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Aisthesis : Pratiche, Linguaggi e Saperi dell’Estetico
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2035-8466 - ISSN (Online) 2035-8466
Published by Firenze University Press Homepage  [36 journals]
  • Foreword. Aesthetics and ontology in Etienne Souriau

    • Authors: Luigi Azzariti-Fumaroli, Lorenzo Bartalesi, Filippo Domenicali
      Pages: 3 - 4
      Abstract: Étienne Souriau was a refined and demanding thinker, with an aristocratic demeanour, far removed from the currents of ideas dominant in his time. A difficult and erudite author, out of tune with the times he lived in, he would seem the least likely candidate to appeal to a hurried and globalised public like that of the twenty-first century. A sophisticated representative of a rationalist positivism, no stranger to the Husserlian canon and not even insensitive to the motivations dear to the gnoseological debate of Cartesian and Kantian matrix (as well as to the major themes of classical metaphysics), Souriau pursues the ideal of a constructive philosophy, capable of understanding – and at the same time favouring – the advancement of the creative process conceived as a set of poetic acts and progressive dynamic operations. In his texts, Souriau is attentive to grasping the correspondences, exchanges and reciprocal transitions between one mode of existence and another, as well as the resonances between the various art forms in the different fields of knowledge, testing an original method that is epistemologically very fruitful. The aim of this monographic issue of Aisthesis dedicated to Étienne Souriau is to explore his thought in its multiple aspects, in order to measure its topicality in relation to the themes and problems that characterise contemporary philosophical debate, with particular reference to aesthetics and ontology as well as to the dense network of connections between the two fields. One of the most interesting characteristics of Souriau’s thought that has stood the test of time would appear to be its multifacetedness: the quality of lending itself to being applied even to spheres that are apparently very distant from reflection on art, such as cultural anthropology, political philosophy or morality. It seemed to us that it largely owes its relevance precisely to the intersections between one field of knowledge and another. The issue contains twelve contributions on Souriau that explore his main aspects in depth. They range from analyses devoted to the architecture of Souriau’s thought (his general philosophy) in the essays by Dominique Chateau and Filippo Domenicali, which can furnish a useful overall picture of the man, to essays that attempt to focus on the more properly ontological core of this thought, such as those devoted to the arabesque motif (Luigi Azzariti-Fumaroli), the theory of the soul (Sjoerd Van Tuinen) or the multiplicity of worlds (Noëlie Plé). Interspersed between these are contributions that focus more on the comparison between Étienne Souriau’s thought and the philosophers of his time, such as Dufrenne (Maryvonne Saison), or with well-known later philosophers who explicitly referred to him, prolonging his creative impetus, such as Gilles Deleuze (Casey Boyle) and Bruno Latour (Aline Wiame), the true architect of the current Souriau “comeback”. Finally, in addition to essays of a more theoretical nature, there are contributions that attempt to re-evaluate certain aspects of Souriau’s aesthetics, such as the fruitfulness of the cues that can come from his thought for the debate on animal aesthetics (Maddalena Mazzocut-Mis and Andrea Scanziani), or the possible topicality of his theory of forms (Isabelle Rieusset-Lemarie). In the “Miscellaneous” section, this issue hosts a number of studies that aim to explore the aesthetic implications of new technologies, the themes of ecological aesthetics, as well as to offer an unusual profile of Baumgarten.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-14243
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Etienne Souriau : a dialogue between ontology and aesthetics

    • Authors: Dominique Château
      Pages: 5 - 13
      Abstract: In addition to being a great aesthetician who established the teaching and research of aesthetics in France, Étienne Souriau is an important philosopher, notably for his contribution to ontology. His aesthetics and his ontology are closely entangled. The purpose of this article is to study the relationship between these two rings, in this case inseparable, but distinct, of philosophy. We will use a comparison with the phenomenology of Charles Peirce, relevant insofar as, by different ways, art for the first one, semiotics for the second one, the two philosophers participate in a theory of the representation.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13913
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Souriau’s Animal Aesthetics In Context: Nature, Sensibility, and

    • Authors: Maddalena Mazzocut-Mis, Andrea Scanziani
      Pages: 15 - 27
      Abstract: The work defines three aspects of Souriau’s animal aesthetics by stressing their relevance in the context of early and contemporary ethology: in (1), the concept «biological nature» which is interpreted by Souriau as a realm of appearances and as intrinsically aesthetic; in (2), the concept of animal sensibility, which makes it possible to reframe animals’ artistic behaviours and the sense by which such phenomena establish a meaningful relationship with the environment; in (3), the concept of form, in the description of natural appearances, is presented as it enters into the process of institution that, accordingly to Souriau’s interpretation of biological nature, encompasses non-human animals and humans. All three definitions will allow us a), to present Souriau’s critique of anthropomorphism and his proposal of an «healthy» zoomorphism; b) to reformulate animals’ sensibility in a non-reductionistic fashion; and finally, c) to address the issue with the supposedly sole communicative function of animal artistic behaviors.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13982
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • the The prioritization of anaphora and the affinities among the arts

