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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.101
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1075-7201 - ISSN (Online) 1930-1200
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [305 journals]
  • The Touching Test: AI and the Future of Human Intimacy

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      Abstract: Each Friday, the New York Times publishes Love Letters, a compendium of articles on courtship. A recent story featured Melinda, a real estate agent, and Calvin, a human resources director.1 They had met at a market deli counter. On their first date, a lasagna dinner at Melinda's home, Calvin posed the question, "What are you looking for in a man'" To his surprise, Melinda reached into her pocket and pulled out a two-page list, "Melinda's Husband Traits." Her 46-item list begins with "Christian, honor God, put Him first" and includes as entry number 37, "He likes to be touched and likes to touch me." Notwithstanding laudable features of Melinda's inventory, if David Levy, President of the International Computer ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Theory of the Apophantic Judgment According to René Girard

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      Abstract: In his essay "Belief (Cultural Memory in the Present)" ("Credere di credere") Gianni Vattimo stated the conditions of possibility of a "weak and post-metaphysical Christianity" founded in René Girard´s victimary hypothesis.1 According to Vattimo, mimetic theory allows abandoning traditional metaphysics and the classical theory of truth, based on the judgment. In later works, Vattimo insisted on the epistemological virtues of mimetic theory to reform the classical theory of adequacy2 and the theological implications of this reform.3 Mimetic theory definitely unmasks the violence of the "strong metaphysic," to enable the advent of a weak metaphysics and a kenotic theology based on love: "According to him, it is the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Collective Violence and Birthday Parties: A Girardian Analysis of the
           Piñata

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      Abstract: The piñata is a tradition most commonly associated with Latin America, but this party game has a mysterious origin. Some suppose that the origin of the practice was brought to the Americas by the Spanish, who received the custom from the Italians.1 Some say that the Italians, through Marco Polo, appropriated the ritual from the Chinese.2 Others see the Mexican piñata as originating locally in an Aztec religious ritual.3 But looking at this festival activity through a Girardian lens we can see that wherever a custom came into being, it seems that its origins lie in the lethal practice of collective violence. The following description may serve as an exemplar of the tradition:In Mexico, a plain, round clay cooking ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Reception of René Girard's Works in China

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      Abstract: René Girard is a French historian, literary critic, and philosopher of social science. He is the author of nearly 30 books, which have influenced disciplines such as literary criticism, critical theory, anthropology, theology, psychology, mythology, sociology, economics, cultural studies, and philosophy. He is well known for his contribution of mimetic theory and scapegoat theory. As Palaver writes, Girard accords with the major thinkers of Classical Antiquity, such as Plato and Aristotle, for whom mimesis plays an important role in several different areas of human existence (Palaver 2013, 42).In the Chinese academic field, published works are recorded in several online databases, such as zhongguo zhiwang (China ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • From the Editor

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      Abstract: I have just reread the proofs for Jean-Pierre Dupuy's How to Think about Catastrophe: Toward a Theory of Enlightened Doomsaying due out November 2022. I am grateful to Jean-Pierre, to his French publisher Seuil, to our talented and durable editorial staff at MSU Press.Prophecy is literally foretelling. Do you remember this passage from Girard's Battling to the End (2011), first published as Achever Clausewitz in 2007' I do.Terrorist wars and looming pandemics recall the plague in Thebes. The devastating nature of bird flu virus H5N1, which is a mutant that can kill hundreds of turkeys in a few hours, spreads through bird migrations, but especially thanks to air traffic. It is a pandemic that could cause hundreds of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Philosophic Foundations of Mimetic Theory and Cognitive Science:
           (Including Artificial Intelligence)

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      Abstract: In the mid 1970s I discovered at the same time cognitive science and mimetic theory. Being a philosopher with a scientific background, I immediately brought them together and tried to reconceptualize the latter in terms of the former. In a sense, I haven't stopped doing that in the last 45 years. That is why I feel fully at home with the goals pursued by the organizers of this conference.I do not believe it is feasible or even desirable to operate the rapprochement between the two disciplines at a global level. The history of cognitive science is exceedingly involved, and the part played by artificial intelligence in it compared to the part played by the neurosciences has varied greatly over time.1 Only a piecemeal ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Cancel Culture and the Trope of the Scapegoat: A Girardian Defense of the
           Importance of Contemplative Reading

