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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Southwest Philosophy Review
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ISSN (Print) 0897-2346 - ISSN (Online) 2154-1116
Published by Philosophy Documentation Center Homepage  [89 journals]
  • Worm-theoretic Persistence and Temporal Predication - A Reply to
           Johnston’s Personite Problem

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      Authors: Andrew Russo
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:10 GMT
       
  • Moral Idiots and Blameless Brutes in Aristotle’s Ethics

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      Authors: Audrey L. Anton
      Abstract: Aristotle maintains that vicious people are blameworthy despite their moral ignorance, since becoming vicious was up to them (eph’ hemin) and whatever is up to us we are able to do or not do. However, one’s upbringing shapes one’s moral character. Together, these claims invite an objection I call the horrible childhood challenge. According to this objection, vicious adults who suffered horrible childhoods through which they were taught to adopt bad ends as though they were good should not be held accountable for their vice. Aristotle’s likely answer to this challenge reveals that, for Aristotle, a minimal degree of rationality is necessary for moral responsibility. I argue that, for Aristotle, a vicious agent is responsible for her vice only if 1) she is rational, which implies 2) she grasps a specific basic principle, thus consenting to become a certain kind of person through action. The thoroughly bad who satisfy both claims are moral idiots; those who do not may be blameless brutes.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:10 GMT
       
  • Quotidian Apocalypse' - Tosaka Jun’s Critical Theory in a New
           Age of Crisis

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      Authors: Emerson R. Bodde
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:09 GMT
       
  • Seeing Oneself as a Source of Reasons - Gaslighting, Oppression, and
           Autonomy

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      Authors: Andréa Daventry
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:09 GMT
       
  • Is Annihilation More Severe than Eternal Conscious Torment'

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      Authors: Eric Reitan
      Abstract: In Hell and Divine Goodness, James Spiegel defends the surprising position that of the two dominant non-universalist Christian views on the fate of the damned—the traditionalist view that the damned suffer eternal conscious torment (ECT), and the annihilationist view that the damned are put out of existence—the annihilationist view actually posits the more severe fate from the standpoint of a punishment. I argue here that his case for this position rests on two questionable assumptions, and that even granting these assumptions there are intuitive reasons, reasons Spiegel has not addressed, for supposing that ECT is more severe.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:08 GMT
       
  • Critical Commodities - Adorno on Beethoven and Jazz

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      Authors: Andrew Burnside
      Abstract: This paper is a critique of Adorno’s ideas concerning jazz from his own perspective. I approach the topic from a dialectical standpoint, accounting for the historical development of jazz in the African-American context while trying to understand why Adorno found nothing of the genre redeemable; he scorned jazz as an unoriginal product of the culture industry. Drawing on the work of Eric Hobsbawm and Fumi Okiji on jazz, history, and Adorno, I try to demonstrate the internal contradiction of Adorno’s dislike of jazz and appraisal of Beethoven. Although Adorno’s critical tools of the culture industry, deconcentration, and his usage of Lukács’s idea of reification are indispensable, Adorno should have consistently applied the subtle distinction between two intrinsically tied but nevertheless separate entities: (1) an artwork and (2) the mode of production in which it is developed.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:08 GMT
       
  • Avoiding Epistemology’s Swamping Problem - Instrumental Normativity
           without Instrumental Value

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      Authors: Patrick Bondy
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:07 GMT
       
  • Against Indifference Objections to the Fine-Tuning Argument

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      Authors: Thomas N. Metcalf
      Abstract: Critics of the Fine-Tuning Argument for Theism have recently argued that even if the universe is fine-tuned for life, certain features of the universe are still surprising given theism, because God should be indifferent between those features and their contraries. In the first section of this paper, I summarize this sort of Indifference Objection to the Fine-Tuning Argument. In the second section, I explain why contrary to initial appearances, these objections fail. In the third section, I present the Argument from Compatibility, which attempts to turn the tables by arguing that the paradigmatic features are more surprising given atheism than they are given theism.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:07 GMT
       
  • Caring for Identity: Disability and Representation

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      Authors: T.J. Buttgereit
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:06 GMT
       
  • Loving Persons by Cherishing Physical Objects

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      Authors: Robert B. Tierney
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:06 GMT
       
  • Similarity and Dependence in the Final Ranking of the Philebus

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      Authors: Ross Gilmore
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:05 GMT
       
  • Sealioning: A Case Study in Epistemic Vice

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      Authors: Jerry Green
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:04 GMT
       
  • Explaining Away Some Challenges for Explaining Advanced Algorithmic
           Systems

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      Authors: Joseph Spino
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:04 GMT
       
  • Colorblindness, Hermeneutical Marginalization and Hermeneutical Injustice

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      Authors: Josué Piñeiro
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:03 GMT
       
