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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Philosophy and Literature
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.13
Number of Followers: 31  
 
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ISSN (Print) 0190-0013 - ISSN (Online) 1086-329X
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [305 journals]
  • Enter the Child: A Scene from Stanley Cavell's The Claim of Reason

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      Abstract: In A Pitch of Philosophy, Stanley Cavell writes: "I might summarize my life in philosophy as directed to discovering the child's voice."1 Can a passage I have chosen from his Claim of Reason shed any light on the implications, conditions, and consequences of Cavell's discovery' I quote the passage in full:And we can also say: When you say "I love my love" the child learns the meaning of the word "love" and what love is. That (what you do) will be love in the child's world; and if it is mixed with resentment and intimidation, then love is a mixture of resentment and intimidation, and when love is sought that will be sought. When you say "I'll take you tomorrow, I promise," the child begins to learn what temporal ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Wordsworth and the Idea of a Poetic Theodicy

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      Abstract: It is often said that the great significance attributed to fine art since the Romantic period is an attempt to compensate for the cultural demise of Christianity. Romantic and post-Romantic art is meant to stand in, as one influential commentator puts it, for "a religious transcendence that has fallen on hard times."1 To point this out is not necessarily to reject the view that for art to take over the place that religion once held in our world is right and proper—offering a secular analogue for religious transcendence. Many artists, then as now, have embraced such a role. But the claim that art is a substitute for religion can easily be developed into a familiar kind of secularization critique, for it suggests ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • "Now, how were his sentiments to be read'": Imagination and
           Discernment in Austen's Persuasion

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      Abstract: Much has been claimed on behalf of the novel and its ability to develop the moral capacities of readers, whether their empathy with people from different cultures, their awareness of other conditions of life, or their imagination of other possibilities for action.1 This paper contributes to the capacious and multidisciplinary body of scholarship on the moral value of literature by exploring how novels might help to refine a reader's moral imagination by making her more discerning of moral qualities. I focus on Jane Austen's Persuasion to show how the novel can accomplish this work by depicting and dramatizing the workings of the moral imagination.I understand the term moral imagination as primarily an epistemic ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Paradox of Fiction: A Proposal for a Solution Based on the
           Information-Processing Approach

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      Abstract: How is it possible for the reader of Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina to feel sympathy and pity for a woman who never existed' Anna is a fictional character, not a real person. How is it possible for a man to fall in love with a beautiful movie star like Marilyn Monroe or Elizabeth Taylor long after her death' Similarly, it seems nonsensical that a young person would identify with fictional characters like Tarzan, Superman, Sherlock Holmes, and Hercule Poirot. For this reason, scholars assert that people who are exposed to artistic creations (such as novels, theatrical productions, and movies) and respond emotionally to the fictional characters, as well as to the fictional situations (with identification, fear ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • At the Feet of Philosophy: The Dialectics of the Two-Legged Thinker

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      Abstract: The legacy of Platonic philosophy is regarded as that of the claim of mind over matter, calling for the soul to overcome the demands of the body. The philosopher is presented as the exemplary model of such surmounting, as made evident by the fact that Plato's abundant accounts of Socrates's body are usually introduced to signal the latter's indifference to his own bodily needs and his preference for the beauty of the soul, as if his own body were essentially inferior to his abstract thought.In this article, I explore this tension by discussing cases in which imagery of legs (including feet) and leg-associated activities promote representations of philosophers in both Greek philosophy and drama. More than any other ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • World-Based Make-Believe

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      Abstract: Of all the uncountable number of worlds or "parallel" universes you might be in or imagine, each with its own actual and potential state, how can you tell whether the world you are imagining is real or unreal' The reality of existence is not a property of things you could check out to see if they exist.So where do we ever get the idea of a distinction between the real and an unreal world' Perhaps we started with modal potential or pretense, but potential draws on actual possibility in its own world, and pretense may be false pretense within its own world. Perhaps if you're a fictional character you'll never get it. You won't have any idea of what reality is to begin with. But for us real folks, we do seem to have ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The West's Global Philosophy: Huxley's Dialogue with Taoism

