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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Science & Philosophy
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2282-7757 - ISSN (Online) 2282-7765
Published by APAV Homepage  [2 journals]
  • On the relation of free bodies, inertial sets and arbitrariness

    • Authors: Mario Alberto Natiello, Hernán Gustavo Solari
      Pages: 7 - 26
      Abstract: We present a fully relational definition of inertial systems based in the No Arbitrariness Principle, that eliminates the need for absolute inertial frames of reference or distinguished reference systems as the ``fixed stars'' in order to formulate Newtonian mechanics. The historical roots of this approach to mechanics are discussed as well.
      The work is based in part in the constructivist perspective of space advanced by Piaget. We argue that inertial systems admit approximations and that what is of practical use are precisely such approximations.
      We finally discuss a slightly larger class of systems that we call ``relatively inertial'' which are the fundamental systems in a relational view of mechanics.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.669
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Holographic Universe: Implications for Cancer, Parkinson’s, ALS,
           Autism, ME/CFS

    • Authors: Alethea Black
      Pages: 27 - 46
      Abstract: The holographic principle was proposed by Nobel laureate Gerard ‘t Hooft in the 1990s and it has also been modeled by Leonard Susskind and Stephen Hawking. We’ve heard light mentioned with regard to the fundamental nature of reality for a long time; God said Let there be light, we are the light of the world, etc. But we haven’t investigated a possible role for the speed of light in our illnesses. This paper will do just that. The central premise is that light’s “speed” is a reflection of the degree to which the observer is removed from its source. In its Platonic state, light’s speed is zero. It is light from which time (i.e. light that has speed), by degrees, emerges. The Big Bang can be envisioned as a sphere, the center of which is a point, Alpha. Via expansion, Alpha becomes a sphere, Omega, by degrees, where each degree is c. For any given Alpha, the circumference of a circle on the sphere, Omega, is a set of resonant points that represent the speed of light or “end of time.” Every radius—every line drawn from Alpha to Omega—is an arrow of time, a parallel universe. Alpha (M or E) and Omega (E or M) increase in tandem, maintaining the degree of separation required by special relativity, E=mc^2. The holographic sphere of points equidistant from the Big Bang on which we find ourselves is not the only sphere of points equidistant from the Big Bang. There are spheres that are smaller (past) and larger (future) than ours. Where an arrow of time intersects a sphere-brane of light’s speed will be treated here as a “2D hologram.” For an observer behind the hologram, reality will appear to be accelerating/expanding. For an observer in front of it, reality will appear to be decelerating/contracting. For an observer at the speed of light, time is no longer a variable.  
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.694
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Consciousness, time and science epistemology: an existentialist approach

    • Authors: Jorge Julian Sanchez Martinez
      Pages: 47 - 60
      Abstract: In this work, the author presents an updated state-of-the-art study about the fundamental concept of time, integrating approaches coming from all branches of human cognitive disciplines. The author points out that there is a rational relation for the nature of time (arché) coming from human disciplines and scientific ones, thus proposing an overall vision of it for the first time. Implications of this proposal are shown providing an existentialist approach to the meaning of “time” concept.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.630
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Christianity & Science in Harmony'

    • Authors: Robert W.P. Luk
      Pages: 61 - 82
      Abstract: A worldview that does not involve religion or science seems to be incomplete. However, a worldview that includes both religion and science may arouse concern of incompatibility. This paper looks at the particular religion, Christianity, and proceeds to develop a worldview in which Christianity and Science are compatible with each other. The worldview may make use of some ideas of Christianity and may involve some author’s own ideas on Christianity. It is thought that Christianity and Science are in harmony in the sense that science can support beliefs in Christianity and in turn beliefs in Christianity can support science. To avoid future unnecessary conflicts between science and religion, it is suggested that a core faith Christianity worldview should be taken. However, this does not mean that certain parts of scripture are abandoned.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.623
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Epistemic logic for metadata modelling from scientific papers on Covid-19