    • Authors: Raffaele Milani
      Pages: 29 - 35
      Abstract: In the face of the most recent developments in digital and visual art, the Internet, the latest frontiers and currents, the new languages and technologies, Souriau’s schema does not work, but his reflections on the aesthetic notions of instauration and skeuopoetics do, and they pertain both to classical painting and to future perspectives. In fact, we note strong connections with research that the philosopher had had conducted on feelings, relations, forms, and processes, in terms of synaesthesia and structural correspondences. On the basis of his thinking, we can still argue the importance of these concepts and these relations as they relate to physical and phenomenal existence, to materiality and transcendence: a conceptual and imaginative universal that is considered to be eternal. Art is seen as the producer of things capable of performing actions that are purely physical. He makes this claim because these actions expressly and intentionally create things whose existence is their sole purpose.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13927
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Souriau, Dufrenne and the notion of contemplation

    • Authors: Maryvonne Saison
      Pages: 37 - 48
      Abstract: En 1961, un article de Souriau relevant une difficulté signalée en 1953 par Dufrenne porte sur la juste part à accorder à la contemplation dans la relation à l’art. La zone d’ombre concernant la relation humaine et intellectuelle entre les deux hommes fera l’objet d’un premier examen. L’hypothèse souralienne d’une transmutation de conceptions théologiques dans le domaine de l’art sera ensuite examinée par rapport à Dufrenne sans évacuer la question de sa pertinence par rapport aux études phénoménologiques ultérieures. La question de la relation à l’art, telle que Souriau l’envisage ressurgira dans sa pleine actualité jusque dans le face à face avec les œuvres.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13922
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • « …Mais, au contraire, seulement une – arabesque ». Autour d’un
           motif d’Étienne Souriau

    • Authors: Luigi Azzariti Fumaroli
      Pages: 49 - 60
      Abstract: Taking the arabesque as  referent, the article proposes to investigate its meaning in its various meanings, starting with the musical and then continuing with the artistic and literary, in order to highlight how, especially in the literary sphere, Souriau proposes, through this figure, to examine the conditions of possibility of the interweaving of phonetic, semantic and morphological inventions that sustantiate language, but that nevertheless can never reach the threshold of saying. And which indeed seems to testify to how there is always something that remains hidden in language: an intuitive presence, an image that arrives suddenly.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13896
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • About a Fruitful Misunderstanding: From Souriau’s Modes of Existence to
           Latour’s Ecologizing Inquiries

    • Authors: Aline Wiame
      Pages: 61 - 70
      Abstract: This article examines the particular way Souriau’s concepts of instauration and modes of existence have been inherited by Bruno Latour in his Inquiry into Modes of Existence. It suggests that Bruno Latour has hacked some key-aspects of Souriau’s general ontology in order to regionalize it and, by doing so, to give the Moderns an accurate depiction of the plurality of beings they hold dear. It then shows how Souriau’s concept of instauration is crucial to Latour’s project of rethinking and repopulating modern institutions, in a gesture aimed at making metaphysics a vital practice that has the power to make the world worth of worrying and caring for.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13970
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • L’«étrange monadologie» du plérôme. Remarques sur L’instauration
           philosophique d’Étienne Souriau

    • Authors: Claudio D'Aurizio
      Pages: 71 - 81
      Abstract: L’Instauration philosophique (1939) is one of the most relevant philosophical works by Étienne Souriau. In this book, the French philosopher tries to outline the main laws which define the instauration of a philosophical theory, in order to construct a philosophy of philosophies. Pleroma is one of the key-concepts of this work, and it refers to the dimension that includes all the well-established philosophical perspectives. The aim of this paper is to reconstruct some issues connected to this work, regarding specifically the notion of pleroma. The paper underlines the connection between L’instauration philosophique and the philosophical milieu in which it was written, and then stresses the relevance of artworks and aesthetics for Souriau’s idea of instauration. The paper deals with the architecture of pleroma, and finally examines some similarities and some differences between the pleroma and Leibniz’s Monadology.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13969
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • L’Acte poétique: genèse, problématisation, ontologie

    • Authors: Filippo Domenicali
      Pages: 83 - 92
      Abstract: One of the dominant themes of Souriau’s research is the problematization of the poetic act, the creative gesture through which man becomes demiurge, founder of being. Through his opposition to the Bergsonian aesthetic of the creative élan, as well as through his critique of dynamical schema theory, Souriau attempted to define the creative act – the poetic act – as an ordered, ascending process which leads to position of a being (the artwork) in its patuity, ie with an objective degree of reality. In doing so, Souriau redefines the ontology of the creation, coming to elaborate an original theory of the virtual and its actualization, which leads towards an enigmatic and superior existential level which he defines as supra-existential.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Etienne Souriau and the multiplicity of worlds: an experiment on the
           threshold of indeterminacy

