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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Dao : A Journal of Comparative Philosophy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.383
Number of Followers: 11  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1569-7274 - ISSN (Online) 1540-3009
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • Hypocrisy as Described in the Analects and the Mengzi

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      Abstract: Abstract I argue that the phenomenon of hypocrisy appears in many passages and connects to multiple ideas in the Analects: exemplary persons (junzi 君子), petty persons (xiaoren 小人), the village worthies or the village pleasers (xiangyuan 鄉愿), embellishment/concealment (wen 文), rituals (li 禮), the equilibrium aimed at between what is naturally given and how it is cultivated (wen zhi bin bin 文質彬彬), the madly ardent (kuang 狂), and the cautiously restrained (juan 獧). The discussion of hypocrisy in the Analects and its further development in the Mengzi 孟子 can be detected in three different forms: (1) speech-action mismatch, (2) inner-outer mismatch, and (3) the village pleasers, those who try to please everyone and seek their own survival and success irrespective of any objective moral principles. My hope is to clarify what Confucius and Mengzi did say about hypocrisy in order to “clear the ground” so that readers of Confucianism do not jump to a conclusion that reads Confucianism itself as hypocritical.
      PubDate: 2024-01-12
       
  • Can Pragmatic Confucian Democracy Justify Electoral Representative
           Government'

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      Abstract: Past interpretations of the debate between Confucian meritocrats and Confucian democrats tend to center around abstract discussions of meritocratic versus democratic values. Yet, given the difficulties involved in settling on a common definition of “democracy” or “meritocracy,” such abstract discussions often end up talking past each other. In this article, I seek to offer a more precise framing of the debate by surveying the preferred institutional arrangement of one Confucian democrat, Sungmoon Kim, and that of two Confucian meritocrats, Daniel Bell and Tongdong Bai. What I find is that contrary to the claim made by Kim’s theory of pragmatic Confucian democracy, the electoral representative government he favors does not enjoy a legitimacy premium over the kind of hybrid regime envisioned by Bell or Bai under pluralistic societal circumstances. I further demonstrate that it is also difficult for Confucian democrats to justify electoral representative government through either the Confucian ideal of political relationship marked by the public’s willing endorsement of their rulers, or a notion of political equality reconstructed from Mencius’s inclusionary ideal of sagehood.
      PubDate: 2024-01-12
       
  • The Dao of No-Thinking: The Original Core of Chan Thought

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      Abstract: Abstract Zen/Chan 禪 occupies a unique position in world intellectual history. This article argues that there is a trend in the development of Chan thought which significantly reduces the innovative nature of Huineng’s 慧能 original thought and evinces an institutional effort to realign Huineng’s school of Chan with the Buddhist establishment. Its main objective is to locate the original sources of Huineng’s Chan and restore the revolutionary ideas of his thought. Adopting an approach that integrates historical materials with psychology, neuroscience with philosophy, and close reading of Huineng’s interpretation of the Diamond Sutra and his innovative ideas and methods of cultivation in the Platform Sutra in relation to Laozi’s 老子 and Zhuangzi’s 莊子 Daoist ideas, it works out insights into the originality and universal appeal of Chan and the hitherto unpenetrated secret of Chan enlightenment. It concludes that the core of Huineng’s Chan thought is his idea of wunian 無念 (no-thinking), and satori 悟り is not the Buddhist enlightenment.
      PubDate: 2024-01-12
       
  • Chen, Xia 陳霞, The Daoist View of Body: An Ecological Perspective
           道教身體觀: 一種生態學的視角

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      PubDate: 2024-01-04
       
  • The State of the Field Report XI: Contemporary Chinese Studies of
           Zhuangzi’s Philosophy of Language in Mainland China

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      PubDate: 2024-01-04
       
  • Confucian Meritocratic Democracy over Democracy for Minority Interests and
           Rights

