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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
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Utopian Studies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.118
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1045-991X - ISSN (Online) 2154-9648
Published by Penn State University Press Homepage  [34 journals]
  • Disrupting the Present and Opening the Future: Extinction Rebellion,
           Fridays For Future, and the Disruptive Utopian Method

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      Abstract: "I don't want your hope. I don't want you to be hopeful. I want you to panic. [ … ] I want you to act as if the house was on fire. Because it is." The statement was made by Greta Thunberg (2019, 40), initiator of the Fridays For Future (FFF) organization, at the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2019. Thunberg's statement emphasizes how global warming threatens us all and that there are no safe havens. In a way, Thunberg's rhetoric was typical of the environmental movement, which since its birth has been infused with a strong apocalyptic sentiment. However, while the early organizations drew on a fear of a threating future and focused on issues of preservation and conservation, the new generation of climate ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Insistent Hope as Anti-Anti-Utopian Politics in N. K. Jemisin's Broken
           Earth Trilogy

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      Abstract: "In the absence of all else, people run on hope" (TSS, 229), writes N. K. Jemisin in The Stone Sky (2017), the final volume of her pathbreaking Broken Earth trilogy, which also includes The Fifth Season (2015) and The Obelisk Gate (2016).1 As Jemisin's epic amalgam of Afrofuturistic science fiction and fantasy unfolds, it becomes clear that the hope she refers to is the kind of hope—the "unfinished forward dream" of a better world—familiar to utopian scholars from the philosophy of Ernst Bloch.2 Despite the earth-shattering catastrophe that dominates the narrative, readers see characters sustained by hope and little else, especially the novel's protagonist, Essun, who is increasingly impelled by "a driving need to ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Science and Technology in Russian Cosmic Utopias from the Beginning of the
           Twentieth Century: Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and Alexander Bogdanov

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      Abstract: The beginning of the twentieth century was a breakthrough moment for utopian literature. In the wake of utopian expeditions to mysterious parts of the world proposed by, among others, Thomas More, Thomas Campanella, Francis Bacon, James Harrington, Denis Vairasse d'Allais, and Louis-Sébastien Mercier, utopia acquired a new quality. In his 1905 novel A Modern Utopia H. G. Wells broke with the static and unchanging utopian systems of his predecessors, presenting "an ideal system due to its ability of constant development for the better."1 Located "out beyond Sirius, far in the deeps of space" and led by an ascetic elite of the Samurai, Wells's happy community was characterized by a high level of technological ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Developing a Utopian Model of Human-Technology Interaction: Collective
           Intelligence Applications in Support of Future Well-Being

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      Abstract: The present article is the result of research that used collective intelligence (CI) methods to engage youth stakeholders in generating ideas about human-technology interaction (HTI) in a utopian design context. In particular, our youth stakeholders were asked to focus on three broad utopian well-being outcomes—peace, prosperity, and happiness—and, after proposing relevant elements of HTI, they worked together to build systems models describing how different elements of HTI might enhance one another as part of a utopian systems design.In summary, the CI sessions resulted in a model of twelve thematic areas for HTI design and their relative influence in supporting the utopian outcomes of peace, prosperity, and ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Guns and Gender Roles in Dystopian Settings

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      Abstract: "The gun is good. … Go forth and kill!" So exhorts a resonant voice from a floating stone head in John Boorman's bizarre sci-fi film, Zardoz (1974). This lethal command is intended for the toxic masculine forces among the Brutals, called Exterminators, living in a post-apocalyptic setting known as the Outlands where life is, in Hobbesian terms, "short, nasty, and brutish." Indeed, the Outlands are a paradigmatic dystopian setting where death is dispensed by the aggressive and violent Exterminators to a fearful peasant-like people struggling for a meager existence in a barren wasteland. Here, hope, an essential component of utopia, is replaced by its dialectical opposite—despair. Yet, that dystopian setting also ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Warning through Extrapolation: On the Practical Aims of Dystopia

