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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Noctua. La tradizione filosofica dall'antico al moderno
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2284-1180
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  • Paul of Venice’s Theory of Quantification and Measurement of
           Properties

    • Authors: Sylvain Roudaut
      Pages: 104 - 158
      Abstract: This paper analyzes Paul of Venice’s theory of measurement of natural properties and changes. The main sections of the paper correspond to Paul’s analysis of the three types of accidental changes (local motion: section II; augmentation: section III; alteration and qualities: section IV), for which the Augustinian philosopher sought to provide rules of measurement. It appears that Paul achieved an original synthesis borrowing from both Parisian (Albert of Saxony in particular) and Oxfordian sources (especially Richard Swineshead). It is also argued that, on top of this theoretical synthesis, Paul managed to elaborate a quite original theory of intensive properties that marks him out not only from the nominalist framework of his Parisian sources but also from the usual realist treatments of the problem. Finally, it is shown that, to a certain extent, Paul undertook to apply the mathematical and logical tools inherited from the Calculatores tradition to empirical problems of natural philosophy, leading to reevaluate his role in the evolution of scientific thought in early 15th-century Italy (section V).
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T01:33:58+00:00
      DOI: 10.14640/NoctuaIX5
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Evolution of the Notion of Comparatio in the Dialectical Works of
           Valla, Agricola, and Vives

    • Authors: Matteo Giangrande
      Pages: 159 - 187
      Abstract: This paper provides an account of the evolution of the notion of comparatio in the main dialectical works of Valla, Agricola, and Vives. It highlights the elements of continuity and discontinuity and sheds light on the original contributions of Vives’s treatment. In Valla, Agricola and Vives, the notion of comparatio characterizes: a) the locus of the relation to another in the inventio method; b) the cognitive act through which one can grasp the relationships of similarity and difference between concepts; c) the epistemic method for weighing the degree of plausibility of probable arguments. The paper also shows how Vives enhances the role of comparatio within dialectical art. Firstly, he attributes a pre-eminent position to the locus of the comparatio by virtue of the transversality of its application to all the other loci. Secondly, he identifies the explanation of the key concept of syllogism in the act of compering two sentences with a third. Finally, he finds the essence of the disputatio in the method of comparing equally probable contradictory arguments. This can rightly be considered an innovative element of the Vivesian dialectical treatment with respect to the most advanced European humanist movement of the first decades of the sixteenth century.
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T01:33:58+00:00
      DOI: 10.14640/NoctuaIX6
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Le fonti platoniche di Federico Pendasio

    • Authors: Simone Fellina
      Pages: 188 - 221
      Abstract: Federico Pendasio was a highly esteemed professor at the universities of Padua (1564–1571) and Bologna (1571–1603). His contemporaries as well as modern scholars have recognized his commitment both to Aristotle and Plato. The aim of this paper is to provide a contribution to the study of the dissemination of Platonism in sixteenth-century university teaching by examining Pendasio’s Platonic sources, in particular Olympiodorus’s and Damascius’s commentaries on Plato’s Phaedo, Damascius’s commentary on the Philebus and Hermias Alexandrinus’s Scholia on the Phaedrus. These works are used in two of Pendasio’s most representative works: his De animae immortalitate (1570) and Lectiones dictatae in librum De anima (1577). In order to assess Pendasio’s interests in Platonism, a general survey of most of his university lectures and quaestiones will also be provided.
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T01:33:58+00:00
      DOI: 10.14640/NoctuaIX7
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • L’Italia e Galileo

    • Authors: Carlo Borghero
      Pages: 222 - 244
      Abstract: This text publishes the proceedings of the presentation of the book of Maurizio Torrini (1942–2019) Galileo nel tempo (Florence, Olschki (Biblioteca di Galilæana, XI), 2021), which took place on 19 November 2021 at the Museo Galileo in Florence. The presentation, chaired by Massimo Bucciantini, featured interventions by Paolo Galluzzi, Carlo Borghero, Stefano Caroti and Oreste Trabucco.
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T01:33:58+00:00
      DOI: 10.14640/NoctuaIX8
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Per Maurizio

    • Authors: Stefano Caroti
      Pages: 245 - 256
      Abstract: This text publishes the proceedings of the presentation of the book of Maurizio Torrini (1942–2019) Galileo nel tempo (Florence, Olschki (Biblioteca di Galilæana, XI), 2021), which took place on 19 November 2021 at the Museo Galileo in Florence. The presentation, chaired by Massimo Bucciantini, featured interventions by Paolo Galluzzi, Carlo Borghero, Stefano Caroti and Oreste Trabucco.
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T01:33:58+00:00
      DOI: 10.14640/NoctuaIX9
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Nei dintorni di Galileo

    • Authors: Oreste Trabucco
      Pages: 257 - 273
      Abstract: This text publishes the proceedings of the presentation of the book of Maurizio Torrini (1942–2019) Galileo nel tempo (Florence, Olschki (Biblioteca di Galilæana, XI), 2021), which took place on 19 November 2021 at the Museo Galileo in Florence. The presentation, chaired by Massimo Bucciantini, featured interventions by Paolo Galluzzi, Carlo Borghero, Stefano Caroti and Oreste Trabucco.
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T01:33:58+00:00
      DOI: 10.14640/NoctuaIX10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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