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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Kairos. Journal of Philosophy & Science
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2182-2824 - ISSN (Online) 1647-659X
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Is testability falsifiability'

    • PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • On how statistics is used and abused to find truth in Science

    • PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • A parrésia em Foucault - tecimentos

    • PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Lying, computers and self-awareness

    • Abstract: From the initial analysis of John Morris in 1976 about if computers can lie, I have presented my own treatment of the problem using what can be called a computational lying procedure. One that uses two Turing Machines. From there, I have argued that such a procedure cannot be implemented in a Turing Machine alone. A fundamental difficulty arises, concerning the computational representation of the self-knowledge a machine should have about the fact that it is lying. Contrary to Morris’ claim, I have thus suggested that computers – as far as they are Turing Machines – cannot lie. Consequently, I have claimed that moral agency attribution to a robot or any other automated AI system, cannot be made, strictly grounded on imitating behaviors. Self-awareness as an ontological grounding for moral attribution must be evoked. This can pose a recognition problem from our part, should the sentient system be the only agent capable of acknowledging its own sentience.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • A Pós-Verdade, Para Além do Verdadeiro e do Falso

    • PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Dispensing with Truthfulness: truth and liberty in Rorty’s thought

    • Abstract: Rorty saw the course of philosophy in the twentieth century as an effort to part from two major philosophical trends, namely historicism and naturalism, only to inevitably return at the end of a tortuous path to these very same tendencies. If we can concede without major objections (although perhaps with many objections of detail) Rorty’s diagnosis of the trends in contemporary continental and analytical philosophy, which seem to reveal the exhaustion of modern philosophy, based as it has been on epistemology, we must, on the other hand, examine carefully the three main questions that this diagnosis leaves open: (1) How does Rorty reconcile continental idealist subjectivism with materialistic behaviorism' (2) Is it really inevitable that philosophy (and philosophers) blinded by Geist are unable to question prevalent beliefs' (3) Finally, is the acceptance of a liberalism that is not able to give reasons for itself the most effective and pragmatic liberalism' In answering these questions, it may not be possible to avoid a non-dogmatic, but pragmatic, metaphysics: a vocabulary of vocabularies that allows Rorty (and us) to speak of the problems of justice in Plato and Rawls, of the soul in Aristotle and Descartes, of the dystopias in Moro and Orwell. On pragmatic terms, perhaps a modest version of a metaphysic’s “vocabulary” turns out to be as legitimate and practical as any other vocabulary.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Special Issue Truth and Falsity: Introduction

    • PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Fernando R. Contreras, El Arte en la Cibercultura - Introducción a una
           Estética Comunicacional, Madrid: Editorial Biblioteca Nueva, 2018

    • PubDate: Fri, 28 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Franck Jedrzejewski, Hétérotopies musicales: Modèles mathématiques de
           la musique (Paris, Hermann, 2019)

    • PubDate: Fri, 28 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Perspetivar a Integridade Depois do Fim da Natureza

    • Abstract: The expression “end of nature” has been coined by American environ-mentalist Bill McKibben is his 1989 famous book, The End of Nature. Since then, the philosophical implications of such an obituary have been explored, mainly on an ethical perspective over the environment. The conceptual end of nature is one of those implications, in the context of a post-naturalistic environmental philosophy. Our purpose is to build upon the ambiguities of “nature” and reframe some readings of the concept of “integrity” as a guiding principle in the relation between human beings and the environment.
      PubDate: Fri, 28 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Equações Como Ícones (Seguidos Das Suas Peircianas “Verdades

    • PubDate: Fri, 28 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Jean-Yves Mercury, Chemins Avec et Autour de Merleau-Ponty (Paris,
           L’Harmattan, 2019)

    • PubDate: Fri, 28 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Hacking into Cybertherapy: Considering a Gesture-enhanced Therapy with
           Avatars (A)

    • Abstract: This paper will philosophically extend Julian Leff’s Avatar therapy paradigm (AT) for voice-like hallucinations that was initially proposed for treatment-resistant Schizophrenia patients into the realm of gesture-enhanced embodied cognition and Virtual Reality (VR), entitled g+TA (gesture-enhanced Avatar Therapy). I propose an philosophy of technology approach of embodied rhetorics of triadic kinetic “actions” in the sense of Charles Sanders Peirce that transforms the voice hallucination incorporated by an avatar- and that can confront acousmatic voice-like hallucinations with a method of gesture synchronization and dyssynchronization and gestural refusal of interaction that the player with the Avatar can resist in full embodiment. This paper therefore introduces a gesture-enhanced, extended version of Cybertherapy with Avatars that tackle multimodal bodily experience of voice-like hallucinations beyond mere visual or auditory stimulation. This is put forward theoretically in a 4E-cognition approach that expands Avatar Therapy with gestures into VR.
      PubDate: Fri, 28 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • The Conventionality of Simultaneity and Einstein’s Conventionality
           of Geometry

    • Abstract: The conventionality of simultaneity thesis as established by Reichenbach and Grünbaum is related to the partial freedom in the definition of simultaneity in an inertial reference frame. An apparently altogether different issue is that of the conventionality of spatial geometry, or more generally the conventionality of chronogeometry when taking also into account the conventionality of the uniformity of time. Here we will consider Einstein’s version of the conventionality of (chrono)geometry, according to which we might adopt a different spatial geometry and a particular definition of equality of successive time intervals. The choice of a particular chronogeometry would not imply any change in a theory, since its “physical part” can be changed in a way that, regarding experimental results, the theory is the same. Here, we will make the case that the conventionality of simultaneity is closely related to Einstein’s conventionality of chronogeometry, as another conventional element leading to it.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
  • Metaphysics, Function and the Engineering of Life: the Problem of Vitalism

    • Abstract: Vitalism was long viewed as the most grotesque view in biological theory: appeals to a mysterious life-force, Romantic insistence on the autonomy of life, or worse, a metaphysics of an entirely living universe. In the early twentieth century, attempts were made to present a revised, lighter version that was not weighted down by revisionary metaphysics: “organicism”. And mainstream philosophers of science criticized Driesch and Bergson’s “neovitalism” as a too-strong ontological commitment to the existence of certain entities or “forces”, over and above the system of causal relations studied by mechanistic science, rejecting the weaker form, organicism, as well. But there has been some significant scholarly “push-back” against this orthodox attitude, notably pointing to the 18th-century Montpellier vitalists to show that there are different historical forms of vitalism, including how they relate to mainstream scientific practice (Wolfe and Normandin, eds. 2013). Additionally, some trends in recent biology that run counter to genetic reductionism and the informational model of the gene present themselves as organicist (Gilbert and Sarkar 2000, Moreno and Mossio 2015). Here, we examine some cases of vitalism in the twentieth century and today, not just as a historical form but as a significant metaphysical and scientific model. We argue for vitalism’s conceptual originality without either reducing it to mainstream models of science or presenting it as an alternate model of science, by focusing on historical forms of vitalism, logical empiricist critiques thereof and the impact of synthetic biology on current (re-)theorizing of vitalism.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
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