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      Abstract: What unfolds in this article encompasses violence, language/reading, and ethics. René Girard addresses these topics primarily in terms of mimesis, its potential violence, and the trope of the scapegoat. Still, toward the end of his career and life, he relentlessly pointed out the dangers implicated in the dynamism of these forces. He addressed it clearly in his "apocalyptic book" Battling to the End (2010):I have been accused of repeating myself too often, of turning my theory into a fetish, of using it to explain everything. Yet it has described mechanisms that recent discoveries in neuroscience confirm: imitation is the initial and essential means of learning; it is not something acquired later on. We can ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Faulkner's Novels Past and Present

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      Abstract: This article contains instances of the N-word. The Editor, Michigan State UniversityPress, and Michigan State University do not condone the use of this word and only aftercareful consideration have we reprinted it. In this case, the word appears in the context ofworks by Faulkner.When I first came East I kept thinking You've got to remember to think of some of them as coloured people not niggers, … I learned that the best way to take all people, black or white, is to take them for what they think they are, and leave them alone. That was when I realized that a nigger is not a person so much as a form of behavior; a sort of obverse reflection of the white people he lives among.A black man is a person who must ride ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Killing Our Way Out of Violence: Engaging Wrangham's The Goodness Paradox

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      Abstract: Wrangham's Goodness Paradox (GP) offers excellent anthropological research for mimetic theorists interested in the questions of human evolution and violence. It theorizes a framework of how group killing played a selective function in the emergence of our species, but it leaves open plenty of questions and concerns for productive, critical dialogue. Wolfgang Palaver has written a short affirmation of the book, and Melvin Konner reviewed it for The Atlantic.1 But as one who has taken keen interest in the evolutionary and theological dimensions of mimetic theory,2 I offer here a longer engagement with the book and the author. I begin by extrapolating Wrangham's argument, I offer some critique, and then I share an ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Denial of Peter: René Girard, Mimetic Desire, and Conversion

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      Abstract: Man is the creature who does not know what to desire, and he turns to others in order to make up his mind. We desire what others desire because we imitate their desires.I believe in commitment … We must be committed to one position and follow it through.In many books and essays throughout his long career, the literary critic and cultural theorist René Girard presented, developed, and extended provocative ideas about, and insights into, mimetic desire. Our desires are not our own, Girard emphasizes; they do not come from within. We form our desires on the desires that we perceive in others; they are our models; we imitate them. Always, we seek to be aligned with the words and deeds of an envied model or, more ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • A Hypothesis on the Origin of Trade: The Exchange of Lives for Sacrifice
           and Sex

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      Abstract: The primary objective of this study is to propose a hypothesis regarding the origin of trade that will help to solve the enigma of why human groups, normally each other's enemies, stopped exchanging blows in order to exchange things. The complexity of this crucial step forward in the relationships between hostile primitive groups can be summarized as follows. In order for an exchange to take place, both parties must take part in it voluntarily because they see a mutual benefit in doing so. In turn, both parties should be aware that in order to obtain what interests them, which is closely guarded by the other party, in return, they must hand over what the other party is interested in. The perception of the interest ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Mensonge Mélodramatique: Triangular Desire in Sense and Sensibility

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      Abstract: The Passions are perfectly unknown to her; she rejects even a speaking acquaintance with that stormy Sisterhood; even to the Feelings she vouchsafes no more than an occasional graceful but distant recognition; too frequent converse with them would ruffle the smooth elegance of her progress. Her business is not half so much with the human heart as with the human eyes, mouth, hands and feet; what sees keenly, speaks aptly, moves flexibly, it suits her to study, but what throbs fast and full, though hidden, what the blood rushes through, what is the unseen seat of Life and the sentient target of Death—this Miss Austen ignores."Oh! mama, how spiritless, how tame was Edward's manner in reading to us last night! I felt ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
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