  • Credentialed Fictions and Robustness Analysis

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      Authors: Gareth Fuller
      Abstract: In this paper I defend the possibility of robustness analysis as confirmatory. Given that models are highly idealized, multiple models with different sets of idealizations are constructed to show that some result is not dependent on those idealizations (it is robust). This method of robustness analysis has been criticized since, no matter how many false models agree, all of them are false and lack confirmatory power. I argue that this line of criticism makes an assumption that a model is confirmatory only if it ontically represents its target. I draw on work about explanations to motivate a challenge to this assumption, and argue that this assumption needs bolstering.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:03 GMT
       
  • What our Explanatory Expectations of Cognitive Heuristics Should Be

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      Authors: Mark H. Herman
      Abstract: Cognitive heuristics, as proffered by Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky, are reasoning shortcuts that are useful but flawed. For example, the availability heuristic “infers” an event’s probability, not by performing laborious, ideally rational calculations, but by simply assessing the ease with which similar events can be recalled. Cognitive psychologists presume that cognitive heuristics should be identified with a distinct cognitive mechanism. I argue that this is a mistake ultimately stemming from descriptive rational choice theory’s entangling of descriptive and normative theorizing. Such mechanism-identification is a desideratum for kinds used in answering, “How—in a causal-mechanical sense—do we reason'” However, cognitive heuristics befit a different question, namely, “How—in a contrastive sense—do we reason vis-à-vis ideal rationality'” Clarifying cognitive heuristics’ nature and appropriate explanatory expectations can enhance understanding, provide lessons applicable elsewhere, and illuminate an important episode in the history of cognitive psychological science.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:02 GMT
       
  • A Rossian Account of the Normativity of Logic

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      Authors: R.M. Farley;Deke Caiñas Gould
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:02 GMT
       
  • Rethinking the Will to Believe

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      Authors: Lucy Vollbrecht
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:01 GMT
       
  • Was William James an Evidentialist'

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      Authors: Henry Jackman
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:01 GMT
       
  • More Clarity about Concessive Knowledge Attributions

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      Authors: James Simpson
      Abstract: Fallibilism is typically taken to face a problem from the apparent infelicity of concessive knowledge attributions (hereafter, CKAs). CKAs are of the form: “S knows that p, but it’s possible that q,” where q obviously entails not-p. CKAs sound to the ears of many philosophers as contradictory or infelicitous. But CKAs look to be overt statements of fallibilism, since if S fallibly knows that p, then she can’t properly rule out some possibility in which not-p. Do fallibilists, then, have some way of explaining the seeming infelicity of CKAs that doesn’t impugn the truth of fallibilism' Fallibilists think so. In this connection, there are two well-known responses to the problem: Patrick Rysiew’s pragmatic strategy and Jason Stanley’s semantic strategy. While both strategies have real virtues, there are aspects of each strategy that face certain complications. In this paper, I’ll outline those complications and I’ll develop some remedies to them. The aim of this paper will be to show that the challenge posed by CKAs isn’t a grave problem at all. In particular, I’ll argue that if the semantic strategy fails because CKAs really are overt statements of fallibilism, then there’s good reason to think that the pragmatic strategy succeeds, but if the pragmatic strategy fails because CKAs are obviously false or aren’t overt statements of fallibilism, then the semantic strategy succeeds. Thus, I’ll conclude that the problem for fallibilism posed by CKAs isn’t a grave problem at all.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:01:00 GMT
       
  • Epicureans on Death and Lucretius’ Squandering Argument

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      Authors: Scott Aikin
      Abstract: Lucretius follows his symmetry argument that one should not fear death with a dialectical strategy, the squandering argument. The dialectical presumption behind the squandering argument is that its audience is not an Epicurean, so squanders their life. The question is whether the squandering argument (and the other Epicurean arguments that one should not fear death) works on lives that by Epicurean standards are not squandered.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:00:59 GMT
       
  • Wittgenstein’s Wager: On [Absolute] Certainty

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      Authors: Noah Greenstein
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:00:59 GMT
       
  • Possessed: The Cynics on Wealth and Pleasure

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      Authors: G. M. Trujillo; Jr.
      Abstract: Aristotle argued that you need some wealth to live well. The Stoics argued that you could live well with or without wealth. But the Cynics argued that wealth is a hinderance. For the Cynics, a good life consists in self-sufficiency (autarkeia), or being able to rule and help yourself. You accomplish this by living simply and naturally, and by subjecting yourself to rigorous philosophical exercises. Cynics confronted people to get them to abandon extraneous possessions and positions of power to live better. And while the Cynics were experts in living in this way, their ascetic lifestyles made their message curious to some audiences. This paper reflects on Cynic ascetic practices and the ways others perceived them.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:00:58 GMT
       
  • Stranger in a Strange Land - Saving Socrates from the “Noble”
           Art of Sophistry

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      Authors: Dan Larkin
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:00:58 GMT
       
  • Memorial Notice - Past President Stuart Rosenbaum, 1943-2020

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      Authors: Anne-Marie Schultz
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:00:57 GMT
       
  • Sobriety Madness - Or, On Being Unreasonable during a Pandemic

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      Authors: Justin Bell
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 05:00:57 GMT
       
 
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