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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0853-9510 - ISSN (Online) 2540-7759
Published by IAIN Raden Intan Lampung Homepage  [26 journals]
  • Dimensions of Islamization in the Development of Science

    • Authors: Mohammad Muslih, Martin Putra Perdana, Yongki Sutoyo
      Abstract: Scientific problems are indeed an interesting issue to be researched. Moreover, seeing the development of science globally in the West is not based on God’s revelation and guidance. Although this knowledge can then produce technology that facilitates human life’s affairs, this convenience is accompanied by nature exploitation and destructive moral degradation. This Western view of life is certainly not compatible with the monotheistic Islamic point of view. Given the differences in seeing reality and truth, scientific studies need to be reconstructed and linked to religion as a form of applicative integrative method that does not place religion as a foreign matter in science. In response, Muslim scholars offered alternative ideas in a discourse on the integration of religion and science called the Islamization of contemporary science. With the critical analysis method, the authors sought to reveal the dimensions of Islamization that could touch the root of the science problem (epistemological) and answer the scientific development problems. Islamization is expected to be a universal framework that not only can be used by Muslims but also non-Muslims.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.24042/klm.v16i1.9888
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2022)
  • Sufism Demak: Moderation of the Java Islamization in XVI Century In the
           Study of The Manuscript of Suluk Syeh Bari

    • Authors: Harir Muzakki, Muhammad Irfan Riyadi, Nurul Hasanah
      Abstract: Islamization of the archipelago, especially in Java, took place peacefully in Demak period of the XV - XVI centuries. The retribution of walisanga with its sufism teachings was able to embrace Javanese mysticism in the embrace of Islam. The realization of this attitude of peace (penetration pacifique) without conflict shows that sufism has played an attitude of moderation such as appreciation, tolerance, and inclusive attitude so as to attract the sympathy of Hindu-Javanese mystics into Islam. This paper is intended to reveal how Islamic moderation occurs in Demak, for it is studied by an authentic Sufi manuscript published by Demak written by Sunan Bonang under the title Suluk Syeh Bari. This manuscript is studied using the content analysis method by prioritizing the concept of moderation. This study concludes that Suluk Syeh Bari by Sunan Bonang is the foundation for the teachings of moderate Islamic Sufism since the beginning of Islamization in Java.   His moderation teachings include 1) inclusive attitudes in the spirit of divinity, 2) perfection of the soul, realizing noble, wise, and open minded. 3) Open attitude and tolerance towards others through the teachings of Sufism, Ridlo, and always happy. 4) Respect religious acculturation. This attitude will be inherited by his two students, namely Sunan Kalijaga and Syeh Siti Jenar, who gave birth to acculturative Islam (Islam of the archipelago).
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.24042/klm.v16i1.6069
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2022)
  • Nurcholish Majid's Inclusive Interpretation Pattern in Understanding
           Religious Tolerance Verses

    • Authors: Abdul Malik Ghozali, Masruchin Masruchin, Fauzan Fauzan
      Abstract: Inclusive theology manifests itself in religious plurality, particularly in Indonesia, a pluralistic country with many diverse races, ethnicities, and religions. Islam, through its holy text Al-Qur'an, instructs its people to appreciate one another and forbids religious disputes. This paper attempts to reinterpret the verses of religious tolerance by combining the theme interpretation method and content analysis with an inclusive theological approach to address the challenge of interpreting the verses of tolerance. This paper leads to an understanding that a pluralist mindset is required in building inter-religious interactions in Indonesia by embracing the reality of other religions while maintaining one's Muslim identity.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.24042/klm.v16i1.10497
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2022)
  • Islam Moderat Dalam Perspektif Yusuf Qardhawi

    • Authors: Zaprulkhan Zaprulkhan, Iskandi Iskandi
      Abstract: In today's contemporary era, it is not uncommon for us to witness the appearance of a fierce, anarchist face of Islam that instigates various forms of social violence. Whereas the portrait of Islam presented by radical circles is not absolute and the only correct Islamic construction. This is because the religious construction that they present socially to the wider community in their rigid, intolerant and sometimes anarchic form is only one of the results of their reading of the fundamental Islamic doctrines: the Qur'an and the Sunnah which are multi interpretative. It is at this point that presenting a reading of Islam with a moderate style becomes very significant. One of the contemporary Muslim scientists who has done many readings while presenting a portrait of moderate Islam is Yusuf Qardhawi. In most of his works, Qardhawi presents a moderate Islamic discourse. According to Qardhawi, one of the most fundamental characteristics of Islam is wasathiyah which means moderate. This article seeks to explore the construction and application of Yusuf Qardhawi's moderate Islamic thought with a critical-philosophical approach.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.24042/klm.v16i1.7158
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Concept of Marxism and Its Correlation with Religion

    • Authors: Amal Fathullah Zarkasyi, Khotimatul Mahbubah, Agus Dwi Saputro, Ahmad Tauhid Mafaza
      Abstract: The ideology of Marxism that was a response to capitalism is considered a comprehensive view of life. Its emergence in the midst of oppression is seen as a significant solution. In fact, it is called a complete theoretical system. Marx with his ideology endeavour to defend and stop the exploitation of the proletariat caused by the capitalist bourgeoisie. This research is a qualitative library research. Sources of data were obtained from several books, journals and literatures that have relevance to this research. While the analytical method used is a critical analysis method using an Islamic worldview approach. The aim of this study is to explain the concept of Marxism then analyze and criticize it with an Islamic worldview. The results of this study explain that the ideology of Marxism seems to provide a solution but in fact it brings more complex problems. Instead of prospering humans from the alienation of the capitalist system, this ideology actually alienates humans in another way, namely distancing humans from private property which is clearly allowed in Islam. This ideology has even alienated humans from their religion. The conclusion is that Marx is not fundamental in his efforts to provide solutions. He only looks at the economic aspect even though in this life there are various aspects. His solution is partial and does not move integrally as is the case in Islam.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.24042/klm.v16i1.10103
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2022)
  • Cawisan Tradition and The Construction of Religious Moderation

    • Authors: Muslimin Muslimin
      Abstract: This article discusses about religion and social transformation thourgh the Cawisan Tradition in Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra. In this article, religion is seen as part of the cultural system. Indonesia has a variety of traditions and cultures in maintaining religious values, one of the regions that has a disctinctive tradition is the Ogan Ilir Regency of South Sumatra with its Cawisan Tradition. The Existence of Cawisan from the Palembang sultanate era until now has constructed the moderate religious attitude of the community and of course it is interesting to futher study the peculiarities that exist in tradition. So how is the Cawisan tradition for the people of Ogan Ilir South Sumatra' And How is the construction of religious moderation it the Cawisan Tradition' These two questions are discussed by the author thourgh qualitative research methods with descriptive analysis. In answering the above questions, The researcher extracted information by interviewing and participating in Cawisan activities. As well as a conducting a literature review. As a result, It is generally found that the religious moderation is built on the original character of the community and the religious information they receive from local scholars who devote themselves to their respective home villages.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.24042/klm.v16i1.10564
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 1 (2022)
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