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Library Philosophy and Practice
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.24
Number of Followers: 65  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1522-0222
Published by Digital Commons Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Impact of Remuneration on Staff Productivity in Imo State University,
           Owerri Library and Coal City University, Enugu Library

    • Authors: Chinedu Egbuchu et al.
      Abstract: This study is on the impact of remuneration on staff productivity in Imo State University, Owerri library and Coal City University, Enugu library. The study aims to ascertain the impact of remuneration in university libraries. Three research objectives and three research questions were adopted for this study. A total of twenty five (25) library staff formed the population of the study which emanated from twenty (20) library staff of Imo State University Owerri and five (5) library staff of Coal City University Enugu. The study was carried out using questionnaire (e-copy) as instrument for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentages and presented in tables and charts. The result of this study revealed that basic wages and salary are adopted at high extent while payments for time worked for or for the amount of work done, regular or non-regular allowances, additional payment for overtime, annual leave, health insurance and life assurance are adopted at low extent; adequate remuneration increases the morale and efficiency of staff, increases productivity, reduces librarian’s turnover, strengthens the positive image of the library and makes the library job highly competitive. It was also revealed that inadequate remuneration results to low productivity, causes low level of job performance, decreases staff morale to work, leads to absenteeism, results to corruption and stains the image of the institution. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the library management should adopt the various methods of remuneration so as to encourage productivity in the library; the management of the library should as well, maintain adequate remuneration of staff so as to ensure that the goals of the library are achieved. It was also recommended that the management of the library should avoid any thing that will jeopardize the remuneration of the library staff.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Nov 2023 08:04:19 PST
  • Impact of Advertisement on the Use of Library Information Resources in
           Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri Library

    • Authors: Chinedu C. Egbuchu et al.
      Abstract: This study is focused on the impact of advertisement on the use of library information resources in Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri library. The study aims at ascertaining the impact of advertisement on the use of library information resources. Three research objectives and three research questions were adopted for this study. A total of twenty three (23) library staff formed the population of the study. The study was carried out using four point rating scale as instrument for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using mean scores and presented in tables. The result of this study revealed that library information resources available in the library are basically book materials while electronic information materials are lacking except computers; advertisement really has impact in the marketing of library information resources in the library, however, it doesn’t aid in the launching of new services in the library studied. It was also revealed that inadequate ICT facilities, fund and fine, language and cultural differences and fear of technology are heavy challenges faced by library in the advertisement of her information resources. Based on the findings, it was recommended that electronic information resources should be provided in order to enable users to be versatile in knowledge; the library should have a public relation officer that will be advertising and marketing library information resources having seen its vital importance and as well, the management of the institution should encourage the library to engage in advertising their information resources and services by providing adequate funds that will enable the library to carry out the operations.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Nov 2023 08:04:14 PST
  • Exploring the Provision of Information Services for Visually Impaired
           Students: Lessons Learned from the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    • Authors: Dotto Kabogolo; et al.
      Abstract: This study employed a descriptive research method to investigate the provision of information services for visually impaired students (VIS) at the University of Dar es Salaam. The research conducted a comprehensive examination by employing a census sampling technique, targeting a population of 25 VIS. Qualitative methodologies were utilized to collect data, with thematic analysis serving as the means to categorize and describe the gathered information. The study's findings revealed that VIS have specific information needs, notably necessitating orientation programs for university management and the acquisition of effective computer application skills to manage their studies proficiently. Additionally, the study identified commonly used equipment among VIS, including Perkins braille devices, braille embossers, typewriters, long white canes, and audio recorders. Furthermore, the research exposed limitations in inclusive education, which fails to adequately accommodate the information-seeking requirements of VIS. Limited access to modern facilities and challenges related to mobility stemming from less supportive infrastructure were identified as significant barriers affecting the information-seeking process. Generally, the study emphasized that VIS primarily center their information needs around academic requirements. This highlights the imperative of modern facilities and supportive infrastructure to ensure effective information provision for VIS. These insights emphasize the critical importance of addressing the specific information requirements and challenges faced by visually impaired students within the higher education context.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Nov 2023 07:43:16 PST
  • Law Libraries and Sustainability of Judicial Precedent in Nigerian Legal

