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Theoria and Praxis : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Thought
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2291-1286
Published by York University, Canada Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Derrida sive Hegel –– Dash to the Absolute!

    • Authors: Emilio E. Feijoo
      Abstract: The last page Phenomenology of Spirit (PhS) ends with one curious, minute, and seemingly trivial syntactical mark [omitted in the Miller translation]: the dash (––) qua a catachrestic (mis)quotation from Schiller’s Die Fruendschaft (1782). Derrida sive Hegel –– Dash to the Absolute! explores reading PhS through a rhetorical and tropological lens from the perspective of the dash; its wager is that the dash [Gedankenstrich] is the speculative syntactical (re)mark par excellence. I turn to Derrida’s early account of the Hegelian economy to find the conceptual resources needed to read with and against the PhS in order to critically analyze the operative speculative metaphorics that buttress the Abgeschlossenheit. Moreover, the movement of Hegelian dialectics are captured by the turns and re-turns of the labour of the negative only if they are troped (sic), figured, and disfigured in a tropological economy. I argue that Hegel’s ‘dash to the absolute’ reveals ontological ambiguities and locate the heart of these ambiguities in the (non)trope catachresis.
      PubDate: 2017-12-24
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Preface: Should We Be Afraid of Jacques Derrida'

    • Authors: Paul A. Brienza
      Abstract: Jacques Derrida is a thinker of resistance. By that, I mean that Derrida is a philosopher who inspires fear and consternation as well as a series of broad based conceptual and narratological points that challenge the very structure of Western theoretical discourse. This, no doubt, causes fear. In order to grasp the essential features of this ‘fear’, one must think of the Derridean effect. That is, Derrida argues that the structures of discourse in the West follow particular patterns that are repetitive in practice and dominant in orientation and scope. At the core of this effect is the idea that truth and its attendant discourses of justice and right are not easy matters. In fact, any discourse of truth is full of narrative forms and practices that are inherently rhetorical devices that challenge the simplicity of correspondence theories of truth and knowledge. It is this simple lucidity that is often resisted.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • On Nachträglichkeit, or a Certain Blindness of the “Now:” Time, Self,
           and Self-Responsibility in Derrida’s Analyses of the Husserlian ac-count
           of Temporality

    • Authors: Matthew Coate
      Abstract: Derrida’s analysis of Husserl’s work on time-consciousness has been re-jected by many phenomenologists as a misreading, and as entailing an in-consistent account of temporality. Specifically, Derrida attributes a kind of “nachträglich” to self-presence, and with this, a purported “blindness,” no-tions which are ostensibly antithetical to any adequate phenomenological account. However, an examination of the relevant Derridean and Husser-lian texts makes it clear, firstly, that these notions have to be included in any adequate account of time-consciousness; and secondly, that in his lat-er work on temporality, Husserl himself comes to anticipate Derrida’s ob-jections, and in fact, reworks his account significantly in response. After demonstrating both these points, I conclude by examining the ultimate implications of Derrida’s analysis for our self-understanding as conscious subjects – some of which, but not all of which, Husserl comes to appreci-ate himself.
      PubDate: 2017-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Politics, Ethics and Strangers in the 21st Century Fifteen critical
           reflections on Jacques Derrida’s concept of hos(ti)pitality

    • Authors: Spiros Makris
      Abstract: In contrast to the Kantian concept of conditional hospitality, which is a political and a diplomatic term, Jacques Derrida’s concept of hos(ti)pitality is without a doubt a pure ethical and messianic experience of an encounter between strangers who at any moment could be perceived as each other’s enemy. Since the 1990s, the French philosopher via this neologism put the human condition and especially the modern state sovereignty under question. From this point of view, hos(ti)pitality is conceived in this article as a phenomenological event; a miracle without religion; something that sharply interrupts the natural order of things by rearranging the world and its meanings in such a radical way that the householder becomes the guest and the stranger becomes the host. Hamletian-inspired hos(ti)pitality is first and foremost a Derridean hauntology of absolute Other which means a work of justice in a world full of pariahs. Derridean theory of hos(ti)pitality is without a doubt the proper way to explore in-depth the challenges of pure hospitality as an opportunity to make the messianic impossible become a historical truth. So, our main thesis here is that insofar as the conventional meanings of such keywords as refugee, exile, deportee, displaced person and foreigner have changed rapidly within the textual and contextual manner of the work of Derridean deconstruction as a work of mourning, the so-called Benjaminian and Arendtian pariahs in the 21st century take an important position in discourse analysis as a whole.
      PubDate: 2017-10-02
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • “The Presence of the Present”: Derrida, Adorno, and the
           Autonomy of Philosophy

    • Authors: Elizabeth Portella
      Abstract: In Voice and Phenomenon, Jacques Derrida conducts a critique of Husserlian phenomenology, simultaneously articulating crucial concepts for a theory of deconstruction in the interstices of Husserl’s premises. His critique of Husserl is synecdochic insofar as it works to facilitate a much broader critique of the tradition of Western philosophy itself. In Against Epistemology, Theodor Adorno similarly takes up a critique of Husserlian phenomenology toward a broader critique of the history of philosophy. Several theorists have, for this occasion among others, taken to drawing comparisons between Derrida and Adorno. The occasion of their respective critiques of Husserl forms the basis of my analyses here. These critiques represent a kind of microcosm from which one can extrapolate broader methodological tendencies in deconstruction and critical theory. To address claims about deconstruction and its relation to the future of critical theory, it is worthwhile to consider the literature devoted to this comparison and the political implications expressed therein. A review of the primary texts and the relevant literature reveals critical assumptions about what is meant by the term “politics” in contemporary philosophy. This restricted sense of what is meant by politics reveals presuppositions concerning the nature of philosophy and its relation to social critique.
      PubDate: 2017-10-02
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
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