A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
The end of the list has been reached or no journals were found for your choice.
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Social Theory and Practice
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0037-802X - ISSN (Online) 2154-123X
Published by Philosophy Documentation Center Homepage  [89 journals]
  • Evil and Feminist Ethics - A Modified Cardian Theory of Evil

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Todd Calder
      Abstract: Claudia Card has developed a very helpful and highly-regarded theory of evil action. However, the theory isn’t able to distinguish between evil action and complicity in evil deeds as she intends. As a result, some actions which seem to be merely wrongful turn out to be evil on her account. The root problem is Card’s failure to recognize the importance of relationships for evil action. The solution is to draw on the work of other feminist ethicists, most notably Nel Noddings and Eva Kittay, and append a relational component to Card’s theory of evil.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 05:01:19 GMT
       
  • “First, Do No Harm”' - Non-Maleficence, Population Health,
           and the Ethics of Risk

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Stephen John;Joseph Wu
      Abstract: Screening for asymptomatic disease is a routine aspect of contemporary public health practice. However, it is also controversial, because it leads to overdiagnosis and overtreatment, with many arguing that programmes are “ineffective,” i.e., the “costs” outweigh the “benefits.” This paper explores a more fundamental objection to screening programmes: that, even if they are effective, they are ethically impermissible because they breach the principle of non-maleficence. In so doing, it suggests a new approach to the ethics of risk, justifying a concern with how policies affect individuals’ absolute ex-ante prospects. Part 1 sets up the tension between screening and non-maleficence. Part 2 introduces and motivates a novel interpretation of the non-maleficence principle, “ex-ante Do No Harm,” which resolves this tension. Part 3 defends and clarifies this principle by discussing its relationship to the ex-ante Pareto principle. Part 4 discusses the worry that risk estimates are too “subjective.”
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 05:01:18 GMT
       
  • Street Level Bureaucracy, Casework and Justice

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Daniel Engster;Matt Edge
      Abstract: Most contemporary justice theories focus on the basic structure of society but pay relatively little attention to the implementation of laws and policies at the street-level. As agents of the basic structure, social caseworkers and street-level bureaucrats are, however, potentially in a unique position in the fight to deliver justice at the coalface of social inequality. Introducing a paradigm of ‘Justice as Action’, we explore how street-level bureaucrats can work with both citizen-clients and, indeed, political philosophers, to promote justice. Although the Justice as Action paradigm does not involve entirely abandoning ideal justice theories, we show how it provides a potential method for paying heed to the objections of political realists about the need to direct attention to the concerns of people ‘now and around here’ if we are to produce both meaningful political theory and meaningful political action. Our conclusion is that it is essential for front-line workers and street-level bureaucrats and political theorists to have more conversations with one another than they currently do in order to advance their shared cause.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 05:01:17 GMT
       
  • The Project Pursuit Argument for Self-Ownership and Private Property

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Fabian Wendt
      Abstract: The article argues that persons should be conceived as self-owners and entitled to acquire private property within justifiable property conventions because they should be able to live as project pursuers. This is the ‘project pursuit argument’. It leads to a conception of self-ownership that is stringent, but weaker than standard libertarian notions of self-ownership, and to an understanding of private property as a convention that has to meet a sufficientarian threshold in order to be justifiable.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 05:01:17 GMT
       
  • The Real-Life Issue of Prepunishment

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Preston Greene
      Abstract: When someone is prepunished, they are punished for a predicted crime they will or would commit. I argue that cases of prepunishment universally assumed to be merely hypothetical—including those in Philip K. Dick’s “The Minority Report”—are equivalent to some instances of the real-life punishment of attempt offenses. This conclusion puts pressure in two directions. If prepunishment is morally impermissible, as philosophers argue, then this calls for amendments to criminal justice theory and practice. At the same time, if prepunishment is not imaginary, then the philosophers who reject it cannot claim that their view is supported by common sense.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 05:01:16 GMT
       
  • Self-Respect and Self-Segregation - A Du Boisian Challenge to Kant and
           Rawls

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Elvira Basevich
      Abstract: In this article, I develop W. E. B. Du Bois’s concept of double consciousness to demonstrate the limitations of Kant’s and Rawls’s models of self-respect. I argue that neither Kant nor Rawls can explain what self-respect and resistance to oppression warrants under the conditions of violent and systematic racial exclusion. I defend Du Bois’s proposal of voluntary black self-segregation during the Jim Crow era and explain why Du Bois believes that the black American community has a moral right to assert its self-respect by mitigating its exposure to racial violence and animus in a white-controlled polity.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 05:01:15 GMT
       
  • Can Social Groups Be Units of Normative Concern' - Normative
           Individualism, Futurity, Causality, Social Ontology

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Chris Lyon
      Abstract: In social justice theory, it seems both important, but also potentially normatively and metaphysically suspect, to treat social groups as units of normative concern. This is also the source of much current controversy surrounding social justice politics. I argue that normative individualism is a (correct) metaethical clarification, but not necessarily a binding guide for all other (non-metaethical) normative theory or practice in the way we might assume. Supra-individual social entities can, in fact, be the irreducible subjects of concern in valid normative evaluations or prescriptions, owing to future-relevant causal properties. However, this idea is complex and requires careful elucidation. I address likely objections pertaining to group definitions, social ontology, conceptions of causation, counterfactuals, and the non-identity problem.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 05:01:15 GMT
       
  • Learning from COVID-19 - Public Justification and the Ontology of Everyday
           Life

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Matteo Bonotti;Andrea Borghini;Nicola Piras;Beatrice Serini
      Abstract: Liberal democracies across the world have responded to the COVID-19 pandemic by implementing measures that significantly curtail the rights and liberties of individual citizens. These measures must receive public justification in order to be politically legitimate. By combining analytical political philosophy with ontology in an original way, in this article we argue that liberal democratic governments have so far failed to adequately justify these measures, since they have not systematically targeted the scholarly study of COVID-19 in everyday environments, consequently implementing rules that are epistemically unsound and not publicly justified, at least not fully.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 05:01:14 GMT
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 44.197.230.180
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-