    • Authors: Noelie Ple
      Pages: 93 - 101
      Abstract: By focusing on the shifts brought about by the formulation of different modes of existence, this article explores the gesture posed by Etienne Souriau’s philosophy. Starting from questions such as: What does it change for the multitude of existences to be named in this way' What difference does it make' The question here will be to address the necessity of such a pluralist ontology with regard to our contemporaneity. The challenge is to understand the necessity of such a formula, to draw the problematic threads that allow us to situate this necessity in a larger set of questions, or rather, ways of asking them.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13926
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • The Use of Souls: Souriau and Political Spirituality

    • Authors: Sjoerd van Tuinen
      Pages: 103 - 113
      Abstract: The body is at the heart of critical and phenomenological concerns, yet it is the soul that is increasingly under pressure. As we are being stripped of our structures of commonality, we need a renewed concept of political spirituality. My aim is to enrich Simondon’s concept of spirituality as transindividuality through Souriau’s transmodal architectonics. My argument proceeds in two steps: (i) I emphasize the precarious and communal modality of «having a soul», defining it as a possession without ownership and demonstrating its inseparability from the problems of intensive variation and discontinuity. (ii) I then argue that Souriau is inspired by Leibniz’s disjunction between the ontic soul and the relational body, which holds the key to an account of spiritual commitment that exceeds the union of corporeal and psychical existences insofar as it invents a new common use for them.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13908
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • The constant forms: a ubiquitous and pragmatic ontogony

    • Authors: Isabelle Rieusset-Lemarie
      Pages: 115 - 123
      Abstract: According to Etienne Souriau, ontology must be grasped in light of an ontogonic perspective in which future is to be rebuilt permanently as an act. We show that “constant forms” support Souriau’s aim that ontogony must be both ubiquitous and pragmatic. Firstly, the “constant forms” support Souriau’s ubiquitous ontogony which aims to escape the reification due to the “law of localization”. Secondly, as far as they are considered as “action template”, the “constant forms” support Souriau’s pragmatic ontogony according to which “existence is an act”. Thirdly, Souriau characterizes as “constant forms” the morphems on which is based his synaptic vision (as opposed to the ontic vision) which values the dynamical role of transitions in order to create a future as an act, as it is required by the criteria of pragmatic ontogony.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13905
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Is Souriau Also Among the Sophists'

    • Authors: Casey Boyle
      Pages: 125 - 135
      Abstract: Whether viewed as unduly complex or necessarily ornate, Étienne Souriau’s written style accents the importance of placing artistic form in conversation with intellectual content. In seeking to better understand Souriau’s advocacy for a philosophy of instauration – the process through which an existence gains in existential formality – this essay examines how aesthetic tropes and devices order ontological meaning. First, it links Barbara Cassin’s case for sophistical practice to Souriau’s advocation for ontological multiplicity. The essay then reads the 1956 essay “Of the Mode of Existence of the Work To-Be-Made” and Souriau’s adjacent work as consciously rhetorical and profoundly aesthetic attempts to recruit others to his philosophical commitments. This account further discerns  an array of rhetorical devices (e.g. chiasmus) in Souriau’s work that function not merely to adorn description but rather to order an experience of the work-to-be-made. Attending to turns of language as contributing to reality necessarily raises questions of responsibility, so the essay’s then reconsiders philosophy’s long-standing charge of sophistic irresponsibility alongside Souriau’s skewing of agency and choice through instauration. The essay concludes by considering the implications of Souriau’s central concepts as filtered through sophistical practice as not incidental to philosophical aesthetics but a charge to philosophy to be responsible for promoting lesser existences in and across multiple modes.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13901
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Baumgarten’s Diet: Physical Exercise, Health, and Beauty

    • Authors: Alessandro Nannini
      Pages: 137 - 146
      Abstract: In this paper, I intend to analyze Baumgarten’s position about the dietetic care of the body in its relation to nascent aesthetics, with special regard to the problem of physical exercise. On the one hand, I will show that physical exercise can acquire aesthetic value with the example of the somatic fine arts. On the other hand, I will demonstrate that dietetics is also seminal for the emergence of every act of beautiful thinking. Eventually, I will bring to the fore the dietetic potential of beauty itself. In this way, it will be possible to better appraise the constitutive link between health and beauty in the founding of aesthetics as an independent branch of philosophy.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13721
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Eco-aesthetics. The art and aesthetics of relations from a post-pandemic

