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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Southwest Philosophy Review
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ISSN (Print) 0897-2346 - ISSN (Online) 2154-1116
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  • Past President’s Panel Introduction - The Contemporary Relevance of
           Ancient Philosophy

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      Authors: Scott Aikin
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 23:19:15 GMT
       
  • Plato’s Republic Today - A Queer Utopia

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      Authors: Julian Rome
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:14 GMT
       
  • Am I Gaslighting Myself' - (Presidential Address)

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      Authors: Emily McGill
      Abstract: The concept of self-gaslighting has recently become prevalent in popular discourse but has yet to be subjected to detailed philosophical analysis. In this paper, I examine one context in which self-gaslighting is often discussed: situations in which someone has experienced trauma. I argue that the phenomenon currently described as self-gaslighting fails to display core features of manipulative gaslighting and that therefore we should seek other conceptual resources for understanding such cases. I suggest that self-gaslighting, at least in some paradigmatic cases, amounts to either extremely successful interpersonal gaslighting or to internalized oppression. Utilizing these concepts instead of self-gaslighting avoids conceptual difficulties and also has a significant practical payoff. By moving away from the language of self-gaslighting we can move away from feelings of self-blame that so often accompany trauma.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:14 GMT
       
  • Reproductive Open-Mindedness

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      Authors: Megan Kitts
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:14 GMT
       
  • Is Violence a Virtue'

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      Authors: Guy Crain
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:14 GMT
       
  • Aristotle’s Categorical Syllogistic and its Relation to Scientific
           Knowledge

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      Authors: Minxing Huang
      Abstract: Aristotle’s Prior Analytics is probably the earliest existing systematic philosophical writing on a syllogistic system and theory of logic. In this work, Aristotle introduces the categorical syllogistic, consisting of three figures and fourteen valid moods. This paper proposes that Aristotle distinguishes a general notion of syllogisms from a more technical notion of syllogisms. Syllogisms that belong to the categorical syllogistic fall under Aristotle’s technical notion of syllogisms that must satisfy two conditions: (1) a conclusion follows necessarily from the premises, and (2) the premises derive a conclusion that necessarily follows from them in regard to attributing the major extreme to the minor.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:14 GMT
       
  • Skepticism & Feminism - Can Feminists be Skeptics'

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      Authors: Lucy Alsip Vollbrecht
      Abstract: What is the value of Pyrrhonizing skepticism today' As an epistemologist, I am sympathetic to skepticism, but as a feminist, I am concerned by it. In this short paper, I’ll interrogate the troubled relationship between skepticism and feminism. More specifically, I’ll ask: Can feminists be skeptics' In the first half of the paper, I’ll articulate one feminist objection to skepticism. In the second half, I’ll suggest a pathway forward by which feminists can harness the power of the skeptical method to antiskeptical ends. Part 1 of my analysis engages Brian Ribeiro’s recent book Pyrrhonizers (2021), and Part 2 engages Jennifer Saul’s “Skepticism and Implicit Bias” (2013).
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:13 GMT
       
  • Conspiracy Theories - What They (Particularists) Don’t Want You to
           Know

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      Authors: Jerry Green
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:13 GMT
       
  • Jane Addams - Between Essentialism and Social Construction

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      Authors: Mike Jostedt; Jr.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:13 GMT
       
  • Vicious Academics - Academia as a Way of Vice in the Neoliberal
           Institution

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      Authors: Laura J. Mueller
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:13 GMT
       
  • Inferential Internalism Defended

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      Authors: Samuel A. Taylor;Brett Coppenger
      Abstract: Many of our beliefs are the product of inference and depend on chains of reasoning from other beliefs we hold. Inferential internalism is the view that an inference can only provide justification if one is aware of the support relation that holds between the premises and conclusion. This inferential internalist requirement is controversial even among epistemologists who accept internalist conditions on justification more generally. In this paper, we argue that the intuition underlying a central motivation for internalism more generally is the same intuition that motivates inferential internalism. As such, internalists who reject the more demanding requirements of inferential internalism are prima facie involved in a problematic inconsistency. We finish the paper by considering a dilemma for inferential internalism and presenting two strategies for responding.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:13 GMT
       
  • Finding the Agent in Thinking

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      Authors: Joost Ziff
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:13 GMT
       
  • Nullified Non-Consent

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      Authors: Sarah Pressman
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:13 GMT
       
  • Inquiring While Believing

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      Authors: Heather Rabenberg
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:13 GMT
       
