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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Religious : Jurnal Studi Agama-Agama dan Lintas Budaya
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2528-7230 - ISSN (Online) 2528-7249
Published by UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Politics of Islam in Javanese Aesthetics: R. Ng. Yasadipura I’s
           Poe(li)tical Imagination of Islam in Babad Tanah Jawi

    • Authors: Achmad Fawaid, Wening Udasmoro, Sri Margana, Bannaga Taha Al-Zubair Hussen
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: This paper is to figure out R. Ng. Yasadipura I’s poe(li)tical imagination of Islam in Babad Tanah Jawi. The ‘politics’ is defined not merely as instrumental utility, but intertwined with ‘poetics’, an aesthetic strategy which allegorically unveils an interpretation of the undecidability of  Islam as central Islam or peripheral Islam, as Arabia Islam or Javanese Islam. Based on the biographical and structural approaches, this article attempts to analyze textual, ideological, and religious traces of this 18th century Javanese Muslim bhujangga and its relation to the way he describes Islam in Babad Tanah Jawi. Yasadipura I is a political subject, since he describes Islam not merely as a religious consensus, but also dissensus to other identities. This dissensus is partly a logical consequence of—using Jacques Rancière’s term—Yasadipura I’s ‘class migration’, ranging from Muslim student (santri) from Kedu, royal advisor (menteri) of Surakarta court, to prolific writer and translator of Hindu-Buddhist kakawin and Islamic Malay suluk.
      PubDate: 2022-06-28
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.14718
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Living Work Ethics of Muslim Entrepreneurs in Tasikmalaya City, Indonesia

    • Authors: Rifki Rosyad, Dede Aji Mardani, Wan Zailan Kamaruddin Wan Ali
      Pages: 13 - 24
      Abstract: This study aimed to analyze Muslim entrepreneurs' work ethic who can directly contribute to the City's economic growth where they live, namely Tasikmalaya City of West Java of Indonesia. The City is a religious city, so its residents, including business people, base their lives on Islam. Numerous Islamic education institutions are enormous and continue to increase yearly; it is also characterized by regional regulations that impose Islamic law in the City. This study used a qualitative method with an anthropological approach. This approach was necessary because this work ethic was related to specific human activities. This study found that Muslim entrepreneurs' work ethic in Tasikmalaya city could be categorized as high by adhering to honesty, discipline, respect for time, working sincerely, adhering to procedures, and submitting reports on time. Besides, hard work was also an essential ethos for work success. However, hard work here also means worship. Based on the principle of monotheism, work is an investment and buying and selling with God, namely by always giving charity as savings for heaven. This study confirmed the linkage between religion and work ethic found by Max Weber and its correlation to the Muslim community in the religious city of Tasikmalaya. This study explores the work behavior of Muslim traders and their employees to encourage integrity, a sense of responsibility, quality, self-discipline, and teamwork in job releases that determine whether a strong work ethic or a weak work ethic contributes to the level of performance.
      PubDate: 2022-06-28
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.16739
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Dynamics of the Pesantren Adaptation Patterns Amid the Covid-19

    • Authors: Siti Kholifah
      Pages: 25 - 38
      Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic has made many changes in all spheres including in education. To minimize the spread of Covid-19, the Indonesian government issued a policy for student to study at home, and since March 16, 2020 schools have implemented online learning methods. However, this cannot be applied to the education system of pesantren (Islamic boarding schools) due to limitations in access and use technology of information, as well as digital literacy. In addition economic considerations, make pesantren continue for conducting offline learning. Therefore, this study focuses on how the process of adapting pesantren in handling the Covid-19 pandemic' This study aims to determine and analyze the pattern of adaptation of pesantren in carrying out activities during the pandemic. The research was conducted at the Ar-Rohmah pesantren, Malang City as a modern pesantren that is part of ‘the pesantren tangguh’ program. By using  Robert K. Merton’s theory as an analytical tool, this research conducted an explanatory case study. Data collection techniques carried out through observation, documentation, and in-depth interviews with informants are determined purposively. The results of this study showed that at the beginning of the pandemic, the adaptation of pesantren tended to conformity pattern with longer school holidays to minimize the spread of Covid-19. At the beginning of re-entry, the Ar-Rohmah pesantren’s adaptation tended to an innovation pattern by conducting offline learning with health protocols that are not strict.  After an ustadz passed away and he was confirmed as positively infected Covid-19,  the adaptation process carried out was more conformity by conducting blended learning and all pesantren’s members more adhered to health protocols. However, in June 2021 Ar-Rohmah pesantren tend to be innovation pattern with pesantren activities that are carried out offline, which can be followed by community around the pesantren.
      PubDate: 2022-06-28
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.15113
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Harmony Pattern through Huma Betang Culture of the Dayak Communities
           in Central Kalimantan

