Rickertian project. 
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202349M
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • On the Problems of the Philosophy of Value. Heinrich Rickert against the
           Background of Roman Ingarden

    • Authors: Tomasz Kubalica
      Pages: 370– - 370–
      Abstract: The article looks at the concept of value in Heinrich Rickert’s philosophy of value and attempts a systematic study of this concept in the context of the fundamental problems in Roman Ingarden’s ontology of value. The result is a systematised presentation of Rickert’s notion of value and a series of conclusions concerning fundamental aspects of his philosophy of culture. The essential discrepancy that the comparison reveals concerns the formal character of Rickert’s philosophy of values, which implies a great deal of openness and freedom in the understanding and implementation of values. Another fundamental difference exposed by Ingarden concerns the ontological status of values. 
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202370K
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • At the Limits of Knowledge: Philosophy and Religion in Southwestern Neo-

    • Authors: Jacinto Páez Bonifaci
      Pages: 389– - 389–
      Abstract: The present paper investigates the essential tenets of the Southwestern Neo-Kantians’ take on the philosophy of religion. Specifically, I concentrate on two diverse aspects of Windelband and Rickert’s approaches to religion. In the first place, I look at the way in which they determine religious values. In the second place, I focus on the manner in which they confront religion with the systematic structure of culture. As a result of the analysis of the texts of both authors, we see that it is possible to detect at least three possible roads to elaborate a philosophy of religion. In spite of this plurality of paths, I argue that they exhibit a similar underlying problem, namely, the problematic relationship between transcendental philosophy and metaphysics. It is for this reason that the philosophy of religion takes the form of a reflection on the limits of knowledge, and with it, on the limits of transcendental philosophy. 
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202389B
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Culture and Freedom in Transcendental and Speculative Idealism

    • Authors: Christian Krijnen
      Pages: 407– - 407–
      Abstract: The founding fathers of modern philosophy of culture, the neo-Kantians, and especially the Southwest school, brought the concept of culture into play as a counter concept to that of nature. Taking Heinrich Rickert’s conception of culture as a starting point, the article shows how culture is conceived of as a self-formation of the (concrete) subject (agent). It leads to transcendental idealism of freedom, typical of a Kantian type of transcendental philosophy. However, in this self and world formation of the subject it is presupposed that nature is to any extent formable by values and thus by freedom. This presupposition cannot be accounted for properly within transcendental idealism. Hegel, by contrast, conceives of culture as a manifestation of the idea, leading to speculative idealism of freedom. The origin of culture, i.e., its original determinacy, should not be conceived of in terms of an opposition to nature, and consequently in the fashion of a subject (agent) of thought and action that forms itself by forming its world, culture. Rather, it should be conceived of in terms of a manifestation of the idea as the truly transcendental subject qua absolute ground of validity and thus the ground of being too. Nature and culture are both primarily determined by their ideal character and the relationships emerging therefrom. 
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202407K
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Education and Politikon Zoōn

    • Authors: Zoran Dimić
      Pages: 423– - 423–
      Abstract: Aristotle’s definition of humans determines his understanding of education (paideia) in Politics as politikon zoōn. This definition should always be considered together with the other most important Aristotle’s statement about the human being, in which he claims that “man alone of the animals possesses speech (logós)”. The ability to speak becomes most important within the specific political partnership (pólis), which has at last attained the limit of virtually complete “self-sufficiency” (autarkeías). Contrary to “every household” where the eldest member “gives the law” (themisteúei) to sons and spouses, in the city (pólis), the “speech (logós) is designed to indicate (semaíneiv) the advantageous and harmful, and the right and wrong”. In sum, justice became political (dikaiosunē politikóv). It always appears like the outcome of an argument or dispute (krísis) on what is just (toū dikaíou). We should understand education (paideia) in the context of the previous statements. Dispute (amfisbetéin), the keyword of Aristotle’s understanding of education, appears in the first sentence of Politics VIII. Aristotle states that “they (people) dispute” the question of what “constitutes education and what is the proper way to be educated”. There is not one complete, definitive, and standard answer to the question of what is the best way to be educated that we should implement in the educational activities. Based on Aristotle’s view, I claim that the first purpose of education is not to determine and constrain the activity of the youth and citizens in general, but to provoke and facilitate the dispute on the essence and aims of education.
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202423D
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Crisis of Wisdom and Psychoanalysis

