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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Filozofia Chrześcijańska
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1734-4530 - ISSN (Online) 2450-0399
Published by Adam Mickiewicz University Homepage  [58 journals]
  • “Hear the word of YHWH” Abraham Abulafi a and Luis de León – the
           mystic of language

      Pages: 7 - 27
      Abstract: Abraham Abulafi a, a 13th-century Sephardic Kabbalist and brother Luis de León, a 16th-century Spanish theologian, develop in their exegesis a mystic of language that can be divided into mysticism of words and mysticism of letters. The love of the Hebrew language and the conviction that it is the language of God lead both of them to believe that each of its parts is sacred. Abraham Abulafi a, wanting to penetrate the secrets of the Holy Scriptures, develops a hermeneutic method of reading it, in which the adept, after special preparation, delves into the inspired text to transform into the divine letter of the Hebrew alphabet. United with the Creator, he becomes capable of prophesying, and it is the main goal of the prophetic or ecstatic kabbalah developed by the Sephardic sage. Luis de León does not go that far, but by identifying the name with God, he comes to the conclusion that the letters, having a double function, encompass the whole of existence, becoming self-suffi cient. In the texts of a Catholic religious from a family of converts, and in particular in the treatise Meditations on the Divine Name, one can fi nd numerous traces of the Sephardic method, which proves that the cultural heritage of the Jews expelled from Spain in 1492 survived in the minds of their grandchildren. The author, taking on the above-mentioned text by Luis de León, Light of Intellect and Book of the Sign of Abraham Abulafi a, presents the mysticism of the language, with particular emphasis on the mysticism of the word and letters, which combine to form numerous forms of God’s names. Both Abraham Abulafi a and Brother Luis de León, in their understanding of the Scriptures, were both faithful to tradition – for example, when they reached for the authority of another Sephardic, Abraham ibn Ezra – as innovative, in keeping with the spirit of Jewish exegesis in which, as succinctly expressed by the Hasidic rabbi Nachman from Bracław: „It is forbidden to grow old!”
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2021.18.1
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2021)
  • Jean-Yves Lacoste’s phenomenology of liturgy as philosophy of

      Pages: 29 - 46
      Abstract: Phenomenology of liturgy is the main philosophical project of Jean-Yves Lacoste, a contemporary French thinker, up to this time not well known in Poland. Liturgy is hereby understood in a broader sense, as a mode of life, which consist of facing God, understood as a subject and a promise of relationship. Therefore, it seems to be both a philosophical and mystical experience, which is why it is going to be considered here as philosophy of mysticism. The paper examines Lacoste’s undertaking of the task of thinking, his way to philosophy of mysticism, as well as the relation between philosophical and mystical experience in his thought. Finally, a question will emerge: is mysticism in its core a way of experiencing time'
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2021.18.2
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2021)
  • The outline of the philosophy of spiritual being from the Thomistic

      Pages: 47 - 63
      Abstract: From the Thomistic point of view, the outline of philosophy of spiritual being takes into account three basic dimensions of the spirit. The first deals with the existence of independent personal beings, i.e. individual substances: God, angelic beings and human souls. The second is related to the fundamental phenomena of the inner life of a person, that is powers of the soul, their acts and objects. The last form of the spirit deals with personal external activity in the course of which all kinds of extra-mental beings are created. These include, above all, the multiple forms of the so-called spiritual culture, present nowadays mainly in science, art, morals and religion.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2021.18.3
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2021)
  • On the Destiny of Evil in Leszek Kołakowski’s Thought

      Pages: 65 - 77
      Abstract: In Leszek Kołakowski’s thought, a devil is not abstract but real. What does he know about it' What do we know' How much of it do we know' It seems that Kołakowski knows it well – he speaks with it, discusses it, and defines it. As if they both were friends. ‘The devil by Kołakowski’ seems to be human-friendly and supportive. Thus, the article poses the following questions: What is the role of evil as defined by Kołakowski in human world and life' How does it work' What is its destiny'
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2021.18.4
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2021)
  • Christian Philosophy and the image of the world. Notes from the
           perspective of the Sociology of Philosophy