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      Abstract: What is the ultimate purpose of dystopian thinking' A possible answer, widely shared in utopian studies, is that a dystopia performs an "extrapolation from the present that involves a warning" (Sargent 1994, 8; see also Baccolini 2004; Moylan 2000; Parrinder 2005; Varsam 2003). In this definition, extrapolation and warning are logically dependent on each other. Dystopia's cautionary pedagogy can only gain traction insofar as its dark vision of the future is recognizable as an extension of lived experiences here and now. In order for readers to decode a given text as delivering a warning, it must therefore be conceivable for them to imaginatively transport themselves into the bleak situation conjured by the dystopia ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Navigating Uncertainty: The Ambiguous Utopias of Le Guin, Gorodischer, and
           Jemisin

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      Abstract: Every time you think you've found your way, the way changes.In an era in which the notion of utopia has been misread and maligned, highlighting the ambiguity that is central to many contemporary utopian texts provides a productive counter to the incorrect notion that utopianism is focused on creating perfect, static worlds.1 The phrase "ambiguous utopia" comes from the subtitle of Ursula K. Le Guin's The Dispossessed: An Ambiguous Utopia (1974). According to David Bell, the ambiguity in Le Guin's novel is double: "[the novel] is constituted by ambiguity, and labeling a place 'utopia' is always an ambiguous task."2 First, ambiguous utopias are grounded on uncertainty instead of dogma, and they represent the opposing ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Neoliberal Utopianism of Bitcoin and Modern Monetary Theory

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      Abstract: Though the term neoliberalism pervades the theoretical and popular discourse of the last several decades, such discourse often focuses somewhat exclusively on the fiscal policies generated by neoliberal theory, centering on cuts to both taxes and social welfare programs. But the emergence of neoliberalism also brought with it a revolution in monetary policy, put in place by former chairman of the Federal Reserve, Paul Volcker.1 When Volcker took this position in 1979 the United States was in the midst of an inflation crisis. He responded by raising interest rates, sending unemployment over 10 percent and sparking protest, but inflation dropped. This was the last time monetary policy operated as a significant target ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Conceptions of Utopia in Modern Liberal Thought: Is There a Liberal
           Utopia'

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      Abstract: At the risk of oversimplification, utopias are representations of idealized societies. Described in fictional and nonfictional texts, and in other media artifacts such as film and illustration, utopia evocatively captures the imaginative articulation of future dreams and hopes for progression along economic, political, and social dimensions. There has also been growing academic interest, as evidenced primarily (but not exclusively) by the specialized research program of "utopian studies."1 Broader social scientific research in areas such as history, philosophy, social science, and sociology also engage with utopian fiction. Scholarly engagement extends to investigations of intentional communities in historical and ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Multispecies Cities: Solarpunk Urban Futures ed. by C. Rupprecht et al.
           (review)

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      Abstract: How to conjure up a picture, for instance, of a town without pigeons, without any trees or gardens, where you never hear the beat of wings or the rustle of leaves—a thoroughly negative place in short'Though now home to the majority of the world's human population, cities—indeed the politics of life itself—have always been multispecies endeavors. The quote above is Albert Camus's description of Oran, the fictional town that is the site of a devastating plague outbreak in his seminal work, The Plague (1948). It is meant to conjure a decidedly dystopian urban landscape due to its marked absence of nonhuman life. Such a scenario is precisely what the visionary artistic and literary movement Solar Punk seek to counter ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Becoming Utopian: The Culture and Politics of Radical Transformation by
           Tom Moylan (review)