    • Authors: Simone Cuconato
      Pages: 83 - 96
      Abstract: The field of epistemic logic developed into an interdisciplinary area focused on explicating epistemic issues in, for example, artificial intelligence, computer security, game theory, economics, multiagent systems and the social sciences. Inspired, in part, by issues in these different ‘application’ areas, in this paper I propose an epistemic logic T for metadata extracted from scientific papers on COVID-19. More in details, I introduce a structure S to syntactically and semantically modelling metadata extracted with systems for extracting structured metadata from scientific articles in a born-digital form. These systems will be considered, in the logical model created, as ‘Metadata extraction agents’ (MEA). In this case MEA taken into consideration are CERMINE and TeamBeam. In an increasingly data-driven world, modelling data or metadata means to help systematise existing information and support the research community in building solutions to the COVID-19 pandemic.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.652
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Ecological transition and new dwelling paradigms

    • Authors: Umberto Pagano
      Pages: 97 - 114
      Abstract: We are living a historical phase in which phenomena of enormous significance intersect: the digital turn, the “ecological transition”, the pandemic contingency, against the backdrop of a unique event in the history of human civilization and of Earth itself: for the first time behaviours and choices of a living species are among the main causes of a biotic transition (or mass extinction).The way of thinking, planning, building cities and houses faces with new scenarios. Human and social sciences are called to a deep and fundamental reflection, in the sign of complexity and of the overcoming of scientisms.This contribution, starting from a radical re-thinking of dwelling, intends to provide a critical review of some concrete perspectives of “urban and housing transition” towards new spatial and relational models.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.692
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • An epistemological and bio-physical point of view on complex systems

    • Authors: Stefano Polizzi
      Pages: 115 - 127
      Abstract: In this article, after a historical introduction, we give an epistemological point of view of the physics of complex systems. Complex systems are epistemologically interesting because of the fundamental interaction experiment/observer and physicists in their everyday life can experience the paradoxes given by this interaction. Here we describe some of these paradoxes, we make a parallel with quantum mechanics and give a possible philosophical solution, based on notorious physicists/philosopher from the past, transposing and reinterpreting their ideas to modern times. In particular, we analyse the interaction with a complex system such as the living cell, and therefore we also analyse some biophysical implications of complexity.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.686
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Labour, pandemic crisis, and PNRR: preliminary issues

    • Authors: Roberto Veraldi
      Pages: 128 - 136
      Abstract: The intent of this work is bring to attention, as useful elements for a debate, the possibility of reasoning on the implementations that will come to the country-system from the resources of the PNRR.From a historical, albeit brief, and legislative analysis of active labor policies in Italy, one can try to understand how to stimulate Italian economic growth. To do this, one must examine the structural elements that contribute to making our country fragile in comparison with other European countries, fragility associated with the horizontal and vertical segregation that characterizes the world of work. This is a phenomenon that has worsened further during the pandemic crisis. Hence, employment discontinuity, non-standard contractual forms, differences in male and female employment rates, as well as that set of social, cultural, and psychological barriers all become elements that decline the concept of horizontal and vertical segregation mentioned earlier.This is where the PNRR comes into play, whose intentions include promoting a process of transformation in tune with the great changes in the socio-economic scenario. 
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.701
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Is a theory of everything possible' Critical reflections and
           variations on the theme (È possibile una teoria del tutto'
           Riflessioni critiche e variazioni sul tema)

