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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Estudios de Filosofía
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0121-3628 - ISSN (Online) 2256-358X
Published by Universidad de Antioquia Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Far East as a weFar East as a weapon for revolution' Reflections on
           the role of Eastern philosophy in the work of Byung-Chul Hanapon for
           revolution' Reflections on the role of Eastern philosophy in the work
           of Byung-Chul Han

    • Authors: Juan David Almeyda Sarmiento, Andrés Botero Bernal, Javier Orlando Aguirre Román
      Pages: 5 - 24
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to expose the function of the culture and thought of the Far East, expressed in Japanese Zen Buddhism and Chinese Chan (as well as, in general, in Chinese philosophy and culture), within the thought of Byung-Chul Han. This dimension of the Korean's work has not been sufficiently deepened in the analyses that are made of him. This error leads to mistakes such as stating that there is no emancipation proposal in Han or that his work is limited to a pessimistic description of the world. Thus, the investigation that follows the bibliographic-documental research method is divided into three moments; the first exposes the foundations of the philosophy of Zen-chan Buddhism developed by Han; the second delineates the ontology of Hanian falsification and; the third, analyzes the theses on the East within Han's theoretical project.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.349258
  • A redefinition of transcendental violence seen from shame and despise of

    • Authors: Daniel Salvador Alvarado Grecco
      Pages: 25 - 42
      Abstract: Jacques Derrida coined the term “transcendental violence” to account for a kind of violence that begins as soon as the other appears to us. This “original” violence is paired with a betrayal of the other’s singularity since language and phenomenality impose meaning upon them. Despite Derrida’s efforts to question the idea that violence stems from an originally peaceful state, his account does not provide any explanation of violence as a lived experience, nor does it elaborate on how it is lived by the ego. In this essay, I will try to reappropriate the concept of transcendental violence and link it with that of shame, which I will define here as an objectifying glance that has consequences on the ego’s behavior. I will argue that the link between violence and shame can be appreciated by paying attention to the way the ego assumes the objectifying glance.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.349348
  • Analysis of pandemic fatigue as present existential feeling relying to
           Heidegger’s and Levinas’ phenomenological descriptions

    • Authors: Juan Velázquez González
      Pages: 43 - 63
      Abstract: The event of the pandemic that started in 2020 fed an affective phenomenon known as pandemic fatigue, medically near to “chronic fatigue syndrome”. Psychologi- cal explanation of the phenomenon provides a first approach that is enriched with phenomenological description and analysis of it as existential feeling in the present. This term stresses the bodily reference of the kind of existential moods displayed by Heidegger and contributes to a better description of the fatigue phenomenon relying on Levinas’ study. Present and profound fatigue is therefore shown as a feeling of tiredness that ties existence to a no-being-possible or no-being-able for oneself to do what it was possible before, i.e. in the pre-pandemic past. Besides the description, phenomenological analysis of the bond between profound boredom —as studied by Heidegger— and pandemic existential fatigue stresses different levels in the ontological understanding of this last one and its harmful feature.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.349363
  • Against the naturalness of skepticism about the external world:
           Wittgenstein and epistemic realism

    • Authors: Diego Rodríguez Téllez, Mauricio Zuluaga Cardona
      Pages: 65 - 87
      Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to cast doubt on the alleged intuitive or natural character of the skeptical argument about the external world. In §1, we examine a version of the skeptical argument based on the epistemic closure principle and the indifference principle. In §2, in order to deepen the view defended by Michael Williams, we offer a novel examination of the Cartesian skeptical argumentation to show that it is clear that the alleged naturalness claimed by the skeptic is nowhere to be found in two arguments which can be found in such argumentative strategy; moreover, to reach her conclusion, the skeptic needs to commit to epistemological realism, namely, the claim that each of our beliefs belongs to an epistemological hierarchy based solely on its content. In §3, based on arguments inspired by Wittgenstein, contra epistemological realism, we show how each belief has a justificatory role based on its context.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.349444
  • Towards a brutalism of the sublime. Violence and power in the Analytic of
           the sublime in the Critique of the Power of Judgment

