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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Filozofia Chrześcijańska
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1734-4530 - ISSN (Online) 2450-0399
Published by Adam Mickiewicz University Homepage  [58 journals]
  • The cosmic context of biological evolution and its philosophical and
           theological consequences

    • Authors: Sławomir Leciejewski
      Pages: 7 - 25
      Abstract: In the article I describe the cosmic context of biological evolution and its concretization in the form of various formulations of anthropic principles (weak, strong, probabilistic, ultimate and participatory) in order to discuss selected philosophical and theological consequences of the anthropic of the Universe. The aim of the article is to answer the question whether the fact of the anthropic nature of the Universe leads to the possibility of justifying theses of an ontological, epistemological and theological nature.
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2022.19.1
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2022)
  • Looking like the Father: The Meaning of Life and the Transfigured Gaze

    • Authors: Stephanie Rumpza
      Pages: 27 - 45
      Abstract: In this nihilistic age, the worth of life is often measured by utility. This paper challenges such an approach by turning attention away from what is given to focus on how we receive it. Drawing inspiration from the theological tradition of the icon, I discuss how we can understand this shift as a “transfiguration of vision.” A close study of the act of prayer before the icon reveals how we can gain distinct manner of seeing, which in turn has implications for the way we understand life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2022.19.2
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2022)
  • The world of religious life in French phenomenology

    • Authors: Przemysław Zgórecki
      Pages: 47 - 67
      Abstract: Religious experience seems to lie outside the boundaries of the immanent structures of experience that phenomenology studies. Phenomenology was born, after all, at the moment of delineating the boundary between the immanent structure of experience and what is external to it and therefore secondary. In France, however, it is not difficult to find thinkers who do not hesitate to cross this line. French phenomenology, thus opening the possibility of the world of religious life, seems to move within the limits of the method described by Husserl. The phenomenological concept of the world of consciousness is based on the belief that there is a fundamental difference between the psychological experience and the experience of consciousness. At the source of the concept of the world of religious life described here, on the other hand, is the belief that because religious experience is not a psychological experience, but an experience of consciousness, it meets the criteria set by phenomenology for experience. Therefore, it is justified here to use the concept of religious experience in the strict sense. It is also legitimate to subject this experience to phenomenological examination. Religious experience, on the other hand, shapes the world of religious life referred to in this article, which in itself can also become the subject of phenomenology research.
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2022.19.3
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2022)
  • Discussion of the complications generated by Stanisław Ignacy
           Witkiewicz’s concept of biological monadism

    • Authors: Waldemar Kmiecikowski
      Pages: 69 - 85
      Abstract: The article focuses on Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz’s metaphysical concept, namely biological monadism. According to Witkacy, the Whole of Existence constitutes a multiplicity of monads – Particular Existences. It is them – occurring in various configurations – that constitute the substantive foundation of reality. The essential characteristic of these monads is their corporeal character, which means that Witkiewicz’s Particular Existence constitutes an original unity of the temporal (duration) and spatial (expanse) component; a unity finding expression in the statement that the monad is a corporeal consciousness and in the Whole of Existence there is no place for the objective existence of inanimate matter. The article exposes an important limitation of Witkiewicz’s metaphysics. It seems that the permanent presence of the Infinite in Witkacy’s General Ontology results in the indelible Mystery of Existence, which neutralizes the ultimate status of the why question. Being in Witkiewicz’s perspective becomes mysterious, enigmatic and senseless but, at the same time, it is deprived of any trace of randomness. In this way the structure of Being included in Witkiewicz’s monadic categorial network excludes the sense of the why question related to the Whole of Existence.
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2022.19.4
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2022)
  • Kabbalah and mysticism

    • Authors: Jadwiga Clea Moreno-Szypowska
      Pages: 87 - 119
      Abstract: The article "Kabbalah and mysticism" is divided into three parts, in which the general understanding of Kabbalah based on mysticism is presented. The first is devoted to the general definition of mysticism, wanting to reflect on this: Is Kabbalah one' In order to be able to answer this question, the author gives voice to the more important scholars of Judaism who have dealt with this issue or are still dealing with it. They are clearly characterizing what mysticism is, they try to create an equivalent explanation of Kabbalah, thus showing its specificity. Once confirmed that Kabbalah can be considered a kind of mysticism, the author moves on to the second part, in which she presents the basic sources of mysticism of Kabbalah. It discusses the most important items of rabbinic and non-rabbinic literature, showing how the non-rabbinic is continuator of the rabbinic. The third part of the article focuses on a deeper description of the initial types of mysticism: creation, chariot and body, which form the foundation for the later mysticism of word and letter. The mysticism of words and letters is kabbalah, that is, the hermeneutical art of biblical exegesis, based on the properties of the Hebrew alphabet and language, as God's tool for knowing Him. The article is based on the considerations of such authors as: Gershom Scholem, Roland Goetschel, Joseph Dan, Charles Mopsik, Marc-Alain Ouaknin, or the controversial Moshe Idel.
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2022.19.5
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2022)
  • A philosopher on the paths of reflection on culture

    • Authors: Krzysztof Stachewicz
      Pages: 121 - 125
      Abstract: Wojciech Daszkiewicz "Byt, człowiek, kultura. Studium z filozofii kultury" (Polskie Towarzystwo Tomasza z Akwinu, Katedra Metafizyki KUL, Lublin 2019)
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2022.19.6
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2022)
  • Man and loneliness

    • Authors: Krzysztof Stachewicz
      Pages: 127 - 132
      Abstract: Piotr Domeracki "Horyzonty i perspektywy monoseologii.
      Filozoficzne studium samotności" (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UMK, Toruń 2018)
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2022.19.7
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2022)
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