    • Authors: Davide Fiscaletti
      Pages: 137 - 160
      Abstract: The evolution of the history of physics shows how natural phenomena can be grouped into discrete regimes, between which there are precise relationships and specific connecting elements but which, with an excellent approximation, can be considered independent of each other. Here it is clarified, in the light of developments in contemporary physics, in what sense theory of everything means "theory that aims to explain a specific and limited level of energy", highlighting the link between the world we experience daily and the background of the theories of everything.
      Keywords: theories of everything; quantum gravity; principle of collective organization
      L’evoluzione della storia della fisica mostra come i fenomeni naturali possono essere raggruppati in regimi discreti, tra cui esistono precise relazioni e specifici elementi di raccordo ma che, con un’ottima approssimazione, si possono considerare indipendenti l’uno dall’altro. Qui si chiarisce, alla luce degli sviluppi della fisica contemporanea, in che senso teoria del tutto significa “teoria che si propone di spiegare un livello di energia specifico e limitato”, evidenziando il legame tra il mondo che sperimentiamo quotidianamente e il background delle teorie del tutto.
      Parole Chiave: teorie del tutto; gravità quantistica; principio di organizzazione collettiva.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.688
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Network effect and economic development: Towards a link-value theory
           (Effetto rete e sviluppo economico: per una teoria del valore legame)

    • Authors: Luigi Gentili
      Pages: 161 - 175
      Abstract: The article presents sociological considerations in regards to the advent of globalism. With the implosion of capitalism and the acceleration of globalization, the concept of globalism is in need of new interpretations. Some sociologists indeed would see it solely as the ideology of globalization. In the article, globalism is regarded as a social system not only with ideological characteristics but also economic ones. This radically changes the very logic of capitalism, which is focused on linear and monocentric production. Through the theory of link-value the article illustrates the process by which economic development takes place. It is shown that as well as the assets identified by the main economic schools, development is based on factors such as infrastructure investments, technologies, and networking. Today, with globalism, it is economic ties that create wealth and they are more important than the production process itself. Such transformation is highlighted through the growth of the financial and commercial dimensions, as well as the change in industrial activities. The article deals with the fundamental importance of the global value chain in nowadays, as well as the reshoring and the nearshoring. After illustrating the evolution of territorial networks, several case histories are presented: from the new economic centres of globalism to the decline of industrial districts. Finally, the article examines new generations models of innovation and culture districts.Keywords: Economic development; Globalism; Production processes; Global value chain; Territorial networks; Open innovation.[1]  
      SuntoL'articolo espone alcune considerazioni sociologiche relative all'avvento del globalismo. Con l'implosione del capitalismo e l'accelerazione della globalizzazione, il concetto di globalismo necessita di nuove interpretazioni. Alcuni sociologi infatti lo considerano solamente come l'ideologia della globalizzazione. Nell'articolo, il globalismo è considerato come un sistema sociale con caratteristiche non solo ideologiche ma anche economiche. Questo cambia radicalmente la logica stessa del capitalismo, che è incentrato sulla produzione lineare e monocentrica. Attraverso la teoria del valore-legame l'articolo illustra il processo attraverso il quale si crea lo sviluppo economico. Viene dimostrato che oltre ai fattori proposti dalle principali scuole economiche, quali le infrastrutture pubbliche e la tecnologia, lo sviluppo dipende anche dal networking. Oggi, con il globalismo, sono i legami economici che creano ricchezza e questi ultimi diventano più importanti del processo produttivo in sé. Tale trasformazione è evidenziata dalla crescita delle dimensioni finanziarie e commerciali dell’economia, nonché dal mutamento delle attività industriali. Nell’articolo viene trattata l’importanza che attualmente rivestono le catene globali del valore, ma anche i nuovi fenomeni del reshoring e del nearshoring. Dopo aver illustrato l’evoluzione delle forme di networking territoriale, vengono presentati diversi casi-studio: dai nuovi poli produttivi globalizzati al declino dei distretti industriali. Nella parte finale dell’articolo vengono illustrati modelli distrettuali di nuova generazione come quelli dell’innovazione e della cultura. Parole Chiave: Sviluppo economico; Globalismo; Processi produttivi; Catena globale del valore; Reti territoriali; Innovazione aperta.  
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.682
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • The banality of evil. A review in the light of the affective turn in the
           social sciences (La banalità del male. Una revisione alla luce
           dell’affective turn nelle scienze sociali)