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      Abstract: Abstract In Western political philosophy, democracy is generally the dominant view regarding what the best form of government is, and this holds even in respect to promoting minority rights. However, I argue that there is a better theory for satisfying minority interests and rights. I amass numerous studies from the social sciences demonstrating how democracy does poorly in accounting for minority interests. I then contend that a particular hybrid view that fuses a meritocracy with democracy can do a better job than democracy in accounting for minority interests and in having more equal rights and fair policies coming from the legislative and executive branches. Finally, I defend this thesis from numerous counters.
      PubDate: 2024-01-04
       
  • Revisiting Resentment against Heaven in Mengzi 2B13

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      Abstract: Abstract This essay suggests a coherent reading of Mengzi 孟子 2B13 where Mengzi appears to at once resent Heaven for the current social disorder and also deny his resentment. Some scholars opt to argue that Mengzi resents Heaven either briefly in the beginning or throughout the whole passage, presupposing that Mengzi considers Heaven as an agent that can be responsible for social disorder. The present essay opposes such view, suggesting that Mengzi cannot resent Heaven in a strict sense, but only figuratively. During the pre-Qin 秦 period, resentment was understood to consist of hatred toward the intentional object and belief that the agent is ultimately responsible for the undesirable event or action. Therefore, to resent Heaven requires one to hold Heaven morally accountable for certain events. However, there are good reasons to believe that Mengzi might not hold such a belief. In 2B13, what Mengzi is expressing is not his resentment against Heaven, but rather displeasure over the social disorder. At the same time, he is showing his pleasure at his virtues themselves or their potential good results. His displeasure and pleasure are compatible, since their intentional objects are not identical.
      PubDate: 2024-01-04
       
  • Xiang, Shuchen, A Philosophical Defense of Culture: Perspectives from
           Confucianism and Cassirer

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      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • Wen, Gongyi 溫公頤, The History of Ancient Chinese Logic
           中國古代邏輯史, 2 vols. Tianjin 天津: Nankai Daxue Chubanshe
           南開大學出版社, 2019, 1344 pages

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      PubDate: 2023-12-30
       
  • Shaughnessy, Edward L., The Origin and Early Development of the Zhou
           Changes

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      PubDate: 2023-12-30
       
  • Analysis of Zheng in Zhuangzi’s Philosophy

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      Abstract: Abstract In Zhuangzi’s 莊子 philosophy, the concept of zheng 正 occupies an important place in realizing the Daoist ideal of “inner sageliness and outward kingliness,” in terms of cultivating oneself and lifting others. However, very few scholars have concentrated on this topic and examined the role it plays in achieving the sagely realm. This article, therefore, is primarily intended to investigate the connotation of zheng from the perspective of “virtuosity” (de 德) and to clarify why this virtuosity can “align other living beings.” First, the meaning of alignment in other living beings is introduced, followed by clarification of “activity of the Heavenly” (tian xing 天行), which is internally based on virtuosity and externally conforms to the “Heavenly Transitions” (tian ni 天倪) as a principle of value. Furthermore, through exploring specific examples in the Zhuangzi, I aim to show that the virtuosity of “vacuity and stillness” (xu jing 虛静) and its manifestation as “activity of the Heavenly,” in reality, have a marvelous effect in transforming the evil component.
      PubDate: 2023-12-30
       
  • Fung, Yiu-ming 馮耀明, Confucian Philosophy from the Perspective of
           Analytical Philosophy 從分析哲學觀點看儒家哲學

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      PubDate: 2023-12-30
       
  • Zhang, Wei, and Wenjing Cai, eds., Phenomenology of
           Xin-Xing/Phänomenologie des Xin-Xing: East Asian and European
           Perspectives on Mind-Nature

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      PubDate: 2023-12-28
       
  • A Contextualist Reconsideration of the “Happy Fish” Passage in the
           Zhuangzi and Its Implications for Relativism