    • Authors: Giacomo Fronzi
      Pages: 147 - 161
      Abstract: «What does art mean in a world where urgency predominates, a world that now exhausts its annual quota of renewable resources in July'» (Bourriaud [2021]: 7; my translation). The climate crisis (which began in the last century, but whose consequences have become increasingly worrying in recent years), the Covid 19 pandemic that struck the planet in 2020 and the recent conflict between Russia and Ukraine in the heart of Europe are epoch-making phenomena that are inevitably reshaping the present and future of human societies. With respect to this situation, is art being called into question or, on the contrary, is it an essential tool for rethinking the world of tomorrow' More specifically, is public art today a lost cause or an opportunity' In this article, I will try to place these questions within the framework of what we might call eco-aesthetics, which has an essential connection to the category of “relations”.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13713
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Hearing A New World: The Aesthetic Use of Technology in Pop-Rock

    • Authors: Sol Bidon-Chanal
      Pages: 163 - 176
      Abstract: At odds with the relevance it has as object of aesthetical experience around the world, pop-rock music is still a rare subject in philosophical inquiry. Nonetheless, it has arisen growing interest in the last two decades, particularly in the Anglo-Saxon tradition. In such context, this paper intends to give an overview of the philosophical contributions on the subject made so far, and provide some guidelines for its study in the field of aesthetics. After reconstructing the debate, starting from Theodor W. Adorno’s thoughts on mass music as prolegomena and arriving at the so-called “ontologies of rock”, this article takes an aesthetic point of view concerning the specificity of pop-rock and argues that the decisive aspect of the genre in the choir of popular musical expressions lies in the unique role of technology applied in its production.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-11922
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • S.o.S. - Simulation of Sight

    • Authors: Sara Matetich
      Pages: 177 - 184
      Abstract: Each Site Specific is always and above all Time Specific, that is marked by Time and by the times from which it is generated, defined and set in a place. Space is a significant environment a work that works in the Work that re-means, in its transformation, the very connotations of performing action. To contain the never-ending process of meaning to which such a work would be subjected, it will be Time: that granitic categorial essence that philosophy, together with Space, indicates as fundamental for any cognitive and speculative exercise. Moreover such an artifact, incorporating History and stories, re-reads – making them readable – living testimonies that animate the place of existence of subjects and objects that last the relative time of their existence, in an attempt to make them and itself eternal. As if the work could take charge of the task of triggering the memorative (making memory) device of the Real, a mysterious aesthetic mechanism that interfaces subjects and objects in the common project to adapt, know and make the world – which is more than the Real, imbued as it is of significant connections and correlations. The object work of art in its positioning (making room) in a place, invites the subject –through an imaginative pact – to signify the world through a simulation of sight that allows Man to pre-see his own possibility of existence before the unknown the real proposes him, responding to his personal S.o.S. he sends daily, threatened by the indecipherable fear of sinking in the unknown.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13993
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Being There or Non-being There: Memory of Experience in Virtual Space

    • Authors: Zeliha Bayrakçı
      Pages: 185 - 197
      Abstract: When we are present in a space we have been to before, we remember our experiences or events, people, and things related to that space. However, we can remember a space we have not been to and experiences that do not belong to us. We can have memories of them through transferential spaces created by mediums such as images, films, television, or virtual reality. These virtual spaces enable the transfer of experiences and memories. This study focuses on the relationship between experiences in virtual spaces and memory. It problematizes the change in the quality of experiences in physical and virtual spaces and the memories gained from these experiences. Film and virtual reality mediums are chosen to analyze the changes. The study reveals that depending on the types of mediums, characteristic transformations occur in memories obtained from experiences in virtual spaces.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13861
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • On Minor Peregrination: The Aesthetics of Dissensus and Movement

    • Authors: Parul Singh
      Pages: 199 - 205
      Abstract: This paper is an attempt to examine critical ways of displacing the meaning of journey – as minor rhythms and motions of everyday life. The everyday and its cyclical nature embedded in a productive life within the capitalist social regime is seen as an unexotic site of quotidian struggle. It warrants our attention only when the body asserts its presence at the site of rebellion or resistance. This is frequently reported as an exception to the given norm. The concrete reality of our given material conditions is always fermenting and churning towards the “not yet”. Patterns of the everyday are seen as an extraordinary event or rupture only when the body rebels. My contention is that this journey of the body-politic is not embedded in a certain moment of its arrival or departure, from point A to B, but marked by dynamic, shifting vectors that are capable of a “leap”. In, against and beyond the spectre of capital, this paper will try to outline and discuss these minor perforations in time through the Shaheen Bagh protests and the migrant exodus during the pandemic in India.
      PubDate: 2023-02-06
      DOI: 10.36253/Aisthesis-13652
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
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