    • Authors: Emmanuel Owushi Dr
      Abstract: The study adopted descriptive study to examine law libraries and sustainability of judicial precedent in Nigerian legal system. The population involved legal educators, law librarians and practitioners in four States in different geopolitical zones of Nigeria, namely Rivers State, Lagos State, Benue State, and Anambra State. Due to the large population, the study employed multi-stage of balloting and random sampling techniques to sample 100 respondents each from the selected states. Out of the 400 samples, 389 respondents responded correctly to the questionnaire, indicating a 97.3 percent response rate. A self-designed questionnaire was utilized and means score was used to answer objective 1 and 3, while objective 2 was answered with independent t-test. The findings espoused that law libraries have enormous roles and a statistically significant positive impact in the sustainability of judicial precedent in Nigerian legal system, and that law libraries face challenges related to resources, technology, and awareness. The study concluded that considering the important role of law libraries in the sustainability of judicial precedents in Nigeria legal system that addressing the challenges facing law libraries in dispensing this role is essential for the continued effectiveness of judicial precedent and the enhancement of the legal profession in Nigeria.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Nov 2023 07:43:12 PST
  • Guardians of the Past: Safeguarding a Nation's Heritage through
           Manuscripts and Rare Collections

    • Authors: Parbati Pandey Ms et al.
      Abstract: Preserving a nation's traditional and cultural heritage is imperative to transcending generations. Manuscripts and rare collections serve as invaluable windows into the past, allowing us to connect with our ancestors, understand our roots, and appreciate the rich tapestry of our cultural diversity. In this ever-changing world, exploring innovative approaches to conserve, digitize, and promote access to these treasures for the benefit of present and future generations is crucial. Libraries must preserve these rare collections, which are essential for future generations. This paper mainly focuses on the important deterioration factors for paper objects and book materials. It provides various methods, tools, and techniques for conserving manuscripts and rare collections in libraries. In conclusion, this study recommends the essential skills and competencies that Library and Information Science (LIS) professionals should possess. These competencies are vital for preserving and restoring manuscripts and rare materials, ensuring their usability for future generations, thus contributing to preserving a nation's cultural heritage.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Nov 2023 08:03:17 PST

    • Authors: Lazarus Njoku
      Abstract: This study Staff Attitude and Library Environment as Predictors of Users’ Satisfaction in Public University Libraries in Abia and Imo States. Two research questions were asked and two hypotheses formulated to guide the study. The research design adopted for the investigation is correlational design. The population of the study was 5,294. The sample size for this study is 378. Research questions were answered using Pearson Product Moment Correction (PPMC) and hypotheses tested with t-test as 0.05 level of significance. The major findings of the study are: there is a significant positive very high extent of correlation between staff attitude and library users’ satisfaction in public university libraries and the coefficient of correlation between library environment and extent of users’ satisfaction is significant. The following recommendations were made based on the findings of the study: the university administration should ensure that the library staff are properly supervised to enhance their attitude since this will influence users’ satisfaction and conducive library environment should be provided in the Universities for effective function of the libraries and to also ensure the comfort of the library users.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Nov 2023 07:00:04 PST
  • Challenges Encountered in the Implementation of the National Literacy
           Acceleration Program (NALAP) in the Abura Asebu Kwamankese District, Ghana

