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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.183
Number of Followers: 11  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1071-6076 - ISSN (Online) 1086-3303
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [305 journals]
  • It's Been Utility All Along: An Alternate Understanding of Cognitive
           Behavioral Therapy and The Depressive Realism Hypothesis

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      Abstract: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is one of the most widespread schools of contemporary psychotherapy. A staple of national health programs such as the United Kingdom's National Health Service, CBT is often listed as the treatment of choice for depression and anxiety, not to mention a host of other mental illnesses, as well as psychological distress more broadly. The American Psychological Association (2017) describes CBT as holding that "Psychological problems are based, in part, on faulty or unhelpful ways of thinking." Locating the basis of mental illness and psychological distress in certain patterns of thought stems from the work of Aaron Beck, often identified as the founder of CBT. In the landmark 1967 ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Epistemic Relevance of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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      Abstract: Ratnayake's interesting paper challenges two claims, that cognitive distortions in depression involve epistemic issues; and that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can rectify those epistemic issues. We are going to discuss both claims here and offer some reasons not to underestimate the epistemic relevance of CBT. First, there may be epistemic issues underlying cognitive distortions in depression that CBT can effectively address, including blind acceptance of negative automatic thoughts and insensitivity to evidence. But, even if CBT were primarily in the business of enhancing utility as opposed to validity, this would have significant, though indirect, epistemic benefits.All human agents, whether they have a ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Proof of Efficacy Is No Proof of Validity in Psychotherapy

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      Abstract: Psychotherapy is entrusted with the ingrate mission to fight an enigmatic and demanding scourge of humanity—mental illnesses—with all its emotional suffering and personal distress, let alone their behavioral, physiological, interpersonal and societal consequences–and if this would not be enough a challenge, psychotherapists are left alone to their own devices, which is nothing more than words and wisdom. Thus, the feat to achieve clinically relevant sustainable changes and reductions in face of these demands and possibilities can hardly be overrated.It might be reasoned that this is made possible by the constant evolvement and refinement of psychological models and methods, which underlie, stimulate and steer ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Why Theoretical Adequacy (Not Just Therapeutic Efficacy) Matters

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      Abstract: It is a truth universally known but not oft discussed that a journal article is often a fragment of a larger series of thoughts, or a longer piece of work. In entering into dialogue with Gaab and Bamboulis and Bortolotti, I will briefly describe the context of this paper, in the hopes that it will clarify my commitments and wider thinking on this area.This paper isolates one thread of my doctoral dissertation evaluating what I take to be two central theoretical claims of CBT: first, that mental illness is related to patterns of thought with epistemic issues and secondly, that CBT works through rectifying these epistemic issues. In the broader work (Ratnayake, 2021) I argue that over time, because psychotherapy has ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Epistemic Humility: Accruing Wisdom or Forsaking Standards'

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      Abstract: With age comes … well, lots of things. "Wisdom" is the word with which that sentence is customarily completed, echoing Job's observation in the Hebrew Bible.1 Life experience is widely believed to impart an expanding capacity for recognition of, and comfort with, the complexities and ambiguities of the world. In contrast, aging is commonly associated with a reduction in cognitive flexibility, captured in the familiar stereotype of older people who are "set in their ways." Perhaps one hallmark of successful aging is when the growth of wisdom outpaces the depletion of mental plasticity. That is what I am hoping, anyway, is indicated by my reconsideration of some of my own long-standing Western, analytic views about ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • "More Things in Heaven and Earth": The Worldly Situated Human Person
           Perspective

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      Abstract: It might seem too obvious to start with this quotation:O day and night, but this is wondrous strange!And therefore as a stranger give it welcome.There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio,Than are dreamt of in your philosophy.But then, I think it is obviously correct, as Professor Waterman suggests, that "There are more things in heaven and earth" than simply the application of the scientific method to medical practice. Perhaps there are two quick comments to make about the quotation. First, in Shakespeare's time, "philosophy" would have included science; second, Shakespeare apparently contemplated using "our" rather than "your." So Hamlet is speaking to us, not just to Horatio, and he's speaking about our ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Exploring Epistemic Humility and its Limits in Therapeutics