  • The Dramatism of Realism

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      Authors: Steve Smith
      Abstract: Theoretical conceptions of realness can indicate what is fundamental or invariant in our experience of the world but are bound to miss a main point of realism due to the practical detachment of theoretical world modeling. The central sense in recognizing beings we encounter as real is accepting that we are or might be sharing existence with them, partnering with them in some significant way in the development of the world. This stance of engagement belongs to our modeling of how to live. The intentional sharing of existence makes for a dramatic situation, the sharers being viewed as interesting agents or quasi-agents who bear watching because the results of their combining actions might be important (possibly in a fictional world). Dramatizing life realistically is a basic expression of intentional vitality and is presupposed in highly serious forms of moral and aesthetic engagement (such as reverence and enchantment).
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:13 GMT
       
  • Stoicism Sucks - How Stoicism Undervalues Good Things and Exploits
           Vulnerable People

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      Authors: G. M. Trujillo; Jr.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:12 GMT
       
  • Living Histories of Black Embodiment - (Presidential Prize Award Winner)

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      Authors: Jasmine Wallace
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:12 GMT
       
  • Calculating the Criminal - The Embedded Ontology of Sentencing Algorithms

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      Authors: Justin Wooley
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:12 GMT
       
  • Testimonial Withdrawal and The Ontology of Testimonial Injustice

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      Authors: Emily C. McWilliams
      Abstract: Concepts like testimonial injustice (Fricker, 2007) and testimonial violence (Dotson, 2011) articulate that marginalized epistemic agents are unjustly undermined as testifiers when dominant agents cannot or will not hear, understand, or believe their testimony. This paper turns attention away from these constraints on uptake, and towards pragmatic, social, and political constraints on how dominant audiences receive and react to testimony. I argue that these constraints can also be sources of testimonial injustice and epistemic violence. Specifically, I explore a kind of injustice that I call testimonial withdrawal, which occurs when a would-be speaker chooses to remain silent because they know or reasonably expect that there is pragmatic risk associated with speaking, given their unjust marginalization. I argue that this unjustly undermines epistemic agency, and that expanding Fricker and Dotson’s umbrella concepts to accommodate this idea results in a better understanding of the moral and epistemic contours of both testimonial withdrawal and these broader categories.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:12 GMT
       
  • Rawls’s Efficiency

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      Authors: Akira Inoue
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to show the plausibility of John Rawls’s treatment of efficiency within the system of justice. While in political philosophy efficiency is often treated as an independent condition for establishing justice, or more precisely, as a necessary condition for establishing justice, Rawls considers efficiency as a non-negligible factor that has normativity in general circumstances. This is similar to the view that efficiency is a presumptive condition for evaluating social arrangements. However, Rawls’s view is salient in a more substantive way. This paper demonstrates the salience of Rawls’s view of efficiency by responding to G. A. Cohen’s Impure Justice Objection to Rawls’s theory of justice. This shows that there is no impure connection between Rawls’s justice and efficiency. Moreover, the combined thesis of Rawls’s justice and efficiency is superior to Cohen’s pluralist theory of justice, making it a fruitful approach.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:12 GMT
       
  • Colonialism, Race, and the Concept of Energy

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      Authors: Pedro Brea
      Abstract: The following paper puts the history of race and colonialism in conversation with the history of the concept of energy. The objective is to understand what a critical decolonial perspective can teach us about the central role that energy plays in western culture, materially and epistemologically. I am interested in how this approach to political, epistemological, and ontological questions demands that we reconceptualize energy to account for the historical particularity of the concept and the phenomena of history and intersubjectivity, which are eschewed in a purely materialistic and quantitative conception of energy. We will see how energy has been complicit in the racialization of black and indigenous bodies, and how the privileged place that the concept of energy has occupied in the canon of western physics has served to obscure the theological, metaphysical, and cultural assumptions that constitute it.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:12 GMT
       