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      Abstract: What does it mean to become utopian' In the midst of a global pandemic, civil unrest, and the effects of climate change, this question is more relevant than ever. While Tom Moylan agrees with Fredric Jameson that there has been a "weakening of utopian muscularity" (226), in his magnus opus Becoming Utopian: The Culture and Politics of Radical Transformation, he endeavors to remedy this problem, as each chapter advances his core belief in utopianism. A common thread woven throughout the book is that utopianism is predicated on a rupture with the current socioeconomic, cultural, and political systems and that it is a process centered on a "not yet existent reality" (as explored in Ernst Bloch's The Principle of Hope) ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Becoming Utopian: The Culture and Politics of Radical Transformation by
           Tom Moylan (review)

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      Abstract: Tom Moylan is perhaps most famous as a literary critic of science fiction: his two most well-known collections of reviews were Demand the Impossible, published in 1986 and reissued in 2014 with a number of critical reactions appended, and Scraps of the Untainted Sky, originally published in 2000. At any rate, the topic with Becoming Utopian is utopia, utopia as an abstract notion, influenced by the writings of Ernst Bloch, Ruth Levitas, Fredric Jameson, and science fiction writer Kim Stanley Robinson. Moylan's focus in these books is consistently upon the defamiliarization promoted by certain ideas of utopia, opening to the reader the possibility of conceiving different subject positions. As the preface to Scraps ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Feminist Antifascism: Counterpublics of the Common by Ewa Majewska
           (review)

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      Abstract: Philosopher Ewa Majewska's impressive new book aims at nothing less than changing the structures of thinking and feeling that shore up the liberal vision and practice of the public sphere. This structural shift is proposed to resist and ultimately block the rise of contemporary fascism. This seems brave and immense but because Majewska's methods are not revolutionary but rather rest in the quotidian, it comes to be seen as credible. It is, of course, a necessary goal, so it is reassuring that her arguments provide tools for transformation.Majewska's argument rests on a challenge to the classic liberal division between public and private, and insists that solidarity should rather be a core model for politics. The ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Racial Horizon of Utopia: Unthinking the Future of Race in Late
           Twentieth-Century American Utopian Novels by Edward K. Chan (review)

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      Abstract: At the time of its publication in 2016, Edward K. Chan's The Racial Horizon of Utopia entered a field that included relatively few full-length studies of race in speculative fiction or science fiction, and even fewer of race in utopian literature. Ground-breaking in that respect and offering a compelling examination of race within utopian novels of the 1970s through 1990s, Chan's book makes a vital contribution to the field of utopian studies.Chan notes a shift in focus in post-1970s utopian fiction away from delineating the workings of an imagined utopian society and toward shaping what he refers to as "the Subject of Utopia" (9). In conjunction with this, he identifies this period as characterized by "the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Utopian and Dystopian Themes in Tolkien's Legendarium by Mark Doyle
           (review)

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      Abstract: Mark Doyle's Utopian and Dystopian Themes in Tolkien's Legendarium reads Tolkien's work through the history of utopian and dystopian thought. The aim of this new study is not to prove that Tolkien set out to write dystopian fiction or create a blueprint for a utopian society, but that utopian and dystopian societies and settings crucially inform his legendarium. By placing his study outside of its usual fantasy context, Doyle gives us a valuable societally focused and historicized contribution to both Tolkien and utopian studies respectively, yet one occasionally marred by the author's own unexamined value judgments.The book examines several aspects of Tolkien's legendarium, from its utopian and dystopian literary ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Dystopian/Utopian Theatre in Britain after 2000 and Its Political Spaces,
           Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Forschung (review)

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      Abstract: Although utopian and dystopian elements are a prominent characteristic of twenty-first-century British plays, there is still a significant research gap on these works, as the conference's organizers, Merle Tönnies and Eckart Voigts, pointed out in their introductory remarks. Bringing together drama and theatre studies, cultural studies, and political sciences/sociology, Tönnies and Voigts agreed to convene a conference to address this topic in an interdisciplinary and comprehensive manner. It was originally intended to take place at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research (ZiF) at the University of Bielefeld (Germany) in April 2020, which would have provided a space to bring together not only different ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
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