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      Abstract: I would like to thank Scott Waterman for sharing what must have been very challenging personal circumstances. Waterman's reflections touched upon many complex issues. For my part, I would like to explore how Waterman's experience underscores the importance of epistemic humility regarding the limits of scientific knowledge and our sense of the meaning of scientific knowledge while still recognizing the significance and power of scientific knowledge. The first epistemic challenge presented by Scott Waterman's experience of "patienthood" that demonstrates the limits of scientific knowledge is the ability to know pain. Of course, we have all known pain, but such firstperson knowledge would not qualify as scientific ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Being and Pain

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      Abstract: When a person in pain seeks medical attention, but his doctors cannot help him, a quest begins for alternative treatment, with its attendant imperative to identify the difference between genuine solace and snake oil. This is the task undertaken by Scott Waterman, and the situation faced by millions of people in chronic pain for whom conventional medicine proves ineffective, and who likewise then embark on a desperate search for comfort.Alternative treatments sit on a spectrum of empirical plausibility, from some like hypnosis or mindfulness with demonstrable mechanisms of action in the brain and nervous system to others like Reiki and craniosacral therapy that purport to channel mysterious energy fields beyond the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Epistemic Humility, Wisdom, and Cognitive Neuroscience

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      Abstract: Waterman's clinical anecdote highlights several important concepts related to aging, as his own journey with chronic pain leads him to explore an "unconventional" craniosacral therapy (CST). He draws important connections between epistemic humility and wisdom, and he touches on related topics of cognitive neuroscience and ageism. In particular, his comment that, "Perhaps one hallmark of successful aging is when the growth of wisdom outpaces the depletion of mental plasticity" is ripe for further discussion.Waterman asks the question of whether epistemic humility results from wisdom. While I surmise that the answer is yes, these concepts present interesting questions related to the nature of wisdom in the context of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Virtue of Epistemic Humility

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      Abstract: Ethics, including medical ethics, has historically paid insufficient attention to epistemic rights and wrongs. This neglect fails to recognize the ways ethics and epistemology are intertwined (Potter, forthcoming). In the past fifteen years or so, there has been an interest in epistemic issues in medical practices, relationships with patients, and what is called epistemic injustice. Miranda Fricker (2007) identifies a kind of epistemic wrong as an injustice and a harm because it diminishes the speaker's capacity of a knower and treats her as uncredible on the basis of prejudice due to their social identity as a member of a group. Scott Waterman inquires into the status of a rejection of unscientific methodologies ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Making Medical Science More Scientific: Embracing Uncertainty and
           Complexity

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      Abstract: Scott Waterman's reflection on his experience with chronic pain and alternative treatments raises a fundamental question in medical epistemology: How can we know that an intervention will help people who are suffering'Waterman's details his trial of an alternative therapy with a dubious pathophysiological rationale. Despite the lack of research demonstrating its efficacy, and a lack of therapeutic benefit for him in particular, he acknowledges its benefit to others who were more attitudinally predisposed to it. This leads him to conclude that one's personal beliefs and explanatory hypotheses play a role in the healing process. From this he concludes that data from clinical studies conducted according to ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Epistemic Humility, Justice, and Honesty in Clinical Care

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      Abstract: When we sit down to write an article that we plan to submit for publication, it is usually because we have completed some piece of empirical or conceptual work that has led us to conclusions we wish to share with our scholarly communities. In this instance, though, my essay under discussion was itself the means by which I sought to draw some (at least preliminary) conclusions about my recent experiences. Contrary to my initial plans—and my custom—I began writing without a clear idea of where I would wind up. The commentaries, taken as a whole, affirm that my ambivalence about the topic at hand—fully revealed to me while formulating the article—came through, albeit in different ways to different commentators. And ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • About the Authors

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      Abstract: Chloe Bamboulis is currently a third year PhD Philosophy student at Birmingham University, while working as a cognitive behavioral therapist. Regarding her academic career, she completed an undergraduate degree in Philosophy and a postgraduate degree in Bioethics at the University of Crete. she then continued her studies by completing a second undergraduate degree in Psychology and a postgraduate degree in Abnormal and Clinical Psychology at Swansea University. She has been working mostly as a teacher in secondary schools, an assistant psychologist in various environments and as a post graduate teaching assistant. Her academic interests include ethical philosophy and psychology.Lisa Bortolotti is a philosopher of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
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