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      Abstract: In 2003, Edinburgh University Press published a collection of essays titled Eastern Influences on Western Philosophy: A Reader.1 Its seventeen chapters focus on examining the influences of a variety of Eastern philosophies and religions on such major Western philosophers as Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, G. W. F. Hegel, Arthur Schopenhauer, Friedrich Nietzsche, and David Hume, to name a few. The collection shows that Europe's "discovery" of Asia in the early modern period opened the continent to Eastern philosophy and religion, which, since then, have made their way into the works of mainstream Western philosophers. Although Aldous Huxley is not among these philosophers, he was keenly interested in world philosophy and ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Nostromo and Negative Longing

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      Abstract: What, as the upshot of this exhibition of human motive and attitude, do we feel Conrad himself to endorse' What are his positives' It is easier to say what he rejects or criticizes.Writers, playwrights, filmmakers have often seen their work as political. In this essay I discuss one way in which a narrative might be political. My proof text will be Joseph Conrad's novel Nostromo.2Let's start by noting several ways in which a narrative might criticize the present.It highlights a shortcoming, say, an injustice, of the present.It shows the possibility of a different and better society, usually inhabited by people with a different and better psychology.It shows nothing positive, and yet it elicits a desire for a ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • How Is a Metamorphosis of a Lady into a Fox Possible' A Philosophical
           Comment on David Garnett's Lady into Fox

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      Abstract: Ametamorphosis, the crucial turning point in David Garnett's 1922 novella—Lady into Fox—is conveyed in the following words:On one of the first days of the year 1880, in the early afternoon, husband and wife [Mr. Richard Tebrick and Mrs. Silvia Tebrick, née Fox] went for a walk in the copse on the little hill above Rylands. They were still at this time like lovers in their behaviour and were always together. While they were walking they heard the hounds and later the huntsman's horn in the distance. Mr. Tebrick had persuaded her to hunt on Boxing Day, but with great difficulty, and she had not enjoyed it (though of hacking she was fond enough).Hearing the hunt, Mr. Tebrick quickened his pace so as to reach the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Diachronicity, Episodicity, and the Aesthetic of Historicist Criticism

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      Abstract: Historicist criticism—of the sort that used to be called "the New Historicism," and which has held a near-hegemonic sway within literary studies for roughly three decades now—has always had trouble explaining in its own terms why some texts are worthier of consideration than others. It cannot easily argue that some texts are more beautiful or sublime, for instance, given its dominant assumption that aesthetic value is contextually specific and therefore, in principle, variable. Yet historicism also cannot easily appeal to the greater historical significance of some texts, for all texts are "historical" and therefore equally determined by the matrix of power relations from which they emerge, the "losers" no less so ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Techne-Marxism: Toward a Labor-Oriented Criticism

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      Abstract: By the time Immanuel Kant raises the question of art in Critique of the Power of Judgment, one is almost surprised he brings it up at all. One may not have thought so before reading the philosopher's great volume on aesthetics for the first time. After all, what is a study of aesthetic judgment without art' But as we come upon the third Critique's section 43, art seems almost superfluous. From the beginning of the work Kant argues that the most basic aesthetic judgments—like deciding "whether or not something is beautiful"—depends upon the subject's "feeling of pleasure or displeasure."1 He draws our attention to the subjective conditions by which we would call anything beautiful, and expect others to do the same. ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Romantic Love and the Feudal Household: Romeo and Juliet as Social
           Criticism