      Pages: 79 - 110
      Abstract: In this article, I present a proposal to study Christian philosophy understood as a research tradition from the perspective of the sociology of philosophy. For a sociologist of philosophy, Christian philosophy is a specific empirical phenomenon that we can learn by discovering the mechanisms of its functioning. The article focuses on the issue of accepting the image of the world that defines the identity of Christian philosophy. The task of the sociology of philosophy is to discover the mechanisms that influence the context of acceptance of this image of the world. The sociology of philosophy distances itself from assessing the truth or falsehood of the content of theses advocated by individual philosophers. Although each philosophy develops according to the principles of the so-called immanent logic, it is, however, certain social and psychological factors that influence what a given philosopher accepts as obvious and beyond discussion. In the article, I showed that the acceptance of the image of the world is a consequence of upbringing that takes place in a specific social group (e.g. family, school) which shares certain axiological ideas and descriptive beliefs. Thanks to the upbringing, in the future student of philosophy, who always remains a child of his time and culture, the mental and emotional ground is prepared for the acceptance of an already more speculative image of the world, which the adept gets acquainted with during professional university studies (philosophy or theology) under the supervision of recognized by him authorities. The mind, shaped by specific educational processes, is able to carry out a personal and holistic act of epistemic faith in a specific picture of the world that is given to it through theories and educational practice. Acceptance and involvement in the image of the world enables the formulation of specific argumentation strategies within it, the task of which is (i) explication, (ii) explanation and (iii) justification of the objective consequences of the image of the world. We adopt argumentative practices through training, we learn them both orally and in writing, of course under the supervision of those who have practically tried these arguments themselves. The student simply believes teachers and textbooks. Up to a certain point, this belief is rational. The image of the world as a whole, consisting of content-descriptive and normative beliefs, is not subject to any final rational justification. The accepted theses are assigned a different epistemological status; from theses endowed with unconditional obviousness, the correlate of which is not only subjective experience, but also objective reality, to those that can be subjected to a more or less creative revision by means of various kinds of interpretative procedures. No picture of the world is ultimately captivating. It is always possible to change the image of the world to a different one that better suits our intellectual needs and emotional sensitivity. This change takes the form of a specific conversion in certain situations.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2021.18.5
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2021)
  • The phenomenological paradigm of Gestalt psychotherapy

    • Authors: MAREK JAWOR
      Pages: 111 - 128
      Abstract: This article examines the influence of the assumptions of the phenomenological method on the shape of Gestalt psychotherapy. Therefore, a comparative analysis of the main ideas of Edmund Husserl’s  philosophy and the basic assumptions of Gestalt psychotherapy was performer. The strenght and importance of the underlying connections are indicated by both research methods used in Gestalt therapy: the directness of experiencem „suspedding” one’s own beliefs, horizontal description, and categories related to awareness: contact intentionality and „here and now” experience.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2021.18.6
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2021)
  • A proposal to solve the problem of moral luck in the context of the
           principle of control

      Pages: 129 - 149
      Abstract: The article presents a proposal of solution of the problem of moral luck in the context of the principle of control. This principle states that the condition for assigning responsibility, moral guilt / merit is to have control over the action by the perpetrator. According to his supporters, a moral hit causes the moral evaluation of a subject's action that was disturbed by chance or a factor beyond the subject's control. The article tries to show that there is no complete lack of control in the actions that are affected by chance. Hence, one cannot put forward such distant consequences of the impact of luck on morality as the negation of the rationality of assigning moral responsibility and blame / merit in general. Instead, the article proposes to assign moral responsibility separately from guilt / merit, depending on the intention of the acting subject.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.14746/fc.2021.18.7
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2021)
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