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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Ius Humani: Revista de derecho
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1390-440X - ISSN (Online) 1390-7794
Published by Universidad de Los Hemisferios Homepage  [1 journal]
  • El camino para abolir el sempiterno tratado Uribe-Vargas Ozores

    • Authors: Yovani Edgar Chávez Rodríguez
      Pages: 28 - 54
      Abstract: El Tratado Uribe-Vargas Ozores de 1979, también conocido como Tratado de Montería, es un tratado internacional entre la República de Panamá y la República de Colombia. Este tratado concede el pasaje sin costo para los buques de guerra colombianos, los productos básicos y el derecho legal de cruzar el Canal de Panamá sin pagar, así como el derecho a usar los sistemas ferroviarios en caso de cualquier interrupción de la vía fluvial. De manera anormal, este tratado no estableció un día de vencimiento, lo que lo hace interminable. Sin embargo, la República de Panamá, con base en la Convención de Viena de 1969 sobre el Derecho de los Tratados, puede iniciar los trámites judiciales para cambiar esta prerrogativa para Colombia. En ese sentido, es muy probable que Colombia recurra a sanciones comerciales y una intensa guerra batalla legal que infligiría graves daños a la industria aérea y al sistema bancario de Panamá, dada la interpretación de Colombia de sus derechos históricos percibidos sobre el Canal de Panamá.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.31207/ih.v11i2.304
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
  • Principles of law: Methodological approaches to understanding in the
           context of modern globalization transformations

    • Authors: Yevhen Leheza, Larysa Nalyvaiko, Oleksandr Sachko, Victor Shcherbyna, Olha Chepik-Trehubenko
      Pages: 55 - 79
      Abstract: The purpose of the research is to highlight methodological approaches to understanding principles of law in the context of modern globalization transformations.  Their ontological, epistemological and axiological nature are revealed, in particular, links of the principles of law with human existence, science and other ways of world perception are being traced. Methodology:  The methodological basis of the research is the dialectical method of scientific knowledge, through the application of this method considered were legal, functional, organizational and procedural aspects of methodological approaches to understanding of principles of law in the context of modern globalization transformations. Conclusions. The classification of the principles of law was singled out and a brief description of their types — universal principles, civilizational principles, and right-family principles and possibilities of separating principles of the national legal system was provided. Key words: principles of law, ontological nature, epistemological nature, axiological nature, science, classification, universal principles.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.31207/ih.v11i2.312
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
  • The effects of marriage and divorce on women's nationality in Iranian

    • Authors: Mohsen Hashemi Nasab Zavareh
      Pages: 80 - 96
      Abstract: Family as the first and foremost social institution greatly impacts its immediate larger society. Also the importance of family as a key figure in a healthy society, and the necessity of strong relations between spouses make it imperative to devise required legal devices. As women are prone to suffer and receive more damage in cases of family breakdown, the legislator should develop and establish more protective statutes in respect to the rights of women. In order to protect the rights of Iranian women, the legislator makes a distinction between the cases where an Iranian woman marries a foreign man, and those where Iranian men marry foreign women. In the former case, wife's change, or retention, of nationality is subject to the laws of the husband’s State while in the latter case the legislator enforces the unity of nationality principle. Marriage between Iranian women and foreign men causes women to experience a number of changes and limitations in terms of their national and inheritance rights. Also they may lose their Iranian nationality as a consequence of their marriage —in cases when the husband’s nationality, due to the law of the husband's State, is forced upon wife. On the other hand, foreign women married to Iranian men, though being forced to accept Iranian nationality, encounter less limitations resulting from marriage. Upon divorce, they are neither forced to accept a nationality, in contrast to the time when marriage is celebrated, nor denied their Iranian nationality. Thereby, they can choose whether to remain an Iranian national or recover their original nationality.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.31207/ih.v11i2.311
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
  • Desinformación, libertad de expresión y democracia

    • Authors: Estefanía Jerónimo Sánchez-Beato
      Pages: 97 - 135
      Abstract: Freedom of expression is a fundamental right consubstantial to a democratic State. In addition to being an essential facet of human dignity, it also constitutes a basic institutional support for any political-legal system. And it is that only through the free dissemination of information and opinion can a public opinion be formed about the problems that afflict our society and the way in which the public authorities act. The first problem that this paper deals with is that new technologies have led to a flood of communications, frequently lacking in rigor of information, giving rise to the so-called disinformation. Although not a new phenomenon, it must be acknowledged that its incredibly increase through the possibilities of diffusion offered by the new channels of communication. The public authorities, and the communication supports themselves, are taking oversight measures with a view to restrict these messages. And this brings up the second question that we deal with in this paper: the restriction of freedom of expression used as an excuse to reduce the damaging effects that disinformation might produce. We will try to reflect on how to reconcile freedom of expression with the limitations and control mechanisms of this fundamental right to fight against dissemination of untruthfulness.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.31207/ih.v11i2.306
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
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