    • Authors: Adang Nofandi, Ngainun Naim, Rinto Hasiholan Hutapea
      Pages: 39 - 48
      Abstract: Indonesia is somewhat affluent with conflict experiences due to differences in various backgrounds. The poorly managed religious, tribal, and cultural heterogeneities have become threats. Accordingly, the harmony amid heterogeneity in Central Kalimantan has become an interesting phenomenon. The harmony has fairly solid foundations, and one of them is the cultural base. This article aims to explore the cultural base that has become the foundation for the creation of harmony and the interaction between the community leaders in building harmony. The method used was qualitative-descriptive using empirical and normative approaches. The data was collected through observations, in-depth interviews, and documentation. They were further analyzed by using Miles and Huberman’s models. This article found that huma betang has become a fairly solid cultural base in preserving community harmony. The interaction between community leaders, religious leaders, and indigenous leaders has become a supporting factor to maintain harmony in Central Kalimantan. This article is still limited to cultural harmony. Therefore, it calls for other perspectives to further enrich and deepen the study.
      PubDate: 2022-06-28
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.13476
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Religion and Women's Socioeconomic Welfare: An Empirical Study of
           Women's Economic Empowerment Based on Entrepreneurial Pesantren

    • Authors: Dharma Setyawan, Dwi Nugroho
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to reveal the role of women in building economic independence amid gender issues. The absence of religion and government in a connected business has made the issue of violence against women continue to roll on. The existence of women in recent years, and likely to continue, is threatened by the absence of safe spaces for women. Komnas Perempuan's 2020 data explains that in the last 12 years cases of violence against women and children have continued to increase significantly due to disharmony and economic factors. Using a phenomenological approach, this study shows a positive pattern in reducing the number of violence against women and realizing women's socio-economic welfare through the women's economic empowerment movement.
      PubDate: 2022-06-28
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.10212
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Dialectic of Religion and Tradition: Investigating Remote Indigenous
           Communities Belief in Riau, Indonesia

    • Authors: Hasbullah Hasbullah, Suryan A. Jamrah, Riska Syafitri, Nur Aisyah Zulkifli
      Pages: 59 - 70
      Abstract: Belief is the core of every religious teaching in advanced civilizations and remote indigenous communities. The existence and religious practice cannot be separated from the traditions that develop in the community. The interplay between religion and tradition is nearby. A qualitative approach was used to answer research questions related to (1) the relationship between religion and tradition in the Akit Tribe community and (2) to explain why this tradition is maintained. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews with informants like tribal chiefs, traditional healers, midwives, community leaders, and members. The results show that the practice of belief in the Akit Tribe follows their ancestors, even though they adhere to one official religion, especially Islam. Religion for the Akit Tribe is not crucial, it is only a compliment. Thus, there is no problem if they have a different religion. Religion is only for administrative purposes, such as getting married and making identity cards. Traditions are still maintained due to the low level of education and lack of understanding of their religion, especially Islam. It makes a practice of acculturation in belief and creates syncretism.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.17571
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Theosophy for Social Piety: Investigating the Tariqa Shiddiqiyyah Doctrine
           on the Implementation of Faith into Humanity

    • Authors: Abd Syakur Syakur, Muflikhatul Khoiroh Khoiroh, Mohammad Reeza Bustami
      Pages: 71 - 82
      Abstract: This article examines the Shiddiqiyyah Tariqa theosophy, which has produced people who care about welfare and humanity. This study took a qualitative model, and the data needed was about Tariqa teachings and the life activities of the Tariqa adherents collected through involved observation, documentation, and in-depth interviews with the Murshid, 5 caliphs, and 20 Tariqa adherents which were then analyzed using holistic interpretation technique. The results showed that the Shiddiqiyyah Tariqa teaches  Mālikiyyah monotheism doctrine namely the unity insight between servant and the King (manunggale kawulo lan Gusti). Humans, as servants, must glorify the King by magnifying His name, working for Him, and adapting themselves to Him, for example, working diligently, because He is also diligent at working to bring prosperity to His servant. This teaching formed the Tariqa adherents into moderate people who, apart from being diligent in dhikr, were also diligent in work.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.13937
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Faith-Based Women’s Organization Philanthropy in Fighting against the
           COVID-19 pandemic and Its Impacts: The Case of Aisyiyah in Sidoarjo,