    • Authors: Daniele Ungaro
      Pages: 176 - 190
      Abstract: The well-known metaphor on the banality of evil, used by Arendt on the trial of the Nazi hierarch Eichmann in Jerusalem, can also be reviewed in the light of the so-called "affective turn" in the social sciences. Eichmann's tragic obedience to the creators of the Holocaust does not only derive from the renunciation to implement an autonomous thought, in the context of the Nazi system, but also from a deep inability to feel emotions and to develop empathic relationships. This allows a process of identification with the manipulation of emotions and feelings put into practice by the regime and at the same time a process of pathological detachment towards the politically persecuted by the regime itself.
      Keywords: Symbolic politics; Affective Turn; Political communicationLa ben nota metafora sulla banalità del male, usata dalla Arendt nel processo al gerarca nazista Eichmann a Gerusalemme, può anche essere rivista alla luce della cosiddetta "svolta affettiva" nelle scienze sociali. La tragica obbedienza di Eichmann ai creatori dell'Olocausto non deriva solo dalla rinuncia ad attuare un pensiero autonomo, nel contesto del sistema nazista, ma anche da una profonda incapacità di provare emozioni e di sviluppare relazioni empatiche. Ciò consente un processo di identificazione con la manipolazione delle emozioni e dei sentimenti messa in pratica dal regime e allo stesso tempo un processo di distacco patologico nei confronti dei perseguitati politicamente dal regime stesso.
      Parole chiave: Politica simbolica; Svolta affettiva; Political communication.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.691
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
  • Projection of socio-economic changes following the COVID-19 pandemic
           (Proiezione dei cambiamenti socioeconomici a seguito della pandemia

    • Authors: Roberto Veraldi
      Pages: 191 - 212
      Abstract: AbstractAlbeit in the immediacy of the event and although aware that it is a first interpretative proposal, this article analyses possible future scenarios concerning socio-economic consequences in Italy after the spread of the Covid-19 virus (coronavirus, 2019-nCoV). The social processes related to the pandemic will be examined, from the media information diffusion to the socio-economic consequences of the phenomenon. Among the main effects, included in the projections, the authors find considerable impacts in the tourism and restaurant sectors. The former, if not supported by adequate campaigns, will experience extended hard time, which will maintain its effects also in the long run. The latter will experience profound changes in the work organization and the service quality definition. Finally, some beneficial effects have been hypothesized, such as a re-evaluation of the health sector and enhancement of public opinion about scientific research.
      Keywords: Covid-19, 2019-nCoV, coronavirus, Italy, pandemics, socio-economic scenarios.SuntoIn questo lavoro vengono analizzati, seppur nella immediatezza dell’evento e pur conscio che si tratta di una prima proposta interpretativa, i possibili scenari futuri riguardo alle conseguenze socio-economiche in Italia a seguito della diffusione del virus Covid-19 (coronavirus, 2019-nCoV). Si studieranno i processi sociali connessi alla pandemia, dalla diffusione mediatica delle informazioni alle conseguenze socio-economiche del fenomeno. Tra i principali effetti, inseriti nelle proiezioni, si prevedono impatti considerevoli nei settori turistico e della ristorazione. Il primo, se non sostenuto da adeguate campagne, affronterà un periodo di intense difficoltà, destinato a mantenere i suoi effetti anche nel lungo periodo. Il secondo subirà profondi mutamenti nell’organizzazione del lavoro e nella definizione della qualità. Infine, sono state ipotizzate alcune ricadute positive, come una rivalutazione del settore sanitario e dell’opinione su chi fa ricerca scientifica.
      Parole Chiave: Covid-19, 2019-nCoV, coronavirus, Italia, pandemie, scenari socio-economiciarch.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.23756/sp.v9i2.702
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2021)
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