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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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South African Journal of Bioethics and Law
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1999-7639
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Ethics replaced by politics at the patient’s bedside: Sad and dark times
           in our post-1994 trajectory

    • Authors: Ames Dhai
      Pages: 38 - 39
      Abstract: No abstract.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Rights of the fetus: voice of the unborn baby and constitutional court
           decision

    • Authors: P Soma-Pillay, L Nkosi-Thomas, Y Pillay
      Pages: 40 - 41
      Abstract: No abstract.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Don’t shy away from the elitist implications of your argument:
           Response to de Roubaix

    • Authors: P M Msimang
      Pages: 42 - 43
      Abstract: No abstract.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Disciplinary proceedings against healthcare practitioners facing criminal
           charges: The role of the Health Professions Council of South Africa

    • Authors: M Kwinda, M Labuschaigne, M Slabbert
      Pages: 44 - 47
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to address the questions as to whether a criminal conviction of a healthcare practitioner should affect his or her professional standing, and whether such conviction constitutes ‘unprofessional conduct’ in terms of the Health Professions Act. The article also explores a related matter, namely whether the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) has a legal duty to refer complaints regarding unprofessional conduct that displays criminal elements for criminal prosecution. After considering relevant case law on these issues, the article concludes that a practitioner, after being convicted of an offence, should be afforded an opportunity to explain him- or herself to the board, not only in extenuation of the conduct in question, but also in response to the question of whether the conduct constitutes improper or disgraceful conduct. Moreover, the article explains why the HPCSA and professional boards have a legal duty to refer matters of unprofessional conduct with criminal elements in terms of section 34 of the Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Activities Act to law enforcement agencies.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Informed consent in clinical trials

    • Authors: G P Kovane, V C Nikodem, O Khondowe
      Pages: 48 - 53
      Abstract: Background. Informed consent (IC) is not only a regulatory but also an ethical requirement to participate in any clinical trial. It is essential to determine that research participants understand what they consent to. Studies that evaluate participants’ understanding of IC conclude that recall and understanding of IC is often low, and researchers recommend that interactive multimedia interventions should be implemented to optimise understanding. Objectives. To assess participants’ understanding of IC of the research trial that they agreed to participate in. Methods. A descriptive survey design, within a quantitative research approach, was used to conduct the study at two government hospitals in the Eastern Cape Province. A semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information from 170 participants in research studies. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the results. Results. Participants were recruited from among women who enrolled in any of the three studies that were ongoing at the two sites during the recruitment period. The study participants had a mean age of 25.9 years. Nearly one-third (30%) could not recall the purpose of the original trial that they consented to. The concept of randomisation was not understood by any of the participants. Conclusion. Regardless of extensive efforts to ensure that participants understood their participation, this study unveiled poor recall of essential information on IC. It is proposed that IC should be short and only address essential components such as purpose, procedure, possible risks or benefits, alternative options if not participating and explaining the concept of voluntary participation.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Parents’ perceptions of ethical issues in adolescents’ HIV care and
           treatment at Temeke Regional Referral Hospital, Tanzania

    • Authors: R S Joseph, G R Mahiti, G Frumence, C M Ulrich
      Pages: 54 - 59
      Abstract: Background. Decisions to test, enrol and disclose HIV status are among the ethical challenges that may influence adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and HIV care and treatment in adolescents living with HIV. In the Tanzanian setting, how parental perceptions of ethical issues affect adolescents’ adherence to HIV care and treatment is not well known. Objective. To explore parental perceptions of ethical issues in adolescent HIV care and treatment. Methods. The study employed a descriptive qualitative exploratory design and was conducted at Temeke Regional Referral Hospital in Dar es Salaam Care and Treatment Centre (CTC) in the Outpatient Department (OPD). The study population were parents and non-parent caregivers of HIV-infected adolescents 10 - 19 years of age. A total of 16 persons participated in semi-structured interviews after their consent was obtained. All interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim in Swahili and back-translated into English. An inductive content analysis was used, and standards of qualitative rigour applied. Results. Three qualitative themes emerged: balancing adolescents’ autonomy with parents’ desire to protect their children; parental dilemmas regarding disclosure of adolescents’ HIV status; and parental reasons for delayed disclosure. Conclusion. Participants perceived that parental authority should override adolescents’ autonomy in HIV care and treatment. Disclosure of HIV status to adolescents is a challenge to parents. Delays in disclosure often occur because parents feel guilty and because they have fears of rejection by their adolescent children.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Public health and the legal regulation of medical services in Algeria:
           Between the public and private sectors

    • Authors: T Alsamara, G Farouk, M Halima
      Pages: 60 - 64
      Abstract: The article examines the issue of public health and medical services in Algeria and analyses the role of the public and private sectors in supporting and promoting public health. Our study is based on an analysis of legal texts that highlight Algeria’s health policies. Some significant aspects of the article are: the Algerian policy of opening health services up to private investment; the lack of contribution of private health institutions in the field of medical education; and issues surrounding the organisation of blood donation. The article also notes the absence of foreign investment in Algerian hospitals.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Developing ethical research behaviour in doctoral students

    • Authors: A M Furtak
      Pages: 65 - 68
      Abstract: Ethical research behaviour plays an essential role in ensuring the integrity of knowledge. Consequently, ethical transgressions during the research process negatively influence the knowledge produced, and have wider social consequences for various stakeholders in society. To honour the value and role of ethical research for individuals and society, researchers are required to display ethical judgement and ethically responsible research behaviour. Doctoral students, who are considered to be significant contributors to knowledge creation, can improve the quality of their research through their ethical research behaviour. Owing to the implicit and explicit ethical practices and conflicts that can arise during the research process, the supervision process is an opportune moment for developing ethical research behaviour and ethical capabilities in doctoral students. This article focuses on developing ethical research behaviour in doctoral students, and offers pragmatic guidelines for ways in which this behaviour can be developed during the supervision process.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • A literature review analysis of engagement with the Nagoya Protocol, with
           specific application to Africa

    • Authors: J Knight, E Flack-Davison, S Engelbrecht, R G Visagie, W Beukes, T Coetzee, M Mwale, D Ralefala
      Pages: 69 - 74
      Abstract: The 2010 Nagoya Protocol is an international framework for access and benefit sharing (ABS) of the use of genetic and biological resources, with particular focus on indigenous communities. This is especially important in Africa, where local communities have a close reliance on environmental resources and ecosystems. However, national legislation and policies commonly lag behind international agreements, and this poses challenges for legal compliance as well as practical applications. This study reviews the academic literature on the Nagoya Protocol and ABS applications, and then considers the implications of this analysis for research in Africa. Results show that there is uneven engagement with the principles of the Nagoya Protocol across different academic disciplines; local communities are sometimes sidelined in these studies; and only 8% of researchers in the literature analysed are located in Africa. Future developments should focus on ensuring national compliance with the Nagoya Protocol, and that researchers and industry work in partnership with local African communities on ABS issues.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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