    • Authors: Julius Arhin-Asamoah
      Abstract: The National Literacy Acceleration Program (NALAP) aims to enhance early grade primary school pupils' literacy rates, yet national evaluations reveal widespread deficiencies in reading proficiency in both the local language and English. This study examines challenges in implementing NALAP in the Abura Asebu Kwamankese district, Ghana, focusing on the teacher and resource-related issues. A mixed-methods sequential explanatory design was employed. The study covered 12 basic schools in the Abura Asebu Kwamankese district. In all, 61 respondents comprising 50 teachers and 11 circuit supervisors were involved in the study. The findings highlight teacher-related issues such as inadequate pedagogical practices, low motivation, and insufficient consideration of teachers' linguistic capacity. Resource-related challenges encompass the scarcity of illustrative materials and teaching aids. The study concludes that addressing teachers' linguistic capacities and providing comprehensive teaching resources are crucial for effective programme execution. To this end, recommendations are made to consider teachers' linguistic abilities during assignments, foster supportive supervision practices, enhance teaching materials availability, and offer in-service training and workshops to elevate teacher competency. Furthermore, the study emphasizes the inclusion of local languages in teaching guides, ensuring a holistic and effective learning experience.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Nov 2023 07:00:00 PST
  • Bibliotherapy: An Expanded Role for Libraries And Librarians

      Abstract: A deep research into the concept of bibliotherapy revealed that it has been existence for a long time and rooted in ancient librarianship. However, the concept has moved from libraries to other corporations and organizations. This paper looks at the expanded role for libraries and librarians in bibliotherapy. Firstly, it discusses bibliotherapy or the combination of literature and healing which is designed to bring healings to library users through their interactions between relevant literature and their personalities as well as the etymology of the concept. Secondly, it expedites the types of bibliotherapy; relationship between bibliotherapy and library science; types of bibliotherapy that could be integrated into library services and principles of use that would promote effective use of the library. The result is creating a roadmap for understanding the need for integration of bibliotherapy in library services and providing an extension of the subject in clinics, hospitals, prisons and rehabilitation centres as well as systematic exploration in their own subject domains. This paper recommends that reading and developmental bibliotherapy in libraries is highly essential and should be effectively and efficiently practiced through proper training of staff, orientation and users’ education; libraries should provide consultancy and referral services for users’ who might need them and creating the right ambiance through beautiful designs and welcoming staff attitude.
      PubDate: Sat, 18 Nov 2023 08:23:41 PST
  • Visualization of Authorship Patterns and Research Trends of Annals of
           Library and Information Studies

    • Authors: Kunjan Prasad Gupta et al.
      Abstract: The study was designed to know the year-wise research growth rate, author collaboration pattern and productivity, sub-domain research in library science, research keyword network, thematic and cluster analysis of journal Annals of Library and Information Science. The data search and download has been done under (Scopus database) sources by selecting the subject area Social Science/Library and Information Science and the journal Annals of Library and Information Science. A total of 388 articles from the study period 2011 to 2022 have been downloaded with all bibliographic information from the Scopus database. VOSviewer (version, 1.6.9) and R (Biblioshiny) software have been used for data visualization and keyword analysis. Total 388 articles were published in which 2014 noted as the most productive year (11.60%) and 2019 as least productive (4.64%) year. Citation analysis indicates that highest 315 citation (18.39%) for year 2011 and lowest 32 (1.87%) in 2022, noted so for averaging 4.41 per article annually. multi-authored articles were found prominent (48.20%), followed by single authors (33.76%). The Collaborative Index ranged from 1.81 to 2.03 (average 1.88), and the Degree of Collaboration found between 0.88 to 0.73 (average 0.82). The Collaboration Coefficient, reflecting averaged collaboration 0.365, with values from 0.29 to 0.41. B K Sen, B Dutta, and K C Garg, noted as highest contributor for this journal where with article “Internet of Things and Libraries" published by Pujar S M & Satyanarayana K V in year 2015 has highest number of citations for any article. Keyword analysis indicate that term "Scientometrics," "Bibliometrics," and "India," occurred most time where Library Services, H-index, and Covid-19 noted as latest occurred term for year 2021. The thematic analysis of subject shows that koha, vufind, ethics, open source, ontology, academic integrity, citation impact, altmetrics, lexicon etc. found as emerging subject areas for research. As expected, India emerged as the primary contributor in publications (76.80%) and citations (75.55%), followed by Nigeria (6.44% publications, 5.78% citations) which shows the journal must make its presence on international level.The institute analysis indicates that research institutes are sharing more publication comparing to the central university where the library science department exist.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Nov 2023 08:35:23 PST
  • Promoting Library Cultures: The Roles of Libraries in Human Resources
           Development in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md. Aktarul Islam et al.
      Abstract: Since the library is the paramount destination for obtaining knowledge and information, it has been a matter of great regret that the culture of pursuing lifelong learning programs through libraries remains unstressed and unfamiliar in Bangladesh. People from all walks of life have not felt the necessity of going to libraries to seek information and obtain knowledge to solve their day-to-day affairs and resolve other problematic issues. The tradition of reading, learning, and researching is still in a deplorable state, and to this end, the development and expansion of “Library Culture” is too slow to fulfill the information needs of the common masses. The core objective of this study is to explore the processes to promote library culture in Bangladesh. The researchers have followed a qualitative approach to conduct the research, and defined the concept of Library Culture and formulated different means for its extension throughout the country. The researchers also focus on the roles of Library Culture in human resource development in Bangladesh. There is no denying that the promotion of library culture across the country can build a truly progressive and prosperous smart Bangladesh in the days to come.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Nov 2023 08:35:18 PST
  • Peer Influence as Predictor of Reading Habit among Public Secondary School
           Students in Osun Central Senatorial District, Osun State, Nigeria.