    • Authors: David Antonio Bastidas Bolaños
      Pages: 89 - 110
      Abstract: The Kantian approach to the sublime in the Critique of the Power of Judgment is based on an antagonism between two faculties, Imagination and Reason. In order to understand this conflict under new conceptual coordinates, and pursuing a triple exegetical, aesthetical and political interest, the aim of the present paper is to develop the brutal character proper to the conceptual dynamics deployed in such an approach. Reconstructing this mouvement from the incidences of the term Gewalt, under a brutalism of the sublime, we focus on the inquiry of the violence that the Imagination experiences in its mathematical determination and, on the other hand, of the power that Reason holds according to the dynamic determination of the sublime. Thus, under such a perspective, violence, power and subjective impotence will appear as constitutive characters of the genesis of the feeling of the sublime within the horizon of transcendental philosophy.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.349343
  • The core of the ethics in some Middle-Platonists

    • Authors: Jacob Buganza
      Pages: 111 - 126
      Abstract: One of the main lines of research that emerged within the framework of studies on ancient philosophy consists of outlining the main proposals of its most representative authors. At least in part, the philosophers so-called today Middle-Platonists are studied from this perspective. Thus, the article proposes a schematization of the Middle-Platonist ethics starting from the metaphysical-anthropological approaches common to the main representatives of these philosophers. By analysing the concepts of God, Idea and man, the article seeks to highlight which are the main ethical theses of the Middle-Platonists, namely, the subjection of sensitivity to reason, the importance of moral virtue and human directionality in relation to the ultimate end.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.346696
  • An approach to sources: the rule of recognition in Herbert L. A.
           Hart’s theory

    • Authors: Ubaldina Díaz Romero
      Pages: 127 - 147
      Abstract: The article is located in the iusphilosophical scenario of the mid-twentieth century. Its objective is to trace the sources of Hart's rule of recognition, taking as its starting point the thesis that makes such rule a weighted response to the debate between the Kelsenian formalism and the utilitarian theory of Bentham and Austin in the first instance. This is explored in the sources recognized and not recognized by the author himself since the article claims a decisive presence in methodology of direct ancestors such as Hobbes, Hume, Malinowski, among otrs. These do not grant to the mentioned rule of recognition a mere conciliatory desire of the previous traditions, but they rather define the nature of the rule and the need for it to be addressed from interdisciplinary fields because it can bear fruit for the analysis of the underlying principles in judicial practice from the exploration of speech in context.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.348545
  • L’imaginaire and the Sartrean discovery

    • Authors: Arturo Alberto Cardozo Beltran
      Pages: 149 - 165
      Abstract: From the first books published by Jean-Paul Sartre, it is possible to observe the criticism that the French author makes to the Western metaphysical tradition, directed specifically at philosophers of modernity. For example, L'imagination and L'Imaginaire are two texts dedicated to questioning “the great metaphysical systems”. Furthermore, in these early investigations, Sartre discovers a principle that would allow him to elabo- rate his work Being and nothingness. What is this principle' The main objective of this essay is to determine this principle and its importance in the elaboration of Being and nothingness. In order to achieve this purpose, I will analyze Sartre's criticism of modern philosophers (Descartes and Hume) and his proposal to overcome what Sartre himself calls: the “naive metaphysics of the image” (1978, p. 9), which is nothing more than the fact of reifying the image.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.349802
  • Coope, U. (2020). Freedom and responsibility in Neoplatonist thought.
           Oxford University Press

    • Authors: Alfonso Herreros
      Pages: 167 - 172
      Abstract: Book reviewed: Freedom and responsibility in Neoplatonist thought
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.349263
  • Husserl, E. (2020). Introducción a la ética. (M. Chu, M. Crespo & L. R.
           Rabanaque, Eds.). Trotta.

    • Authors: Julio César Vargas Bejarano
      Pages: 173 - 179
      Abstract: Book reviewed
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17533/udea.ef.348533
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