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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Jurnal Theologia
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0853-3857 - ISSN (Online) 2540-847X
Published by UIN - Walisongo Homepage  [15 journals]
  • Theological Issues of Pandemic Covid 19 in Malaysia: The Views of The
           Muslims Theologians

    • Authors: Roslizawati Mohd Ramly
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: The outbreak of the pandemic COVID-19 in Malaysia started in March 2020. has not only affected  Muslims well-being in terms of socio-economic, emotional, and mental health, but it has also challenged their theological understandings, specifically relating to the issue of Qada' and Qadar and Human Freedom of Will. Consequently, some Muslims refused to observe the government order to contain the spread of COVID-19 and accused the observant of the order of committing polytheism. To clarify the issue, this study aims to identify the theological perspectives of the Muslim theologians on COVID-19 and the methods to prevent it.   This study employed a qualitative descriptive method. Data was collected through Youtube videos that contain views and responses of the well-known Muslim theologians from the school of Ahl Sunnah wal Jamaah on the theological issues related to the pandemic. The study found that the view of the Muslim theologians on COVID-19 shows that they uphold the Asha'rites understanding and teachings of the concept of Qada' and Qadar and human freedom of will. Therefore,  they regarded the observant of the SOP or Islamic guidelines in preventing the spread of pandemic Covid 19 as a form of ikhtiyar and not as a form of polytheism.
      PubDate: 2022-07-27
      DOI: 10.21580/teo.2022.33.1.11521
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 1 (2022)
  • Abraham's Legacy: Togetherness of Christian and Islamic Faith

    • Authors: Bobby Kurnia Putrawan, Edward Everson Hanock
      Pages: 19 - 34
      Abstract: This article is a study about Abraham, known as the ancestor obtained by Isaac and Ishmael. His offspring are already widespread. With all the inheritance given to them, get Abraham to start life in a different land and with different blessings. Here is the crucial point. The difference seems to have proved the fact that as a result of Abraham coming from fellowship and brotherhood remain intertwined and maintained, because these two things are also Abraham's legacy. Through literature studies, some data about Abraham are described in a narrative manner with the aim of being based on Abraham's inheritance, namely blessings, descent and land implemented correctly and proportionally. What is presented in this review article on two dimensions of inheritance: spiritual and community. Spiritual, from a biblical perspective, speaks of a promise, while the community is more towards the vision of sociology and managerial pluralism
      PubDate: 2022-08-18
      DOI: 10.21580/teo.2022.33.1.10575
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 1 (2022)
  • Abu Nu‛aym Al-Iṣfahānī (d. 430/1038): His
           Professional Life

    • Authors: Meis Al-Kaisi
      Pages: 35 - 66
      Abstract: Abu Nu‛aym al-Iṣfahānī (d. 430/1038), a celebrated scholar and author of many works, famed for his Ḥilya, and mostly remembered as a Sufi advocate, historiographer, and hadith traditionist. Despite his renowned reputation, one struggles to find much research concerning his life and works. Classical Arabic literature presents some information about him in scattered short biographical entries. Modern scholarship has even less to offer in this regard. None of the existent sources presents a biography that delivers a precise examination of Abu Nu‛aym’s life, journeys, teachers, students and works, all in one place. This paper is a sequel to my previously published piece entitled “Abu Nu‛aym al-Iṣfahānī (d. 430/1038): Conflicting Opinions” which evaluates the opinions of Abu Nu‛aym’s supporters and critics. Published by “Teosofia” in December 2021, the article examines the praise Abu Nu‛aym had received from his proponents as well as the criticism from his opponents. In this current paper the focus is on Abu Nu‛aym’s professional life. It includes lists of all his teachers, students, and works, along a detailed presentation of which of Abu Nu‛aym’s works have been published, which survived in only manuscript form and which are considered lost. This paper is meant to complement the previous one and together present a concise biography that treats all the details of Abu Nu‛aym’s life. This paper is the result of many years of search for information about Abu Nu‛aym in primarily classical sources, but also modern literature, as well manuscript and library catalogues for details on the available manuscript copies and printed editions of his works.
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
      DOI: 10.21580/teo.2022.33.1.11751
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 1 (2022)
  • Bediuzzaman Said Nursi View on Ibn Arabi’s Concept of Wahdatul Wujud
           (Unity of Existence)