    • Authors: Olasehinde Fadekemi Bamise
      Abstract: Previous studies have identified several factors that could improve the reading habit of students in Osun central senatorial district of Osun State. Observably, there is dearth of studies on the relationship that exists between peer influence and reading habit of secondary school students in public schools in the State. This research investigated the prevalence of peer influence and the extent to which peer influence predicts reading habit students. The study iss a descriptive survey of the correlational type of which a multistage sampling procedure was adopted. Twelve public secondary schools were used for the study in Osun Central senatorial district in Osun State from which 476 S.S.S. II students were proportionately selected. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product moment correlation. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The respondents were Males 205 (43%) and females 271 (57%) with a mean age of 16 years ±1.36. Reading together with friend(s)” =3.21) was the major peer influence. A high level of peer influence was obtained among the students (56.7%). A weak positive significant relationship was found between peer influence and reading habit. The high level of peer influence that subsists among the students should be harnessed towards boosting reading habit among the students and assist them to record success with reading.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Nov 2023 07:30:47 PST

      Abstract: Open educational resources (OER) are being utilised more often to support pedagogical objectives and learning requirements in higher education institutions all over the world. The OER: opportunities and difficulties for academic staff at private institutions in Delta State, Nigeria were the subject of this research. For this study, the descriptive research design was used. The goal of the research is to determine the extent of academic staff use of OERs, the reason for such usage, the advantages associated with that usage, and the obstacles that academic staff face in using OERs. The study's findings revealed that both institutions' academic staff members used open educational resources (OERs) extensively. Participants also used OERs to learn new things and find inspiration. Some advantages of employing OERs include making research work easily accessible and offering free internet access to books required for study. The usage of OERs was hindered by weak Internet infrastructure and an insufficient power supply. The report suggested, among other things, that tertiary institutions work to develop their own repository where done research might be uploaded. Students and academic staff would gain from it. Additionally, policymakers in Delta State must to think about launching a serious OER campaign at private institutions. This will increase accessibility and use by ensuring that both academic staff and students are aware of their presence.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Nov 2023 07:30:42 PST
  • Comparing Koha and Software for University Libraries (SOUL): A
           Comprehensive Analysis of Their Functional Modules

