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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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SubStance
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.145
Number of Followers: 7  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0049-2426 - ISSN (Online) 1527-2095
Published by U of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [10 journals]
  • La séduction de la fiction by Jean-François Vernay (review)

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      Abstract: Published in Hermann’s prestigious “Savoirs Lettres” book series founded by Michel Foucault, Jean-François Vernay’s latest work is a compelling neurophenomenology of literary fiction. This makes it a valuable contribution to the burgeoning field of cognitive literary studies pioneered in Anglo-Saxon research in the late 1970s, but which French academia, with a few notable exceptions such as Jean-Marie Schaeffer, Pierre-Louis Patoine, Alexandre Gefen, Catherine Grall, or Françoise Lavocat, is still largely reluctant to embrace. The author is a lecturer in Australian studies at the Global Institute in Sydney, and he is a bilingual literary scholar whose recent research explores the complex interface between fiction ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • After Extinction ed. by Richard Grusin, and: Anthropocene Poetics: Deep
           Time, Sacrifice Zones and Extinction by David Farrier (review)

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      Abstract: Published within a year of each other, Richard Grusin’s edited collection, After Extinction, and David Farrier’s Anthropocene Poetics offer two valuable perspectives on the themes of extinction and the Anthropocene. Most readers are likely familiar with some version of the Anthropocene by now, and its usage in these books (with a few exceptions) follows a common refrain in the humanities and social sciences, where it is used as an umbrella term to describe a wide range of (mostly negative) impacts to the Earth associated with industrial civilization and human activities.The topic of extinction is a much older issue, but increasingly frequent (and alarming) reports about biodiversity loss and extinction from bodies ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Life Writing and Cognition

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      Abstract: Consider failure. Evidence from neuroscience suggests that it may be a key element of our cognitive functioning. Failure allows the brain to update its mental models of the environment, a phenomenon known as predictive processing. In the words of Ellen Spolsky (in this special issue of SubStance):[Human understanding] doesn’t roll out in continuous space or time sequence, but rather in multi-level self-correcting loops that depend on prior experience and expectations. It emerges from our bodily actions as well as from our brains, and from our interactions with others. The work is parceled out to various subsystems and entangled with failure.1Literature, of course, is built around failure—or failure narrowly ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Writing our Lives to Live Them: The Cognitive Forms of a Narrative
           Medicine

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      Abstract: To place cognition and life-writing in the same essay is to dwell on the forms of thought that are entwined in one’s forms of life. Wittgenstein’s elusive pointings to forms of life in Philosophical Investigations provide a place to start: “To imagine a language means to imagine a form of life” (§19), and again, “the speaking of language is part of an activity, or of a form of life” (§23). Not only how one expresses thoughts but that one can do so is among the most fundamental aspects of discovering or creating a life. Echoing Wittgenstein, founding narratologist Gérard Genette reminded us in Narrative Discourse that the narrating is on equal standing with the narrative (the written text) and the story (the events ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Life Writing, Identity, and the Classroom: Perspectives from Social and
           Educational Psychology

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      Abstract: What makes life writing attractive to readers' If fiction awakens curiosity about what happens next, life writing should disappoint. Instead of suspense, the reader usually knows the outcome, especially for life writing by public figures. Without such suspense, a key motivator for wanting to read is taken away: since we already know how it turns out, why should we bother to read the book' In addition, the potential range of life writing seems much smaller than that of fiction, whose boundaries are as wide as that of the imagination. Next to the possibilities for fiction, life writing looks unsuspenseful and mundane.Yet life writing has been and remains popular, despite its seemingly unpromising foundation. Richard ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Neuroscientist’s Memoir: Dramatic Irony and Disorders of
           Consciousness

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      Abstract: Irony might be an inevitable part of encounters that get classified as therapeutic.My section title is at once cheeky and serious. What would it mean to think of a reader of memoir as akin to someone mistakenly labeled “vegetative”—unable to move, unable to speak, unable to indicate awareness of any kind' Not dead, as Roland Barthes impishly contends the author is, though dead for all intents and purposes. Unreachable because absorbed; “lost,” as we like to say, because imaginatively transported.Picture placing this reader in the bore of Into the Grey Zone, a recent memoir by Adrian Owen, just as Owen placed a clinically unresponsive patient in the bore of an fMRI scanner for the first time in 2006. Elaine Scarry ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Ferrante’s Neapolitan Quartet: Rebuilding the Bildungsroman

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      Abstract: Elena Ferrante’s Neapolitan Quartet is an almost continuous rave of love, desire, anger, greed, jealousy, fear, resentment, suspicion, betrayal, and in large supply: misunderstanding. Reviewers called the books “visceral,” “intense,” “complex,” “brutal,” and “honest.” As in television soap operas, any pause stokes anticipation. Ferrante herself admits to enjoying the popular romance pleasures she offers,1 but the four books taken together are also a rebuilt Bildungsroman. Her narrative of three generations of families in a poor neighborhood of post-war Naples is recognizably a member of the genre that traditionally tells a story of individual growth, of challenges overcome, of the attainment of wisdom in maturity ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • How Memories Become Literature

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      Abstract: Lying and pretense offer a hope for redemption in Christa Wolf’s Patterns of Childhood (1976), an autobiographical novel about growing up in Nazi Germany, not least because the occasions on which Nelly Jordan (the stand-in for Wolf’s younger self) had lied to various power-wielding adults seems to have remained engraved in her memory. As such, these occasions are invaluable for the grown-up narrator, who is trying to reconstruct her childhood as an enthusiastic member of the girls’ wing of the Hitler Youth and is continuously stumped by various kinds of amnesia. As Wolf puts it, “Where Nelly’s participation was the deepest, where she showed devotion, where she gave of herself, all relevant details have been ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Role of Multimodal Imagery in Life Writing

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      Abstract: Readers don’t produce mental images in response to writers’ words as player-pianos spit out music. When someone reads a rich description in life writing, anything can happen, from no discernable response, to a change in the reader’s breathing (Esrock 79–80), to vivid sensorimotor imagery in several modalities at once (Starr, Feeling Beauty 78). If mental images do occur, they will emerge from a reader’s sensorimotor experiences (Barsalou 618), which may differ greatly from those in the life depicted. Even if a life writer’s words evoke intense images, they can’t make readers mentally recreate lived moments that lie beyond their experiences. Dominick LaCapra warns readers against thinking they can identify with ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Smell of Inner Beauty in Ancient China

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      Abstract: The Li sao 離騷 (“Sublimating Sorrow,” better known as “Encountering Sorrow” or “Leaving my Troubles”1) may be the most influential poem in Chinese history. Formally, it laid groundwork for classical poetry and prose.2 Thematically, it transmuted a regional genre of shamanistic ritual songs into a political life story imitated for 2,300 years. Though not escaping intermittent criticism, its putative author, a minister and royal clansman of the state of Chu 楚named Qu Yuan 屈原 (ca. 4th–3rd cs. BC), has been hailed as “the first Chinese poet,” a patriotic exemplar of loyal dissent, and a cultural hero associated with summer’s “Dragon Boat” (Duanwu 端午) Festival. Delivered from a first-person perspective with short ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-12-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
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