    • Authors: Alhafidh Nasution
      Pages: 67 - 86
      Abstract: Abstract: This article explores Bediuzzaman Said Nursi sight on Ibn ‘Arabī's Unity of Existence (Wahdatul Wujūd) concept. In several books, Said Nursi has written about the idea of Unity of Existence. All of this suggests that Nursi expressed his thoughts on the subject when responding to questions from his students about Ibn ‘Arabī and his idea of Wahdatul Wujūd. Nursi determined that Wahdatul Wujūd is of an acceptable degree and great value for the guardians (auliya'), and that the subjects of Wahdatul Wujūd cannot be taught to common people. A study uses epistemological analysis to recognize the basic concept of Wahdatul Wujūd according to Ibn ‘Arabī. As a result, Wahdatul Wujūd doctrine is divided into Sufism ideology, materialism, and naturalism.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      DOI: 10.21580/teo.2022.33.1.11909
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Suluk of The Salik in the Concept of Seven Stages (Martabat Tujuh) of
           Abdel Samad al-Palimbani

    • Authors: Syukri Alfauzi Harlis, Arrasyid Arrasyid
      Pages: 87 - 99
      Abstract: This article aims to reveal how the idea of Abdel Samad al-Palimbani on Seven Stages (Martabat Tujuh) is considered controversial by some Muslims. The reason is that this idea is part of the concept of embodiment in the frame of philosophical Sufism. The seven stages essentially are to prove humans as the most perfect creation compared to others. This paper uses the library research method based on primary and secondary sources. This paper attempts to reveal al-Palimbani's ideas related to the seven stages concept. These seven stages discussed Salik's position as caliph on the earth. A Salik is always eager to find the best way to arrive at the paran. The idea of The Seven Stages is to know how close a man is to his Creator. For Salik's is to know their position as being who manifests God’s Tajalli. Unfortunately, such an idea is not fully implemented, even among Islamic thinkers themselves it has been considered heretical and forbidden. This paper showed that the seven stages are the unique condition that must be understood by all Muslims who are concerned with Islamic esoteric studies to know the autentic reality.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.21580/teo.2022.33.1.12575
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Drawbacks of Prophecy in Guiding Mankind, A Critique of Islamic
           Doctrine of Prophethood

    • Authors: Hossein Atrak
      Pages: 101 - 120
      Abstract: The belief in the prophethood and sending prophets by God to guide mankind is one of the common beliefs of divine religions. According to Islamic theologians, divine knowledge and wisdom necessitate the sending of prophets to guide mankind. This study aims to determine the logical challenges associated with this idea, and whether such a thing is expected from God taking into account His attributes. The drawbacks and challenges of prophecy in the guidance of mankind include the logical problem of miracles' indication of prophecy, the inconsistency of miracles with the claims of prophecy, the temporal and linguistic mismatch between prophets and humans, human fallibility, the prophet's interregnum in the world, the problem of exegesis of the scriptures, and the problem of multiplicity of religions and sects. On the contrary, it appears that All-wise God could have used better, simpler, and more effective ways to guide mankind, such as spiritual and instinctive guidance, direct guidance, the sending of a single eternal prophet, and angelic guidance. As a result of the numerous logical and practical flaws in the use of prophecy to guide mankind, the author believes that it seems unlikely and unacceptable that All-wise and All-knowing God has sent prophets for human guidance, and that another justification must be sought for prophecy.
      PubDate: 2022-10-14
      DOI: 10.21580/teo.2022.33.1.11735
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 1 (2022)
  • Integrity and Transparency: Public Perceptions of Religious Values
           Education in a Plural Society

    • Authors: Yusuf Siswantara, Ace Suryadi, Mupid Hidayat, Ganjar Muhammad Ganeswara
      Pages: 121 - 150
      Abstract: In various countries, diversity impacts social conflicts in various forms, not ethnicity, ideology, but also religion. Although many conflicts are based on diversity in Indonesia, religion is the most accessible and most conflict-prone social identity. To address the issue, tolerance or moderation education has widely campaigned. However, the rise of intolerance indicates an unformed factor, namely the perception or attitude toward religious life. Therefore, it is essential to research religious life attitudes. This study aims to analyze the perception of religious life on claims of truth, uniqueness, relations of other religions, and global ethics. For this reason, the combined method with embedded design is a choice of approach from this study. Data collection is carried out simultaneously, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The analyses of the two were combined to get a complete picture of the respondents' religious perceptions or attitudes. The renewal of this study, in addition to empirical studies on the religious attitudes of millennials, is the relationship between perceptions/attitudes of religious life to the relationship between religions through global ethical issues as a common problem. The conclusions of this study are, (1) respondents see a global problem, but at the same time, there is a universal value in religion, (2) With this universal value belief, respondents tend to be open to dialogue because they believe there is goodness in religions, (3) For the problem of dogma teachings, respondents tend to be exclusive without closing the truth of other religions. The suggestions given, among others, are (1) religious education raises the dimension of global ethics, both humanitarian and ecological; (2) religious education builds a dialogical religious attitude with three conditions: understanding one's religion (the uniqueness and peculiarities of faith), being open to other religions, and offering the value of faith to overcome the global problem
      PubDate: 2022-06-16
      DOI: 10.21580/teo.2022.33.1.11593
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 1 (2022)
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