  • Naive Action Theory and Essentially Intentional Actions

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      Authors: Armand Babakhanian
      Abstract: In their recent paper, “Practical Knowledge without Luminosity,” Bob Beddor and Carlotta Pavese (2022) claim that the doctrine of essentially intentional actions, or “essentialism,” is false. Essentialism states that some actions are essentially intentional, such that, “whenever they are performed, they are performed intentionally” (2022, p. 926). Beddor and Pavese work to reject essentialism, which figures as a key premise in Juan Piñeros Glasscock’s anti-luminosity argument against the knowledge condition for intentional action (Piñeros Glasscock, p. 1240). Historically, essentialism has received little attention from philosophers since its inception in Elizabeth Anscombe’s Intention (2000, §47). However, I believe that essentially intentional actions can play an important role in an ontology of action. In my paper, I develop and argue for a variety of essentialism in the context of naive action theory, which I call naive essentialism. Naive essentialism is a two-fold thesis, which claims that (1) essentially intentional actions exist, and (2) that essentially intentional actions ground accidentally intentional actions. My paper has four parts. In the first part, I distinguish between essentially and accidentally intentional actions, and unpack the relevant principles of naive action theory. Second, I present the grounding thesis that accidentally intentional actions are grounded in essentially intentional actions. Next, I provide an argument for the existence of essentially intentional actions. Lastly, I briefly respond to a possible objection to my argument. The upshot of my arguments is that essentially intentional actions form the metaphysical and explanatory bedrock in a naive ontology of action, and that there are good reasons for accepting a key premise in Piñeros Glasscock’s anti-luminosity argument.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:12 GMT
       
  • Agathon’s Learning Potential

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      Authors: Gabriella Cunningham
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:11 GMT
       
  • Vaccines and Epistemic Trust

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      Authors: Matthew Marzec
      Abstract: There is an enigma that plagues the modern world. On the one hand, access to information is more abundant than ever. On the other, knowledge seems all the more difficult to come by. The world is divided on numerous fact-based questions regarding nutrition, exercise, public policy impact, sickness prevention, mental wellness, and more. What accounts for this phenomenon' Likely, these disagreements and difficulties cannot be accounted for by a single factor, and the elements in play vary from question to question and subject to subject. This paper will focus on one possible factor: eroding trust in subject matter experts.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:11 GMT
       
  • Ecumenical Attributability and the Structural Ownership Condition on Moral
           Responsibility

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      Authors: Cody Harris
      Abstract: This paper discusses the non-historicist structural ownership condition on moral responsibility forwarded by Benjamin Matheson. The structural ownership condition requires that a morally relevant action be grounded or partly grounded in psychological states that are generally coherent. While Matheson does not mean to settle the debate on historicism vs. non-historicism, he does mean to secure the position of the ownership condition against the problems that structuralist theories have faced in the past. This paper will focus on how the ownership condition handles cases of ambivalent agents. Intuitively, ambivalent agents should be responsible for what they do as long as what they do is expressive of their cares or commitments, or their authentic character. At a first glance it appears that the ownership condition follows intuitions about ambivalence, but with a closer look we can see that Matheson has provided a potential counter example to this position.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:11 GMT
       
  • Amoral Actions and Relational Knowledge

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      Authors: Robyn Gaier
      Abstract: Amoral actions are actions outside of the moral domain. To establish a way of understanding amoral actions, I will draw upon Dale Dorsey’s agency view which, in sum, maintains that an agent must have a reason to perform an action and be able to perform the action in question based upon that reason. Dorsey focuses upon both cognitive and circumstantial limitations to establish the fact that moral agents can (and do) perform amoral actions. In this paper, however, I will focus upon a kind of deficiency of knowledge that is imparted socially. Some actions of persons suffering from autism seem to fall into the category of amoral actions that I have in mind but, so too, would some actions of persons who suffer from a moral injury. In sum, I aim to expand upon the category of amoral actions among moral agents.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:11 GMT
       
  • Plato’s Metaphysical Anti-Atomism

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      Authors: Michael H. Hannen
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:11 GMT
       
  • The Question of Wittgensteinian Thomism - Grammar and Metaphysics

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      Authors: Michael Hall
      Abstract: Wittgensteinian Thomism (WT) proposes a post-Wittgensteinian reading of Aquinas based on the presence of genuine affinities between them in philosophical anthropology, epistemology, philosophy of mind, action theory, and ethics. While this proposal has been historically fruitful in the works of Elizabeth Anscombe, Peter Geach, Anthony Kenny, and Herbert McCabe, there is a significant difficulty in the prima facie incompatibility in the respective attitudes towards metaphysics between Wittgenstein and Aquinas. This calls into question the very coherence of the WT proposal. Against this objection, I will argue that WT is a coherent proposal which can harmonize these seemingly incompatible attitudes towards metaphysics by showing that Wittgenstein’s conception of grammatical observations do not necessarily exclude metaphysics but provides a guide towards it. I will argue that rather than being opposed, grammar and metaphysics are concomitantly joined in Wittgenstein’s later remarks. If this reading of Wittgenstein surmounts that proposed by Hacker, then the incoherence objection to WT simply fails.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:11 GMT
       
  • Biting the Bullet on Toothlessness

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      Authors: Walter Barta
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:08:11 GMT
       
 
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