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      Abstract: Abstract The “happy fish” passage in the Zhuangzi 莊子 is often interpreted as endorsing some form of perspectivism which precludes objective claims of knowledge and displaces the significance of human perspectives. Relativism has gained particular currency in contemporary readings. However, this essay aims to show the limited explanatory power of such relativist positions, with focus on Chad Hansen’s “perspectival relativism” and Lea Cantor’s “species relativism.” I will also offer a new, “transitional contextualist” reading, which intends to demonstrate that Zhuangzi’s utterance is grounded in his epistemic context and that Huizi’s 惠子 disputation arises from his changing of the epistemic context, from one with quotidian “low standards” to one with “high-standards” skeptical demands. I further argue that when “wandering” (you 遊) is understood as a freedom from one’s partial perspective, it becomes clear how Zhuangzi analogizes a parallel with the fish’s “wandering” through a continuity between his “world” and that of the fish.
      PubDate: 2023-10-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s11712-023-09907-6
       
  • Bruya, Brian, Ziran: The Philosophy of Spontaneous Self-Causation

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      PubDate: 2023-10-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s11712-023-09912-9
       
  • Edit by Number: A Response

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper reflects on two ideas addressed in Benoît Vermander’s essay “Edit by Number.” First, how can we apply “coherence in structure” to the historical development of textual production and edition in ancient China' And second, what concept of number underlies the considerations in the Huáinán Zǐ 淮南子' To answer the first question, this article compares the different compositional patterns of texts that, as with the Lǎo Zǐ 老子and the Yì Jīng 易經, are available to us in different versions. The result of the comparison shows that the differences seem to outweigh the coherent patterns, so we must assume that some texts have undergone very large changes historically. Regarding the concept of number, different views on number are highlighted in texts of the Warring States Period and the Hàn 漢 dynasty, which shows that the Huáinán Zǐ contains a very specific concept of number and its own theory of the One.
      PubDate: 2023-10-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s11712-023-09910-x
       
  • Sympathy, Resonance, and the Use of Natural Correspondences in
           Philosophical Argument: A Comparison of Greco-Roman and Early Chinese
           Sources

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      Abstract: Abstract Thinkers from the Chinese and Greco-Roman traditions posit that disparate objects throughout the cosmos have mutual affinities. In the Stoic tradition, such affinities are explained through “sympathy.” In the Chinese tradition, the explanatory principle is often called ganying 感應 (resonance). In addition, both traditions use similar philosophical strategies when discussing these concepts. Thinkers cite natural correspondences, placing them in parallel lists as evidence for philosophical truths. On the surface, the analogous concepts and strategies hint that these thinkers share similar philosophical goals. However, analysis of the role natural correspondences play in argumentation discovers fundamental differences between the two traditions. The focus on particular arguments instead of broader cosmological trends offers a different perspective for comparative research, and the conclusions raise questions concerning how scholarship should analyze philosophical trends in early China.
      PubDate: 2023-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s11712-023-09905-8
       
  • Zhuangzi and Personal Autonomy

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      Abstract: Abstract I apply the Zhuangzi 莊子 to assess the contemporary value of personal autonomy. Focusing on two concepts, wuwei 無為 and you 遊, I clarify the “wandering ideal” in the Zhuangzi to challenge the ideal of autonomy as central to a well-lived life. Drawing on Sneddon’s persuasive recent account of autonomy, the Inner Chapters of the Zhuangzi, as well as recent secondary scholarship on the text, I show that the wandering ideal suggests a stark move away from the controlled and self-reflective life of the autonomous person. My goal is to draw on the Zhuangzi to contribute to dialogue on the ideal of autonomy, rather than to provide an innovative way of reading the Zhuangzi. I argue that both autonomy and wandering are higher-order ideals that can be applied to individual actions and to a person’s form of life, but at both levels, wandering and personal autonomy are in tension. The conclusion briefly reflects on the significance of the tension.
      PubDate: 2023-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s11712-023-09908-5
       
  • Huang, Yushun 黃玉順, Only Tian Is the Greatest: Transcendent Ontology
           of Life Confucianism 唯天為大: 生活儒學的超越本體論

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      PubDate: 2023-09-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s11712-023-09915-6
       
  • Dongfang, Shuo 東方朔, Authority and Order: Research on Xunzi’s
           Political Philosophy 權威與秩序: 荀子政治哲學研究

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      PubDate: 2023-09-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s11712-023-09914-7
       
 
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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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