    • Authors: Milanko Govedarica, Aleksandar Prica
      Pages: 433– - 433–
      Abstract: The topic of this paper is an examination of the practical dimension of contemporary philosophical culture, both in relation to the idea of wisdom in traditional philosophy and in relation to psychoanalytical practice. In the first part of the paper, we determine what philosophical culture is, primarily by emphasizing the differences between that culture and the scientific-technological culture. In the second part of the paper, we show that such a philosophical culture has fallen into a crisis. In the third part of paper, we offer a way out of that crisis, in the form of psychoanalysis, which criticizes the primacy that philosophical culture accords to consciousness, logic, diachronic and linear ways of thinking. In the fourth and last part of the paper, we present the shortcomings of this psychoanalytical model. As a solution, we offer a new model of philosophical culture, created by the synthesis of philosophy, psychoanalysis, but also other discipline of human thought, which has similarities with Nietzsche’s anticipation of Gay Science, as well as with Jasper’s idea of transcendence.
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202433G
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Eutopia and Engagement Today

    • Authors: Miloš Agatanović
      Pages: 447– - 447–
      Abstract: The contemporary conceptions of universal basic income (by Guy Standing), tax havens extraction (by Gabriel Zucman), and climate emergency (by Christiana Figueres) are briefly presented in the form of exposition in Massive Attack’s Eutopia EP. These conceptions address the most concerning issues of today’s world, while the concept of eutopia, proposed by Massive Attack’s Robert Del Naja and Mark Donne, represents “a place of well-being, as a practical aspiration,” a realistic utopia in which those issues are resolved. The present paper discusses the conceptions presented in Eutopia, assessing the possibility of the materialisation of eutopia. As suggested by Massive Attack, the ideas of Eutopia can be traced back to More’s Utopia, being rooted in a humanistic endeavour of improving humanity, inspiring engagement and search for a better and just society. Apart from discussing Eutopia, the paper explores Another Now, the political science-fiction novel by Yanis Varoufakis. Varoufakis’ critique of capitalism and the alternative he proposes in the novel Another Now argue along the same line as Eutopia, encouraging engagement in today’s world.
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      DOI: 10.2298/FID2202447A
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • On the Socioeconomic Status and the Experiences of Female Seasonal
           Agricultural Workers in Contemporary Serbia. Are There Elements of
           Structural Violence'

    • Authors: Lara Končar
      Pages: 465– - 465–
      Abstract: The paper examines the socioeconomic status and experiences of women employed as seasonal agricultural workers, indicating the elements of structural and other forms of violence to which they are exposed. As a form of employment, seasonal work has been legally defined in Serbia only since 2018, and it remains a partially regulated sector marked by different forms of social exclusion. Feminist (anthropological) literature dealing with the gender aspect of seasonal agricultural work in different parts of the world has pointed to the serious problem of inequality and social marginalisation. The analysis of social, economic, cultural, legal and other structures involved in the organisation and control of these job positions, as well as the work process itself, has helped identify the ways in which the unequal status of female seasonal workers continues to be (re)produced and sustained, which leads to the question of structural violence against this category of women.
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Aleksandar Kandić, Između mita i nauke. Rasprava o Platonovoj
           kosmologiji, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Beograd, 2021.

    • Authors: Aleksandar Risteski
      Pages: 497– - 497–
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Lea David, Prošlost nas ne može izlečiti: Propisano sećanje –
           opasnosti standardizacije u ime ljudskih prava, Stefan Stojanović
           (prev.), Rekom mreža pomirenja, Beograd, 2021.

    • Authors: Dimitrije Matić
      Pages: 501– - 501–
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
  • Pregled tribina i konferencija u Institutu za filozofiju i društvenu
           teoriju 2021.

    • Authors: Sanja Iguman, Vukan Marković
      Pages: 507– - 507–
      Abstract: From the Activities of the Institute
      PubDate: 2022-06-29
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2022)
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