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      Abstract: My interest in Romeo and Juliet, William Shakespeare's famous tragedy of romantic love, stems from its use of an unlikely couple to criticize a social practice. The play castigates two feudal households in Verona for allowing household membership to be treated as a significant social distinction. The Romeo and Juliet couple is unlikely because it transgresses a norm enforced by their households against cross-family romance. The narrative of the play locates the source of the tragedy in the failure of a centralized authority to ban the discriminatory practices of the two households. The play presents a strong, centralized authority as a necessary condition for romantic love to thrive.Veronese society is thus ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Ethical Criticism in Hell: The Sympathetic Fallacy of Inferno 32–33

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      Abstract: In memory of Giuseppe Di Scipio, un ottimo dantistaDante's Commedia has always been a hard sell. Not because interest in its subject matter or estimation of its artistry has diminished. Rather, it has always been taken for granted that one cannot read Dante's poem without help. The intricacy of the language, the density of the philosophy, the abstruseness of the references—without assistance in understanding whom Dante is talking about, what he means to say about them, and how these statements may be mined from the poetry, the Commedia leaves one with a sense that something fundamental is being missed. How ironic then that the poem is also touted as a master class in clarity. Another truism, equal in influence to ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • A Renaissance Exercise

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      Abstract: Describing the influence of Aristotle's Poetics on education in Renaissance Italy, Lane Cooper writes, "Before 15431 it was a regular academic exercise to compare a Greek tragedy with a Senecan, with the demands of the Poetics as a standard."2An interesting prompt for an article, one that I shall here pursue. In what follows, I compare Sophocles's Oedipus Tyrannus with Seneca's Trojan Women in terms of their adherence to a set of three criteria culled from the Poetics, dramatic elements that were regarded by Aristotle as conducive to a well-constructed tragedy. For example, Aristotle writes in chapter 6 that "the most powerful elements of emotional interest in Tragedy [are] Peripeteia or Reversal of the Situation ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Time of the Magicians: Wittgenstein, Benjamin, Cassirer, Heidegger, and
           the Decade That Reinvented Philosophy by Wolfram Eilenberger (review)

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      Abstract: Is it possible to write a deeply researched and technically precise contribution to the history of philosophy that reads like a gripping novel' Time of the Magicians, originally published in German in 2018 as Zeit der Zauberer, convincingly demonstrates that this feat can indeed be accomplished. However, it may be achievable only by the rare expert who, like Wolfram Eilenberger, combines a thoroughgoing knowledge of the field, an unstinting commitment to recreating a public forum for philosophy, and a gift for the exposition—and dramatization—of philosophical debates, the broader circumstances in which they took place, and the motivations and aims of those who participated in them.The book, stylishly translated by ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The African Novel of Ideas: Philosophy and Individualism in the Age of
           Global Writing by Jeanne-Marie Jackson (review)

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      Abstract: The world of postcolonial literary studies harbors a well-earned suspicion of claims to promoting liberal ideals like civility, rationality, and individuality. The liberal worldview, after all, arose in the same era as European colonial expansion. To many critics, this was not a coincidence: liberal ideals were often crafted in opposition to the peoples that Europeans were encountering around the world. Whereas these other peoples were supposedly bound to collective myths, unaware of the primacy of the individual, and condemned to violent passions, liberals claimed that Europeans used rationality to perceive the value of individual life, and, in so doing, had unlocked the key to promoting civilizational harmony. ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Flowers of Time: On Postapocalyptic Fiction by Mark Payne (review)

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      Abstract: Mark Payne's Flowers of Time: On Postapocalyptic Fiction contributes significantly to the nascent scholarship on the ever-increasing corpus of postapocalyptic fiction by reading this genre philosophically and interrogating how it imagines new forms of life beyond the confines of a particular kind of world and outside the polis walls. Payne's claim is that postapocalyptic fiction is "political theory in fiction form" and "shows what it would be like to live that life" (p. 2). Moreover, he posits that postapocalyptic fiction "imagines forms of human freedom, sociality, and capability outside the discourse of normative theory" (pp. 2–3). This monograph, framed by the great thinkers such as Aristotle, Jean-Jacques ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
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