    • Authors: Parbat Chhetri
      Abstract: In the ever-evolving landscape of library management systems, the choice of the most suitable solution can significantly impact the efficiency and effectiveness of a library's daily operations. This in-depth practical analysis compares the key functional modules of two prominent contenders, Koha and SOUL 3.0, providing valuable insights for librarians and decision-makers in their selection process. Koha, an open-source Integrated Library System (ILS), offers a flexible, cost-effective platform with extensive modules for libraries of varying sizes. SOUL 3.0, a commercial system, focuses on innovation and seamless integration, emphasizing user experience and efficiency. The analysis delves into their hardware and software requirements, core modules such as acquisition, cataloguing, circulation, and more, and highlights their strengths and unique offerings. By understanding the features and implications of each system, libraries can make informed decisions to optimize resource management, improve user experiences, and embrace a more vibrant and technologically adept future.
      PubDate: Sun, 12 Nov 2023 07:13:59 PST
  • Information Resources and Security Challenges in Niger Delta University,
           Bayelsa State, Nigeria

    • Authors: Tom-George Nnenda Dr. et al.
      Abstract: The study examined information resources and security challenges at Niger Delta University, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Four research questions guided the study. A descriptive survey design was used by the researcher. The population of the study comprised 53 library staff, and the purposive sampling techniques were used to determine the sample size which is 30. The questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection and was validated by the supervisor. Cronbach Alpha was used to establish the reliability of the instrument which yielded 0.85. Data were analysed with frequency count, and simple percentages, and Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) version 23 was used to generate the mean, and standard deviation. The findings revealed that textbooks, serials, and reference materials were the most vulnerable information resources to security challenges and that book theft, non-return of library materials, tearing of book pages, book pages stained, torn, and stolen among others were some of the common security violations. The findings also established that lack of photocopying machines, financial constraints of libraries, and lack of adequate punishment to serve as deterrent among others were the causes of security challenges and that CCTV, library written security policy to guide staff and users, monitoring of users by library staff while using library resources, introduction of photocopying services in the library, staff security within and outside the library and security guards deployment to patrol the library reading room were some of strategies put in place to curb security challenges in the NDU library. Based on the findings, the researchers recommended that the library management should continue to ensure that the library information resources are properly secured and that the library should enlighten library users on the need to observe the library rules and regulations and on the preservation and conservation of library resources.
      PubDate: Sun, 12 Nov 2023 07:13:55 PST
  • Information Seeking Behaviour Among Distance Education Learners in
           Relation to Gender, Location and Education

    • Authors: Dr. Mahesh G. T
      Abstract: The part of self-efficacy in diverse tasks and learning environment has mainly been emphasized, exclusively in searching for information by the distance learners. The study conducted survey with the distance students of Bangalore University forms the subject matter of this research. Questionnaires were distributed personally during the contact classes at the study centers and postgraduate departments of the university and was able to retrieve maximum quantity i.e., 1445 (93.22%) of the filled in questionnaires from the distributed 1550 questionnaires of the sample population. The Major objective of the study is to identify the needs and address the behavioural pattern of distance learners of this university in connection with information searching, locating and using relevant information from institutional libraries and on the internet for their specific learning and educational needs. Formal and informal sources of information including electronic resources which were utilized by distance learners, the preferred format and also the barriers in seeking required information etc., are identified and examined and the factors that influence seeking information, such as gender, course of study and place of residence are analyzed in this study. It is observed from the study that there were more males i.e., 829 (57.40%) of the 1445 respondents and 616 (42.6%) were females. The results of the survey showed that 1166 (80.7%) of the respondents lived in the urban areas and 279 (19.3%) residing in the rural areas. It is found out from the study that majority of these students are occasional library users and visited the libraries more often during the contact classes. Accordingly, access to information was very much limited, public libraries had considerable impact on the achievement of such students as the results showed that 600 (41.50%) students strongly agree that public library is very much important. Internet was also used as one of the chief information sources as 1318 (91.20%) students daily used it for educational and other related activities. Distance learners’ age, educational qualification and the location of residence seem to have an influence on their information seeking behaviour given that first year undergraduate students have a tendency to start with the study materials provided by the university, while older students depend more on library than on the study materials provided by the university.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Nov 2023 08:16:07 PST
  • Pioneering a Prototype VPN-Based Cloud Strategy For Streamlined Library