    • Authors: Hazim Hazim, Zuyyina Fihayati
      Pages: 83 - 94
      Abstract: Since the emergence of the global COVID-19 pandemic, faith-based philanthropic activities have become widely attractive topics to be investigated. Yet, there has been little exploration related to gender issues. This study examined faith-based women’s engagement in dealing with the COVID-19 outbreak and its impacts focusing on a local context in Sidoarjo, Indonesia. Notably, the investigation aimed to explore the extent to which Aisyiyah's philanthropy in addressing the global issue. To achieve the purpose of the study, it carried out a qualitative method incorporating three data collection techniques: semi-structured interview involving 17 informants; participant observation focused on Aisyiyah’s programs conducted to overcome the COVID-19; and a desk study gained from documents, reports, media (and social media) such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube channels. The result delineates that while some scholars divide two paradigms of community engagement which are utilitarian and social justice, Aisyiyah in Sidoarjo has played vital contributions oriented toward social justice. This approach has been done through various programs; public awareness building, embracing the COVID-19 patients, and enhancing social solidarity to reduce the outbreak effects. These findings contribute to filling the literature gap on religious-based women's philanthropy in dealing with the pandemic. However, it is critical to explore the extent to which Aisyiyah's commitment to humanitarian activities for a long-term period since no one can even predict when it will end. Another pivotal issue that needs further investigation is Aisyiyah’s way in mobilizing social capital to support its philanthropic activities.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.11817
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • Madhhab Negotiation, Education Transformation and Conflict Resolution in
           Conveying the Sermon of Tablighi Jamaat in Southeast Asia

    • Authors: Saipul Hamdi, Siti Nurjannah, Arif Nasrullah, Linda Sari Zuarnum
      Pages: 95 - 110
      Abstract: The article aims to understand the phenomena of practicing madhhab in the Tablighi Jamaat (TJ) community in Southeast Asia, particularly in Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. The article also investigates the madhhab negotiation between TJ members and local people where the dawah occurs in a specific context. The article also looks at changes in religious educational program developed by TJ members that tend to be informal religious education. The majority of informal religious education surrounding TJ communities is tahfiz school (memorizing the Quran). TJ members are more interested in sending their children to tahfiz school than informal school and later become Islamic priests (kyai). They are not interested to semade their children take the university level. Besides, the article also concerns exploring another role of TJ in a socio-political context where they become facilitators to overcome the Pattani Muslim conflict with the Thai government. This research was conducted for a year in 2017-2018 (March 2017-April 2018) in three countries using ethnography approach during the process of collecting data by directly involved in Tablighi Jamaat activities. The mothed of collecting data used in this research was qualitative with observative participative technique, deep interview, and documentation. The result of the research shows that Jamaah Tabligh was successful negotiating the madhhab they believe to Muslim community with different Islamic point of view. Moreover, the shifting of education orientation was emerging in TJ community, the focus was on religious exegesis without paying attention on another aspect of education for their children. Parents of TJ have pride to be called a father of a hafiz than a doctor. Another finding was Jamaah Tablig have prominent role as a reconciliatory in Pattani, South Thailand that they earned trust from Thailand Government. Amid the deadlock of reconciliation of local Muslim who want to separate from the state of Thailand with regression that created violence, bombing and arresting the activist, Jamaah tablig was there as their guarantor.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.13802
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Phenomenon of Crisis of Religious Understanding in the Midst of the
           Covid-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Muhammad Alghiffary, Eka Safitri, Ihsan Sa’dudin, Moh. Ali Qorror Al Khasy, Nasrun Salim Siregar
      Pages: 111 - 122
      Abstract: Covid-19 affects the established order of worship. Muslims are required to wear masks, keep their distance, and eliminate greetings during congregations. At certain times, mosques are also required to close temporarily to prevent the spread of the virus. In fact, these rules are not obeyed by the Muslim community in the city of Pekalongan, in fact, some pilgrims oppose it. This study aims to analyze the relationship of health protocol practice with religious understanding and the role of mosques in helping victims affected by covid-19. The study uses qualitative methods in which the main data in the form of words and actions are taken using observation, interview and documentation techniques. Data in the form of words was taken using interview techniques to 27 pilgrims. The data in the form of actions was taken using observation techniques by observing religious phenomena in 12 mosques. Both data are documented using recordings and images as a form of data validation. The results of this study showed a crisis of religious understanding experienced by mosque administrators and worshippers. The management is adamant not to close the mosque in the midst of the pandemic and is reluctant to allocate infaq to the social realm of victims affected by covid-19. The pilgrims are divided into three groups: trust, doubt, and distrust of the coronavirus. However, it does not affect the effectiveness of preventive measures instructed by the government. Most pilgrims apply health protocols. Some pilgrims also consider sharia rules to be above government rules, so religious activities must still be carried out
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.17041
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2022)
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