A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
The end of the list has been reached or no journals were found for your choice.
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
THEORIA : An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.137
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0495-4548 - ISSN (Online) 2171-679X
Published by Philosophy Documentation Center Homepage  [89 journals]
  • Editors’ introduction

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Marc Artiga;Javier González de Prado
      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 05:05:21 GMT
       
  • Flagpoles anyone' Causal and explanatory asymmetries

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: James Woodward
      Abstract: This paper discusses some procedures developed in recent work in machine learning for inferring causal direction from observational data. The role of independence and invariance assumptions is emphasized. Several familiar examples, including Hempel’s flagpole, problem are explored in the light of these ideas. The framework is then applied to problems having to do with explanatory direction in non-causal explanation.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 05:05:21 GMT
       
  • Running it up the flagpole to see if anyone salutes - A response to
           Woodward on causal and explanatory asymmetries

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Katrina Elliott;Marc Lange
      Abstract: Does smoke cause fire or does fire cause smoke' James Woodward’s “Flagpoles anyone' Causal and explanatory asymmetries” argues that various statistical independence relations not only help us to uncover the directions of causal and explanatory relations in our world, but also are the worldly basis of causal and explanatory directions. We raise questions about Woodward’s envisioned epistemology, but our primary focus is on his metaphysics. We argue that any alleged connection between statistical (in)dependence and causal/explanatory direction is contingent, at best. The directions of causal/explanatory relations in our world seem not to depend on the statistical (in)dependence relations in our world (conceived of either as frequency patterns or as relations among chances). Thus, we doubt that statistical (in)dependence relations are the worldly basis of causal and explanatory directions.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 05:05:21 GMT
       
  • On the unity between observational and experimental causal discovery

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Jiji Zhang
      Abstract: In “Flagpoles anyone' Causal and explanatory asymmetries”, James Woodward supplements his celebrated interventionist account of causation and explanation with a set of new ideas about causal and explanatory asymmetries, which he extracts from some cutting-edge methods for causal discovery from observational data. Among other things, Woodward draws interesting connections between observational causal discovery and interventionist themes that are inspired in the first place by experimental causal discovery, alluding to a sort of unity between observational and experimental causal discovery. In this paper, I make explicit what I take to be the implicated unity. Like experimental causal discovery, observational causal discovery also relies on interventions (or exogenous variations, to be more accurate), albeit interventions that are not carried out by investigators and hence need to be detected as part of the inference. The observational patterns appealed to in observational causal discovery are not only surrogates for would-be interventions, as Woodward sometimes puts it; they also serve to mark relevant interventions that actually happen in the data generating process.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 05:05:21 GMT
       
  • Computational causal discovery: Advantages and assumptions

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Kun Zhang
      Abstract: I would like to congratulate James Woodward for another landmark accomplishment, after publishing his Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation (Woodward, 2003). Makes Things Happens gives an elegant interventionist theory for understanding explanation and causation. The new contribution (Woodward, 2022) relies on that theory and further makes a big step towards empirical inference of causal relations from nonexperimental data. In this paper, I will focus on some of the emerging computational methods for finding causal relations from non-experimental data and attempt to complement Woodward’s contribution with discussions on 1) how these methods are connected to the interventionist theory of causality, 2) how informative the output of the methods is, including whether they output directed causal graphs and how they deal with confounders (unmeasured common causes of two measured variables), and 3) the assumptions underlying the asymptotic correctness of the output of the methods about causal relations. Different causal discovery methods may rely on different aspects of the joint distribution of the data, and this discussion aims to provide a technical account of the assumptions.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 05:05:21 GMT
       
  • The fate of causal structure under time reversal

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Porter Williams
      Abstract: What happens to the causal structure of a world when time is reversed' At first glance it seems there are two possible answers: the causal relations are reversed, or they are not. I argue that neither of these answers is correct: we should either deny that time-reversed worlds have causal relations at all, or deny that causal concepts developed in the actual world are reliable guides to the causal structure of time-reversed worlds. The first option is motivated by the instability under intervention of time-reversed dynamical evolutions. The second option is motivated by a recognition of how contingent structural features of the actual world shape, and license the application of, our causal concepts and reasoning strategies.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 05:05:21 GMT
       
  • Bi-directionality in causal relationships

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Fernanda Samaniego
      Abstract: This paper aims to provide an answer to James Woodward’s article “Flagpoles anyone' Causal and explanatory asymmetries”. It will be conjectured that, when causal directionality depends on the experimental design, it is because the variables involved are capable of producing changes in each other. This will be exemplified using the case of ideal gases as opposed to the flagpole-shadow scenario.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 05:05:21 GMT
       
  • Responses

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: James Woodward
      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 05:05:21 GMT
       
  • Summary

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: Sat, 21 May 2022 05:05:21 GMT
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.239.4.127
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-