    • Authors: Balachandran .. S et al.
      Abstract: This article showcases a prototype VPN-based cloud strategy that uses SoftEther VPN and Microsoft Azure to manage and exchange library management systems and repositories. The prototype was tested for performance, security, and scalability, and the results suggest that the VPN-based cloud strategy is a viable solution for managing distributed library repositories. By using SoftEther VPN and Microsoft Azure, the prototype provided secure communication and scalability to handle large numbers of concurrent users. Future research can explore other VPN technologies and cloud platforms to enhance the prototype's capabilities and evaluate its performance in various scenarios.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Nov 2023 07:39:35 PST
  • Status and challenges of tribal education in Jungle Mahal: a statistical

    • Authors: Rajib Kumar Guin
      Abstract: In this paper, a picture of tribal enrolment in schools and higher education in four tribal-dominated districts of West Bengal, namely Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Purulia, and Bankura, collectively known as "Jungle Mahal" is analysed through various statistical data. It is examined by the statistical data that the tribals here, especially the female tribals, are still lagging in literacy rate and average enrollment in every level of education in comparison to India and West Bengal. The dropout rate of tribal students in that region at every level of schooling is much higher than the national and state rates. Apart from this, the enrolment rate in higher education and professional education for tribal students in this region is also very low. This research paper of mine has tried to explain a clear picture of tribal education in Jangal Mahal through various comparative statistics and its analyses.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Nov 2023 07:34:47 PST
  • Information Seeking Behavior of Mass Media Students of S.P.N. Doshi
           Women’s College

    • Authors: Vaibhavi B. Satardekar Ms et al.
      Abstract: This article investigates the information seeking behavior of mass media students at S.P.N. Doshi Women's College. The researchers employed a survey methodology to gather the necessary data for their study. A total of 145 online questionnaires were disseminated, out of these, 98 questionnaires were successfully collected and returned for analysis. The majority of the respondents (71.8%%) responded that they visit the library for self-study. Most of the respondents (72.5%) are aware of electronic information sources provided by their college. The majority of the respondents (69.2%) prefer to use books as their primary source of information. A significant portion of the participants (42.9%) indicated that they acquire pertinent information by themselves. The majority of the respondents replied that because of the non-availability of modern services and facilities, they faced problems.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Nov 2023 08:13:20 PST
  • Access to health information among pregnant women in Morogoro municipal,

    • Authors: ronald benard Dr.
      Abstract: he purpose of this study was to assess the accessibility of health information among pregnant women in Morogoro Municipality in Tanzania. This study was conducted in four main health stations (hospitals) which were selected purposively. This cross-sectional study involved 80 pregnant women who were randomly selected. Data were obtained by using questionnaires. Results showed that pregnant women in the study area expressed various information needs, categories of most needed health information were: information on miscarriage, information on immunization, and information on breast feeding. Moreover, results revealed that information on delivery and family planning were highly accessible. Moreover, the study results showed that age and education were positively and statistically significant at 0.05 level of probability. For increasing access to expert advice on reproductive health and current health information among pregnant women, it is recommended that the Tanzanian Government should employ health information officers in all health care centers.
      PubDate: Sun, 05 Nov 2023 07:25:44 PST
  • Trends and Challenges in the Utilization of Web-Based Information
           Repositories for the Academicians of University Libraries in Tamil Nadu

    • Authors: Vasanth R et al.
      Abstract: A Web-Based Information repository is a technology used to collect and organize multimedia information such as images, text, audio, video, software, and scientific data. It improves knowledge management and provides high-speed access to the database. The researcher made an initiative to analyze the trends in information services accessed from the university library website and to analyze the satisfaction of the respondents with Web-Based Information Repositories available in the sample unit. The target population of this study is research scholars in various departments of Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai. The questionnaire method has been used for the collection of data required. A well-designed questionnaire was personally distributed to selected academicians covering different university departments. On the whole, 150 questionnaires were distributed to the respondents. Only 125 teaching faculties have responded to the request, with a response rate of 83.33%. The data was then tabulated and analysed for results and discussions.
      PubDate: Sat, 04 Nov 2023 07:26:48 PDT
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